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And (1) the (a) third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there:
(1) Christ, declaring openly in an assembly by a notable miracle that he has power over the nature of things to feed man's body, leads the minds of all men to consider his spiritual and saving strength and power.
(a) After the talk which he had with Nathanael, or after his departure from John, or after he came into Galilee.
(2) And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine.
(2) Christ takes good enough care of our salvation, and therefore has no need of others to remind of it.
Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine (b) hour is not yet come.
(b) My appointed time.
And there were set there six (c) waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three (d) firkins apiece.
(c) These were vessels made for the use of water, in which they washed themselves.
(d) Every firkin contained one hundred pounds, at twelve ounces a pound: By this we gather that Christ helps them with one thousand and eight hundred pounds of wine. (about 135 imperial gallons or 600 litres Ed.)
And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have (e) well drunk, then that which is worse: [but] thou hast kept the good wine until now.
(e) Literally, "are drunken". Now this saying, to be drunken, does not always refer to being drunk in the evil sense in the Hebrew language, but sometimes signifies an abundant and plentiful use of wine, which is nonetheless a measured amount, as in (Genesis 43:34).
After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his (f) brethren, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days.
(f) That is, his cousins.
(3) And the Jews' passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem,
(3) Christ being made subject to the law for us, satisfies the law of the passover.
(4) And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:
(4) Christ being ordained to purge the Church with great zeal begins his office both of Priest and Prophet.
And his disciples remembered that it was written, The (g) zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.
(g) "Zeal" in this place is taken for a wrathful indignation and displeasure of the mind, brought about when someone deals wickedly and evilly towards those whom we love well.
(5) Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What (h) sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things?
(5) Against those who so bind God to an ordinary calling, which they themselves most shamefully abuse, that they will not admit of an extraordinary calling, which God confirms from heaven (and they would have it extinguished, although in vain) unless it is sealed with outward and bodily miracles.
(h) With what miracle do you confirm it, that we may see the heavenly power and strength which gives you authority to speak and to act in this manner?
But he spake of the (i) temple of his body.
(i) That is, of his body.
(6) But Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because he knew all [men],
(6) It is not good giving credit to those who trust only because of miracles.
(7) And needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.
(7) Christ is the searcher of hearts, and therefore truly God.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on John 2". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Seventh Sunday after Easter