(1) He comes to the second table of the law, the sum of which is charity, especially toward strangers and such as are afflicted.
(a) Be so touched, as if their misery were yours.
(2) He commends chaste matrimony in all sorts of men, and threatens utter destruction from God against whoremongers and adulterers.
(3) Covetousness is condemned, against which is set a contented mind with that which the Lord has given.
(b) Even the Lord himself.
(c) He contrasts man with God.
(4) We have to set before us the examples of valiant captains, whom we ought diligently to follow.
(5) He repeats the sum of the doctrine, that is, the only ground of all precepts of conduct, and that is this: That we ought to quiet and content ourselves in Christ only: for there has never been any man saved without the knowledge of him, neither is there today, nor shall there be ever.
(6) He speaks to those who mixed an external worship and especially the difference of meats with the gospel which he clearly condemns as repugnant to the benefit of Christ.
(d) By this one form which concerns the difference of clean and unclean meat, we have to understand all the ceremonial worship.
(e) Who observed the difference of them superstitiously.
(7) He refutes their error by an apt and fit comparison. They who in times past served the Tabernacle, did not eat of the sacrifices whose blood was brought for sin into the holy place by the high priest. Moreover these sacrifices represented Christ our offering. Therefore they cannot be partakers of him if they serve the tabernacle, that is, stand in the service of the law: but let us not be ashamed to follow him out of Jerusalem, from which he was cast out and suffered for in this also Christ, who is the truth, answers that type in that he suffered outside the gate.
(f) By the altar, he means the offerings.
(g) Of which they cannot be partakers, who stubbornly retain the rites of the law.
(8) He goes on further in this comparison, and shows that this also signified to us, that the godly followers of Christ must go out of the world bearing his cross.
(9) Now that those physical sacrifices are taken away, he teaches us that the true sacrifices of confession remain, which consist partly in giving thanks, and partly in liberality, with which sacrifices indeed God is now delighted.
(10) We must obey the warnings and admonitions of our ministers and elders, who watch for the salvation of the souls that are committed to them.
(11) The last part of this epistle, in which he commends his ministry to the Hebrews, and wishes them steadfastness and increase of graces from the Lord: and excuses himself in that he has used but few words to comfort them having spent the epistle in disputing: and salutes certain brethren in a familiar and friendly manner.
(h) Make you fit or suitable.
(i) From this comes that saying of the fathers, that God crowns his work in us.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Hebrews 13". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Third Sunday after Epiphany