Attention!
Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day and support a great cause!
Click here to learn more!

Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 17

Introduction

Overview

1 Samuel 17:1, The armies of the Israelites and Philistines being ready to battle, 1 Samuel 17:4, Goliath challenges a combat; 1 Samuel 17:12, David, sent by his father to visit his brethren, takes the challenge; 1 Samuel 17:28, Eliab chides him; 1 Samuel 17:30, He is brought to Saul; 1 Samuel 17:32, shews the reason of his confidence; 1 Samuel 17:38, and slays the giant; 1 Samuel 17:55, Saul takes notice of David.

Verse 1

gathered: 1 Samuel 7:7, 1 Samuel 13:5, 1 Samuel 14:46, 1 Samuel 14:52, Judges 3:3

Shochoh: Joshua 15:35, Socoh, 2 Chronicles 11:7, Shoco, 2 Chronicles 28:18, Shocho

Azekah: Joshua 10:10, Joshua 10:11, Joshua 15:35, Jeremiah 34:7

Ephesdammim: or, the coast of Dammim, 1 Chronicles 11:13, Pas-dammim

Reciprocal: Genesis 49:27 - a wolf 1 Samuel 28:1 - that the 1 Chronicles 4:18 - Socho 2 Chronicles 13:3 - set Ezekiel 25:15 - to destroy Hebrews 11:32 - David

Verse 2

the valley: 1 Samuel 17:19, 1 Samuel 21:9

set the battle in array: Heb. ranged the battle

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 19:9 - put the battle

Verse 3

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 21:21 - Shimeah

Verse 4

Goliath: 1 Samuel 17:23, 1 Samuel 21:9, 1 Samuel 21:10, 2 Samuel 21:19, 1 Chronicles 20:5

of Gath: 1 Samuel 27:4, Joshua 11:22, 2 Samuel 21:16-22, 1 Chronicles 20:4-8

whose height: Deuteronomy 3:11, 1 Chronicles 11:23, Amos 2:9

six cubits: According to Bp. Cumberland's calculation, the height of Goliath was about eleven feet ten inches; but Parkhurst estimating the ordinary cubit at seventeen inches and a half, calculates that he was nine feet six inches high. Few instances can be produced of men who can be compared with him. Pliny says, "The tallest man that hath been seen in our days was one name Gabara, who, in the days of Claudius, the late Emperor, was brought out of Arabia: he was nine feet nine inches." Josephus mentions a Jew, named Eleazar, whom Vitellius sent to Rome, who was seven cubits, or ten feet two inches high. Becanus saw a man near ten feet, and a woman that was full ten feet. And, to mention no more, a man of the name of John Middleton, born at Hale, near Warrington, in Lancashire, in the reign of James the First, was more than nine feet high. Dr. Plott, in his history of Staffordshire, says, that "his hand, from the carpus to the end of the middle finger, was seventeen inches, his palms eight inches and a half broad, and his whole height was nine feet three inches; wanting but six inches of the height of Goliath of Gath.

Reciprocal: Genesis 6:4 - giants Numbers 13:33 - saw the giants 1 Samuel 5:8 - Gath 1 Samuel 9:2 - from his shoulders 1 Samuel 10:23 - he was higher Job 39:21 - and Psalms 33:16 - mighty Jeremiah 9:23 - neither Amos 6:2 - Gath

Verse 5

armed: Heb. clothed, 1 Samuel 17:38

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 21:16 - of the sons Ephesians 6:17 - the helmet

Verse 6

target of brass: or, gorget, 1 Kings 10:16, 2 Chronicles 9:15

Reciprocal: Joshua 8:18 - the spear

Verse 7

the staff: 2 Samuel 21:19, 1 Chronicles 11:23, 1 Chronicles 20:5

Verse 8

servants to Saul: 1 Samuel 17:26, 1 Samuel 8:17, 2 Samuel 11:11, 1 Chronicles 21:3

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 4:2 - put Psalms 87:4 - this man Psalms 119:96 - I have seen Isaiah 36:13 - cried

