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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 2

Introduction

Overview

1 Chronicles 2:1, The sons of Israel; 1 Chronicles 2:3, The posterity of Judah by Tamar; 1 Chronicles 2:13, The children of Jesse; 1 Chronicles 2:18, The posterity of Caleb the son of Hezron; 1 Chronicles 2:21, Hezron’s posterity by the daughter of Machir; 1 Chronicles 2:25, Jerahmeel’s posterity; 1 Chronicles 2:34, Sheshan’s posterity; 1 Chronicles 2:42, Another branch of Caleb’s posterity; 1 Chronicles 2:50, The posterity of Caleb the son of Hur.

Verse 1

am 2252, etc. bc 1752, etc

Israel: or, Jacob, Genesis 32:28, Genesis 49:2

Reuben: Genesis 29:32-Habakkuk :, Genesis 30:5-Jeremiah :, Genesis 35:18, Genesis 35:22-Ezekiel :, Genesis 46:8-Daniel :, Genesis 49:4-Hosea :, Exodus 1:2-Numbers :, Numbers 1:5-Ezra :, Numbers 13:4-Ezra :, Numbers 26:5-Jude :, Revelation 7:5-Ruth :

Reciprocal: Genesis 42:13 - Thy servants Genesis 46:10 - Simeon Genesis 46:11 - Levi Genesis 46:12 - Judah Genesis 46:13 - Issachar Genesis 46:14 - Zebulun Genesis 46:15 - Leah Genesis 49:3 - my firstborn Exodus 1:1 - General 1 Chronicles 5:1 - he was Matthew 1:2 - Jacob begat Acts 7:8 - and Jacob

Verse 2

Dan: Genesis 30:6

Joseph: Genesis 30:24

Benjamin: Genesis 35:18

Naphtali: Genesis 30:8

Gad: Genesis 30:11

Asher: Genesis 30:13, Genesis 35:26, Genesis 46:17, Genesis 49:20, Numbers 1:40, Numbers 1:41, Deuteronomy 33:24, Joshua 19:24-Obadiah :

Reciprocal: Genesis 35:22 - Now the sons Genesis 46:16 - sons of Genesis 46:19 - Rachel Genesis 46:23 - Dan Genesis 46:24 - Naphtali Exodus 1:1 - General Exodus 1:4 - Dan Acts 7:8 - and Jacob

Verse 3

and: 1 Chronicles 9:5, Genesis 38:2-2 Samuel :, Genesis 46:12, Numbers 26:19

Reciprocal: Genesis 38:7 - and the Numbers 26:20 - Pharez 2 Samuel 19:42 - Because 1 Chronicles 4:21 - Shelah 1 Chronicles 29:24 - all the sons Matthew 1:3 - Judas

Verse 4

Tamar: Genesis 38:13-Amos :, Ruth 4:12, Matthew 1:3, Thamar

Pharez: 1 Chronicles 9:4, Numbers 26:21, Ruth 4:18, Nehemiah 11:4, Perez, Matthew 1:3, Luke 3:33, Phares

Zerah: 1 Chronicles 9:6, Numbers 26:13, Numbers 26:20, Nehemiah 11:24, Matthew 1:3, Zara

Reciprocal: Genesis 38:29 - his name Joshua 7:17 - General 1 Chronicles 2:6 - General

Verse 5

Hezron: Genesis 46:12, Numbers 26:21, Ruth 4:18, Matthew 1:3, Luke 3:33, Esrom

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:1 - Pharez 1 Chronicles 9:4 - Pharez Acts 7:14 - threescore

Verse 6

Zimri: i.e. snug; my song; my field, [Strong's H2174]. 1 Chronicles 2:6, 1 Chronicles 8:36, 1 Chronicles 9:42, Numbers 25:14, 1 Kings 16:9-2 Samuel :, 1 Kings 16:12, 1 Kings 16:15-Nehemiah :, 1 Kings 16:18, 1 Kings 16:20, 2 Kings 9:31, Jeremiah 25:25

Zimri 1. Captain of Elah king of Israel, whom he slew and succeeded, bc 930 1 Kings 16:9-2 Samuel :, 2. Captain of the Simeonites Numbers 25:14, 3. Descendant of Judah by Tamar 1 Chronicles 2:4, 4. Of the stock of Saul 1 Chronicles 8:36, 1 Chronicles 9:42, 5. A son of Zerah, the son of Judah, called Zabdi, which is apparently here called [Strong's H2174], Zimri, in consequence of a, baith, being mistaken for a, mem, and a, daleth, for a, raish. 1 Chronicles 2:6, Joshua 7:1, Joshua 7:17-Job :, 6. A name applied to a tribe and supposed to refer to people in Eastern Arabia Jeremiah 25:25

