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- 1 Timothy
The Preacher’s Complete Homiletic
ON THE EPISTLES OF ST. PAUL THE APOSTLE
I-II Timothy, Titus, Philemon
By the REV. GEORGE BARLOW
Author of the Commentaries on Kings, Psalms (121–130), Lamentations, Ezekiel, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, I and II Thessalonians
ON THE EPISTLE TO THE
AND THE GENERAL EPISTLE OF
By the REV. ROBERT TUCK, B.A.
Author of the Commentaries on I and II Peter, I, II, and III John, Jude, and Revelation
FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY
LONDON AND TORONTO
THE PREACHER’S COMPLETE HOMILETIC
ON THE BOOKS OF THE BIBLE
WITH CRITICAL AND EXPLANATORY NOTES, INDEXES, ETC., BY VARIOUS AUTHORS
PREACHER’S HOMILETICAL COMMENTARY
HOMILIES FOR SPECIAL OCCASIONS
Church Seasons: Lent, Hebrews 4:15-16; Hebrews 6:12; Hebrews 12:1; Hebrews 11:29; James 1:12-15; James 4:6. Good Friday, Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 4:14-16; Hebrews 9:22; Hebrews 9:28; Hebrews 10:10. Whit Sunday, Hebrews 3:7.
Holy Communion: Hebrews 13:10; Hebrews 13:15.
Missions to Heathen: 1 Timothy 2:4-8. Bible Society, 2 Timothy 3:14-17; Hebrews 4:12-13; Hebrews 5:12.
Evangelistic Services: 1 Timothy 1:11; 1 Timothy 1:15; 1 Timothy 2:4; 1 Timothy 4:10; Titus 3:2-7. Hebrews 2:1-4; Hebrews 7:23-28.
Special: Ordination, 1 Timothy 1:3-4; 1 Timothy 3:1-13; 1 Timothy 4:13-16; 1 Timothy 5:17-22; 2 Timothy 2:23-26; 2 Timothy 4:1-8; 2 Timothy 4:6-8; Titus 1:5-9; Titus 2:1; Titus 3:9; Titus 3:15; Hebrews 5:1-10; Hebrews 10:24. Workers, 1 Timothy 1:18-20; 1 Timothy 3:8-13; 1 Timothy 4:6-7; 2 Timothy 3:10-13; Titus 1:6; Hebrews 3:14; Hebrews 10:24; James 1:27; James 5:19-20. Harvest, James 5:7-11. Young, Titus 2:4-8. Parents, 1 Timothy 5:4; 1 Timothy 5:8; 1 Timothy 5:16; Hebrews 12:16. Aged, Titus 2:1-3; Philemon 1:9. Young Men. 1 Timothy 4:8-11; Hebrews 12:7. Soldiers, 2 Timothy 2:3-4; James 4:1-2. Scientific men. 1 Timothy 6:20-21; Hebrews 11:1-3; James 4:17; James 5:17-18. Purity, Titus 1:15. Worship, 1 Timothy 2:1-3; Hebrews 10:25. Death. 2 Timothy 1:8; 2 Timothy 1:10; Hebrews 11:5-6; Hebrews 13:7; Hebrews 13:14; James 4:14.
THE FIRST EPISTLE TO
Timothy was the son of a Christian Jewess named Eunice and a Greek whose name is unknown. Though nothing can be said definitely as to the place of his birth, Acts 16:1 would seem to indicate that it was Lystra or some place in the immediate neighbourhood. There St. Paul first made his acquaintance, when he was already a disciple. Paul, after circumcising him by way of expedient, adopted him as his fellow-worker. They journeyed together through Asia Minor to Philippi. At Berœa we find them together again. Thence he followed St. Paul to Athens, and was sent on to Thessalonica; and having fulfilled his mission there, returned to St. Paul at Corinth. He was with the apostle during his residence in Ephesus, and also when the epistles to the Corinthians and Romans were written. When St. Paul was a prisoner at Rome, Timothy was still with him. The apostle’s high regard for his junior is evident in many ways. Though of frail health, he was the true child of an indomitable father in the gospel who had “no other like-minded.”
Date and circumstances of writing the epistle.—Considering (a) the close resemblances of the Pastorals, it seems incredible that they are separated by any long intervals of time. (b) The almost insuperable difficulties of fitting them into the period covered by the Acts of the Apostles. (c) The even greater difficulty of harmonising their notes of time and place with those mentioned by St. Luke. Add to these (d) the peculiar and developed character of the false teachers and teaching alluded to in these epistles, and (e) the advanced Church organisation which they specify—and from all this it would seem impossible to refuse the ancient tradition that St. Paul was twice imprisoned at Rome, or to refuse the simple reasonable and highly natural opinion that the Pastorals are to be assigned to the period between these two imprisonments, about A.D. 66 or 67 (Ellicott).
Contents of the first epistle.—The epistle passes from subject to subject with all the ease and familiarity of a private communication written by an old man to a favourite disciple (Farrar).
1 Timothy 1:1-2.
1 Timothy 1:3-7.
Warning against theosophic Judaism.
1 Timothy 1:8-14.
Sphere of the law, and thanksgiving for grace.
1 Timothy 1:15-20.
Personal relations to that grace of Paul, Timothy, and men like Hymenæus.
1 Timothy 2:1-3.
Prayers enjoined for authorities.
1 Timothy 2:4-7.
Universality of God’s gracious purpose.
1 Timothy 2:8-15.
Public prayers of men and women.
1 Timothy 3:1-7.
The ideal overseer of the Church.
1 Timothy 3:8-13.
Qualifications of deacons and deaconesses.
1 Timothy 3:14-16.
Personal message to Timothy and a rhythmic confession.
1 Timothy 4:1-16.
Timothy’s attitude to the current speculations.
1 Timothy 5:1-16.
His attitude to his elders, to widows, especially the younger ones.
1 Timothy 5:17-19.
Treatment of the presbyters.
1 Timothy 5:20-22.
Treatment of offenders.
1 Timothy 5:23-25.
Personal directions—the different kinds of sin.
1 Timothy 6:1-2.
Relationship of slaves to believing masters.
1 Timothy 6:3-10.
Insolence and avarice of the heterodox teachers.
1 Timothy 6:11-16.
Solemn command to Timothy (a) concerning himself.
1 Timothy 6:17-19.
(b) Concerning the well-to-do.
1 Timothy 6:20-21.
Final cautions against pernicious error.
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28