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Bible Commentaries
Ezekiel 7

Benson's Commentary of the Old and New TestamentsBenson's Commentary


A.M. 3410. B.C. 594.

In this chapter, the approaching ruin of Judea is foretold very particularly, and in expressions most affecting and often repeated, that, if possible, the people might be awakened and brought to repentance, in order to the prevention of so great a calamity. The prophet is ordered to tell them,

(1,) That it will be a final, complete, and miserable destruction, Ezekiel 7:1-6 .

(2,) That it was very near at hand, Ezekiel 7:7-10 .

(3,) That on account of their aggravated pride and violence it was unavoidable, Ezekiel 7:10-15 .

(4,) That neither their strength nor riches should in the least protect them from it, Ezekiel 7:16-19 .

(5,) That their glorious temple, in which they trusted, should be laid in ruins, Ezekiel 7:20-22 .

(6,) That their miseries and desolation, by the Chaldeans, should be as universal as their sins had been, Ezekiel 7:23-27 .

Verses 2-4

Ezekiel 7:2-4. Thus saith the Lord unto the land of Israel Unto the inhabitants of the land. Israel is often put for Judah, after the captivity of the ten tribes; those that were left of these tribes joining themselves to the tribe of Judah. The whole country of Judea is here comprehended. An end An end of God’s patience, of the peace and welfare of the people, and of the plenty, beauty, and desirableness of the land itself; is come Or is near at hand; even that dreadful end threatened by Moses and the prophets, as the certain punishment of idolatry and other violations of God’s law: upon the four corners of the land Upon all parts of it. Now is the end come upon thee There shall be no more delays. I will judge thee according to thy ways I will punish thee according to thy deserts. Thine abominations shall be in the midst of thee The punishment of thy sins shall be upon thee everywhere throughout thy land.

Verses 5-7

Ezekiel 7:5-7. Thus saith the Lord, An evil, an only evil A sore affliction, a singular and uncommon one. An end is come A destruction, which shall be fatal to a great part of those that go into captivity, as well as to those who are consumed in their own country. It is quite prepared to rush upon thee. Observe, reader, when the end is come upon the ungodly, then an only evil comes upon them. The sorest of temporal judgments have their allays; but the torments of the damned are an evil, an only evil. The morning is come upon thee “God’s judgments shall overtake thee speedily and unexpectedly. The expression alludes to the time when magistrates use to give sentence against offenders, which was in the morning.” The time is come The time of God’s vengeance, called elsewhere the day of the Lord. And not the sounding again of the mountains The sound of war and slaughter, and not such a joyful sound as used to echo from the mountains, by which the treaders of grapes expressed their satisfaction at the time of the vintage: which the word הר , here used, properly signifies. Or, not a mere echo, not a fancy, but a real noise arising from the approach of the Chaldean army.

Verses 10-11

Ezekiel 7:10-11. Behold the day Which has lingered so long! it is come at last. The morning is gone forth The day of destruction is already begun. The rod hath blossomed As the same word which signifies a tribe, signifies also a rod, the meaning of this sentence may be, the tribe of Judah hath flourished, or hath been prosperous. The consequence is mentioned in the following words: Pride hath budded Her prosperity first filled her with pride, and that begat violence and all kinds of wickedness. Or the sense may be, Nebuchadnezzar, the rod of God’s anger, the rod of correction ordained for Judah, is grown in power and pride, in violence and cruelty, and is thus prepared to punish the Jews, whose pride and luxury, injustice and idolatry, have exposed them to this instrument of the divine vengeance. Violence is risen up into a rod of wickedness Some render this, Violence is risen up against the rod of wickedness, and understand it of the violent, impetuous Chaldean army rising up against the tribe of Judah, here called the rod of wickedness, to cut it down. None of them shall remain The Hebrew only expresses none of them, the words shall remain being supplied by our translators. Some versions read, None of them shall be free from evil. Neither shall there be wailing for them The calamity shall be so general, families will be cut off so entirely, and they will be so stunned, as it were, with the greatness of their affliction, and so taken up in providing for their own safety, that there will be no particular lamentation or wailing made for those who fall.

Verses 12-15

Ezekiel 7:12-15. Let not the buyer rejoice, &c. The buyer will have no reason to rejoice, because he will not enjoy what he hath bought; nor the seller have cause to mourn for having been obliged to part with his possessions, of which the approaching desolation of the country and the captivity would otherwise have deprived him. For the seller shall not return to that which was sold, &c. The year of jubilee shall be no advantage to the sellers; for though they should live till it come, yet they shall not enjoy the benefit of the law, (Leviticus 25:13,) nor be restored again to their possessions, as the Chaldeans will have seized upon their lands, who will pay no regard to the year of jubilee, with respect to restoring to every one his old inheritance. For the vision Or the prophecy; is touching the whole multitude Is concerning the whole people; which shall not return Or, as Bishop Newcome reads it. It, that is, the vision or prophecy, shall not return, namely, unfulfilled; or, it shall not be void. Neither shall any strengthen himself in iniquity Neither shall any one secure himself by acting wickedly. Or, “And though they harden themselves in sin, and shut their eyes against the judgments which hang over their heads, these will at last unavoidably overtake them.” They have blown the trumpet The house of Israel have summoned in all fit for arms: see Jeremiah 6:1. But none goeth to the battle There is not a man going to the war. For the people’s hearts fail them Looking upon themselves as given up to destruction. For my wrath is upon all the multitude thereof That displeasure which takes away their courage. The sword is without In the countries; and the pestilence and the famine within The besieged city. He that is in the field Whoever is in the field; shall die with the sword Of the Chaldean soldiers. And he that is in the city Whither he had fled for safety; famine and pestilence shall devour him Shall eat him up. You, O Jews, shall be food for these insatiable destroyers.

