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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 14

Introduction

Overview

1 Samuel 14:1, Jonathan goes and miraculously smites the Philistine’s garrison; 1 Samuel 14:15, A divine terror makes them beat themselves; 1 Samuel 14:17, Saul, not staying the priest’s answer, sets on them; 1 Samuel 14:21, The captivated Hebrews, and the hidden Israelites, join against them; 1 Samuel 14:24, Saul’s unadvised adjuration hinders the victory; 1 Samuel 14:31, He restrains the people from eating blood; 1 Samuel 14:35, He builds an altar; 1 Samuel 14:37, Jonathan, taken by lot, is save by the people; 1 Samuel 14:47, Saul’s victories, strength, and family.

Verse 1

am 2917, bc 1087, An, Ex, Is 404

it came to pass upon a day: or, there was a day

Jonathan: 1 Samuel 14:39-Romans :, 1 Samuel 13:2, 1 Samuel 13:22, 1 Samuel 18:1-Numbers :, 2 Samuel 1:4, 2 Samuel 1:5, 2 Samuel 1:25, 2 Samuel 1:26

he told not: 1 Samuel 25:19, Judges 6:27, Judges 14:6, Micah 7:5

Reciprocal: Genesis 49:27 - a wolf 1 Samuel 13:3 - the garrison 1 Samuel 13:23 - passage 1 Samuel 31:2 - Jonathan 2 Samuel 8:6 - garrisons 2 Samuel 23:14 - garrison 1 Chronicles 9:39 - and Saul 1 Chronicles 18:13 - garrisons

Verse 2

in the uttermost: 1 Samuel 13:15, 1 Samuel 13:16, Isaiah 10:28, Isaiah 10:29

a pomegranate: The word rimmon, in Arabic romman, whence the Portuguese romaa, denotes the pomegranate, both tree and fruit; called by naturalists malus punica or malo-granatum. It is, according to the Linnean system, a genus of the icosandria monogynia class of plants; and is a low tree, growing very common in Palestine, and other parts of the East. It has several small angular boughs, very thick and bushy, covered with a reddish bark, and some of them armed with sharp thorns. They are garnished with small, narrow, spear-shaped leaves, like those of the myrtle, but not so sharp, of a green colour, inclining to red. Its blossoms are large, beautiful, of an elegant red colour, inclining to purple, composed of several stalks resembling a rose, in the hollow of the cup: this cup is oblong, hard, purple, having a figure somewhat like that of a bell. It is chiefly valued for its fruit, which is exceedingly beautiful, of the form and size of a large apple, with a reddish rind, and red within; being full of small kernels, with red grains, replenished with a generous liquor, of which, Sir John Chardin informs us, they still make considerable quantities of wine in the East, particularly in Persia. But as the pomegranate tree, from its low growth, is but little adapted for pitching a tent under, it is probable that Rimmon here is the name of the rock mentioned in Judges 20:45.

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 11:4 - to Gibeah 1 Kings 20:15 - seven thousand 1 Kings 20:27 - like two

Verse 3

Ahiah: 1 Samuel 22:9-2 Kings :, 1 Samuel 22:20, called Ahimelech.

Ichabod's: 1 Samuel 4:21

wearing: 1 Samuel 2:28, Exodus 28:26-Jonah :

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:31 - I will cut 1 Samuel 21:1 - to Ahimelech 1 Samuel 23:6 - an ephod 1 Chronicles 6:7 - Ahitub Hosea 3:4 - ephod

Verse 4

the passages: 1 Samuel 13:23

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:5 - forefront Job 39:28 - upon Isaiah 10:29 - the passage

Verse 5

forefront: Heb. tooth, 1 Samuel 14:4, Bozez, i.e. shining, Seneh, i.e. a bush or tooth

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 13:2 - Michmash 1 Samuel 13:11 - Michmash 1 Samuel 13:23 - passage 1 Chronicles 3:6 - Eliphelet Isaiah 10:28 - Michmash

