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Bible Commentaries
2 Peter 1

Gray's Concise Bible CommentaryGray's Concise Commentary

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Verses 1-21


Second Peter is the first of the New Testament books of which there is any doubt as to its canonicity. It was not mentioned by the earliest Christian writers, but this may be accounted for by the lateness of its appearance, and the fact that it was not addressed to any local church with an interest in and facility for making its existence known.

On the other hand there are points of genuineness, such as similar expressions to those in 1 Peter, similar views of prophecy, the writer’s testimony to his presence at the transfiguration, etc., all of which substantiate the Petrine authorship. We cannot consider the subject at any length enough to know that the book has been regarded as canonical by the whole church, with isolated exceptions, for sixteen or seventeen centuries at least.


Before analyzing the epistle let us consider its object which was to warn and to exhort (2 Peter 3:17-18 ). And this warning was against falling from grace, while the exhortation was in the direction of growing in grace. A working outline will be found in considering:

1. The enforcement of this warning and exhortation (2 Peter 1:2-11 ); 2. The ground of it (2 Peter 1:12-21 ); 3. The occasion of it (chaps. 2-3).


1. The source of growth (2 Peter 1:2-4 ). This source is God Himself. Grace and peace are multiplied in us through the knowledge of Him (2 Peter 1:2 ), but that is not all. His divine power grants unto us how many other things that pertain to the same end (2 Peter 1:2 )? And through what channel do they come (same verse)? By this knowledge of God we become possessed of certain things, what are they (2 Peter 1:4 )? And through the possession of these promises of what do we come to partake? But what antecedently has become true of us? How does “the corruption that is in the world” control men so that they cannot partake of the divine nature (same verse)?

2. The lines of growth (2 Peter 1:5-7 ). If we are to be preserved from falling from grace in what general directions should we be careful to grow in grace? We have obtained faith from God, in other words, and by this we have been declared righteous in a judicial sense, but what now, are we to add to this faith, or “supply in it,” to quote the Revised Version, in order to perfect assurance? The list of the virtues follows, of which one or two require a word of explanation. “Virtue,” for example, is not chastity, but “Courage,” perhaps moral courage to confess our faith before men. And “temperance” is not moderation in the use of intoxicated drinks merely, but in every line of conduct, self-restraint, in other words. Moreover, the word “charity” is to be interpreted by “love” as in 1 Corinthians 13:0 .

3. The need of growth (2 Peter 1:8-11 ). The necessity for “diligence” in these matters is seen in what follows. It is the presence of these things in our lives that makes us fruitful in Christ, and bears testimony to the power of His cleansing blood (2 Peter 1:8-9 ). Moreover, they produce the strength of assurance of our salvation (2 Peter 1:10 ), and secure that that salvation shall be a triumphant and glorious one (2 Peter 1:11 ).


Passing from the apostle’s enforcement of his warning and exhortation to the ground of it (2 Peter 1:12-21 ), we find it built upon the truth of the Gospel. And this is set before us along two lines of evidence: (1) The testimony of Peter himself (2 Peter 1:12-18 ). In introducing this he speaks of his object (to stir them up), his motive (his approaching decease), and his purpose (to prepare a record of these things, which, by the way, is supposed to be contained in the Gospel of Mark). But now, what is his testimony? That is, to what particular fact of Gospel history does he bear witness (2 Peter 1:16 )? What kind of witness is it (same verse)? What did he see and hear? Do you remember who were with him? How does he interpret the transfiguration, that is, of what greater event does it serve as a foregleam? (2) The testimony of the Old Testament prophets (2 Peter 1:19-21 ). 2 Peter 1:19 should read: “Wherefore we have the word of prophecy made more sure.” It does not mean that the Old Testament prophets are more sure than the new, but that such words as his strengthen the prediction spoken before. How, then, should we regard the Old Testament prophecies (2 Peter 1:19 )? What does he say of their origin (for so should “interpretation” be understood in 2 Peter 1:20 )? And when he says those prophecies were not of any “private” origination, what does he mean, as gathered from 2 Peter 1:21 ? Does not this strongly corroborate Paul in 2 Timothy 3:16 .


1. What distinguishes this epistle in the canon?

2. What strong evidence is there to its canonicity?

3. State its object or purpose.

4. Give its outline.

5. How many questions in the text of the lesson have you answered satisfactorily?

Bibliographical Information
Gray, James. "Commentary on 2 Peter 1". Gray's Concise Bible Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/jgc/2-peter-1.html. 1897-1910.
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