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Bible Commentaries
Exodus 27

Scofield's Reference NotesScofield's Notes

Verse 1


Brazen altar, type of the Cross upon which Christ, our whole burnt-offering offered Himself without spot to God Hebrews 9:14.

height (Cf) Exodus 25:10. The altar of burnt offering is double the height of the mercy-seat. The atonement more than saves us-- it glorifies God John 17:14.

shittim i.e. acacia.

wood The wood (Christ's humanity), completely inclosed in brass, must have become completely charred by sacrificial fires. Cf. Hebrews 10:5-7.

Verse 2


Cf. Numbers 21:9; John 3:14; John 12:31-33 thus fixing the symbolic meaning of brass as divine manifestation in judgment.

Verse 6


i.e. acacia.

Verse 9

fine twined linen

The fine linen commonly typifies personal righteousness Exodus 26:1 ref. (d), and in the hangings of the court stands for that measure of righteousness which God demands of any who would, in his own righteousness, approach. Christ, figuratively speaking, put up the hangings of the court in Luke 10:25-28. The only way of approach was the "gate" ; Exodus 27:16; John 10:9. The hangings of the court bar out equally the self-righteous man and the open sinner, for the height was above seven feet. Exodus 27:18.

Verse 16


In the hangings of the court (Exodus 27:9), representing that practical righteousness which God demands in the law, and which, therefore, bars out all men ; Romans 3:19; Romans 3:20; Romans 10:3-5. No colours are inwrought. But the "gate" is Christ John 10:9 and so the colours reappear as in the veil Exodus 26:31.

Verse 17


The fillets and hooks upholding the linen hangings are of silver (See Scofield " :-") for it is in virtue of His redemptive work that Christ is our way of access, and not by virtue of His righteous life (symbolized by the fine linen); but the pillars of the court rest upon brass sockets, not silver as in the case of the boards See Scofield " :-" and brass symbolizes divine righteousness in judgment See Scofield " :-". Redemption not only displays God's mercy, but vindicates His righteousness in showing that mercy. Romans 3:21-26.

Verse 19


(See Scofield " :-") .

Verse 20


Oil is a symbol of the Holy Spirit (Cf) John 3:34; Hebrews 1:9. In Christ the oil- fed Light ever burns, the Light of the world John 8:12. But here we have not the world, but the sanctuary. It is a question, not of testimony in and to the world, but of our communion and worship as believer-priests in the holiest Hebrews 10:19; Hebrews 10:20. In the Tabernacle there were two compartments, two lights: the holy place with the candlestick (See Scofield "Hebrews 10:20- :") the holy of holies with the shekinah, or manifested glory of God. These two places are now one ; Matthew 27:50; Matthew 27:51; Hebrews 9:6-8; Hebrews 10:19-21 but it is important to see that there are still two lights: Christ, the Light of life John 8:12 through the Spirit giving light upon the holy things of God, the showbread and altar of incense; and also the shekinah, now on the face of Jesus Christ 2 Corinthians 4:6. Into this twofold light we, as believer- priests, are brought 1 Peter 2:9. We "walk in the light," not merely which He gives, but in which He lives 1 John 1:7. But what of the command to "bring pure oil" Exodus 27:20. Because our access, apprehension, communion, and transformation are by the Spirit ; Ephesians 2:18; 1 Corinthians 2:14; 1 Corinthians 2:15; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Philippians 2:1; 2 Corinthians 3:18. Our title to His presence is the blood Ephesians 2:13 but only as filled with the Spirit Ephesians 5:18 do we really walk in the light.

Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Exodus 27". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/srn/exodus-27.html. 1917.
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