Verse 6

Come: This action of Jonathan's was totally contrary to the laws of war; no military operation should be undertaken without the knowledge and command of the general. But it is highly probable, that this gallant man was led to undertake the hazardous enterprise by an immediate divine impulse; and by the same influence was kept from informing the soldiers, and even from consulting his father, who might have opposed his design.

uncircumcised: 1 Samuel 17:26, 1 Samuel 17:36, Genesis 17:7-1 Kings :, Judges 15:18, 2 Samuel 1:20, Jeremiah 9:23, Jeremiah 9:26, Ephesians 2:11, Ephesians 2:12, Philippians 3:3

it may be: 2 Samuel 16:12, 2 Kings 19:4, Amos 5:15, Zephaniah 2:3

for there is no restraint: Where there is a promise of defense and support, the weakest, in the face of the strongest enemy, may rely upon it with the utmost confidence. Deuteronomy 32:30, Judges 7:4-:, 2 Chronicles 14:11, Psalms 115:1-Leviticus :, Zechariah 4:6, Matthew 19:26, Romans 8:31

Reciprocal: Genesis 18:14 - Is Genesis 34:14 - uncircumcised Leviticus 26:8 - General Numbers 31:4 - a thousand Joshua 5:9 - I rolled away Joshua 14:12 - if so be Joshua 23:10 - One man Judges 1:4 - Lord Judges 7:2 - too many Judges 7:7 - General Judges 14:3 - uncircumcised Judges 15:15 - slew 1 Samuel 7:13 - against 1 Samuel 17:32 - thy 1 Samuel 17:47 - the battle 1 Samuel 26:6 - Who will go 1 Samuel 31:4 - uncircumcised 2 Samuel 1:22 - the bow 2 Samuel 8:6 - garrisons 2 Samuel 10:12 - Be of good 2 Samuel 23:10 - the Lord 2 Samuel 23:14 - garrison 1 Kings 20:11 - Let not him 1 Kings 20:15 - two hundred 1 Chronicles 10:2 - Jonathan 1 Chronicles 10:4 - uncircumcised 1 Chronicles 19:13 - of good 2 Chronicles 20:12 - we have 2 Chronicles 25:8 - God hath power Psalms 44:7 - But Isaiah 37:4 - It may Jeremiah 21:2 - according Acts 10:7 - two

Verse 7

Do all: 1 Samuel 10:7, 2 Samuel 7:3, Psalms 46:7, Zechariah 8:23

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:40 - Do what seemeth 1 Samuel 26:6 - Who will go Acts 10:7 - two

Verse 8

we will pass: Judges 7:9-2 Chronicles :

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:14 - thereby Judges 7:11 - thou shalt Psalms 33:16 - no king

Verse 9

they: Genesis 24:13, Genesis 24:14, Judges 6:36-Matthew :

Tarry: Heb. Be still

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:8 - General 2 Samuel 5:24 - thou shalt bestir 1 Chronicles 14:15 - then thou

Verse 10

this shall be a sign: 1 Samuel 10:7, Genesis 24:14, Judges 7:11, Isaiah 7:11-2 Chronicles :

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:8 - General Judges 1:4 - Lord 1 Samuel 14:12 - Come up to us

Verse 11

out of the holes: 1 Samuel 14:22, 1 Samuel 13:6, Judges 6:2

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 20:18 - General Nehemiah 4:2 - feeble Isaiah 2:19 - And they Jeremiah 34:9 - Hebrew Jeremiah 41:9 - because of Gedaliah Micah 7:17 - move Nahum 3:11 - thou shalt be hid

Verse 12

Come up to us: Meaning, that they would cause them to repent of their audacity. This was the favourable sign which Jonathan had requested. 1 Samuel 14:10, 1 Samuel 17:43, 1 Samuel 17:44, 2 Samuel 2:14-Esther :, 2 Kings 14:8

Come up after me: Genesis 24:26, Genesis 24:27, Genesis 24:42, Genesis 24:48, Judges 4:14, Judges 7:15, 2 Samuel 5:24

Reciprocal: Joshua 23:10 - One man Judges 7:11 - thou shalt 2 Samuel 10:12 - Be of good 1 Kings 20:11 - Let not him 1 Kings 20:18 - General Nehemiah 4:2 - feeble

