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Jer 2:1 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
Ver. 1. Moreover, the word of the Lord came to me, saying. ] The prophet being thus called and confirmed, as Jer 1:1-19 sets forthwith upon the work. Est autem hoc caput plenum querelae, et quasi continuum pathos. In this chapter the Lord heavily complaineth of Jerusalem’s unworthy usage of him, convincing them thereof by sixteen different arguments, as A Lapide hath observed; and all little enough; for they put him to his proofs, as is to be seen. Jer 2:35
Jer 2:2 Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land [that was] not sown.
Ver. 2. Go thou and cry. ] For if I myself should do it immediately from heaven, my stillest rhetoric would be too loud for them. Deu 5:27-28
I remember thee. ] Who hast forgot thy first love and loyalty to me. Or, "I remember," that is, I put thee in mind of the kindness that hath been between us. Augustus might have some such meaning in those last words of his to his wife when he lay a dying, ‘O Livia, remember our marriage, and adieu.’ It is thought she had a hand in setting him going, and that she was too familiar with Eudemus the physician. Qui specie artis frequens secretis, saith Tacitus. Peccatum est deicidium.
The kindness of thy youth. ] When thou camest out of Egypt after me, and wast espoused unto me at the giving of the law. We use highly to prize nettle buds when they first put forth, so doth God our young services. Others render it thus: I record the mercy showed to thee in thy youth, and the love of thy espousals - sc., whenas I loved thee because I loved thee, and for no other reason. Deu 7:7-8
When thou wentest after me in the wilderness. ] God takes it kindly when men will choose him, and his ways in affliction, as did Moses. Heb 11:25 "Who is this that cometh from the wilderness" - from troubles and afflictions - "leaning on her beloved?" Son 8:5
Jer 2:3 Israel [was] holiness unto the LORD, [and] the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.
Ver. 3. Israel was holiness unto the Lord. ] A people consecrated and set apart for his peculiar; Exo 19:5 Psa 114:2 holy with a federal holiness at least.
And the firstfruits of his increase. ] Yea, his "firstborn," and therefore, "higher than the kings of the earth." Psa 89:27 All God’s people are so. Heb 12:23 Jam 1:18
All that devour them shall offend. ] Rather thus: All that devoured them trespassed - evil befell them; witness the four latter books of Moses.
Jer 2:4 Hear ye the word of the LORD, O house of Jacob, and all the families of the house of Israel:
Ver. 4. Hear ye the word of the Lord. ] This is often inculcated in both Testaments, to procure attention. "I received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you." 1Co 11:23 "This we say unto you by the word of the Lord." 1Th 4:15 Thus to preach, is to preach cum privilegio, with authority.
Jer 2:5 Thus saith the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in me, that they are gone far from me, and have walked after vanity, and are become vain?
Ver. 5. What iniquity have your fathers found in me? ] How unreasonable was their apostasy! and how senseless is your pleading from their example! Nothing is more irrational than irreligion.
That they are gone far from me. ] Are ye weary of receiving so many benefits by one man? said Themistocles to his ungrateful countrymen.
And have walked after vanity. ] An idol is nothing at all, but only in the vain opinion of the idolater.
And are become vain, ] scil., " In their imaginations"; Rom 1:21 as vain as their very idols. Psa 115:8
Jer 2:6 Neither said they, Where [is] the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?
Ver. 6. Neither said they. ] In their minds, or with their mouths. That signal deliverance was obliterated, and even lost upon them. Plerique omnes sumus ingrati. a
Through a land of deserts and of pits. ] Per terrain campestrem et sepulchralem, where we talked of making our graves; neither was it any otherwise likely, but that God gave us pluviam escatilem et petram aquatilem, b all manner of necessaries.
Jer 2:7 And I brought you into a plentiful country, to eat the fruit thereof and the goodness thereof; but when ye entered, ye defiled my land, and made mine heritage an abomination.
