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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 19

Introduction

Overview

Exodus 19:1, The people arrive at Sinai; Exodus 19:3, God’s message by Moses unto the people out of the mount; Exodus 19:8, The people’s answer returned again; Exodus 19:9, The people are prepared against the third day, for the giving of the law; Exodus 19:12, The mountain must not be touched; Exodus 19:16, The fearful presence of God upon the mount.

Verse 1

am 2513, bc 1491, An, Ex, Is, 1, Sivan

the third: Exodus 12:2, Exodus 12:6, Leviticus 23:16-Job :

came: Exodus 16:1, Numbers 33:15

Reciprocal: Exodus 3:12 - ye shall Exodus 3:18 - that we may Leviticus 25:1 - General Numbers 1:1 - wilderness Numbers 10:11 - on Numbers 10:12 - out of the Deuteronomy 1:6 - Ye have Acts 7:30 - there Acts 7:36 - and in the wilderness Acts 7:53 - have received

Verse 2

Rephidim: Exodus 17:1, Exodus 17:8

the desert: Mount Sinai, called by the Arabs Jibbel Mousa, the Mountain of Moses, and sometimes by way of eminence, El Tor, the Mount, is a range of mountains in the peninsula formed by the gulfs of the Red Sea. It consists of several peaks, the principal of which are Horeb and Sinai; the former, still called Oreb, being on the west, and the latter, called Tur Sina, on the east, at the foot of which is the convent of St. Catherine. Dr. Shaw conceives that the wilderness of Sinai, properly so called, is that part which is to the eastward of this mount; so that the removal of the Israelites from Rephidim, which was on the West, to the desert of Sinai, was only removing from one part of the mountain to another.

camped: Exodus 3:1, Exodus 3:12, Exodus 18:5, Acts 7:30, Acts 7:38, Galatians 4:24

Reciprocal: Numbers 10:12 - out of the Numbers 33:14 - Rephidim Numbers 33:15 - General Deuteronomy 1:6 - Ye have Deuteronomy 11:29 - General

Verse 3

went up: Exodus 20:21, Exodus 24:15-Job :, Exodus 34:2, Deuteronomy 5:5-Obadiah :, Acts 7:38

called: Exodus 3:4

Reciprocal: Exodus 3:1 - the mountain Exodus 4:27 - the mount Exodus 19:20 - Moses went up Leviticus 1:1 - called Numbers 10:33 - the mount Deuteronomy 29:1 - beside the Romans 9:4 - are Israelites

Verse 4

seen: Exodus 7:1 - Exodus 14:31, Deuteronomy 4:9, Deuteronomy 4:33-Zephaniah :, Deuteronomy 29:2, Isaiah 63:9

I bare you: Deuteronomy 32:11, Deuteronomy 32:12, Isaiah 40:31, Isaiah 63:9, Revelation 12:14

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:31 - bare thee Joshua 24:17 - General 1 Chronicles 17:21 - redeem Job 39:27 - the eagle Isaiah 31:5 - birds Isaiah 46:3 - borne Isaiah 48:20 - with a voice Isaiah 63:18 - people Jeremiah 44:2 - Ye have Ezekiel 16:6 - Live Ezekiel 16:8 - I sware Ezekiel 20:5 - In the Hosea 9:10 - found Hosea 11:3 - taught Hebrews 3:9 - and Hebrews 8:9 - to lead

Verse 5

if ye: Exodus 23:22, Exodus 24:7, Deuteronomy 11:27, Deuteronomy 28:1, Joshua 24:24, 1 Samuel 15:22, Isaiah 1:19, Jeremiah 7:23, Jeremiah 11:4-Judges :, Hebrews 11:8

keep: Deuteronomy 5:2, Psalms 25:10, Psalms 103:17, Psalms 103:18, Isaiah 56:4, Jeremiah 31:31-Micah :

a peculiar: Deuteronomy 4:20, Deuteronomy 7:6, Deuteronomy 14:2, Deuteronomy 14:21, Deuteronomy 26:18, Deuteronomy 32:8, Deuteronomy 32:9, 1 Kings 8:53, Psalms 135:4, Song of Solomon 8:12, Isaiah 41:8, Isaiah 43:1, Jeremiah 10:16, Malachi 3:17, Titus 2:14

all the earth: Exodus 9:29, Deuteronomy 10:14, Job 41:11, Psalms 24:1, Psalms 50:11, Daniel 4:34, Daniel 4:35, 1 Corinthians 10:26, 1 Corinthians 10:28