Ethan: i.e. perennial, constant; ancient, [Strong's H387] 1 Chronicles 2:6, 1 Chronicles 2:8, 1 Chronicles 6:42, 1 Chronicles 6:44, 1 Chronicles 15:17, 1 Chronicles 15:19, 1 Kings 4:31, Psalms 89:1,*title

Ethan 1. An Israelite known for his wisdom, an Ezrahite, to whom Psalm 89 is attributed in its title 1 Kings 4:31, 2. A son of Zerah, the son of Judah 1 Chronicles 2:6, 1 Chronicles 2:8, 3. A descendant of Gershon, the son of Levi 1 Chronicles 6:42, 4. A descendant of Merari, the son of Levi 1 Chronicles 6:44, 1 Chronicles 15:19 Heman: i.e. faithful, [Strong's H1968], 1 Chronicles 2:6, 1 Chronicles 6:33, 1 Chronicles 15:17, 1 Chronicles 15:19, 1 Chronicles 16:41-Luke :, 1 Chronicles 25:1, 1 Chronicles 25:4-Joshua :, 1 Kings 4:31, 2 Chronicles 5:12, 2 Chronicles 29:14, 2 Chronicles 35:15, Psalms 88:1,*title

Heman 1. A wise man who flourished before Solomon 1 Chronicles 2:6, 1 Kings 4:31, 2. A Levite of the Kohathites, a leader of David's choir 1 Chronicles 15:17, 1 Chronicles 16:41-Luke :, Psalms 88:1. See also Homam, 1 Chronicles 1:39 Calcol: i.e. sustenance; comprehended, [Strong's H3633]. 1 Kings 4:31

Dara: i.e. pearl of wisdom, [Strong's H1873], Darda, דרדע [Strong's H1862], is here called Dara, דרע [Strong's H1873], by the elision of a ד, daleth, Darda

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 9:6 - Zerah Acts 7:14 - threescore

Verse 7

Carmi: 1 Chronicles 4:1

Achar: Achan is probably called Achar, from the trouble he occasioned. Joshua 7:1-Deuteronomy :, Achan

accursed: Deuteronomy 7:26, Deuteronomy 13:17, Joshua 6:18, Joshua 7:11-Ezra :, Joshua 7:25, Joshua 22:20

Reciprocal: Genesis 34:30 - Ye have

Verse 8

Ethan: 1 Chronicles 2:6

Azariah: 1 Chronicles 6:36

Verse 9

Jerahmeel: 1 Chronicles 2:25-Micah :

Ram: Ruth 4:19, Matthew 1:3, Luke 3:3, Aram

Chelubai: 1 Chronicles 2:18, 1 Chronicles 2:19, 1 Chronicles 2:24, 1 Chronicles 2:42, Caleb

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 27:10 - the Jerahmeelites 1 Samuel 30:29 - Jerahmeelites 1 Chronicles 4:1 - Carmi 1 Chronicles 24:29 - Jerahmeel Luke 3:33 - Aminadab

Verse 10

Amminadab: Ruth 4:19, Ruth 4:20, Matthew 1:4, Luke 3:33, Aminadab

Nahshon: Numbers 1:7, Numbers 2:3, Numbers 7:12, Numbers 7:17, Numbers 10:14, Ruth 4:20, Matthew 1:4, Luke 3:32, Nassoon

Reciprocal: Exodus 6:23 - Amminadab Ruth 2:1 - Boaz 1 Samuel 16:1 - Jesse

Verse 11

Salma: Ruth 4:21, Matthew 1:4, Matthew 1:5, Luke 3:32, Salmon, Booz

Reciprocal: Genesis 46:11 - Levi Numbers 1:7 - Nahshon Ruth 2:5 - General

Verse 12

Jesse: 1 Chronicles 10:14, Ruth 4:22, 1 Samuel 16:1, Isaiah 11:1, Isaiah 11:10, Matthew 1:5, Luke 3:32, Acts 13:22, Romans 15:12