Ver. 7. And I brought you into a plentiful country. ] You lived in my good land, but not by my good laws; you had aequissima iura, sed iniquissima ingenia, most just laws but most foul nature, as was said of the Athenians; as if I had hired you to be wicked, so have you abused my mercies to my greatest dishonour.
Jer 2:8 The priests said not, Where [is] the LORD? and they that handle the law knew me not: the pastors also transgressed against me, and the prophets prophesied by Baal, and walked after [things that] do not profit.
Ver. 8. The priests said not, a Where is the Lord?] Ignorant they were, and idle. They would not be at the pains of a serious inquisition after God and his will; though he be a "rewarder of all that diligently seek him." Heb 11:6
And they that handled the law. ] That expounded and applied it. A metaphor from such as are trained in the war, who are said tractate bellum, to handle their arms.
The pastors also transgressed against me. ] What marvel, therefore, that the people did so too? For, as in a fish, the corruption of it beginneth at the head; so here.
And the prophets prophesied by Baal. ] And taught others to worship idols. We see then, it is nothing new that stars fall from heaven, that church chieftains should fall from God, and draw others after them. It went for a proverb, a little before Luther stirred, Qui theologum seholasticum videt, videt septem peccata mortalia, He that seeth a divine, seeth the seven deadly sins.
a Dixerunt, Ubi victimae, ubi nummi? triobolarium Deum faciunt subque hastam mittunt. - Oecol.
Jer 2:9 Wherefore I will yet plead with you, saith the LORD, and with your children’s children will I plead.
Ver. 9. I will yet plead with you, ] i.e., Debate the case with you, and set you down by sound reason. So he did to our first parents when they had sinned; but doomed the serpent without any more ado.
Jer 2:10 For pass over the isles of Chittim, and see; and send unto Kedar, and consider diligently, and see if there be such a thing.
Ver. 10. For pass over the isles of Chittim. ] The western parts of the world - Greece, Italy, Cyprus, &c.
And send unto Kedar. ] The eastern parts, where dwell Kedarens, Arabians, Saracens, &c.
Jer 2:11 Hath a nation changed [their] gods, which [are] yet no gods? but my people have changed their glory for [that which] doth not profit.
Ver. 11. Hath a nation changed their gods? ] No; they are too pertinacious in their superstitions. Xenophon saith it was an oracle of Apollo, that those gods are rightly worshipped which were delivered them by their ancestors; and this he greatly applaudeth. Cicero also saith, that no reason shall ever prevail with him to relinquish the religion of his forefathers. That monarch of Morocco told an English ambassador, that he had lately read St Paul, and that he disliked nothing in him but this, that he had changed his religion. a
Which yet are no gods. ] Sed hominum figmenta et ludibria daemonum. But are the invention of men and mockery of demons. When Hercules came into a temple, and found the image or statue of Adonis in it, he pulled it down with this expression, Certe nil sacri es, Sure thou art no god; the like may be said of all idols.
But my people have changed their glory, ] i.e., Their God, of whom they might glory, saying, as Deu 32:31 "Their rock is not as our rock, our enemies themselves being judges."
a Heyl., Cosmography.
Jer 2:12 Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith the LORD.
Ver. 12. Be astonished, O heavens! ] A poetic and pathetic expression. Compare Deu 32:1 Isaiah 1:2 .
Be horribly afraid. ] Horripilamini portento malitiae, quod iam dicturus sum; be aghast at such a prodigious wickedness.
Be very desolate. ] As the sun seemed to be, when at the death of Christ he hid his head in a mantle of black, which made, they say, a the heathen astrologer break out into these words, Either the God of nature suffereth, or else the world is at an end.
Jer 2:13 For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, [and] hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water.
