Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, July 21st, 2024
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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Bible Commentaries
Jeremiah 33

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole BibleCommentary Critical




Verse 1

1. shut up— (Jeremiah 32:2; Jeremiah 32:3; 2 Timothy 2:9). Though Jeremiah was shut up in bondage, the word of God was "not bound."

Verse 2

2. maker thereof—rather, "the doer of it," namely, that which Jeremiah is about to prophesy, the restoration of Israel, an act which is thought now impossible, but which the Almighty will effect.

formed it—namely, Jerusalem (Jeremiah 32:44) [CALVIN]. Rather, "that formed," that is, moulds His purpose into due shape for execution (Isaiah 37:26).

Lord . . . his name— (Exodus 3:14; Exodus 3:15).

Verse 3

3. Call . . . I will answer— (Jeremiah 29:12; Psalms 91:15). Jeremiah, as the representative of the people of God, is urged by God to pray for that which God has determined to grant; namely, the restoration. God's promises are not to slacken, but to quicken the prayers of His people (Psalms 132:13; Psalms 132:17; Isaiah 62:6; Isaiah 62:7).

mighty thingsHebrew, "inaccessible things," that is, incredible, hard to man's understanding [MAURER], namely, the restoration of the Jews, an event despaired of. "Hidden," or "recondite" [PISCATOR].

thou knowest not—Yet God had revealed those things to Jeremiah, but the unbelief of the people in rejecting the grace of God had caused him to forget God's promise, as though the case of the people admitted of no remedy.

Verse 4

4. houses . . . thrown down by the mounts—namely, by the missiles cast from the besiegers' mounds (Jeremiah 32:24); "and by the sword" follows properly, as, after missiles had prepared the way, the foe next advanced to close quarters "with the sword."

Verse 5

5. They—the Jews; the defenders of the "houses" ( :-), "come forward to fight with the Chaldeans," who burst into the city through the "thrown-down houses," but all the effect that they produce "is, to fill them (the houses) with" their own "dead bodies."

Verse 6

6. ( :-). The answer to Jeremiah's mournful question ( :-).

cure—literally, the long linen bandage employed in dressing wounds.

truth—that is, stability; I will bring forth for them abundant and permanent peace, that is, prosperity.

Verse 7

7. cause . . . to return—that is, reverse (Jeremiah 33:11; Jeremiah 32:44). The specification, both of "Judah" and "Israel," can only apply fully to the future restoration.

as at the first— (Jeremiah 32:44- :).

Verse 8

8. cleanse— (Ezekiel 36:25; Zechariah 13:1; Hebrews 9:13; Hebrews 9:14). Alluding to the legal rites of purification.

all their iniquity . . . all their iniquities—both the principle of sin within, and its outward manifestations in acts. The repetition is in order that the Jews may consider how great is the grace of God in not merely pardoning (as to the punishment), but also cleansing them (as to the pollution of guilt); not merely one iniquity, but all (Micah 7:18).

Verse 9

9. it—the city.

a name . . . a praise— (Jeremiah 13:11; Isaiah 62:7).

them—the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

they shall fear . . . for all the goodness— (Psalms 130:4). The Gentiles shall be led to "fear" God by the proofs of His power displayed in behalf of the Jews; the ungodly among them shall "tremble" for fear of God's judgments on them; the penitent shall reverentially fear and be converted to Him (Psalms 102:15; Isaiah 60:3).

Verse 10

10. ye say . . . desolate— (Jeremiah 32:43).

Verse 11

11. (Jeremiah 7:34; Jeremiah 16:9).

Praise the Lord, c.—the words of Psalms 136:1, which were actually used by the Jews at their restoration (Psalms 136:1- :).

sacrifice of praise— (Psalms 107:22 Psalms 116:17). This shall continue when all other sacrifices shall be at an end.

Verse 12

12. habitation of shepherds . . . flocks—in contrast to :-, "without man . . . inhabitant . . . without beast" (Jeremiah 32:43; compare Jeremiah 31:24; Jeremiah 50:19; Isaiah 65:10).

Verse 13

13. pass . . . under . . . hands of him that telleth them—Shepherds, in sending forth and bringing back their sheep to the folds, count them by striking each as it passes with a rod, implying the shepherd's provident care that not one should be lost (Leviticus 27:32; Micah 7:14; compare John 10:28; John 10:29; John 17:12).

Verse 14

14. perform—"I will make to rise"; God's promise having for a time seemed to "lie" dead and abortive [CALVIN].

Verse 15

15. Repeated from :-.

the land—the Holy Land: Israel and Judah (Jeremiah 23:6).

Verse 16

16. Jerusalem—In :-, instead of this, it is "Israel." "The name" in the Hebrew has here to be supplied from that passage; and for "he" (Messiah, the antitypical "Israel"), the antecedent there (Isaiah 49:3), we have "she" here, that is, Jerusalem. She is called by the same name as Messiah, "The Lord Our Righteousness," by virtue of the mystical oneness between her (as the literal representative of the spiritual Church) and her Lord and Husband. Thus, whatever belongs to the Head belongs also to the members (Ephesians 5:30; Ephesians 5:32). Hence, the Church is called "Christ" (Romans 16:7; 1 Corinthians 12:12). The Church hereby professes to draw all her righteousness from Christ (Isaiah 45:24; Isaiah 45:25). It is for the sake of Jerusalem, literal and spiritual, that God the Father gives this name (Jehovah, Tsidkenu, "The Lord our Righteousness") to Christ.

Verse 17

17. The promises of perpetuity of the throne of David fulfilled in Messiah, the son of David (2 Samuel 7:16; 1 Kings 2:4; Psalms 89:4; Psalms 89:29; Psalms 89:36; compare Luke 1:32; Luke 1:33).

Verse 18

18. Messiah's literal priesthood (Hebrews 7:17; Hebrews 7:21; Hebrews 7:24-28), and His followers' spiritual priesthood and sacrifices (Jeremiah 33:11; Romans 12:1; Romans 15:16; 1 Peter 2:5; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 1:6), shall never cease, according to the covenant with Levi, broken by the priests, but fulfilled by Messiah (Numbers 25:12; Numbers 25:13; Malachi 2:4; Malachi 2:5; Malachi 2:8).

Verse 20

20. covenant of the day—that is, covenant with the day: answering to "covenant with David" (Jeremiah 33:21, also Jeremiah 33:25, "with day"; compare Jeremiah 31:35; Jeremiah 31:36; Leviticus 26:42; Psalms 89:34; Psalms 89:37).

Verse 22

22. (Genesis 15:5; Genesis 22:17). The blessing there promised belonged to all the tribes; here it is restricted to the family of David and the tribe of Levi, because it was on these that the welfare of the whole people rested. When the kingdom and priesthood flourish in the person of Messiah, the whole nation shall temporally and spiritually prosper.

Verse 24

24. this people—certain of the Jews, especially those who spoke with Jeremiah in the court of the prison (Jeremiah 32:12; Jeremiah 38:1).

the two families—Judah and Israel.

before them—in their judgment. They suppose that I have utterly cast off Israel so as to he no more a nation. The expression, "My people," of itself, shows God has not cast off Israel for ever.

Verse 25

25. (Jeremiah 31:35; Jeremiah 31:36; Genesis 8:22; Psalms 74:16; Psalms 74:17). I who have established the laws of nature am the same God who has made a covenant with the Church.

Verse 26

26. Isaac— (Psalms 105:9; Amos 7:9; Amos 7:16).

Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 33". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/jfb/jeremiah-33.html. 1871-8.
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