Verse 13

climbed up: Psalms 18:29, Hebrews 11:34

fell: Leviticus 26:7, Leviticus 26:8, Deuteronomy 28:7, Deuteronomy 32:30, Joshua 23:10, Romans 8:31

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 1:25 - How 1 Kings 20:11 - Let not him 1 Kings 20:20 - the Syrians

Verse 14

an half acre of land: or, half a furrow of an acre of land, The original is obscure and variously understood; but it is probably a proverbial expression for a small space. 1 Samuel 14:14

Reciprocal: Judges 15:15 - slew 2 Samuel 17:9 - some

Verse 15

there was trembling: Joshua 2:9, Judges 7:21, 2 Kings 7:6, 2 Kings 7:7, Job 18:11, Psalms 14:5

the spoilers: 1 Samuel 13:17, 1 Samuel 13:23

the earth quaked: Exodus 19:18, Matthew 24:6, Matthew 27:50, Matthew 27:51

very great trembling: Heb. trembling of God, Genesis 35:5, Leviticus 26:36, Leviticus 26:37, 2 Samuel 5:24, Daniel 5:6, God will in some way or other direct the steps of those who acknowledge him in all their ways, and seek unto him for direction with full purpose of heart. Sometimes we find most comfort in that which is least our own doing, and into which we have been led by the unexpected, but well observed, turns of Providence.

Reciprocal: Genesis 30:8 - great wrestlings Exodus 23:27 - my fear Deuteronomy 32:30 - one chase 2 Samuel 8:6 - garrisons 2 Samuel 17:9 - some 1 Kings 19:11 - an earthquake 2 Chronicles 14:14 - the fear Job 1:16 - The fire of God Psalms 36:6 - great mountains Psalms 53:5 - There Zechariah 14:13 - a great

Verse 16

melted away: Psalms 58:7, Psalms 68:2

beating down: 1 Samuel 14:20, Judges 7:22, 2 Chronicles 20:22-Lamentations :, Isaiah 19:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 15:15 - melt Leviticus 26:37 - they shall Joshua 2:9 - faint Jeremiah 13:14 - I will dash Jeremiah 51:46 - ruler against Haggai 2:22 - every

Verse 18

Bring hither: The Septuagint reads &סןףבדבדו פן וצןץה ןפי בץפןע חסו פן וצןץה ום פח חלוסב וךויםח וםשניןםףסבחכ. "Bring hither the ephod; for he bore the ephod on that day before Israel," which Houbigant and others think is the true reading. Finding that his son Jonathan and his armour-bearer were absent, Saul wished to consult the high-priest; but the tumult increasing, he says to him, "Withdraw thine hand:" i.e., desist form consulting the ephod on the present occasion, and immediately hastened to make the best use he could of this astonishing victory. 1 Samuel 4:3-Deuteronomy :, 1 Samuel 30:8, Numbers 27:21, Judges 20:18, Judges 20:23, Judges 20:27, Judges 20:28, 2 Samuel 11:11, 2 Samuel 15:24-Ezekiel :

For the ark: 1 Samuel 5:2, 1 Samuel 7:1

Reciprocal: Numbers 31:6 - the holy instruments Deuteronomy 20:2 - General Joshua 9:14 - asked not 1 Samuel 13:9 - he offered 1 Samuel 23:6 - an ephod 1 Samuel 23:9 - Bring 1 Kings 22:5 - Inquire 1 Chronicles 13:3 - we inquired

Verse 19

noise: or, tumult

Withdraw: 1 Samuel 14:24, 1 Samuel 13:11, Joshua 9:14, Psalms 106:13, Isaiah 28:16

Reciprocal: Isaiah 9:5 - confused noise

Verse 20

assembled themselves: Heb. were cried together

every man's: 1 Samuel 14:16, Judges 7:22, 2 Chronicles 20:23, Isaiah 9:19-Ecclesiastes :, Isaiah 19:2