Ver. 13. For my people have committed two evils. ] Contrary to those two good things that I have commanded them, viz., "Depart from evil, and do good." Psa 34:14 Lust doth first εξελκειν , draw a man from God, and then it doth δελεαζειν , deceive him with a bait of the creature. Jam 1:14
They have forsaken me, the fountain of living water. ] The all-sufficient, ever-flowing, over-flowing well spring of all welfare. Jam 1:17 Trismegist, a heathen, could say, a Respicite O mortales, et resipiscite, et ad fontem vitae recurrite, Look back, O mortals, and repent, and run back again to the fountain of life. Seneca also saith, that sin is so foul a thing, that he would not commit it, though he could hide it from men, and get pardon of it of God; for that were to turn his back upon God, the chief good, &c. How well might Bullinger b say, that Seneca alone had left to posterity more sincere divinity than all the books of almost all the schoolmen.
And hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns. ] Such, and no better, are all idols, human helps, creature comforts, friends, means, merits, &c.; what are they all but cisterns, that hold but muddy rainwater at best? but then, being broken cisterns, riven vessels, what hold they else but limum et lapides, mud and gravel? Such cisterns, therefore, to hew out, what is it better than industrious folly, laborious loss of time? to say no worse of it. Now
“ Turpe est difficiles habere nugas:
Et stultus labor est ineptiarum. ”
a Dialog. 7.
b Comment. in Romans 1:19 . So little reason was there that Alex. Hales should be called first Fons vitae, font of life, and then Doctor Irrefragabilis, irresistible teacher.
Jeremiah 2:14 [Is] Israel a servant? [is] he a homeborn [slave]? why is he spoiled?
Ver. 14. Is Israel a servant? ] sc., Bought with money. a
Is he a homeborn slave? ] Verna, a slave by birth; q.d., if he be either of the two, he may thank himself. He was my son, nay, my spouse, if he could have kept him so; but he hath sold himself to commit wickedness, and I have therefore sold him into the hands of the Chaldeans. Lo! this is the product of his forsaking me, the fountain of living waters, &c.
a Servus empticius, purchased slave.
Jer 2:15 The young lions roared upon him, [and] yelled, and they made his land waste: his cities are burned without inhabitant.
Ver. 15. The young lions roared upon him, and yelled, ] i.e., The King of Babylon and his forces, more fierce and fell than young lions. Would any take the Church’s picture? saith Luther; a then let him paint a silly, poor maid, sitting in a wood or wilderness, compassed about with hungry lions, wolves, boars, and bears; for this is her condition in the world.
And they made his land waste, ] i.e., They shall shortly so make it.
a Loc. com. tit. de persecut. verae Ecclesia.
Jer 2:16 Also the children of Noph and Tahapanes have broken the crown of thy head.
Ver. 16. Also the children of Noph and Tahapanes. ] Two chief cities of Egypt, the inhabitants whereof were said to be most effeminate and servile fellows; a even these shall overtop thee, knock thee down, as an ox by a blow on the brain pan, and make havoc of those things that thou holdest the chiefest and most desirable.
a Herodot., lib. ii.
Jer 2:17 Hast thou not procured this unto thyself, in that thou hast forsaken the LORD thy God, when he led thee by the way?
Ver. 17. Hast thou not procured this to thyself? ] The same may the Lord say to every sufferer: and further add, "Did not I warn you, saying, Sin not against the child?" Gen 42:22 Oh, do not this abominable thing! your iniquities will undoubtedly be your ruin, &c.
When he led thee by the way. ] The way that is called holy, the highway to heaven; fitly here opposed to those byways of carnal wisdom, mentioned in the following verses.
Jer 2:18 And now what hast thou to do in the way of Egypt, to drink the waters of Sihor? or what hast thou to do in the way of Assyria, to drink the waters of the river?
Ver. 18. And now what hast thou to do in the way of Egypt? ] Why trusteth thou to carnal combinations, which thou hast formerly found to lack in success? wilt thou never be warned of these broken cisterns? or hast thou a mind to be ground to powder between those two millstones of Egypt and Assyria, after whom thou hankerest? Psalms 146:3 , David having entered a caveat against creature confidence, persuades people to trust in God alone. See also Psalms 62:8-19.62.10 .
