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Bible Commentaries

Kingcomments on the Whole Bible

1 Chronicles 3

Verses 1-9

Sons of David

This chapter is entirely dedicated to the family of David. The starting point for his genealogy is Hebron (1 Chronicles 3:1), where he is anointed king by all Israel (1 Chronicles 11:3). Hebron also speaks of death: it is the cemetery of among others of Sarah (Genesis 23:2; Genesis 23:19) and Isaac (Genesis 35:27). But of Hebron also Joseph went out to seek his brothers (cf. Genesis 37:14). It is also a city of refuge and a priest city (Joshua 21:13).

In these verses the sons are named after the places where they were born: Hebron (1 Chronicles 3:1-Numbers :) and Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 3:5-1 Samuel :; 2 Samuel 3:2-Deuteronomy :; 2 Samuel 5:13-Nehemiah :2 Samuel 13:1). Remarkably, some sons born in Hebron are rejected, such as Amnon, Absalom and Adonijah. Only when the government is definitively established in Jerusalem, does in Solomon the man come to the fore according to God’s counsels.

The place of a person’s birth can be of significance for his later development. This is also important from a spiritual point of view. What education does a newly converted person receive in a local church? Is there building and life in God’s presence? Or is someone getting the wrong food and being given the wrong example?

Verses 10-16

Descendants From Solomon to Zedekiah

In these verses, the descendants of David are listed from Solomon to Zedekiah, that is, as long as the kingdom existed. Zedekiah is the last king of the two tribe realm of Judah. During his reign Judah is led into exile by Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon.

Verses 17-24

Descendants of Jeconiah

Here are the descendants of David listed who lived during and after the exile. God keeps David’s generation alive even when He can no longer recognize His people as His people and He has given the power of reign to the nations.

The only names we know in this list are those of Sealthiel and his (grand)son Zerubbabel. Led by Zerubbabel, the son of Sealthiel, in reality the grandson, a remnant from Babylon has returned to Israel after seventy years of exile.

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Kingcomments on the Whole Bible © 2021 Author: G. de Koning. All rights reserved. Used with the permission of the author
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Bibliographical Information
de Koning, Ger. Commentaar op 1 Chronicles 3". "Kingcomments on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/kng/1-chronicles-3.html. 'Stichting Titus' / 'Stichting Uitgeverij Daniƫl', Zwolle, Nederland. 2021.