Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, July 21st, 2024
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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Bible Commentaries
Leviticus 2

Trapp's Complete CommentaryTrapp's Commentary

Verse 1

And when any will offer a meat offering unto the LORD, his offering shall be [of] fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereon:

Of fine flour. — No quantity is here prescribed, because it was a freewill offering: only it must be fine, no bran in it: to show the purity of Christ’s sacrifice, Hebrews 7:26 and of our services through him, Malachi 3:11 by means of the oil of his Spirit and incense of his intercession.

Verse 2

And he shall bring it to Aaron’s sons the priests: and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial of it upon the altar, [to be] an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD:

Shall burn the memorial of it. — Whereby God was reminded, as it were, of the party offering, and acknowledging all his store to be from God.

Verse 3

And the remnant of the meat offering [shall be] Aaron’s and his sons’: [it is] a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.

Shall be Aaron’s and his sons’. — As meat for them. Hence it was called a meat offering; and sent them to Christ, the meat that endureth unto life everlasting. John 6:27

Verse 4

And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven, [it shall be] unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

Unleavened cake of fine flour mingled with oil. — Sincerity is the mother of serenity; truth, of tranquillity.

Verse 5

And if thy oblation [be] a meat offering [baken] in a pan, it shall be [of] fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil.

Baken in a pan. — Afterwards parted in pieces, and oil poured upon it: signifying the graces of God’s Spirit wherewith Christ was fully anointed within and without, Psalms 45:8 and wherewith we should be tempered and anointed. 1 John 2:27 2 Corinthians 1:21

Verse 6

Thou shalt part it in pieces, and pour oil thereon: it [is] a meat offering.

And pour oil thereon. — Jacob was the first we read of that consecrated his offerings with oil. Genesis 28:18 Probably he had it from his predecessors.

Verse 7

And if thy oblation [be] a meat offering [baken] in the fryingpan, it shall be made [of] fine flour with oil.

Baken in the frying pan. — So, My heart is frying of a good matter, saith David. Psalms 45:1

Verse 8

And thou shalt bring the meat offering that is made of these things unto the LORD: and when it is presented unto the priest, he shall bring it unto the altar.

He shall bring it unto the altar. — God would have all their offerings brought to one altar; both to figure out the one only all sufficient sacririce of Christ, and to teach all the faithful to consent in one and the same truth of the gospel.

Verse 9

And the priest shall take from the meat offering a memorial thereof, and shall burn [it] upon the altar: [it is] an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

A memorial thereof. — Signifying the perpetual benefit of Christ’s death to all believers.

Verse 10

And that which is left of the meat offering [shall be] Aaron’s and his sons’: [it is] a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.

Shall be Aaron’s and his sons’. — Ministers’ maintenance.

Verse 11

No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto the LORD, shall be made with leaven: for ye shall burn no leaven, nor any honey, in any offering of the LORD made by fire.

Nor any honey. — Which hath a leavening virtue in it. Sweet sins are to be abandoned there will be bitterness in the end. Proverbs 26:26-27

Verse 12

As for the oblation of the firstfruits, ye shall offer them unto the LORD: but they shall not be burnt on the altar for a sweet savour.

Ye shall offer them, — i.e., With the firstfruits ye shall offer both leaven Leviticus 23:17 and honey. 2 Chronicles 31:5 Both which are sometimes taken in the better part. Matthew 13:33 Song of Solomon 4:11

Verse 13

And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meat offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.

Shalt thou season with salt. — Called here the salt of God’s covenant; as signifying the covenant of God made with us in Christ, who seasoneth us, and makes all our services savoury. See the note on Mark 9:49-50 .

Verse 14

And if thou offer a meat offering of thy firstfruits unto the LORD, thou shalt offer for the meat offering of thy firstfruits green ears of corn dried by the fire, [even] corn beaten out of full ears.

Green ears of corn. — To signify that God should be served with the firstfruits of our age, the primrose of our childhood.

Verse 15

And thou shalt put oil upon it, and lay frankincense thereon: it [is] a meat offering.

And thou shalt put oil upon it. — Signifying the graces of God in Christ and his members, and the sweet odour of his oblation for us.

Verse 16

And the priest shall burn the memorial of it, [part] of the beaten corn thereof, and [part] of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof: [it is] an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

The memorial of it, — i.e., The thing offered for a memorial.

Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Leviticus 2". Trapp's Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/jtc/leviticus-2.html. 1865-1868.
 
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