Reciprocal: Genesis 17:7 - and to Genesis 34:7 - wrought Exodus 4:22 - Israel Exodus 6:7 - will take Exodus 15:16 - which thou Exodus 19:22 - sanctify Exodus 22:31 - holy Exodus 28:2 - glory Exodus 33:16 - separated Exodus 34:9 - take us Leviticus 20:24 - which Leviticus 22:32 - hallow you Leviticus 26:12 - will be Leviticus 26:15 - break Leviticus 26:45 - for their Numbers 23:9 - dwell alone Deuteronomy 4:13 - And he Deuteronomy 28:9 - establish Deuteronomy 29:12 - thou shouldest Deuteronomy 33:3 - he loved Judges 20:7 - ye are all 1 Samuel 10:1 - his inheritance 1 Samuel 12:12 - when the Lord 1 Samuel 12:22 - it hath 2 Samuel 7:23 - went 2 Samuel 20:19 - the inheritance 2 Samuel 23:3 - God 1 Kings 3:8 - thy people 1 Kings 11:38 - if thou wilt 2 Kings 17:35 - With whom 1 Chronicles 16:13 - his chosen 1 Chronicles 17:22 - thy people 2 Chronicles 5:10 - the Lord 2 Chronicles 8:9 - But of the 2 Chronicles 13:10 - the Lord 2 Chronicles 20:7 - our God Psalms 33:12 - Blessed Psalms 50:7 - O my Psalms 50:12 - world Psalms 68:10 - Thy congregation Psalms 74:12 - God Psalms 114:2 - General Psalms 115:9 - Israel Psalms 148:14 - a people Isaiah 43:4 - precious Isaiah 45:4 - Jacob Isaiah 63:8 - Surely Jeremiah 2:3 - holiness Jeremiah 11:2 - General Jeremiah 13:11 - I caused Jeremiah 31:32 - Not Jeremiah 51:19 - the rod Ezekiel 20:12 - I am Ezekiel 23:4 - they were Hosea 2:1 - Ammi Amos 3:2 - only Amos 6:1 - named Zechariah 2:12 - inherit Malachi 2:11 - profaned Matthew 20:2 - he had Acts 27:23 - whose Hebrews 8:9 - to lead Hebrews 8:10 - they shall 1 Peter 2:9 - a royal

Verse 6

a kingdom: Deuteronomy 33:2-Numbers :, Isaiah 61:6, Romans 12:1, 1 Peter 2:5, 1 Peter 2:9, Revelation 1:6, Revelation 5:10, Revelation 20:6

and an: Leviticus 11:44, Leviticus 11:45, Leviticus 19:2, Leviticus 20:24, Leviticus 20:26, Leviticus 21:7, Leviticus 21:8, Leviticus 21:23, Deuteronomy 7:6, Deuteronomy 26:19, Deuteronomy 28:9, Isaiah 62:12, 1 Corinthians 3:17, 1 Thessalonians 5:27, 1 Peter 1:15, 1 Peter 1:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 17:7 - and to Genesis 34:7 - wrought Exodus 4:22 - Israel Exodus 6:7 - will take Exodus 15:16 - which thou Exodus 22:31 - holy Exodus 28:2 - glory Exodus 33:16 - separated Leviticus 22:32 - hallow you Leviticus 26:12 - will be Leviticus 26:45 - for their Numbers 16:3 - all the Numbers 23:9 - dwell alone Deuteronomy 4:20 - a people Deuteronomy 14:2 - General Deuteronomy 26:18 - And the Deuteronomy 29:12 - thou shouldest Deuteronomy 32:9 - the Lord's Deuteronomy 33:3 - he loved Judges 20:7 - ye are all 1 Samuel 10:1 - his inheritance 1 Samuel 12:12 - when the Lord 1 Samuel 12:22 - it hath 2 Samuel 7:23 - went 2 Samuel 20:19 - the inheritance 2 Samuel 22:14 - thundered 2 Samuel 23:3 - God 1 Kings 3:8 - thy people 1 Kings 8:53 - separate 2 Kings 17:35 - With whom 1 Chronicles 16:13 - his chosen 1 Chronicles 17:22 - thy people 2 Chronicles 8:9 - But of the 2 Chronicles 13:10 - the Lord Ezra 9:2 - the holy seed Psalms 33:12 - Blessed Psalms 50:7 - O my Psalms 68:10 - Thy congregation Psalms 74:12 - God Psalms 114:2 - General Psalms 135:4 - his peculiar Psalms 148:14 - a people Isaiah 26:2 - righteous Isaiah 41:8 - thou Isaiah 43:1 - thou art mine Isaiah 43:4 - precious Isaiah 45:4 - Jacob Isaiah 51:4 - O my Isaiah 63:8 - Surely Isaiah 66:21 - General Jeremiah 2:3 - holiness Jeremiah 7:23 - Obey Jeremiah 13:11 - I caused Jeremiah 51:19 - the rod Ezekiel 20:12 - I am Ezekiel 23:4 - they were Hosea 2:1 - Ammi Amos 3:2 - only Amos 6:1 - named Zechariah 2:12 - inherit Malachi 2:11 - profaned Matthew 20:2 - he had Matthew 21:43 - a nation Titus 2:14 - peculiar Hebrews 8:10 - they shall