Verse 9

and serve us: 1 Samuel 11:1

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 11:5 - Thou shalt

Verse 10

I defy: 1 Samuel 17:25, 1 Samuel 17:26, 1 Samuel 17:36, 1 Samuel 17:45, Numbers 23:7, Numbers 23:8, 2 Samuel 21:21, 2 Samuel 23:9, Nehemiah 2:19

give me: Job 40:9-12, Psalms 9:4, Psalms 9:5, Proverbs 16:18, Jeremiah 9:23, Daniel 4:37

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 11:5 - Thou shalt 1 Chronicles 20:7 - defied 2 Chronicles 32:18 - to affright Isaiah 33:8 - he regardeth

Verse 11

dismayed: Deuteronomy 31:8, Joshua 1:9, Psalms 27:1, Proverbs 28:1, Isaiah 51:12, Isaiah 51:13, Isaiah 57:11

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 7:7 - afraid 1 Samuel 17:24 - sore

Verse 12

David: 1 Samuel 17:58, 1 Samuel 16:1, 1 Samuel 16:18, Ruth 4:22, Matthew 1:6, Luke 3:31, Luke 3:32

Ephrathite: Genesis 35:19, Psalms 132:6, Micah 5:2, Matthew 2:1, Matthew 2:6

eight sons: 1 Samuel 16:10, 1 Samuel 16:11, 1 Chronicles 2:13-16

Reciprocal: Genesis 48:7 - Rachel 1 Samuel 1:1 - Ephrathite 1 Samuel 17:31 - sent for him 1 Kings 11:26 - an Ephrathite 1 Chronicles 2:15 - David 2 Chronicles 11:6 - Bethlehem Luke 2:4 - unto

Verse 13

the names: 1 Samuel 17:28, 1 Samuel 16:6-9, 1 Chronicles 2:13

Shammah: 2 Samuel 13:3, 2 Samuel 13:32, 2 Samuel 21:21, Shimeah

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 16:8 - Abinadab 1 Samuel 16:9 - Shammah 1 Chronicles 27:18 - Elihu 2 Chronicles 11:18 - Eliab

Verse 14

the youngest: 1 Samuel 16:11, Genesis 25:23

Verse 15

returned: 1 Samuel 16:11, 1 Samuel 16:19-23

Reciprocal: Genesis 34:5 - now his Genesis 46:32 - shepherds 1 Samuel 18:2 - took him 1 Chronicles 17:7 - I took thee Psalms 78:70 - and took Psalms 131:1 - my heart

Verse 16

forty days: Matthew 4:2, Luke 4:2

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 20:29 - seven days

Verse 17

Take now: Matthew 7:11, Luke 11:13

parched corn: 1 Samuel 25:18, Ruth 2:14, 2 Samuel 17:28

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:13 - come Genesis 37:14 - see whether it be well with 2 Samuel 16:1 - with a couple

Verse 18

carry: 1 Samuel 16:20

cheeses: Heb. cheeses of milk, 2 Samuel 17:29, Job 10:10

their thousand: Heb. a thousand

look: Genesis 37:14, Acts 15:36, 1 Thessalonians 3:5, 1 Thessalonians 3:6

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:15 - captains over thousands Deuteronomy 20:5 - the officers 2 Samuel 16:1 - with a couple 2 Kings 4:26 - Is it well with thee Esther 2:11 - how Esther did Micah 5:2 - thousands 2 Thessalonians 3:17 - the token

Verse 19

the valley: Dr. Richardson says, that in about twenty minutes, in an easterly direction, form the cave of St. John - which is about two hours or six miles, in a westerly direction, from Jerusalem they came to the valley of Elah; which position seems to agree with that of Shochoh and Azekah. He describes it as "a small valley, and the place of the encampment is pointed out where it narrows into a broad, deep ravine; part of it was in crop, and part of it was under the plough, which was drawn by a couple of oxen. A small stream, which had shrunk almost under its stony bed, passes through it from east to west, from which we are informed that David chose out five smooth stones, and hasted and ran to meet the haughty champion of Gath. A well of water under the bank, with a few olive trees above, on the north side of the valley, are said to mark the spot of the shepherd's triumph over his boasting antagonist. Saul and his men probably occupied the side of the valley which is nearest to Jerusalem, on which the ground is higher and more rugged than on the other side." 1 Samuel 17:19