To drink the waters of Sihor, ] i.e., Of Nile, called Sihor, of its blackness or muddiness; a and in Greek, Mελας , black. To drink the waters of it here is to draw the Egyptian forces to thine assistance, and, as some think, to partake with them in their superstitions.
To drink of the water of the river, ] i.e., Of Euphrates, that river by an eminence.
a Limosus est Nilus et oblimat Aegyptum.
Jer 2:19 Thine own wickedness shall correct thee, and thy backslidings shall reprove thee: know therefore and see that [it is] an evil [thing] and bitter, that thou hast forsaken the LORD thy God, and that my fear [is] not in thee, saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
Ver. 19. Thine own wickedness shall correct thee. ] Erudiat te malitia tua; let thine own wickedness, with the sad consequents thereof, teach thee better things. as Jer 6:8 Let it for shame, let it παθων δε τε νηποις εγνω , let smart make wit. Isa 28:19 Pro 29:15
Know therefore, and see. ] Learn at least by sad experience, for thou hast paid for thy learning. Piscator ictus sapiet.
That it is an evil thing and bitter. ] So all sin will prove in the issue, and when the bottom of the bag is turned upward. There will be "bitterness in the end," as Abner said to Joab. 2Sa 2:26 Laban will show himself at parting howsoever. Tamar will be more hated than ever she was loved: Amor, amarior; plus aloes quam mellis habet.
“ Laeta venire Venus, tristis abire solet. ”
Drunkenness is sweet, but wormwood is bitter. These inhabitants of Jerusalem were made drunk, but with wormwood; Lam 3:15 they found that sin was a Dulc-acldum, a a bitter sweet - sweet in the mouth, but bitter in the maw, stomach as that book in the Revelation; like Adam’s apple, or Esau’s pottage, or Jonathan’s honey, or Judas’s thirty pieces, whereof he would fain have been rid, but could not; they burned like a spark of hell fire in his hand, but especially in his conscience. The devil, with the panther, hideth his deformed head till the sweet scent have drawn other beasts into his danger, and then he devoureth them. Did we but consider what sin will cost us at last, we dare not but be innocent.
a γλυκυπικρον . - Philo.
Jer 2:20 For of old time I have broken thy yoke, [and] burst thy bands; and thou saidst, I will not transgress; when upon every high hill and under every green tree thou wanderest, playing the harlot.
Ver. 20. For of old time I have broken thy yoke. ] Or, For when of old I broke thy yoke, &c. - sc., in Egypt; Psalms 81:5-19.81.6 ; Psa 81:10 while the deliverance was fresh, thou hadst very good resolutions.
And thou saidst, I will not transgress. ] Or, I will not serve, sc., other gods. Good words, hadst thou been as good as thy word. But what followeth?
When upon every high hill, and under every green tree, &c. ] No sooner did her old heart and her old temptations meet, but they presently fell into mutual embraces. When men have made good vows, let them be as careful to make good their vows unto the Lord. Psa 76:11
Thou wanderest, playing the harlot. ] Thou runnest to madding and gadding after idols, ειδωλομανης .
Jer 2:21 Yet I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art thou turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto me?
Ver 21. Yet I had planted thee a noble vine. ] Heb., A sorek, or with slips of sorek. Jdg 16:4 See Isaiah 5:3 , a parallel text; Exodus 15:17 Psalms 44:3 ; Psalms 80:9 .
Wholly a right seed. ] That should have yielded a right crop, but it proveth otherwise. Nec votis respondet avari agricolae.
How then art thou turned into the degenerate plant? ] How is it that slips of sorek prove slips of Sodom? Deu 32:32 See on Isaiah 5:4 ; Isaiah 5:7 .
Jer 2:22 For though thou wash thee with nitre, and take thee much soap, [yet] thine iniquity is marked before me, saith the Lord GOD.
