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the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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Bible Commentaries
Exodus 19

Scofield's Reference NotesScofield's Notes

Verse 1

In the third month

At Sinai Israel learned the lessons:

(1) of the holiness of Jehovah through the Commandments;

(2) of their own sinfulness and weakness through failure;

(3) and of the goodness of Jehovah through the provision of priesthood and sacrifice. The Christian learns through the experience of Romans 7:7-24 what Israel learned at Sinai. This division of Exodus should be read in light of ; Romans 3:19-27; Romans 7:7-24; Galatians 4:1-3; Galatians 3:6-25 explains the relation of the law to the Abrahamic Covenant:

(1) the law cannot disannul that covenant;

(2) it was "added" to convict of sin;

(3) it was a child-leader unto Christ;

(4) it was but preparatory discipline "till the Seed should come."

third month i.e. June.

Verse 3

Thus shalt thou say

It is exceedingly important to observe:

(1) that Jehovah reminded the people that hitherto they had been the objects of His free grace;

(2) that the law is not proposed as a means of life, but as a means by which Israel might become "a peculiar treasure" and a "kingdom of priests";

(3) that the law was not imposed until it had been proposed and voluntarily accepted. The principle is stated in Galatians 5:1-4.

For Another Point of View: See Topic 301181

Additional Factors to Consider See Topic 301321

Verse 5

if ye will obey

(Cf) 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10. What, under law, was condition, is under grace, freely given to every believer. The "if" of Exodus 19:5 is the essence of law as a method of divine dealing, and the fundamental reason why "the law made nothing perfect" ; Romans 8:3; Hebrews 7:18; Hebrews 7:19.

The Abrahamic: (See Scofield "Hebrews 7:19- :") and

New (See Scofield "Hebrews 7:19- :")

covenants minister salvation and assurance because they impose but one condition, faith.

Verse 8

we will do

The Fifth Dispensation: Law. This dispensation extends from Sinai to Calvary--from Exodus to the Cross. The history of Israel in the wilderness and in the land is one long record of the violation of the law. The testing of the nation by law ended in the judgment of the Captivities, but the dispensation itself ended at the Cross.

(1) Man's state at the beginning Exodus 19:1-4.

(2) His responsibility Exodus 19:5; Exodus 19:6; Romans 10:5.

(3) His failure 2 Kings 17:7-17; 2 Kings 17:19; Acts 2:22; Acts 2:23.

(4) The judgment 2 Kings 17:1-6; 2 Kings 17:20; 2 Kings 25:1-11; Luke 21:20-24

For Another Point of View: See Topic 301180

See, for the other six dispensations: INNOCENCE (Genesis 1:28); CONSCIENCE (Genesis 3:23); HUMAN GOVERNMENT (Genesis 8:20); PROMISE (Genesis 12:1); GRACE (John 1:17); KINGDOM (Ephesians 1:10)

(See Scofield "Ephesians 1:10- :") . See Scofield "Ephesians 1:10- :". See Scofield "Ephesians 1:10- :". See Scofield "Ephesians 1:10- :". See Scofield "Ephesians 1:10- :". See Scofield "Ephesians 1:10- :".

Verse 25

So Moses

The Mosaic Covenant,

(1) given to Israel

(2) in three divisions, each essential to the others, and together forming the Mosaic Covenant, viz.: the Commandments, expressing the righteous will of God Exodus 20:1-26 the "judgments," governing the social life of Israel ; Exodus 21:1; Exodus 21:1; Exodus 24:11 and the "ordinances," governing the religious life of Israel ; Exodus 24:12; Exodus 24:12; Exodus 31:18. These three elements form "the law," as that phrase is generically used in the New Testament (e.g.) Matthew 5:17; Matthew 5:18. The Commandments and the ordinances formed one religious system. The Commandments were a "ministry of condemnation" and of "death" 2 Corinthians 3:7-9 the ordinances gave, in the high priest, a representative of the people with Jehovah; and in the sacrifices a "cover" (see "Atonement," (See Scofield "2 Corinthians 3:7-47.3.9- :") for their sins in anticipation of the Cross ; Hebrews 5:1-3; Hebrews 9:6-9; Romans 3:25; Romans 3:26. The Christian is not under the conditional Mosaic Covenant of works, the law, but under the unconditional New Covenant of grace. ; Romans 3:21-27; Romans 6:14; Romans 6:15; Galatians 2:16; Galatians 3:10-14; Galatians 3:16-18; Galatians 3:24-26; Galatians 4:21-31; Hebrews 10:11-17. See NEW COVENANT. (See Scofield "Hebrews 10:11-58.10.17- :")

See,for the other seven covenants:

EDENIC (See Scofield "Hebrews 10:11-58.10.17- :") ; ADAMIC See Scofield "Genesis 3:14"; NOAHIC See Scofield "Hebrews 10:11-58.10.17- :"; ABRAHAMIC See Scofield "Hebrews 10:11-58.10.17- :"; PALESTINIAN See Scofield "Hebrews 10:11-58.10.17- :"; DAVIDIC See Scofield "Hebrews 10:11-58.10.17- :"; NEW See Scofield "Hebrews 10:11-58.10.17- :".

Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Exodus 19". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/srn/exodus-19.html. 1917.
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