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A.M. 3484. B.C. 520.
In this chapter, after an account of the date and direction of this prophecy, we have,
(1,) A sharp reproof of the Jews from the Lord, for their delay in building the temple, which had provoked God to punish them with a famine; and an exhortation earnestly to resume and finish that work, Haggai 1:1-11 .
(2,) An account of their ready obedience, and of the Lord’s further animating and encouraging them to their work, Haggai 1:12-15 .
Haggai 1:1. In the second year of Darius Namely, the son of Hystaspes, king of Persia. Blair places the second year of his reign five hundred and twenty years before Christ. In the sixth month, in the first day of the month Therefore, about two months before Zechariah received a similar commission, for the word of God came to him in the eighth month of the same year: see Zechariah 1:1. These two prophets were sent to the Jews chiefly, it seems, to exhort them to go on with the rebuilding the temple. And the historical book of Ezra records, chap. 5., that the rebuilding of the temple was resumed and carried on again through the exhortations and encouragements of these prophets. Unto Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel And grandson of Jeconiah, who was carried captive to Babylon: see the margin. It is likely that Zerubbabel was regarded with as much respect by the Jews as if he had been their king, being of the royal family of David; but they did not give him the title of king, or invest him with the splendour of royal dignity, for fear of giving offence to the Persian kings, under whose protection they lived, and upon whom they were in a great measure dependant. And to Joshua the son of Josedech Son of Seraiah, who was high-priest when Jerusalem was taken, and who was slain at Riblah: see 1 Chronicles 6:14; 2 Kings 25:18-21. Haggai seems to have addressed Zerubbabel and Joshua probably in the hearing of the people: see Haggai 1:12.
Haggai 1:2-4. This people say, The time is not come, &c. They had no just cause for saying this; but their own private concerns and conveniences (as appears from what follows) employed all their thoughts, and they preferred them to the rebuilding of the temple. Then When the people were thus sluggish, made excuses, and delayed the work; came the word of the Lord to Haggai To reprove them for their neglect, and excite them to their duty. Is it time for you, &c. You think it full time to build your own houses: you judge it seasonable enough to lay out much cost on adorning them; what pretence then can you make, that it is not seasonable to build my house? Ought not that first to be set about, and the ornamenting of your own houses to be left till afterward? The reproof here given seems to allude to the different spirit with which David was actuated, Psalms 132:0., who vowed that he would not come into the tabernacle of his house, &c., until he found out a place for the Lord. It certainly argues a contempt of God, when men give the preference to themselves before him, or think no cost or grandeur is too much for themselves, but the meanest accommodation good enough for the service of God. It is true an humble and devout mind is the only temple which God delights to dwell in; and he dwells not in, nor regards, temples made with hands; but yet, for the public solemnization of his worship, and as an outward testimony of men’s respect toward him, it is proper that places should be erected for, and appropriated to his worship; which places ought not to be neglected, but made as decent and becoming the design of their erection as the circumstances of things will admit of.
Haggai 1:5-6. Therefore consider your ways Reflect seriously upon this affair, whether it is consistent with the reason of things, or whether you have even promoted your own happiness by it as you thought to do. Ye have sown much, and bring in little Namely, into your barns. Ye eat, but ye have not enough To satisfy your hunger; ye drink, but ye are not filled Ye have not wine enough for your support. Ye clothe you, but there is none warm Ye have not been able to get sufficient clothing to keep yourselves warm. And he that earneth wages, &c. And whatever you gain by your labour, it is very quickly required for your necessary expenses, every thing being at a very dear rate. This has been the case with you, and this has arisen from your neglect of rebuilding God’s temple; for as you have neglected him, so hath he withdrawn his blessing from you; the consequence of which has been, that nothing has prospered with you.
Haggai 1:8-11. Go up to the mountain Go to any of the forests upon the mountains: see Nehemiah 2:8: and cut down timber to carry on the building; or go to the mountain of Moriah, which I have chosen to build my temple upon it; and I will take pleasure in it I will accept your offerings, and hear your prayers. And I will be glorified Will show my majesty, and account myself glorified by you also. Ye looked for much and lo, it came to little It did not answer the expectation you had formed. When ye brought it home, I did blow upon it I blasted it; or, blowed it away: when you brought your gains home, I caused them to be soon scattered again, or expended. The dearth with which God punished them for their neglect of rebuilding the temple, made all the necessaries of life so dear, that whatever gains they got were quickly expended. Why? saith the Lord, &c. For what reason have ye been visited with this calamity? Because of my house that is waste All this evil is come upon you for your ungodly neglect of my house, leaving it waste. And ye run every man to his own house You with eagerness carry on your own particular buildings, and mind only your own private affairs, and you take no manner of care about those things which concern my worship. Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew I have punished you with great drought, wherein the dew itself has ceased to fall: see 1 Kings 17:1. And the earth is stayed from her fruit From bringing forth those fruits which otherwise it would have produced. And I called for a drought I caused a dearth of every thing in the land, or a general barrenness to take place. And upon the mountains Upon the hills, where your cattle and flocks used to feed, and to find sufficient nourishment; upon the new wine, and upon the oil
Upon your vineyards and olive-yards; and upon men, and upon cattle I made both men and cattle unfruitful. Or the meaning is, their very constitutions were changed, and many diseases afflicted them.
Haggai 1:12-13. Then Zerubbabel, &c., obeyed the voice of the Lord Compare Ezra 5:1-2; where see the notes. Then spake Haggai the Lord’s messenger Or prophet; in the Lord’s message That is, who spake what follows, not in his own name, but in the name of God, saying, I am with you, saith the Lord To afford you all the help you need, and to give success to your undertaking.
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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Haggai 1". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16