Ver. 22. For though thou wash thee with nitre. ] Much used of old by fullers and neat laundresses, say Isidore and Athanasius, a now not known in these parts; apothecaries use saltpetre instead of it. Sin leaveth behind it a deep stain, so ingrained that it will hardly ever be gotten out, not at all by blanching, extenuating, excusing, &c., or by any legal purifications, hypocritical lotions. All which notwithstanding,
Thine iniquity is marked before me. ] Nitet iniquitas tua, splendet instar auri, b It glisters like gold before me, whose eyes thou canst not blind or blear with any of thy colourable pretexts and pretences.
a Lib. xvi. Etym.; Lib. de Virg. - Nitrum sordes erodit et expurgat. - Plin.
Jer 2:23 How canst thou say, I am not polluted, I have not gone after Baalim? see thy way in the valley, know what thou hast done: [thou art] a swift dromedary traversing her ways;
Ver. 23. How canst thou say, I am not polluted? ] q.d., With what face? but that sin hath woaded an impudence in thy face.
I have not gone after Baalim. ] The whole crew of heathen deities - lords or masters, the word signifieth - which Cicero a saith were but men; their temples were their sepulchres, and their religion superstition. He further wisheth that he could as easily discern the true religion as discover the false.
See thy way in the valley. ] Of Ben-Hinnom, where thou hast sacrificed thy children to Moloch, thy chief Baal - that is, say some, to the sun, as to the universal cause, strongly concurring to the generation of their children so sacrificed. b
Thou art a swift dromedary. ] That runneth amadding after her mate; so dost thou after idols. Compare 1 Corinthians 12:2 .
a De Nat. Deor.
b Sol et homo generant hominem.
Jer 2:24 A wild ass used to the wilderness, [that] snuffeth up the wind at her pleasure; in her occasion who can turn her away? all they that seek her will not weary themselves; in her month they shall find her.
Ver. 24. A wild ass used to the wilderness. ] Untameable and untractable, Job 39:8 especially when proud and in the heat of lust, as these were after their idols.
That snuffeth up the wind. ] When she windeth the male; so this people when acted by a spirit of fornications.
In her month they shall find her, ] i.e., In her last month, when she is so big with young that she cannot wield herself. So sinners, be they never so stubborn, so stiff and high in the instep, that there is no dealing with them, yet when they are in straits and distresses it will be otherwise. God, said Mr Marbury, is fain to deal with wicked men, as men do with frisking jades in a pasture, that cannot be taken up till gotten to a gate; so till he seize upon them by some judgment or summons to die, &c.
Jer 2:25 Withhold thy foot from being unshod, and thy throat from thirst: but thou saidst, There is no hope: no; for I have loved strangers, and after them will I go.
Ver. 25. Withhold thy foot from being unshod, &c. ] Cease thy vain vagaries to the wearing out of thy shoes, and exposing thyself to extreme thirst; or rather take a timely course to prevent captivity, and the miseries that attend it. Isaiah 20:2 ; Isaiah 20:4 ; Isa 47:2
But thou saidst, There is no hope, ] viz., Of reclaiming us; we are resolved on our course, and will take our swing in sin whatsoever come of it. Isaiah 28:14-23.28.15 ; Isa 57:10 Some grow desperately sinful, saith a reverend modern writer, a like those Italian senators that, despairing of their lives, when upon submission they had been promised their lives, yet being conscious of their villany made a curious banquet, and at the end thereof, every man drank up his glass of poison and killed himself; so men, feeling such horrible hard hearts, and privy to such notorious sins, they cast away souls and all for lust, and so perish woefully, because they lived desperately and so securely.
a Mr Shepherd’s Sincere Convert, 222.