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:20 - vexation 1 Samuel 7:13 - against 1 Samuel 30:10 - so faint 1 Kings 20:21 - went out 2 Chronicles 20:22 - to sing and to Isaiah 9:21 - Ephraim Ezekiel 38:21 - every

Verse 21

the Hebrews: Probably such as they held in bondage, or who were their servants. Instead of (haivrim) "the Hebrews," the LXX evidently read haavdim, for they have ןי הןץכןי, "the slaves;" but this reading is not countenanced by any other version, nor by any manuscript 1 Samuel 29:4, Judges 7:23

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:52 - the men of Israel

Verse 22

hid themselves: 1 Samuel 13:6, 1 Samuel 31:7

the battle: The LXX and Vulgate add here, ךבי נבע ן כבןע חם לופבבןץכ שע הוךב קיכיבהוע בםהסשם, Et erant cum Saul, quasi decem millia virorum. "And (all the people who were, LXX) there were with Saul about ten thousand men;" but this is supported by no other authority.

Reciprocal: Judges 7:23 - General 1 Samuel 14:11 - out of the holes 1 Samuel 17:52 - the men of Israel 1 Samuel 31:2 - followed Jeremiah 41:9 - because of Gedaliah

Verse 23

the Lord: Exodus 14:30, Judges 2:18, 2 Kings 14:27, Psalms 44:6-Ruth :, Hosea 1:7

Bethaven: 1 Samuel 13:5

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:45 - who hath 2 Samuel 23:10 - the Lord 1 Chronicles 11:14 - and the Lord

Verse 24

Cursed: 1 Samuel 14:27-Amos :, Leviticus 27:29, Numbers 21:2, Deuteronomy 27:15-Ezekiel :, Joshua 6:17-Psalms :, Joshua 6:26, Judges 11:30, Judges 11:31, Judges 21:1-Deuteronomy :, Proverbs 11:9, Romans 10:2, 1 Corinthians 16:22

I may be: Judges 5:2, Judges 1:28, Psalms 18:47

Reciprocal: Genesis 26:31 - sware Genesis 27:13 - Upon Genesis 28:20 - vowed Genesis 31:32 - For Jacob Leviticus 5:4 - to do evil Leviticus 27:28 - no devoted Numbers 5:21 - an oath Deuteronomy 23:23 - hast vowed Judges 2:15 - greatly Judges 17:2 - cursedst 1 Samuel 14:19 - Withdraw 1 Samuel 14:28 - Cursed 1 Samuel 14:39 - General 1 Samuel 18:25 - to be avenged 1 Kings 22:16 - shall I adjure 2 Chronicles 18:15 - shall I adjure Proverbs 18:7 - his lips Ecclesiastes 5:2 - not rash Matthew 14:9 - the oath's Matthew 26:63 - I adjure Matthew 26:74 - began Acts 19:13 - adjure Acts 23:12 - that Romans 9:3 - were

Verse 25

all they: Deuteronomy 9:28, Matthew 3:5

honey: This was wild honey, which to this day abounds in Judea; and bursting from the comb, runs down the hollow trees, rocks, etc. Exodus 3:8, Numbers 13:27, Matthew 3:4

Reciprocal: Judges 14:9 - General Psalms 81:16 - honey Proverbs 25:16 - Hast

Verse 26

the people: Ecclesiastes 9:2

Reciprocal: Psalms 19:10 - honeycomb Psalms 81:16 - honey Matthew 26:63 - I adjure

Verse 27

his eyes: 1 Samuel 14:29, 1 Samuel 30:12, Proverbs 25:26

Reciprocal: Leviticus 4:2 - through Judges 19:5 - Comfort 1 Samuel 14:24 - Cursed 1 Samuel 14:43 - I did but Ezra 9:8 - lighten Psalms 13:3 - lighten Psalms 38:10 - the light Acts 23:12 - that

Verse 28

Cursed: 1 Samuel 14:24, 1 Samuel 14:43

faint: or, weary

Reciprocal: Genesis 25:29 - and he Joshua 6:18 - make the camp Judges 8:4 - faint Judges 17:2 - cursedst Judges 18:14 - Then Judges 21:1 - There Judges 21:7 - sworn 2 Samuel 16:2 - that such Proverbs 26:2 - so Ecclesiastes 9:18 - sinner Matthew 14:9 - the oath's Matthew 15:32 - lest Matthew 26:63 - I adjure Mark 8:3 - General Acts 23:12 - that

Verse 29

My father: 1 Kings 18:18

see: It is well known, that hunger and fatigue produce faintness and dim the sight; and on taking a little food, this affection is immediately removed.

