Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Luke 15

Verses 1-10

Discourse: Jesus Teaches on Perseverance - In Luke 15:1 to Luke 17:10 Jesus teaches a continuous discourse that places emphasis on perseverance. He discusses our need to love the sinner ( Luke 15:1-32), to be good stewards of what God has given us in this life ( Luke 16:1-13), to avoid covetousness ( Luke 16:14-31) and offenses ( Luke 17:1-4), and to live a lifestyle of servanthood as an expression of faith in God ( Luke 17:5-10).

Outline - Here is a proposed outline:

1. Jesus Corrects Pharisees on Seeking the Lord — Luke 15:1-32

2. Jesus Instructs Disciples on Stewardship — Luke 16:1-13

3.) Jesus Rebukes Pharisees on Covetousness — Luke 16:14-31

4. Jesus Teaches Disciples on Offences — Luke 17:1-4

5. Jesus Teaches the Apostles on Faith & Duty — Luke 17:5-10

Verses 1-32

Jesus Teaches Pharisees on Loving Souls - In Luke 15:1-32 Jesus addresses the Pharisees and teaches them about God's love for all mankind. He uses three parables to illustrate His point.

The Parable of the Lost Sheep ( Luke 15:3-7)

The Parable of the Lost Coin ( Luke 15:8-10)

The Parable of the Lost Son ( Luke 15:11-32)

The emphasis of this passage is found within the context of its narrative material where Jesus is teaching us how to enter into the narrow gate that leads to Heaven by keeping our hearts pure. The need to love others as God loves is another virtue that leads us towards a pure heart after humility ( Luke 14:7-11), benevolence ( Luke 14:12-14), forsaking the cares of this world ( Luke 14:15-24) and forsaking family bonds ( Luke 14:25-35).

Outline - Here is a proposed outline:

1. Introduction — Luke 15:1-2

2. The Parable of the Lost Sheep — Luke 15:3-7

3. The Parable of the Lost Coin — Luke 15:8-10

4. The Parable of the Lost Son — Luke 15:11-32

Luke 15:1-2 — Introduction - Luke 15:1-2 serves as an introduction to the setting of Jesus teaching the people on the principles of God's love for mankind in the Kingdom of God. These publicans and sinners were coming to Jesus, which testified of their faith in God and Jesus' message of redemption.

Luke 15:3-7 — The Parable of the Lost Sheep ( Matthew 18:12-14) - In Luke 15:3-7 Jesus teaches the Parable of the Lost Sheep to the murmuring scribes and Pharisees. It is generally agreed among scholars that the Parable of the Lost Sheep and the Parable of the Lost Coin are parallel in a number of ways. For example, they both address the same theme. They can be contrasted in that the Parable of the Lost Sheep describes the setting of a man's vocational duties, while the Parable of the Lost Coin describes the setting of a woman with her domestic duties.

Luke 15:3Comments- Jesus was responding to the complaints of the Pharisees and scribes when He told the Parable of the Lost Sheep. Thus, He was speaking primarily to these Jewish leaders, although the publicans and sinners were also present to hear Him.

Luke 15:4Comments- Diana Hagee, the wife of John Hagee, said, "As the mother and father of five children, we have learned this great truth: a parent is only as happy as their saddest child." 234]

234] Diana Hagee, What Every Woman Wants in a Man (Lake Mary, Florida: Charisma House, 2005), 56.

Luke 15:8-10 — The Parable of the Lost Coin- In Luke 15:8-10 Jesus teaches the Parable of the Lost Coin to the murmuring scribes and Pharisees.

Luke 15:11-32 — The Parable of the Lost Song of Solomon - In Luke 15:11-32 Jesus teaches the Parable of the Lost Son to the murmuring scribes and Pharisees. This story is also called the Parable of the Prodigal Son.

Luke 15:13 — "and took his journey into a far country" - Comments- To every one of us is an inborn desire for adventure, to go and discover the new and exciting. If we use this desire to find our own ways, it will result in death. If we allow the Lord to guide us in His way, it is the way of an exciting adventure that only He could destine for our lives.

Proverbs 14:12, "There is a way which seemeth right unto a Prayer of Manasseh, but the end thereof are the ways of death."

Luke 15:14 Comments- There is pleasure in sin for a season.

Hebrews 11:25, "Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season;"

Luke 15:16Comments- The husks represent the unclean pleasures that people partake of in this life, which in reality are unfit for human consumption. Note these words from Frances J. Roberts:

"But My people have not cried: they have not called. Lo, they have been satisfied with the husks of this present world, and in an hour of indifference, they have allowed the pleasures of this life to fill that place which belongeth only unto Me. Yea, it hath displaced My Spirit, but it satisfieth not." 235]

235] Frances J. Roberts, Come Away My Beloved (Ojai, California: King's Farspan, Inc, 1973), 55.

Luke 15:18Comments- Many young African men attempt to enter Europe illegally by making their way through North Africa to the Mediterranean Sea, and by boat across the sea to the shores of Spain. Some make it through, but may are caught by border guards posted in North African countries. Those who fail to make it to Europe are often ashamed to return home, broken and weary. Instead, they stay in these border towns hoping to find some little money to take back home in order to save their face before their families. 236] The prodigal son must have felt much shame in returning home destitute.

236] "International News," Al Jazeera, Doha, Qatar, August 2009.

Luke 15:20Comments- Michael Guido said, "He is not only waiting to meet you; He will run to greet you." 237]

237] Michael Guido, The Sower (Metter, Georgia), on Daystar Television (Beford, Texas, 2January 2008), television program.

Luke 15:21-23Comments - Our Sins and Covered and Forgotten- Note these comments from Frances J. Roberts regarding the spiritual interpretation of Luke 15:21-23.

"Ye are never one of many to Me. Ye are precious and dear to My heart, yea, even as a very special treasure. For I love thee more than ye can ever comprehend, and I long to gather thee in Mine embrace and hold thee close to My heart. Do not hold Me at arm's length because ye have a sense of unworthiness. Have ye not read that the redeemed are brought near by the blood of Christ? Thy sins are not covered: they are washed away! They are not forgiven: they are forgotten! Stay Me not. Be as the prodigal when embraced by his father. Though he would have resisted for a moment, he swiftly accepted his father's forgiveness and reciprocated his love and affection. I, too, would bring thee into My house and spread for thee a feast of blessings, and place upon thee the garment of praise, the ring of relationship and the sandals of peace. Come, for all things are prepared for thee and naught shall be denied." 238]

238] Frances J. Roberts, Come Away My Beloved (Ojai, California: King's Farspan, Inc, 1973), 26.

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Bibliographical Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Luke 15". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 2013.