Jer 2:26 As the thief is ashamed when he is found, so is the house of Israel ashamed; they, their kings, their princes, and their priests, and their prophets,
Ver. 26. As the thief is ashamed when he is found. ] As usually he is at length, notwithstanding all his sleights and wiles. That was a cunning thief indeed of whom Dio writeth in the life of Severus. Bulas he calleth him, an Italian, who having gotten together six hundred such as himself, robbed many in Italy under the emperor’s nose for two years together; and although he was diligently sought for by the emperor and his armies, yet he could not be caught. Visis enim non videbatur, non inveniebatur inventus, deprehensus non capiebatur, saith the historian; he was too hard for them all.
So is the house of Israel ashamed. ] They are, or ought to be so; but
“ Nihil est audacius illis
Deprensis: vires animosque a crimine sumunt. ”
Jer 2:27 Saying to a stock, Thou [art] my father; and to a stone, Thou hast brought me forth: for they have turned [their] back unto me, and not [their] face: but in the time of their trouble they will say, Arise, and save us.
Ver. 27. Saying to a stock, Thou art my father, ] i.e., My God. Isa 44:17 We are not the children of fornication, said those boasting Jews; Joh 8:41 that is, we are not idolaters, who say, as here, to a stock, Thou art my father. The Samaritans they called bastards.
But in the time of their trouble they will say, Arise, and save us. ] Thus in their month they will be found. Jer 2:24 When they had run themselves barefoot in following their lovers, Jer 2:25 who answered their expectation with nothing but fear, and sent them away with shame instead of glory, then God was thought upon and sought unto. Let us make God our choice, and not our necessity, and labour to maintain such constant cause with him, that he may know our souls in adversity, and not turn us off, as he doth these, with,
Jer 2:28 But where [are] thy gods that thou hast made thee? let them arise, if they can save thee in the time of thy trouble: for [according to] the number of thy cities are thy gods, O Judah.
Ver. 28. But where are thy gods that thou hast made thee? ] Thou hast sure no need of my help. Quasi tu huius indigeas patris. See the like, Judges 10:14 . See Trapp on " Jdg 10:14 "
For according to the number of thy cities are thy gods. ] Enough of them thou hast, and near enough. The Papists also have their tutelar saints, to whom they seek more than to God himself. And when the Ave Mary bell rings, which is at sunrise, noon, and sunset, all men, in whatever place, house, field, street, or market, do presently kneel down and send up their united devotions to heaven by an Ave Maria. a
a Spec. Europ.
Jer 2:29 Wherefore will ye plead with me? ye all have transgressed against me, saith the LORD.
Ver. 29. Wherefore will ye plead with me? ] Putting me to my proofs. Is not the case clear enough? Will ye not yield to reason? See on Jeremiah 2:19 .
Ye all have transgressed against me. ] And yet ye have the face to ask, as in Jeremiah 16:10 , "What is our iniquity, or what is our sin that we have committed against the Lord?" And to say, as in Hosea 12:8 , "In all my labours they shall find none iniquity in me: that were sin." See there.
Jer 2:30 In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: your own sword hath devoured your prophets, like a destroying lion.
Ver. 30. In vain have I smitten your children. ] My hammers have but beaten cold iron; ye are incorrigible, irreformable. See Isaiah 1:5 . See Trapp on " Isa 1:5 "
Your own sword hath devoured your prophets. ] As it did in the days of Ahaz, Joash, Manasseh, of whom Josephus a saith, that he slew some prophet of God every day.
Like a destroying lion. ] Cum saevitia summa, exuta omni humanitate. Ye have pulled them limb meal, and caused them to die piece meal.
a Lib. x. cap. 4.
Jer 2:31 O generation, see ye the word of the LORD. Have I been a wilderness unto Israel? a land of darkness? wherefore say my people, We are lords; we will come no more unto thee?
Ver. 31. O generation, see ye the word of the Lord, ] q.d., O generation, rather leonine than human! as Jeremiah 2:30 . "See ye the word"; I say not to you, Hear; no more than I would to a savage beast; for ye have no ears to hear reason; but see with your eyes, for so even beasts can do. See now, and say sooth.