Verses 16-19

Ezekiel 7:16-19. They that escape of them shall escape This might be more intelligibly rendered, There are of them who shall escape; that is, “Some few shall have the favour of escaping the common calamity, called elsewhere the escaped, or the remnant, from whence is derived the phrase οι Σωζομενοι , in the New Testament, such as are, or should be, saved.” And shall be on the mountains like doves Fearful and trembling, and bemoaning themselves on account of the calamities their sins have brought on them. All hands shall be feeble, &c. Feebleness in the hands and knees is the consequence of the weakness and failing of the spirit. They shall also gird themselves with sackcloth A general custom in the eastern countries in deep sorrows and distresses. Horror shall cover them Or, has overwhelmed them, as the same phrase is translated Psalms 55:5. Shame shall be upon all faces The marks of confusion and misery shall be seen on all faces; and baldness upon all their heads Either by their pulling off their hair amidst their sorrows, or cutting it off in token of mourning: see note on Jeremiah 48:37. They shall cast their silver in the streets Either that they may be lighter to flee, or to engage the enemy’s attention, and so to give themselves time to escape out of the city. And their gold shall be removed Carried away to Babylon. Their silver and their gold shall not deliver Shall not remove the distresses of the famine, or prevent their being carried into captivity. They shall not satisfy their souls Shall not procure them food to satisfy their hunger, nor afford them any comfort. Because it is the stumbling-block of their iniquity This silver and gold, which they valued too much, coveted immeasurably, abused to the purposes of pride, luxury, oppression, and idolatry; this that they stumbled at, and fell into sin, now they stumble at, and fall into the deepest misery.

Verses 20-22

Ezekiel 7:20-22. As for the beauty of his ornament The temple and all that pertained to it, which was the beauty and glory of the Jewish nation, and accounted so by them; he set it in majesty God commanded that it should be a stately, beautiful, and magnificent structure; but they made the images of their abominations therein Set up their idols in his temple, and provoked him, their Maker and their husband, with their spiritual adulteries committed before his face; therefore have I set it far from them I have parted between it and them, have removed them far from the temple: or, I have given it into the hands of the Gentiles to profane and pollute it: see the marginal reading, and Ezekiel 7:21. My face will I turn from them Either from the Jews or from the Chaldeans, neither relieving the former nor restraining the latter. And they (the Chaldeans) shall pollute my secret place My temple, and even the holy of holies. For the robbers shall enter into it The Chaldean soldiers shall break open all doors, and rush forward, and enter there, where neither the people, nor the Levites, nor the priests, except only the high-priest, were allowed to enter.

Verses 23-24

Ezekiel 7:23-24. Make a chain To foreshow the approaching captivity, when both king and people should be carried in chains to Babylon. For the land is full of bloody crimes The innocent blood that has been shed in it cries aloud for vengeance. See the margin. Wherefore I will bring the worst of the heathen The most violent, proud, and bloody men, namely, the Chaldeans, who were at that time the great oppressors of the world, and a terror to all the countries round about them; and they shall possess their houses Not only dwell in them, but by right of conquest account them their own, and as descending to their heirs after them. I will also make the pomp of the strong to cease The excellence, magnificence, and glory of the mighty men shall be brought to nothing: Jerusalem itself, which they trust in, and think too well fortified by nature and art, and the divine presence, to be ever overthrown, shall be levelled with the ground. And their holy places The temple and all its courts, shall be defiled. God calls them their holy places, because, having been polluted by their idolatries, he no longer considered them as his.

Verses 25-27

Ezekiel 7:25-27. Destruction cometh Such as a provoked power makes when it cuts off all, root and branch. And they shall seek peace By inquiring of the prophets; or rather, by suing to Nebuchadnezzar, whom, after so many affronts, they will attempt to pacify. And there shall be none No such thing can be obtained. Mischief shall come upon mischief One calamity shall follow upon the neck of another. And rumour upon rumour One piece of mournful intelligence after another, namely, of the enemies’ preparations, marches, successes, and cruelties, causing the hearts of the stoutest to sink within them. Then shall they seek a vision of the prophet In this multiplied perplexity they will inquire of the prophets, true or false, concerning the event of things; or will seek to them for some word of direction or comfort from God, as Zedekiah did, Jeremiah 34:18, &c. But the law shall perish from the priest, &c. He shall have no words, either of advice or comfort, to speak to them. And counsel from the ancients Nor shall their senators know what to advise. So great will be the confusion, trouble, and terror, that neither the pious nor the wise, whom they were wont to consult, and who used to give them counsel in all difficult cases, shall be able to advise any thing to the purpose in this great perplexity and distress. The king shall mourn Zedekiah shall droop and despair. And the prince shall be clothed with desolation Every magistrate shall be seized with trouble and astonishment. And the hands of the people shall be troubled Hang down and melt away. There shall be a general consternation of all ranks and degrees of men. They that are in authority shall want presence of mind to give counsel and directions, and the inferiors shall have no heart to put any advice in execution. What can men contrive, or do for themselves, when God is departed from them? All must needs be in tears, all in trouble, when God comes to judge them according to their deserts, and so make them know, to their cost, that he is the Lord to whom vengeance belongeth.

Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Ezekiel 7". Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/rbc/ezekiel-7.html. 1857.
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