(1) Christ, declaring openly in an assembly by a notable miracle that he has power over the nature of things to feed man's body, leads the minds of all men to consider his spiritual and saving strength and power.
(a) After the talk which he had with Nathanael, or after his departure from John, or after he came into Galilee.
(2) Christ takes good enough care of our salvation, and therefore has no need of others to remind of it.
(b) My appointed time.
(c) These were vessels made for the use of water, in which they washed themselves.
(d) Every firkin contained one hundred pounds, at twelve ounces a pound: By this we gather that Christ helps them with one thousand and eight hundred pounds of wine. (about 135 imperial gallons or 600 litres Ed.)
(e) Literally, "are drunken". Now this saying, to be drunken, does not always refer to being drunk in the evil sense in the Hebrew language, but sometimes signifies an abundant and plentiful use of wine, which is nonetheless a measured amount, as in (Genesis 43:34).
(f) That is, his cousins.
(3) Christ being made subject to the law for us, satisfies the law of the passover.
(4) Christ being ordained to purge the Church with great zeal begins his office both of Priest and Prophet.
(g) "Zeal" in this place is taken for a wrathful indignation and displeasure of the mind, brought about when someone deals wickedly and evilly towards those whom we love well.
(5) Against those who so bind God to an ordinary calling, which they themselves most shamefully abuse, that they will not admit of an extraordinary calling, which God confirms from heaven (and they would have it extinguished, although in vain) unless it is sealed with outward and bodily miracles.
(h) With what miracle do you confirm it, that we may see the heavenly power and strength which gives you authority to speak and to act in this manner?
(i) That is, of his body.
(6) It is not good giving credit to those who trust only because of miracles.
(7) Christ is the searcher of hearts, and therefore truly God.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on John 2". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Third Sunday after Easter