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:2 - the valley

Verse 20

left the sheep: 1 Samuel 17:28, Ephesians 6:1, Ephesians 6:2

trench: or, place of the carriage, 1 Samuel 26:5, Luke 19:43

fight: or, battle array, or place of fight

Reciprocal: Exodus 32:17 - There is a noise Joshua 6:5 - the people Jeremiah 50:14 - in array Ezekiel 21:22 - to lift

Verse 21

Reciprocal: Ruth 1:2 - Ephrathites 1 Samuel 4:2 - put

Verse 22

his carriage: Heb. the vessels from upon him

saluted his brethren: Heb. asked his brethren of peace, Genesis 37:14, Judges 18:15, Matthew 10:12, Matthew 10:13, Luke 10:5, Luke 10:6

Reciprocal: Genesis 29:6 - Is he well Genesis 43:27 - welfare 1 Samuel 16:6 - Eliab 1 Samuel 25:5 - greet him 2 Samuel 11:7 - how Joab did 2 Kings 9:17 - Is it peace Jeremiah 15:5 - how thou doest

Verse 23

according: 1 Samuel 17:4-10

Reciprocal: Amos 6:2 - Gath

Verse 24

him: Heb. his face, 1 Samuel 13:6, 1 Samuel 13:7

sore: 1 Samuel 17:11, Leviticus 26:36, Numbers 13:33, Deuteronomy 32:30, Isaiah 7:2, Isaiah 30:17

Reciprocal: Revelation 13:4 - who is able

Verse 25

the king: 1 Samuel 18:17-27, Joshua 15:16, Revelation 2:7, Revelation 2:17, Revelation 3:5, Revelation 3:12, Revelation 3:21

free in Israel: Ezra 7:24, Matthew 17:26

Reciprocal: Numbers 23:7 - defy Israel Judges 1:12 - And Caleb Judges 10:18 - he shall be 1 Samuel 17:10 - I defy 1 Samuel 17:27 - So shall it 1 Samuel 22:14 - the king's 2 Samuel 5:8 - Whosoever 2 Samuel 21:21 - defied 1 Chronicles 11:6 - Whosoever Esther 6:3 - What honour Daniel 2:48 - a great Daniel 5:7 - be clothed Matthew 17:25 - of their

Verse 26

reproach: 1 Samuel 11:2, Joshua 7:8, Joshua 7:9, 2 Kings 19:4, Nehemiah 5:9, Psalms 44:13, Psalms 74:18, Psalms 79:12, Daniel 9:16, Joel 2:19

uncircumcised: 1 Samuel 17:36, 1 Samuel 14:6

defy: 1 Samuel 17:10, Deuteronomy 5:26, Jeremiah 10:10, 1 Thessalonians 1:9, 1 John 5:20

Reciprocal: Genesis 34:14 - uncircumcised Numbers 23:7 - defy Israel Joshua 3:10 - living Joshua 5:9 - I rolled away Judges 14:3 - uncircumcised Judges 15:18 - the uncircumcised 1 Samuel 17:8 - servants to Saul 1 Samuel 17:30 - manner 1 Samuel 17:45 - defied 1 Samuel 18:25 - foreskins 1 Samuel 31:4 - uncircumcised 2 Samuel 1:20 - uncircumcised 2 Samuel 21:21 - defied 2 Samuel 23:9 - defied 1 Chronicles 10:4 - uncircumcised 1 Chronicles 11:5 - Thou shalt 1 Chronicles 20:7 - defied 2 Chronicles 32:18 - to affright Nehemiah 4:4 - turn Esther 6:3 - What honour Psalms 108:11 - go forth Isaiah 33:8 - he regardeth Isaiah 37:4 - to reproach Jeremiah 23:36 - of the Ezekiel 28:10 - the deaths Ezekiel 31:18 - thou shalt Ezekiel 32:19 - with Daniel 6:26 - for Acts 14:15 - the living 2 Corinthians 3:3 - the living Ephesians 2:11 - Uncircumcision 1 Timothy 3:15 - the living Hebrews 9:14 - the living Revelation 7:2 - living