Reciprocal: Ruth 2:5 - General Ruth 4:21 - and Boaz

Verse 13

his firstborn: 1 Samuel 16:6-1 Chronicles :, 1 Samuel 17:13, 1 Samuel 17:28

Eliab: 1 Chronicles 27:18, Elihu

Shimma: 1 Chronicles 20:7, Shimea, 1 Samuel 16:9, Shammah

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 16:8 - Abinadab 1 Samuel 16:10 - seven 1 Samuel 17:12 - eight sons 2 Samuel 2:32 - buried 2 Samuel 17:25 - Nahash 2 Samuel 21:21 - Shimeah 2 Chronicles 11:18 - Eliab

Verse 15

David: It appears from the parallel places of Samuel, that Jesse had eight sons, of whom David was the eighth and youngest; but one may have died before David came to the throne. 1 Samuel 16:10, 1 Samuel 16:11, 1 Samuel 17:12-2 Chronicles :

Reciprocal: Judges 1:16 - the Kenite Ruth 4:22 - David 1 Samuel 26:6 - Zeruiah 2 Samuel 2:18 - three 2 Samuel 3:39 - the sons Matthew 1:6 - Jesse

Verse 16

the sons of: 1 Samuel 26:6, 2 Samuel 2:18-Isaiah :, 2 Samuel 3:39, 2 Samuel 16:9-1 Kings :, 2 Samuel 19:22

Reciprocal: Genesis 46:11 - Levi 2 Samuel 2:13 - Joab 2 Samuel 14:1 - Joab 2 Samuel 17:25 - Ithra 2 Samuel 19:13 - Amasa 2 Samuel 23:18 - Abishai 1 Chronicles 11:20 - Abishai 1 Chronicles 18:12 - Moreover

Verse 17

Amasa: 2 Samuel 17:25, 2 Samuel 19:13, 2 Samuel 20:4-2 Kings :, 1 Kings 2:5, 1 Kings 2:32

Jether: Jether, יתר [Strong's H3500], is essentially the same with יתרא [Strong's H3501], Ithra, the latter only having the addition of an א aleph; and it is probable, that he was an Ishmaelite by birth but an Israelite by religion. 2 Samuel 17:25, Ithra an Israelite

Ishmeelite: [Strong's H3459] a descendant of Ishmael

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 12:18 - came upon Amasai

Verse 18

am 2534, etc. bc 1470, etc

Caleb: Caleb, כלב, [Strong's H3612], is the same as Chelubai, כלובי [Strong's H3621], the latter simply having a ו, wav inserted, and a י, yood affixed. This person must have lived some time before Israel left Egypt; for Bezaleel, the principal person employed in constructing the tabernacle, was his grandson. 1 Chronicles 2:9, Chelubai, 1 Chronicles 2:42

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:24 - Calebephratah 1 Chronicles 2:46 - Caleb's 1 Chronicles 4:1 - Carmi

Verse 19

Ephrath: 1 Chronicles 2:24, 1 Chronicles 2:50, 1 Chronicles 4:4, Micah 5:2, Ephratah

Reciprocal: Genesis 35:16 - Ephrath Exodus 31:2 - Bezaleel 2 Samuel 24:11 - Gad 1 Kings 11:26 - an Ephrathite 1 Chronicles 2:9 - Chelubai 1 Chronicles 2:42 - Caleb 1 Chronicles 2:46 - Caleb's 2 Chronicles 1:5 - Bezaleel

Verse 20

Bezaleel: Exodus 31:2, Exodus 36:1, Exodus 36:2, Exodus 37:1, Exodus 38:22, 2 Chronicles 1:5

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:50 - Ephratah

Verse 21

Machir: Genesis 50:23, Numbers 26:29, Numbers 27:1, Numbers 32:39, Numbers 32:40, Deuteronomy 3:15

married: Heb. took

Reciprocal: Numbers 32:41 - Jair Deuteronomy 3:14 - Jair Joshua 13:30 - General 1 Chronicles 7:14 - Machir

Verse 22

Jair: Numbers 32:41, Deuteronomy 3:14, Joshua 13:30

Verse 23

Geshur: Joshua 13:13, 2 Samuel 13:38

Kenath: Kenath was situated in the tribe of Manasseh, east of Jordan. Eusebius says it was called in his time בםבטב, Kanatha; and was a town in the Trachonitis, near Bozra. Josephus places it in Coelo-syria; and Pliny reckons it among the cities of the Decapolis. It was also called Nobah, after Nobah an Israelite, who conquered it (Numbers 32:42), which is placed by Eusebius, eight miles south of Heshbon. see note on Judges 8:11.

