Lectionary Calendar
Monday, May 20th, 2024
the Week of Proper 2 / Ordinary 7
Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day and support a great cause!
Click here to learn more!

Bible Commentaries
2 Chronicles 25

Benson's Commentary of the Old and New TestamentsBenson's Commentary


A.M. 3165. B.C. 839.

Amaziah revenges his father’s death, 2 Chronicles 25:1-4 . Obeys the command of God, and dismisses the Israelites, 2 Chronicles 25:5-10 . Conquers the Edomites, 2 Chronicles 25:11-13 . Turns idolater, and despises reproof, 2 Chronicles 25:14-16 . Challenges the king of Israel, and suffers for it, 2 Chronicles 25:17-24 .

Verse 2

2 Chronicles 25:2. But not with a perfect heart He was not an enemy to religion, but a cool and indifferent friend. He was not a man of serious piety, for his heart was not whole with God. But of this, and the two following verses, see notes on 2 Kings 14:1-7.

Verse 6

2 Chronicles 25:6. He hired a hundred thousand men out of Israel Out of the kingdom of the ten tribes. If he had advised with any of his prophets before he did this, or had but considered how little any of his ancestors had got by their alliances with Israel, he would not have thus done what he had soon to undo again. But rashness makes work for repentance.

Verses 7-8

2 Chronicles 25:7-8. Let not the army of Israel go with thee It is comfortable to employ those who, we have reason to hope, have an interest in heaven; but dangerous associating with those from whom the Lord is departed. For the Lord is not with Israel He hath forsaken them; and prosperity shall not attend thy counsels and undertakings, if thou joinest thyself with them. But if thou wilt go, do it It is an ironical concession, like that of Micaiah to Ahab, Go and prosper.

Verse 9

2 Chronicles 25:9. And Amaziah said, But what shall we do for the hundred talents The money remitted for the hire of the one hundred thousand Israelitish soldiers. He considered, if he sent the men back he should lose that. Such is the objection which men often make against complying with their duty: they are afraid of losing by it. And the man of God answered, The Lord is able to give thee much more He hath many ways to make up that loss to thee, and certainly will not suffer thee to be a loser by obeying his command. Observe, reader, a firm belief of God’s all-sufficiency to bear us out in our duty, and to make up abundantly all the loss and damage we sustain in his service, will render his yoke very easy, and his burden very light. What is it to trust in God, but to be willing to venture the loss of any thing for him, in confidence that it shall be amply made up to us in the way that he sees will be best for us. This king lost one hundred talents of silver by his obedience; and we find just that sum given to his grandson Jotham, as a present, 2 Chronicles 27:5. Then the principal was repaid, and for interest, ten thousand measures of wheat, and as many of barley, were given him.

Verse 10

2 Chronicles 25:10. Their anger was greatly kindled against Judah Because they were both disgraced by this rejection, and disappointed of that spoil which they hoped to gain, whereas now they are sent away empty; for the hundred talents, probably, were given to their officers only to raise men for this service.

Verses 11-12

2 Chronicles 25:11-12. Amaziah strengthened himself With his own men only. And smote of the children of Seir ten thousand Who, it appears, were left dead upon the field. How many were only wounded: and not killed, we are not told; but undoubtedly not a few. Other ten thousand did the children of Judah cast down from the rock A most cruel execution, which can no way be justified, unless the children of Seir had been used to serve in that manner all they took captive of Judah.

Verse 13

2 Chronicles 25:13. The army which Amaziah sent back, fell upon the cities of Judah Thus God chastised those cities of Judah for their idolatries, which were found most in the parts next to Israel. The men of Israel had corrupted them, and now are a plague to them. And thus Amaziah also was punished for having entered into an alliance with idolaters, though at the prophet’s reproof he broke it off: and perhaps, likewise, this calamity befell his subjects, because he had used his victory over the Edomites with so much cruelty.

Verse 14

2 Chronicles 25:14. He brought the gods of Seir, and set them up for his gods Egregious folly! When Ahaz worshipped the gods of those that had conquered him, (2 Chronicles 28:23,) he had some little colour for it, as he hoped, probably, thus to prevail upon them to assist him too. But for Amaziah to worship the gods of those he had conquered, was surely most unreasonable. What did he see in the gods of the children of Seir, that could tempt him to set them up for his gods, and bow down himself before them? If he had cast the idols down from the rock, and broken them to pieces, instead of the prisoners, he would have discovered more of the piety, as well as more of the pity, of an Israelite. But, perhaps, as a punishment for that barbarous inhumanity, he was given up to this ridiculous idolatry.

Verse 15

2 Chronicles 25:15. The anger of the Lord was kindled against Amaziah And well it might; yet, before he sent to destroy him, he sent to convince and reclaim him, and thus prevent his destruction. He sent to him a prophet, who reasoned with him very fairly and mildly, saying, Why hast thou sought after the gods which could not deliver their own people? Is this reasonable? Is it acting like a wise man? If men would but duly consider the inability of all those things to help them, which they have recourse to when they forsake God, they would not be such enemies to themselves.

Verse 16

2 Chronicles 25:16. The king said, Art thou made of the king’s counsel? Who art thou, that presumest to direct my affairs without my commission? Forbear; why shouldest thou be smitten? Provoke me no further, lest I cause thee to be killed for thy impudence. The prophet’s reproof was too just to be answered, and the king could say nothing in excuse for his own folly; but he fell into a passion with the reprover. To the prophet who directed him to send back the army of Israel, he hearkened, though that prophet both contradicted his politics, and lost him a hundred talents of silver: but with this prophet, who only dissuaded him from worshipping the gods of the Edomites, he had no patience, but instantly fell upon him with an unaccountable rage; which must be attributed to the witchcraft of idolatry. Then the prophet forbare He ceased to advise or reprove him any further, but only denounced the divine sentence passed upon him, for this contempt of God’s message to him, and his other sins, which came to pass, 2 Chronicles 25:20-27. The secure sinner, perhaps, values himself on his having silenced his reprovers and monitors. But what comes of it? I know that God has determined to destroy thee It is a plain indication that thou art marked for ruin; because thou hast done this, and hast not hearkened to the divine counsel They that are deaf to reproof, are ripening apace for destruction.

Verse 17

2 Chronicles 25:17. Then Amaziah took advice About the injury which the Israelites had done to his people, and how he should repair it. He took advice But with whom? Not with the prophet, but with his flattering statesmen. It is good to take advice: but it should be of them who are fit to advise us. But of this and the following verses, see notes on 2 Kings 14:8-20.

Verse 20

2 Chronicles 25:20 . For it came of God Who gave him up to his own error and passion, in order to his ruin.

Verse 24

2 Chronicles 25:24. That were found in the house of God with Obed-edom That is, with Obed-edom’s posterity, to whom the custody of the sacred treasures was committed.

Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 25". Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/rbc/2-chronicles-25.html. 1857.
Ads FreeProfile