Proud and headstrong. (Calmet) --- Sinful people easily become worse. They are guilty of calumny, and comply not with their promise, chap. xlii. 5. (Worthington)
Baruch. He had been at Babylon, and was liberated with Jeremias, always speaking with moderation of the king of Babylon, and exhorting the people to submission. This was enough to make the populace suspect. They are incapable of reasoning.
And Baruch, by compulsion. (Worthington) (Calmet) --- Hence God did not cease to speak by their mouth. (Haydock)
Taphnis, or Daphnæ Pelusiæ, sixteen miles from Pelusium, (Antonin.) the Hanes of Isaias, (xxx. 4.) and key of Egypt. It was a royal city.
Wall; kiln, or court. (Hebrew) Justice was administered at the gate, and the magnificent throne of Solomon was placed in the court or porch, 3 Kings x. 18. (Calmet) --- The prophet preaches by facts, laying great stones in the chief city, chap. xix. 10. (Worthington)
Servant. The greatest monarchs only execute God's decrees.
Temples. Hebrew also, "the palaces of the princes," as temples occur below. --- Captives. The idols share the fate of their votaries, chap. xlviii. 7. --- Array; or Hebrew, "cover with soldiers the land." Septuagint, "he shall cleanse (Calmet) or destroy." (Bochart)
Sun. Septuagint, "of Heliopolis," where the largest temple of the sun was seen. Egypt was famous for its obelisks, erected by Pheron, successor of Sesostris. Some have been removed to Rome. --- Fire. History does not specify the particulars: but we may judge how the conqueror would treat these temples, &c., from what Xerxes and Ochus did afterwards. (Calmet)
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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Jeremiah 43". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/
the First Week after Epiphany