Reciprocal: Joshua 13:11 - General Joshua 17:1 - Machir 1 Samuel 27:8 - the Geshurites 1 Chronicles 2:42 - the father of Hebron 1 Chronicles 3:2 - Geshur 1 Chronicles 9:35 - the father

Verse 24

Calebephratah: 1 Chronicles 2:9, 1 Chronicles 2:18, 1 Chronicles 2:19, 1 Samuel 30:14

Ashur: 1 Chronicles 4:5

Tekoa: 2 Samuel 14:2, Amos 1:1

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:42 - Caleb 1 Chronicles 9:35 - the father

Verse 25

the sons of: Of the persons mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:25-Micah :, nothing more is recorded or known.

Jerahmeel: 1 Chronicles 2:9

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 27:10 - the Jerahmeelites 1 Samuel 30:29 - Jerahmeelites 1 Chronicles 2:27 - Ram 1 Chronicles 8:6 - Manahath

Verse 26

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:28 - Onam

Verse 27

Ram: 1 Chronicles 2:25

Verse 28

Onam: 1 Chronicles 2:26

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:30 - Nadab

Verse 30

Nadab: 1 Chronicles 2:28

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:32 - General

Verse 31

the children of Sheshan: 1 Chronicles 2:34, 1 Chronicles 2:35

Verse 32

1 Chronicles 2:30

Verse 33

Peleth: Numbers 16:1

Zaza: i.e. going back; brightness; fulness, [Strong's H2117].

Verse 34

no sons: Numbers 27:3, Numbers 27:4, Numbers 27:8

but daughters: Numbers 36:2, Numbers 36:10, Numbers 36:11

Jarha: i.e. increasing moon, [Strong's H3398], 1 Chronicles 2:35

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:31 - the children of Sheshan

Verse 35

Sheshan: When the people of the East have no sons, they frequently marry their daughters to their slaves, even when they have much property to bestow upon them. Hassan had been the slave of Kamel, his predecessor; but Kamel, according to the custom of the country, gave him one of his daughters in marriage, and left him at his death one part of his great riches which he had amassed in the course of a long and prosperous life - Maillet, Lett. xi. p. 118.

his daughter: 1 Chronicles 2:31

Attai: i.e. opportune, [Strong's H6262], 1 Chronicles 2:36, 1 Chronicles 12:11, 2 Chronicles 11:20

Attai 1. Son of Jarha, father of Nathan 1 Chronicles 2:35, 1 Chronicles 2:36, 2. One who came to David to Ziklan 1 Chronicles 12:11, 3. Son of Rehoboam by Maachah 2 Chronicles 11:20

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:34 - Jarha

Verse 36

Zabad: 1 Chronicles 11:41

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:35 - Attai

Verse 37

Ephlal: i.e. intercession, [Strong's H654]

Obed: Ruth 4:17

Verse 38

Jehu: 2 Kings 9:2

Azariah: 1 Chronicles 6:36, 2 Chronicles 23:1

Verse 39

Helez: i.e. strength, [Strong's H2503], 2 Samuel 23:26

Helez 1. One of David's valiant men 1 Chronicles 11:27, 2 Samuel 23:26, 2. A descendant of Jerahmeel 1 Chronicles 2:39 Eleasah: i.e. God has wrought, [Strong's H501], 1 Chronicles 2:39, 1 Chronicles 2:40, 1 Chronicles 8:37, 1 Chronicles 9:43, Ezra 10:22, Jeremiah 29:3

Eleasah 1. Descended from Sheshan's daughter 1 Chronicles 2:39, 2. One of the stock of Saul 1 Chronicles 8:37, 1 Chronicles 9:43, 3. Rendered "Elasah, " the bearer of Jeremiah's letter to the captives in Babylon Jeremiah 29:3

Verse 40

Sisamai: i.e. distinguished one; swallow, [Strong's H5581].

Shallum: 2 Kings 15:10

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:39 - General

Verse 41

Jekamiah: i.e. let Jah arise, [Strong's H3359], 1 Chronicles 3:18

Elishama: Numbers 1:10, 2 Kings 25:25

Verse 42

Caleb: This was not Caleb the son of Jephunneh, but Caleb the son of Hezron, and therefore called the brother of Jerahmeel. See the parallel texts. 1 Chronicles 2:9, Chelubai, 1 Chronicles 2:18, 1 Chronicles 2:19, 1 Chronicles 2:24

his firstborn: Genesis 49:3, Exodus 4:22, Exodus 4:23, Romans 8:29, Hebrews 12:23

the father: i.e. the founder, Or, as the Targum renders, "the prince of the Ziphites;" for it was usual to call both the founder and the prince of a city its father.

