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Theme - In this messianic Psalm, we see offices of Jesus Christ as king (Psalms 110:1-3) and priest (Psalms 110:4) unto God. The judgment against nations referred to in Psalms 110:0 seems to describe the events at the end of the Great Tribulation or the Millennial Reign of Christ.
Psalms 110:1 (A Psalm of David.) The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Psalms 110:1 “until I make thine enemies thy footstool” Comments - We see an illustration of putting enemies under one’s feet in the book of Joshua.
Joshua 10:24-25, “And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them. And Joshua said unto them, Fear not, nor be dismayed, be strong and of good courage: for thus shall the LORD do to all your enemies against whom ye fight.”
Psalms 110:1 Old Testament Quotes in the New Testament - Jesus quoted Psalms 110:1 to show that this Psalm is messianic, referring to the Lord Jesus Christ Himself (Luke 20:41-44).
Luke 20:41-44, “And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son? And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, Till I make thine enemies thy footstool. David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?”
Psalms 110:2-3 Comments - Psalms 110:2-3 expresses the eternal, divine nature of the Lord as king and priest unto God. The only person that could fit this description is the Lord Jesus Christ.
Psalms 110:4 The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
Psalms 110:5-7 The Lord Judges the Nations Psalms 110:5-7 describes the battle in which the Lord will judge the nations. This is how He will make His Father’s enemies His footstool, as mentioned in the opening verse of this Psalm.
Psalms 110:5 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.
Psalms 110:5 Comments - The Lord has been given authority over the nations of the earth by the Father.
Psalms 110:7 He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.
Psalms 110:7 Comments - Psalms 110:7 suggests that the Lord as victor after battle will refresh Himself by drinking from the brook along the way, and having been refreshed He will hold His head up high after it had drooped from being weary.
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Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Psalms 110". Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/
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