Verse 27

So shall it: 1 Samuel 17:25

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:30 - manner Matthew 5:22 - That

Verse 28

Eliab's anger: 1 Samuel 16:13, Genesis 37:4, Genesis 37:8, Genesis 37:11, Proverbs 18:19, Proverbs 27:4, Ecclesiastes 4:4, Matthew 10:36, Matthew 27:18, Mark 3:21

with: 1 Samuel 17:20

I know: 1 Samuel 16:7, Psalms 35:11, Jude 1:10

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 16:11 - There remaineth 1 Samuel 17:13 - the names 1 Samuel 20:29 - my brother 1 Chronicles 2:13 - his firstborn 2 Chronicles 11:18 - Eliab Job 32:6 - durst not Psalms 69:8 - and an alien Psalms 131:1 - my heart Proverbs 6:12 - naughty Proverbs 27:23 - diligent Matthew 5:22 - That Matthew 26:8 - they Luke 15:28 - he John 7:3 - Depart John 12:4 - one

Verse 29

Proverbs 15:1, Acts 11:2-4, 1 Corinthians 2:15, 1 Peter 3:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:26 - What 1 Samuel 26:18 - what have I 1 Samuel 29:8 - But what have 1 Chronicles 27:18 - Elihu Esther 4:14 - for such a time Psalms 131:1 - my heart Matthew 26:8 - they John 12:4 - one

Verse 30

manner: Heb. word, 1 Samuel 17:26, 1 Samuel 17:27

Verse 31

sent for him: Heb. took him, Proverbs 22:29, The preceding twenty verses, from the 1 Samuel 17:12, to the 1 Samuel 17:31, inclusive, the 1 Samuel 17:41, and from the 1 Samuel 17:54, to the end of this chapter, with the first 1 Samuel 18:1, and the 1 Samuel 18:9, 10th, 11th, 1 Samuel 18:17, 18th, and 19th, of chapter 18, are all wanting in the Vatican copy of the LXX; and they are supposed by Dr. Kennicott, and others, to be an interpolation. But, as Bp. Horsley observes, it appears, from many circumstances of the story, that David's combat with Goliath was many years prior to Saul's madness, and David's introduction to him as a musician. In the first place, David was quite a youth when he engaged with Goliath - 1 Samuel 17:33, and 1 Samuel 17:42. When introduced to Saul he was of full age - 1 Samuel 16:18. Again, this combat was his first appearance in public life, and his first military exploit - 1 Samuel 17:36, 1 Samuel 17:38, 1 Samuel 17:39. When introduced as a musician, he was a man of established character, and a man of war - 1 Samuel 16:18. Now the just conclusion is, that the last ten verses of 1 Samuel 16:14, have been misplaced; their true place being between the ninth and tenth verses of Joshua 18:9. Let them be removed there, and the whole apparent disorder will be removed.

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:58 - Whose son

Verse 32

Let: Numbers 13:30, Numbers 14:9, Deuteronomy 20:1-3, Isaiah 35:4, Hebrews 12:12

thy: 1 Samuel 14:6, 1 Samuel 16:18, Joshua 14:12, Psalms 3:6, Psalms 27:1-3

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 10:12 - Be of good 1 Chronicles 19:13 - of good Isaiah 7:4 - neither be fainthearted

Verse 33

Thou art not: Numbers 13:31, Deuteronomy 9:2, Psalms 11:1, Revelation 13:4

for thou art but: 1 Samuel 17:42, 1 Samuel 17:56

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 16:19 - with the sheep 1 Samuel 17:31 - sent for him Psalms 71:5 - my trust Daniel 2:26 - Art Hebrews 11:33 - stopped