Reciprocal: Judges 8:4 - faint Judges 21:1 - There Judges 21:7 - sworn 1 Samuel 14:27 - his eyes Ezra 9:8 - lighten Psalms 13:3 - lighten Proverbs 26:2 - so Ecclesiastes 9:18 - sinner Jeremiah 14:6 - their

Verse 30

had there: Ecclesiastes 9:18

Verse 31

from Michmash: The distance, Calmet states to be three or four leagues.

Aijalon: Joshua 10:12, Joshua 19:42

Reciprocal: Genesis 25:29 - and he Judges 8:4 - faint 1 Samuel 13:2 - Michmash 1 Samuel 30:10 - so faint Isaiah 10:28 - Michmash

Verse 32

flew: 1 Samuel 15:19

the people: The people having abstained from food the whole of the day, and being now faint through hunger and fatigue, they flew upon the cattle, and not taking time to bleed them properly, they eagerly devoured the flesh with the blood, directly contrary to the law - another bad effect of Saul's rash adjuration.

did eat: Genesis 9:4, Leviticus 3:17, Leviticus 7:26, Leviticus 7:27, Leviticus 17:10-2 Chronicles :, Leviticus 19:26, Deuteronomy 12:16, Deuteronomy 12:23, Deuteronomy 12:24, Ezekiel 33:25, Acts 15:20, Acts 15:29

Reciprocal: Leviticus 4:13 - the whole congregation Leviticus 17:13 - pour out Deuteronomy 15:23 - General Judges 8:4 - faint

Verse 33

transgressed: or, dealt treacherously, Matthew 7:5, Romans 2:1

Reciprocal: Leviticus 7:26 - ye shall eat Leviticus 17:10 - that eateth

Verse 34

with him: Heb. in his hand, 1 Samuel 14:34

Reciprocal: Genesis 9:4 - the life Leviticus 7:26 - ye shall eat

Verse 35

built: It is probable that Saul converted the great stone, on which the cattle had been slaughtered, into an altar, on which sacrifices were offered, before the people attempted to proceed any further. This we are told was the first he had built. Samuel, as a prophet and priest, had hitherto erected the altars, but Saul seems to have thought he had sufficient authority to erect one himself, without the prophet, as he had once offered sacrifice without him. 1 Samuel 7:9, 1 Samuel 7:17, Judges 21:4, Hosea 8:14, 2 Timothy 3:5

the same: etc. Heb. that altar he began to build unto the Lord

Reciprocal: Exodus 32:5 - Aaron

Verse 36

Let us go: Joshua 10:9-2 Chronicles :, Joshua 10:19, Jeremiah 6:5

let us not leave: 1 Samuel 11:11, Joshua 11:14

Then said the priest: It is evident that Ahiah, who had before been interrupted by Saul's impatience, doubted of the propriety of pursuing the Philistines that night, and properly counselled them to enquire of the Lord. Numbers 27:21, Psalms 73:28, Isaiah 48:1, Isaiah 48:2, Isaiah 58:2, Malachi 2:7, James 4:8

Reciprocal: Genesis 27:13 - Upon 1 Samuel 14:40 - Do what seemeth 1 Samuel 23:6 - an ephod 2 Kings 3:27 - they departed 1 Chronicles 13:3 - we inquired Ecclesiastes 9:18 - sinner John 10:35 - unto