Verse 7

the elders: Exodus 3:16

and laid: Exodus 4:29, Exodus 4:30, 1 Corinthians 15:1

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:21 - elders Exodus 21:1 - which

Verse 8

Exodus 20:19, Exodus 24:3, Exodus 24:7, Deuteronomy 5:27-Joel :, Deuteronomy 26:17-Psalms :, Joshua 24:24, Nehemiah 10:29

Reciprocal: Joshua 24:21 - Nay Psalms 103:7 - He made Jeremiah 2:20 - and thou saidst Matthew 26:35 - Likewise Mark 14:31 - Likewise Luke 9:57 - a certain

Verse 9

Lo: Exodus 19:16, Exodus 20:21, Exodus 24:15, Exodus 24:16, Deuteronomy 4:11, 1 Kings 8:12, 2 Chronicles 6:1, Psalms 18:11, Psalms 18:12, Psalms 97:2, Isaiah 19:1, Matthew 17:5, Mark 9:7, Luke 9:34, Luke 9:35, Revelation 1:7

that the: Deuteronomy 4:12, Deuteronomy 4:36, John 12:29, John 12:30

believe: Exodus 14:31, 2 Chronicles 20:20, Isaiah 7:9, Luke 10:16

Reciprocal: Exodus 4:5 - That they Deuteronomy 4:10 - the day Deuteronomy 5:4 - General Psalms 99:7 - in the cloudy Acts 1:9 - a cloud

Verse 10

sanctify: Exodus 19:15, Leviticus 11:44, Leviticus 11:45, Joshua 3:5, Joshua 7:13, 1 Samuel 16:5, 2 Chronicles 29:5, 2 Chronicles 29:34, 2 Chronicles 30:17-Psalms :, Job 1:5, 1 Corinthians 6:11

wash: Exodus 19:14, Genesis 35:2, Leviticus 11:25, Leviticus 15:5, Numbers 8:7, Numbers 8:21, Numbers 31:24, Zechariah 3:3, Zechariah 3:4, Hebrews 10:22, Revelation 7:14

Reciprocal: Leviticus 14:8 - wash his Leviticus 21:8 - sanctify Numbers 11:18 - Sanctify Numbers 31:20 - raiment 2 Chronicles 5:11 - sanctified 2 Chronicles 30:15 - and sanctified 2 Chronicles 35:6 - sanctify Nehemiah 12:30 - themselves Psalms 76:8 - didst Joel 2:16 - sanctify John 11:55 - to purify Acts 21:24 - and purify

Verse 11

the Lord: Exodus 19:16, Exodus 19:18, Exodus 19:20, Exodus 3:8, Exodus 34:5, Numbers 11:17, Deuteronomy 33:2, Psalms 18:9, Psalms 144:5, Isaiah 64:1, Isaiah 64:2, Habakkuk 3:3-Joshua :, John 3:13, John 6:38

Reciprocal: Genesis 11:5 - General Genesis 22:4 - third Exodus 3:1 - the mountain Exodus 18:5 - General Exodus 19:15 - the third Exodus 24:16 - seventh day Leviticus 7:17 - on the third Leviticus 9:4 - to day Numbers 19:12 - third day Joshua 1:11 - three days Nehemiah 9:13 - camest