Verse 34

lamb: or, kid

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:39 - torn of Judges 14:6 - rent him 1 Samuel 16:19 - with the sheep 2 Samuel 17:8 - mighty men 2 Samuel 23:20 - slew a lion 1 Chronicles 11:22 - slew a Psalms 143:5 - remember Ezekiel 34:12 - As a shepherd seeketh out Amos 3:12 - As the Zechariah 9:7 - I will Zechariah 11:16 - neither Luke 2:8 - abiding John 10:11 - giveth Romans 5:4 - and experience Revelation 13:2 - and his feet

Verse 35

smote him: Judges 14:5, Judges 14:6, 2 Samuel 23:20, Psalms 91:13, Daniel 6:22, Amos 3:12, Acts 28:4-6, 2 Timothy 4:17, 2 Timothy 4:18

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:39 - torn of Judges 15:14 - the cords 2 Chronicles 14:11 - rest on thee Job 29:17 - and plucked Ezekiel 34:12 - As a shepherd seeketh out Zechariah 11:16 - neither Luke 2:8 - abiding John 10:11 - giveth

Verse 36

this: 1 Samuel 17:26, Ezekiel 32:19, Ezekiel 32:27-32, Romans 2:28, Romans 2:29

seeing: 1 Samuel 17:10, Isaiah 10:15, Isaiah 36:8-10, Isaiah 36:15, Isaiah 36:18, Isaiah 37:22, Isaiah 37:23, Isaiah 37:28, Isaiah 37:29, Zechariah 2:8, Zechariah 12:3, Acts 5:38, Acts 5:39, Acts 9:4, Acts 9:5, Acts 12:1, Acts 12:2, Acts 12:22, Acts 12:23

Reciprocal: Genesis 34:14 - uncircumcised Numbers 23:7 - defy Israel Deuteronomy 3:21 - so shall Joshua 5:9 - I rolled away Judges 14:3 - uncircumcised Judges 15:18 - the uncircumcised 1 Samuel 14:6 - uncircumcised 1 Samuel 17:31 - sent for him 1 Samuel 17:45 - defied 1 Samuel 18:25 - foreskins 1 Samuel 31:4 - uncircumcised 2 Samuel 1:20 - uncircumcised 2 Samuel 21:21 - defied 2 Samuel 23:9 - defied 1 Chronicles 10:4 - uncircumcised 1 Chronicles 11:5 - Thou shalt 1 Chronicles 20:7 - defied 2 Chronicles 14:11 - rest on thee 2 Chronicles 32:19 - spake Psalms 71:17 - hitherto Psalms 108:11 - go forth Psalms 140:7 - thou hast covered Ecclesiastes 12:1 - Remember Isaiah 37:4 - to reproach Jeremiah 10:10 - the living Jeremiah 23:36 - of the Ezekiel 28:10 - the deaths Ezekiel 31:18 - thou shalt Daniel 6:26 - for Acts 14:15 - the living Ephesians 2:11 - Uncircumcision 1 Thessalonians 1:9 - the living 1 Timothy 3:15 - the living Revelation 7:2 - living

Verse 37

The Lord: 1 Samuel 7:12, Psalms 11:1, Psalms 18:16, Psalms 18:17, Psalms 63:7, Psalms 77:11, Psalms 138:3, Psalms 138:7, Psalms 138:8, 2 Corinthians 1:9, 2 Corinthians 1:10, 2 Timothy 4:17, 2 Timothy 4:18

Go: 1 Samuel 20:13, 1 Samuel 24:19, 1 Samuel 26:25, 2 Samuel 10:12, 1 Chronicles 22:11, 1 Chronicles 22:16

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:21 - so shall Joshua 10:25 - Fear not Psalms 4:1 - thou Psalms 59:16 - for thou Psalms 71:17 - hitherto Psalms 91:13 - tread Psalms 140:7 - thou hast covered Ecclesiastes 12:1 - Remember Daniel 2:18 - they would Daniel 3:17 - our God Daniel 6:22 - hath shut 2 Thessalonians 3:16 - The Lord be

