2 Chronicles 23:1-11. Jehoiada makes Joash king.
in the seventh year Jehoiada took the captains of hundreds, etc. — (See on 2 Kings 11:4; see on 2 Kings 11:17). The five officers mentioned here had been probably of the royal guard, and were known to be strongly disaffected to the government of Athaliah.
chief of all the fathers of Israel — This name is frequently used in Chronicles for Judah and Benjamin, now all that remained of Israel. Having cautiously entrusted the secret of the young prince‘s preservation to all the leading men in the kingdom, he enlisted their interest in the royal cause and got their pledge to support it by a secret oath of fidelity.
they came to Jerusalem — The time chosen for the grand discovery was, probably, one of the annual festivals, when there was a general concourse of the nation at the capital.
This is the thing that ye shall do — The arrangements made for defense are here described. The people were divided into three bodies; one attended as guards to the king, while the other two were posted at all the doors and gates, and the captains and military officers who entered the temple unarmed to lull suspicion, were furnished with weapons out of the sacred armory, where David had deposited his trophies of victory and which was reopened on this occasion.
Jehoiada dismissed not the courses — As it was necessary to have as large a disposable force as he could command on such a crisis, the high priest detained those who, in other circumstances, would have returned home on the expiry of their week of service.
Then they brought out the king‘s son, and put upon him the crown, and gave him the testimony — Some think that the original word rendered “testimony,” as its derivation warrants, may signify here the regalia, especially the bracelet (2 Samuel 1:10); and this view they support on the ground that “gave him” being supplemented, the text properly runs thus, “put upon him the crown and testimony.” At the same time, it seems equally pertinent to take “the testimony” in the usual acceptation of that term; and, accordingly, many are of opinion that a roll containing a copy of the law (Deuteronomy 17:18) was placed in the king‘s hands, which he held as a scepter or truncheon. Others, referring to a custom of Oriental people, who when receiving a letter or document from a highly respected quarter, lift it up to their heads before opening it, consider that Joash, besides the crown, had the book of the law laid upon his head (see Job 31:35, Job 31:36).
God save the king — literally, “Long live the king.”
2 Chronicles 23:12-15. Athaliah slain.
Athaliah heard the noise of the people — The unusual commotion, indicated by the blast of the trumpets and the vehement acclamations of the people, drew her attention, or excited her fears. She might have flattered herself that, having slain all the royal family, she was in perfect security; but it is just as likely that, finding on reflection, one had escaped her murderous hands, she might not deem it expedient to institute any inquiries; but the very idea would keep her constantly in a state of jealous suspicion and irritation. In that state of mind, the wicked usurper, hearing across the Tyropoeon the outburst of popular joy, rushed across the bridge to the temple grounds, and, penetrating from a single glance the meaning of the whole scene, raised a shriek of “Treason!”
behold, the king stood at his pillar at the entering in — The king‘s pillar was in the people‘s court, opposite that of the priests‘. The young king, arrayed in the royal insignia, had been brought out of the inner, to stand forth in the outer court, to the public view. Some think that he stood on the brazen scaffold of Solomon, erected beside the pillar [see on 2 Chronicles 6:13 ].
2 Chronicles 23:16. Jehoiada restores the worship of God, and settles the king.
Jehoiada made a covenant — (See on 2 Kings 11:17).
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 23". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week after Epiphany