Verse 37

Shall I go: 1 Samuel 23:4, 1 Samuel 23:9-2 Kings :, 1 Samuel 30:7, 1 Samuel 30:8, Judges 1:1, Judges 20:18, Judges 20:28, 2 Samuel 5:19, 2 Samuel 5:23, 1 Kings 22:5, 1 Kings 22:15

he answered: 1 Samuel 28:6, Ezekiel 14:3-Deuteronomy :, Ezekiel 20:3

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 23:6 - an ephod 2 Kings 4:31 - neither voice Micah 3:7 - no John 10:35 - unto

Verse 38

Draw ye near: 1 Samuel 10:19, 1 Samuel 10:20, Joshua 7:14-Ezekiel :

chief: Heb. corners, Numbers 24:17, Judges 20:2, 2 Samuel 18:3, Psalms 47:9, Zechariah 10:4, Matthew 21:42, Ephesians 2:20

Reciprocal: Leviticus 27:28 - no devoted Joshua 7:15 - he that is Isaiah 19:13 - stay Jonah 1:7 - for John 5:12 - What

Verse 39

1 Samuel 14:24, 1 Samuel 14:44, 1 Samuel 19:6, 1 Samuel 20:31, 1 Samuel 22:16, 1 Samuel 28:10, 2 Samuel 12:5, Ecclesiastes 9:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 2:17 - surely Joshua 7:15 - he that is 1 Samuel 14:1 - Jonathan 2 Samuel 14:21 - I have done 1 Kings 1:29 - As the 1 Kings 17:12 - As the Lord 2 Kings 5:20 - as the Lord liveth 1 Chronicles 10:2 - Jonathan Job 27:2 - God liveth Jonah 1:7 - for Matthew 14:9 - the oath's

Verse 40

Do what seemeth: 1 Samuel 14:7, 1 Samuel 14:36, 2 Samuel 15:15

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 10:2 - Jonathan Ezekiel 24:6 - let no Acts 23:12 - that

Verse 41

Therefore: Both the Septuagint and Vulgate add much to this verse:

בי וינובןץכ, ץסיו ןוןע &#ףסבחכ פי ןפי ןץך בנוךסיטחע פש הןץכש ףןץ ףחלוסןם וי ום ולןי ח וםשםבטבם פש ץיש לןץ ח בהיךיב, ץסיו ןוןע &ףסבחכ הןע החכןץע ךבי ובם פבהו וינח הןע הח פש כבש ףןץ &#ףסבחכ הןע הח ןףיןפחפב ך פ כ.

Et dixit Saul ad Dominum Deum Israel; Domine Deus Israel da indicium: quid est quod non responderis servo tuo hodie? Si in me, aut in Jonatha filio meo est iniquitas hec, da ostensionem. Aut si hec iniquitas est in populo tuo, da sanctitatem, etc.

"And Saul said (to the Lord God of Israel, Vulg.) Lord God of Israel (give a sign, Vulg.). Why is it that thou has not answered thy servant today? If the iniquity be in me, or in my son Jonathan, (O Lord God of Israel, LXX) make it manifest; and if thou say thus, give to thy people Israel, give mercy," etc., (but Vulg. Or, if this iniquity be in thy people, give sanctification," etc.)

Give a perfect lot: or, Shew the innocent, Proverbs 16:33, Acts 1:24

And Saul: 1 Samuel 10:20, 1 Samuel 10:21, Joshua 7:16-Job :, Jonah 1:7

escaped: Heb. went forth

Reciprocal: Leviticus 16:8 - cast lots Joshua 18:8 - that I may here Judges 20:9 - by lot against it 1 Chronicles 25:8 - cast lots Acts 1:26 - they

Verse 42

Reciprocal: Leviticus 16:8 - cast lots Joshua 7:18 - was taken Judges 20:9 - by lot against it 1 Chronicles 25:8 - cast lots Proverbs 16:33 - General Proverbs 18:18 - General Jonah 1:7 - and let Acts 1:26 - they

Verse 43

Tell me: Joshua 7:19, Jonah 1:7-2 Samuel :

I did but: 1 Samuel 14:27

Reciprocal: Genesis 12:18 - General Genesis 31:26 - What Genesis 50:5 - I die 1 Samuel 14:28 - Cursed Jonah 1:8 - Tell