Ziph: Joshua 15:24, 1 Samuel 23:19, 1 Samuel 26:1

the father of Hebron: 1 Chronicles 2:23, 1 Chronicles 2:24, 1 Chronicles 2:45, 1 Chronicles 2:49, 1 Chronicles 2:52, 1 Chronicles 8:29, Ezra 2:21-Habakkuk :, Nehemiah 7:25-Zechariah :

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:18 - the father of

Verse 44

Raham: i.e. compassionate, [Strong's H7357]

Jorkoam: i.e. paleness or spreading of the people, [Strong's H3421]. 1 Chronicles 2:44

Verse 45

Bethzur: Beth-zur was situated in the tribe of Judah, twenty miles south from Jerusalem, towards Hebron, according to Eusebius. It was fortified by Rehoboam - 2 Chronicles 11:7 and was a fortress of great consequence, principally in the time of the Maccabees. 1; Mac 1 Chronicles 4:28, 1 Chronicles 6:7, etc. Joshua 15:58

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:42 - the father of Hebron 1 Chronicles 9:35 - the father Nehemiah 3:16 - Bethzur

Verse 46

Caleb's: 1 Chronicles 2:18, 1 Chronicles 2:19, 1 Chronicles 2:48

Verse 48

concubine: 1 Chronicles 2:46, Genesis 25:5, Genesis 25:6

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 40:8 - Maachathite

Verse 49

the father of Madmannah: 1 Chronicles 2:42, Madmannah was a city situated in the southern part of Judah, and towards Gaza, according to Eusebius. Joshua 15:31, Isaiah 10:31, Madmenah

Gibea: It is probable this was not Gibeah of Benjamin, and the royal residence of Saul, but Gibeah in the tribe of Judah, to which all these other cities belonged. Joshua 15:57, 2 Samuel 21:6, Gibeah

Reciprocal: Joshua 15:17 - Achsah 1 Chronicles 8:13 - the fathers

Verse 50

Caleb: This Caleb was the grandson of the preceding, and brother to Uri, the father of Bezaleel.

Ephratah: 1 Chronicles 2:19, 1 Chronicles 2:20, Ephrath

Kirjathjearim: 1 Chronicles 2:53, 1 Chronicles 13:5, 1 Chronicles 13:6, Joshua 15:9, Joshua 15:60, 1 Samuel 7:1

Reciprocal: Genesis 4:20 - the 1 Chronicles 4:4 - Hur 1 Chronicles 8:13 - the fathers 1 Chronicles 9:35 - the father Ezra 2:21 - Bethlehem Micah 5:2 - Ephratah

Verse 51

Salma: 1 Chronicles 4:4

Bethlehem: Genesis 35:19, Ruth 1:19, Ruth 2:4, Ruth 4:11, Matthew 2:1, Matthew 2:6, John 7:42

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:54 - Bethlehem Micah 5:2 - Ephratah

Verse 52

Haroeh: or, Reaiah, 1 Chronicles 4:2, as Haroeh and Reaiah have nearly the same signification, it is probable they were deemed perfectly interchangeable, and indifferently applied.

half of the Manahethites: or, half of the Menuchites, or, Hatsihammenuchoth.

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:42 - the father of Hebron 1 Chronicles 8:13 - the fathers

Verse 53

Ithrites: 1 Chronicles 11:40, 2 Samuel 23:38

the Zareathites: Joshua 15:33, Joshua 19:41, Judges 13:2, Judges 13:25, Judges 16:31

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:50 - Kirjathjearim 1 Chronicles 4:2 - Zorathites

Verse 54

Bethlehem: 1 Chronicles 2:51

Netophathites: 1 Chronicles 11:30, 2 Samuel 23:29, Ezra 2:22, Nehemiah 7:26, Nehemiah 12:28

Ataroth: or, Atarites, or crowns of the house of Joab, Joshua 16:2

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:2 - Zorathites 1 Chronicles 8:6 - Manahath 1 Chronicles 9:16 - Netophathites Jeremiah 40:8 - Netophathite Micah 5:2 - Ephratah

Verse 55

the scribes: Ezra 7:6, Jeremiah 8:8

Jabez: 1 Chronicles 4:9, 1 Chronicles 4:10

Kenites: Judges 1:16, Judges 4:11, 1 Samuel 15:6

Rechab: 2 Kings 10:15, Jeremiah 35:2-Ruth :, Jeremiah 35:19

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 35:6 - Jonadab

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-chronicles-2.html.