Verse 38

armed David with his armour: Heb. clothed David with his clothes, 1 Samuel 17:5

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:31 - sent for him

Verse 39

put them off: Hosea 1:7, Zechariah 4:6, 2 Corinthians 10:4, 2 Corinthians 10:5

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:31 - sent for him 1 Samuel 17:50 - but there was Ephesians 5:10 - Proving

Verse 40

staff: Judges 3:31, Judges 7:16-20, Judges 15:15, Judges 15:16, Judges 20:16, 1 Corinthians 1:27-29

brook: or, valley

bag: Heb. vessel, Matthew 10:10

Reciprocal: Isaiah 36:8 - and I Zechariah 11:7 - staves 1 Corinthians 1:25 - the foolishness

Verse 41

Reciprocal: Joshua 8:18 - the spear 1 Samuel 17:31 - sent for him

Verse 42

disdained: 1 Kings 20:18, 2 Kings 18:23, 2 Kings 18:24, Nehemiah 4:2-4, Psalms 123:3, Psalms 123:4, 2 Corinthians 11:27-29

a youth: 1 Samuel 17:33, 1 Samuel 16:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 39:6 - a goodly person Numbers 13:33 - and we were 1 Samuel 17:31 - sent for him Job 39:21 - and Jeremiah 9:23 - neither

Verse 43

Am: 1 Samuel 24:14, 2 Samuel 3:8, 2 Samuel 9:8, 2 Samuel 16:9, 2 Kings 8:13

cursed: Genesis 27:29, Numbers 22:6, Numbers 22:11, Numbers 22:12, Judges 9:27, Proverbs 26:2

Reciprocal: Judges 4:21 - took 1 Samuel 14:12 - Come up to us 2 Samuel 16:5 - cursed Nehemiah 4:2 - feeble Psalms 12:3 - tongue Zechariah 11:7 - staves

Verse 44

Come to me: 1 Kings 20:10, 1 Kings 20:11, Proverbs 18:12, Ecclesiastes 9:11, Ecclesiastes 9:12, Jeremiah 9:23, Ezekiel 28:2, Ezekiel 28:9, Ezekiel 28:10, Ezekiel 39:17-20

I will give: Parallel instances of vaunting occur in some writers of a more recent date. - The conspirators against the emperor Maximinus having slain him, his son, and several of his best friends, threw out their bodies to be devoured by dogs and the fowls of the air. This custom appears to have been frequently threatened; and, however shocking to human feelings, was often carried into effect.

Reciprocal: Genesis 19:9 - Stand Genesis 40:19 - and the birds Deuteronomy 28:26 - General 1 Samuel 14:12 - Come up to us 1 Samuel 17:46 - carcases 1 Kings 20:18 - General 2 Kings 18:23 - I will deliver Nehemiah 4:2 - feeble Psalms 12:3 - tongue Proverbs 30:17 - the ravens Isaiah 37:22 - hath despised Jeremiah 34:20 - and their Ezekiel 29:5 - I have Ezekiel 32:4 - General Revelation 19:18 - ye

Verse 45

Thou comest: Psalms 44:6

in the name: 2 Samuel 22:33-35, 2 Chronicles 32:8, Psalms 3:8, Psalms 18:2, Psalms 20:5-7, Psalms 118:10, Psalms 118:11, Psalms 124:8, Psalms 125:1, Proverbs 18:10, 2 Corinthians 3:5, 2 Corinthians 10:4, Philippians 4:13, Hebrews 11:33, Hebrews 11:34

defied: 1 Samuel 17:10, 1 Samuel 17:26, 1 Samuel 17:36, Isaiah 37:23, Isaiah 37:28

Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:8 - General Numbers 23:7 - defy Israel Deuteronomy 1:30 - he shall Deuteronomy 4:35 - know Joshua 8:18 - the spear 2 Samuel 21:16 - thought 2 Samuel 23:9 - defied 2 Kings 19:4 - reprove 2 Kings 19:19 - O Lord 2 Chronicles 14:11 - in thy name Job 12:19 - General Psalms 9:5 - rebuked Psalms 17:7 - savest Psalms 33:16 - mighty Psalms 71:5 - my trust Psalms 118:12 - in the name Psalms 140:7 - thou hast covered Psalms 143:5 - remember Psalms 144:10 - who delivereth Isaiah 37:20 - that all Jeremiah 21:2 - according Ezekiel 28:22 - I will Ezekiel 38:16 - that the Zechariah 9:15 - subdue Romans 8:31 - If

Verse 46

will the Lord: Deuteronomy 7:2, Deuteronomy 7:23, Deuteronomy 9:2, Deuteronomy 9:3, Joshua 10:8

deliver thee: Heb. shut thee up, Psalms 31:8

take thine: 1 Samuel 17:51

carcases: 1 Samuel 17:44, Deuteronomy 28:26, Isaiah 56:9, Matthew 24:28, Revelation 19:17, Revelation 19:18

all the earth: Exodus 9:16, Exodus 15:14, Exodus 15:15, Joshua 4:24, 1 Kings 8:43, 1 Kings 18:36, 1 Kings 18:37, 2 Kings 19:19, Psalms 46:10, Isaiah 52:10, Daniel 2:47, Daniel 3:29, Daniel 6:26, Daniel 6:27

Reciprocal: Genesis 40:19 - and the birds Exodus 7:17 - thou shalt Deuteronomy 1:30 - he shall Judges 1:4 - Lord Judges 14:6 - rent him 2 Samuel 23:9 - defied 1 Kings 8:60 - That all 2 Kings 1:3 - it 2 Kings 5:15 - now I know 2 Chronicles 6:33 - that all people 2 Chronicles 14:11 - in thy name Job 12:14 - he shutteth Job 12:19 - General Psalms 9:16 - known Psalms 59:13 - and let Psalms 100:3 - Know Psalms 109:27 - General Psalms 144:10 - who delivereth Isaiah 19:21 - Lord shall Isaiah 33:13 - Hear Isaiah 45:6 - General Isaiah 64:2 - to make Jeremiah 34:20 - and their Ezekiel 39:17 - to my Daniel 3:17 - our God Daniel 3:27 - the princes

Verse 47

saveth not: Psalms 33:16, Psalms 33:17, Psalms 44:6, Psalms 44:7, Proverbs 21:30, Proverbs 21:31, Hosea 1:7

the battle: 1 Samuel 14:6, 2 Chronicles 20:15-17, Psalms 46:11, Isaiah 9:7, Zechariah 4:6, Romans 8:31, Romans 8:37

Reciprocal: Exodus 7:17 - thou shalt Judges 1:4 - Lord Judges 3:28 - the Lord Judges 3:31 - an ox goad Judges 5:23 - to the help Judges 7:18 - the sword 1 Samuel 13:22 - there was neither 1 Samuel 18:17 - the Lord's 1 Samuel 25:28 - fighteth 1 Kings 18:36 - let it 2 Kings 5:15 - now I know Psalms 59:13 - and let Psalms 100:3 - Know Psalms 109:27 - General Isaiah 45:6 - General Isaiah 64:2 - to make Daniel 3:27 - the princes

Verse 48

David hasted: Psalms 27:1, Proverbs 28:1

Reciprocal: Matthew 26:46 - General

Verse 49

smote: 1 Kings 22:34, 2 Kings 9:24, 1 Corinthians 1:27, 1 Corinthians 1:28

Reciprocal: Judges 4:21 - took Judges 5:26 - she smote off Judges 15:15 - slew Judges 20:16 - sling stones 1 Samuel 2:9 - by strength 1 Samuel 7:13 - against 1 Samuel 19:5 - slew 2 Samuel 22:40 - girded 1 Chronicles 12:2 - in hurling 2 Chronicles 26:14 - slings to cast stones Psalms 18:29 - by thee Psalms 18:38 - General Psalms 119:96 - I have seen