Verse 12

set bounds: Exodus 19:21, Exodus 19:23, Joshua 3:4

Take: Exodus 10:28, Exodus 34:12, Deuteronomy 2:4, Deuteronomy 4:9

or touch: Hebrews 12:20, Hebrews 12:21

Reciprocal: Genesis 3:3 - touch Exodus 3:5 - Draw not Exodus 19:24 - but let Exodus 34:3 - General Numbers 4:15 - they shall 2 Chronicles 23:7 - whosoever 2 Corinthians 3:9 - the ministration of condemnation Hebrews 12:18 - General

Verse 13

whether: Exodus 21:28, Exodus 21:29, Leviticus 20:15, Leviticus 20:16

when the trumpet: or, cornet, Exodus 19:16, Exodus 19:19, 1 Corinthians 15:52, 1 Thessalonians 4:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 3:3 - touch Exodus 19:18 - General Exodus 19:21 - charge Exodus 34:3 - General Judges 20:37 - drew themselves along 2 Chronicles 23:7 - whosoever Hebrews 12:20 - if so much

Verse 14

and sanctified: Exodus 19:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 35:2 - clean Exodus 19:22 - sanctify Leviticus 11:25 - and be unclean Leviticus 14:8 - wash his Leviticus 21:8 - sanctify 1 Samuel 16:5 - sanctify yourselves 1 Chronicles 15:12 - sanctify 2 Chronicles 5:11 - sanctified John 11:55 - to purify Acts 21:24 - and purify

Verse 15

Be ready: Amos 4:12, Malachi 3:2, Matthew 3:10-2 Kings :, Matthew 24:44, 2 Peter 3:11, 2 Peter 3:12

the third: Exodus 19:11, Exodus 19:16

come not: 1 Samuel 21:4, 1 Samuel 21:5, Joel 2:16, Zechariah 6:3, Zechariah 7:3, Zechariah 12:12-2 Chronicles :, 1 Corinthians 7:5

Reciprocal: Genesis 22:4 - third Exodus 19:10 - sanctify Exodus 19:22 - sanctify Leviticus 15:18 - unclean Numbers 8:6 - cleanse them Numbers 11:18 - Sanctify Numbers 19:12 - third day 1 Samuel 16:5 - sanctify yourselves 1 Chronicles 15:12 - sanctify 2 Chronicles 5:11 - sanctified 2 Chronicles 29:5 - sanctify now 2 Chronicles 35:6 - sanctify Nehemiah 12:30 - themselves Ecclesiastes 3:5 - a time to embrace John 11:55 - to purify

Verse 16

thunders: Exodus 9:23, Exodus 9:28, Exodus 9:29, Exodus 20:18, 1 Samuel 12:17, 1 Samuel 12:18, Job 37:1-Deuteronomy :, Job 38:25, Psalms 18:11-2 Chronicles :, Psalms 29:3-1 Kings :, Psalms 50:3, Psalms 77:18, Psalms 97:4, Hebrews 12:18, Hebrews 12:19, Revelation 4:5, Revelation 8:5, Revelation 11:19

thick: Exodus 19:9, Exodus 40:34, 2 Chronicles 5:14

voice: Revelation 1:10, Revelation 4:1

all the people: Jeremiah 5:22, Hebrews 12:21

Reciprocal: Exodus 19:11 - the Lord Exodus 19:13 - when the trumpet Exodus 19:15 - the third Exodus 19:19 - And when Exodus 20:21 - the people Exodus 24:15 - a cloud Deuteronomy 4:10 - the day Deuteronomy 4:11 - stood Deuteronomy 5:5 - General 1 Kings 19:11 - and a great Nehemiah 9:13 - camest Job 37:2 - the noise Job 38:1 - General Psalms 68:8 - Sinai Ezekiel 1:4 - a great Ezekiel 10:5 - the voice Nahum 1:3 - his way Habakkuk 3:3 - His glory Habakkuk 3:10 - mountains John 12:29 - thundered 1 Corinthians 15:52 - last 1 Thessalonians 4:16 - with the trump Hebrews 12:20 - if so much Revelation 14:2 - of a

Verse 17

Deuteronomy 4:10, Deuteronomy 5:5

Reciprocal: Exodus 20:21 - the people Leviticus 9:5 - and all the congregation Deuteronomy 9:10 - all the words Deuteronomy 10:4 - in the day