Verse 44

God: 1 Samuel 25:22, Ruth 1:17, 2 Samuel 3:9, 2 Samuel 19:13

thou shalt: 1 Samuel 14:39, Genesis 38:24, 2 Samuel 12:5, 2 Samuel 12:31, Proverbs 25:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 2:17 - surely Judges 11:31 - shall surely Judges 11:35 - I cannot 1 Samuel 22:16 - Thou shalt 2 Samuel 21:2 - in his zeal 1 Kings 2:23 - God 2 Kings 6:31 - God do so Romans 9:3 - were

Verse 45

who hath: 1 Samuel 14:23, 1 Samuel 19:5, Nehemiah 9:27

there shall not: The people judged rightly, that the guilt was contracted by Saul, and not by Jonathan; and therefore they rescued him from the hands of his rash and severe father. 2 Samuel 14:11, 1 Kings 1:52, Matthew 10:30, Luke 21:18, Acts 27:34

he hath: 2 Chronicles 19:11, Isaiah 13:3, Acts 14:27, Acts 15:12, Acts 21:19, Romans 15:18, 1 Corinthians 3:9, 2 Corinthians 6:1, Philippians 2:12, Philippians 2:13, Revelation 17:14, Revelation 19:14

the people: Isaiah 29:20, Isaiah 29:21

Reciprocal: Judges 11:35 - I cannot Judges 21:7 - sworn 1 Samuel 11:13 - There shall 1 Samuel 18:1 - the soul of Jonathan 1 Samuel 20:2 - God forbid 1 Samuel 22:17 - would not 1 Kings 1:29 - As the 1 Kings 17:12 - As the Lord Job 27:2 - God liveth Isaiah 26:18 - we have not Luke 12:7 - even Acts 7:25 - God 1 Corinthians 7:24 - abide

Verse 46

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:1 - gathered

Verse 47

Saul: 1 Samuel 13:1

fought: 2 Kings 14:27

Ammon: 1 Samuel 11:11, 1 Samuel 12:2

Zobah: 2 Samuel 10:6, 1 Kings 11:23

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 20:13 - he hath been with my father 1 Samuel 22:3 - the king 2 Samuel 8:2 - he smote 2 Samuel 8:3 - Zobah 1 Chronicles 18:3 - Zobah 1 Chronicles 18:5 - Zobah 1 Chronicles 19:6 - Zobah 1 Chronicles 26:28 - Abner

Verse 48

gathered an host: or, wrought mightily

smote: 1 Samuel 15:3-Judges :, Exodus 17:14, Deuteronomy 25:19

Reciprocal: Numbers 13:29 - Amalekites Numbers 24:20 - his latter end 1 Samuel 15:7 - smote

Verse 49

Jonathan: 1 Samuel 31:2, 1 Chronicles 8:33, 1 Chronicles 9:39

name of the firstborn: 1 Samuel 18:7-Ecclesiastes :, 1 Samuel 25:44, 2 Samuel 3:13-Nehemiah :, 2 Samuel 6:20-Isaiah :

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 10:2 - Abinadab

Verse 50

the name of the captain: 1 Samuel 17:55, 2 Samuel 2:8, 2 Samuel 3:27

Abner: Heb. Abiner

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 26:5 - Abner 2 Samuel 3:38 - a prince 1 Chronicles 8:33 - Ner 1 Chronicles 9:39 - Ner 1 Chronicles 27:21 - Abner

Verse 51

Kish: 1 Samuel 9:1, 1 Samuel 9:21

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 26:5 - Abner 2 Samuel 3:38 - a prince 1 Chronicles 8:33 - Ner 1 Chronicles 9:39 - Ner 1 Chronicles 27:21 - Abner

Verse 52

when Saul: 1 Samuel 8:1, 1 Samuel 8:11

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 8:9 - the manner 1 Samuel 13:2 - chose 1 Samuel 17:1 - gathered 1 Samuel 18:5 - the men of war Song of Solomon 3:7 - threescore Ezekiel 25:15 - to destroy

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-samuel-14.html.