Have I been a wilderness unto Israel? ] Such as is described before. Jer 2:6 Or, Have I not rather been a paradise unto you, and a storehouse of all accommodations and comforts? It well appeareth that they have wanted nothing but thankful hearts, by this, that fulness hath bred forgetfulness; for so stout they are grown by reason of their great wealth, that they will not come at me, nor acknowledge my sovereignty over them, but will needs be petty gods within themselves. We are lords, say they, and will not now take it as we have done. The ancient Greek rendereth it, We will not be ruled.
Jer 2:32 Can a maid forget her ornaments, [or] a bride her attire? yet my people have forgotten me days without number.
Ver. 32. Can a maid forget her ornaments? ] Not lightly or easily, as minding them many times more than is meet, and then their ornaments are but the nest of pride; and while they think to gain more credit by their garments than by their graces, they are much mistaken.
Yet my people have forgotten me, days without number, ] i.e., Time out of mind, whenas God should be remembered at every breath we draw, since from him we have ζωην και πνοην , "life and breath," as the apostle saith elegantly. Act 17:25 But into such a dead lethargy hath sin cast most people, that God is forgotten by them, and his service neglected.
Jer 2:33 Why trimmest thou thy way to seek love? therefore hast thou also taught the wicked ones thy ways.
Ver. 33. Why trimmest thou thy way to seek love? ] Cur bonificas? so Calvin rendereth it why dost thou make good thy way? that is, set a good gloss upon it, even the best side outwards. The same word is used of Jezebel’s dressing her head. 2Ki 9:30 What need this whorish trick and trimming, if all were right with thee?
“ Iactas vaenales, quas vis obtrudere, merces. ”
Therefore also hast thou taught the wicked ones thy way. ] Heb., The wicked women - for the word is feminine - those she-sinners may learn immodesty of thee, who are meretricissimae. And for this it is that thou art pointed at with the finger as it were. Jer 2:34-35
Jer 2:34 Also in thy skirts is found the blood of the souls of the poor innocents: I have not found it by secret search, but upon all these.
Ver. 34. Also in thy skirts. ] In the skirts of thy garments. Heb., In thy wings - an allusion, say some, to birds of prey, which stain their wings with the blood of lesser fowls.
Is the blood of the souls. ] The life blood of innocent poor ones, of prophets especially. Jer 2:30
I have not found it by secret search. ] Non in suffosione, as Calvin rendereth it, as an allusion to Exodus 22:2 .
But upon all these. ] That is, In propatulo, in public view. Or, Super haec omnia, because they told thee of thy faults.
Jer 2:35 Yet thou sayest, Because I am innocent, surely his anger shall turn from me. Behold, I will plead with thee, because thou sayest, I have not sinned.
Ver. 35. Yet thou sayest, Because I am innocent. ] Antiquum obtines; thou standest still upon thy justification. This doubleth thy fault. Homo agnoscit, Deus ignoseit. The best way is to plead guilty: confess, and go free.
Jer 2:36 Why gaddest thou about so much to change thy way? thou also shalt be ashamed of Egypt, as thou wast ashamed of Assyria.
Ver. 36. Why gaddest thou a about so much to change thy way?] Or, Changing thy way; as hoping some way to mend thyself. Keep home, and trust God; go further, and fare worse. Creatures were never true to those that trusted them.
a Cur cursitas?
Jer 2:37 Yea, thou shalt go forth from him, and thine hands upon thine head: for the LORD hath rejected thy confidences, and thou shalt not prosper in them.
Ver. 37. Yea, thou shalt go from him. ] Or, From hence, into captivity.
With thine hands. ] Lamenting, as did Tamar. 2Sa 13:19
For the Lord hath rejected thy confidence. ] Where the beginning is carnal confidence, the end is shame, of any business, even of this life.
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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 2". Trapp's Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week of Advent