Verse 18

Exodus 19:13, Isaiah 6:4, Revelation 15:8

mount Sinai: Exodus 20:18, Deuteronomy 4:11, Deuteronomy 4:12, Deuteronomy 5:22, Deuteronomy 33:2, Judges 5:5, Psalms 68:7, Psalms 68:8, Psalms 104:32, Psalms 144:5

in fire: Exodus 3:2, Exodus 24:17, 2 Chronicles 7:1-Leviticus :, 2 Thessalonians 1:8, 2 Peter 3:10

as the smoke: Genesis 15:17, Genesis 19:28, Psalms 144:5, Revelation 15:8

whole: 1 Kings 19:11, 1 Kings 19:12, Psalms 68:8, Psalms 77:18, Psalms 114:7, Jeremiah 4:24, Nahum 1:5, Nahum 1:6, Zechariah 14:5, Matthew 24:7, Hebrews 12:26

Reciprocal: Exodus 19:11 - the Lord Exodus 34:5 - descended Deuteronomy 4:33 - General Deuteronomy 5:4 - General Deuteronomy 9:15 - the mount Deuteronomy 10:4 - out of the 1 Samuel 14:15 - the earth quaked 2 Samuel 22:9 - went 1 Kings 19:8 - Horeb Psalms 50:3 - a fire Psalms 114:4 - General Isaiah 64:1 - that thou wouldest come

Verse 19

And when: Exodus 19:13, Exodus 19:16

Moses: Hebrews 12:21

God: Psalms 81:7

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 4:33 - General Deuteronomy 4:36 - General Deuteronomy 5:4 - General Deuteronomy 5:22 - These words Deuteronomy 5:24 - we have heard Joshua 6:5 - make a long Isaiah 64:1 - that thou wouldest come Ezekiel 10:5 - the voice Matthew 17:5 - a voice

Verse 20

the Lord came: Exodus 19:11, Nehemiah 9:13, Psalms 81:7

Moses went up: Exodus 19:3, Exodus 24:12, Exodus 24:13, Exodus 24:18, Exodus 34:2, Exodus 34:4, Deuteronomy 9:9

Reciprocal: Exodus 18:5 - General Exodus 19:24 - and thou Numbers 11:17 - I will come 1 Kings 19:11 - stand upon the mount Psalms 103:7 - He made Ephesians 4:9 - he also

Verse 21

charge: Heb. contest, Exodus 19:12, Exodus 19:13

break: Exodus 3:3, Exodus 3:5, Exodus 33:20, 1 Samuel 6:19, Ecclesiastes 5:1, Hebrews 12:28, Hebrews 12:29

Reciprocal: Exodus 19:24 - but let Exodus 24:11 - laid not Exodus 34:3 - General Numbers 4:18 - General Numbers 4:20 - they shall

Verse 22

the priests: Exodus 24:5, Leviticus 10:1-:, Isaiah 52:11

sanctify: Exodus 19:5, Exodus 19:14, Exodus 19:15

break: 2 Samuel 6:6-Ruth :, 1 Chronicles 13:9-1 Kings :, 1 Chronicles 15:13, 2 Chronicles 30:3, 2 Chronicles 30:15, 2 Chronicles 30:18, 2 Chronicles 30:19, Acts 5:5, Acts 5:10, 1 Corinthians 11:30-Jonah :

Reciprocal: Exodus 19:24 - lest Leviticus 10:3 - I will be Psalms 68:17 - as in Sinai Joel 2:16 - sanctify

Verse 23

Set bounds: Exodus 19:12, Joshua 3:4, Joshua 3:5

Reciprocal: Psalms 68:17 - as in Sinai

Verse 24

and thou: Exodus 19:20

but let: Exodus 19:12, Exodus 19:21, Matthew 11:12, Luke 13:24, Luke 16:16, John 1:17, Hebrews 4:16, Hebrews 10:19-Song of Solomon :, Hebrews 12:18-Lamentations :, Hebrews 12:29

lest: Exodus 19:22, Romans 4:15, 2 Corinthians 3:7-1 Samuel :, Galatians 3:10, Galatians 3:11, Galatians 3:19, Galatians 3:22

Reciprocal: Exodus 19:25 - General Exodus 24:1 - Come up Exodus 32:7 - Go Exodus 34:2 - in the top Revelation 4:1 - Come

Verse 25

Exodus 19:24

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/exodus-19.html.