Verse 50

So David prevailed: The tradition of the combat between David and Goliath, in which the latter was killed, is preserved among the Arabs; for he is mentioned in the Koran, where he is called Galut or Jalut. The Arabs also call the dynasty of the Philistine kings, who reigned in Palestine when the Hebrews came there, Galutiah, or Jalutiah. Achmed Al Fassi says, "Those kings were as well known by the name of Jalaut, as the ancient kings of Egypt by that of Pharaoh. David killed the Jalaut who reigned in his time, and entirely rooted out the Philistines, the rest of whom fled into Africa, and from them descended the Brebers or Berbers, who inhabit the coast of Barbary." It is remarkable that the Berbers themselves should acknowledge their descent from the Philistines. "The name Goliath, which they pronounce Sghialud, is very common among the Brebers, and the history of the champion of the Philistines is very well known to the Moors. When children quarrel, and the bigger one challenges the smaller to fight the latter answers, Who will fight with you? Enta men ulid Sgialud. You are of the race of Golaith.' The Jews who dwell among them, on the mountains, all call them Philistines." 1 Samuel 21:9, 1 Samuel 23:21, Judges 3:31, Judges 15:15

but there was: 1 Samuel 17:39, 1 Samuel 13:22

Reciprocal: Judges 4:21 - took Judges 20:16 - sling stones 1 Samuel 2:9 - by strength 2 Samuel 17:8 - mighty men 2 Samuel 19:9 - The king 1 Kings 20:14 - young men Ecclesiastes 9:11 - that the race

Verse 51

his sword: 1 Samuel 21:9, 2 Samuel 23:21, Esther 7:10, Psalms 7:15, Psalms 7:16, Hebrews 2:14

cut off: 1 Samuel 17:46

fled: Hebrews 11:34

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 31:9 - cut off 1 Chronicles 11:23 - slew him Esther 7:9 - Hang him thereon John 16:33 - I

Verse 52

the men of Israel: 1 Samuel 14:21, 1 Samuel 14:22, Judges 7:23, 2 Samuel 23:10

valley: Joshua 15:33-36, Joshua 15:45, Joshua 15:46

Reciprocal: Exodus 32:17 - There is a noise Joshua 6:5 - the people Joshua 15:36 - Sharaim 1 Samuel 19:5 - wrought 1 Samuel 21:10 - Gath 1 Kings 20:21 - went out John 16:33 - I Hebrews 11:34 - turned

Verse 53

they spoiled: 2 Kings 7:7-16, Jeremiah 4:20, Jeremiah 30:16

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 19:5 - wrought 2 Kings 7:16 - spoiled the tents

Verse 54

took the head: 1 Samuel 21:9, Exodus 16:33, Joshua 4:7, Joshua 4:8

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:31 - sent for him 1 Samuel 17:57 - the head 1 Samuel 31:9 - cut off 2 Samuel 4:7 - took his head

Verse 55

whose son: 1 Samuel 17:58, 1 Samuel 16:21, 1 Samuel 16:22

Reciprocal: Genesis 42:15 - By the life 1 Samuel 1:26 - as thy soul 1 Samuel 14:50 - the name of the captain 1 Samuel 20:3 - as thy soul 1 Samuel 26:5 - Abner 2 Samuel 2:8 - Abner 2 Samuel 11:11 - as thou livest 2 Samuel 14:19 - As thy soul 2 Kings 2:2 - As the Lord 1 Chronicles 26:28 - Abner Daniel 3:24 - O king

Verse 56

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:33 - for thou art but

Verse 57

the head: 1 Samuel 17:54

Verse 58

Whose son: To account for the apparent inconsistency of Saul not knowing David, see note at the end of 1 Samuel 17:31.

I am the son: 1 Samuel 17:12, 1 Samuel 16:18, 1 Samuel 16:19

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:55 - whose son 1 Samuel 20:6 - Bethlehem 2 Samuel 2:32 - buried Isaiah 11:1 - of Jesse Matthew 1:6 - Jesse Luke 2:4 - unto Luke 3:32 - was the son of Jesse John 7:42 - where Ephesians 6:17 - the helmet

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 17". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-samuel-17.html.