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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 7

Introduction

Overview

1 Samuel 7:1, They of Kirjath-jearim bring the ark into the house of Abinadab, and sanctify Eleazar, his son to keep it; 1 Samuel 7:2, After twenty years, 1 Samuel 7:3, the Israelites, by Samuel’s means, solemnly repent at Mizpeh; 1 Samuel 7:7, While Samuel prays and sacrifices, the Lord discomfits the Philistines by thunder at Eben-ezer; 1 Samuel 7:13, The Philistines are subdued; 1 Samuel 7:15, Samuel judges Israel.

Verse 1

Kirjathjearim: 1 Samuel 6:21, Joshua 18:14, 2 Samuel 6:2, 1 Chronicles 13:5, 1 Chronicles 13:6, Psalms 132:6

Abinadab: 2 Samuel 6:3, 2 Samuel 6:4, 1 Chronicles 13:7, Isaiah 52:11

Reciprocal: Joshua 9:17 - Kirjathjearim Joshua 15:60 - Kirjathbaal Judges 18:12 - Kirjathjearim 1 Samuel 14:18 - For the ark 1 Chronicles 2:50 - Kirjathjearim 1 Chronicles 13:3 - the ark Psalms 78:67 - General

Verse 2

lamented: Judges 2:4, Jeremiah 3:13, Jeremiah 3:22-25, Jeremiah 31:9, Zechariah 12:10, Zechariah 12:11, Matthew 5:4, 2 Corinthians 7:10, 2 Corinthians 7:11

Reciprocal: Joshua 18:14 - Kirjathbaal 1 Samuel 12:10 - And they 2 Samuel 6:4 - General 1 Chronicles 13:3 - the ark 1 Chronicles 13:7 - out of the house Jeremiah 26:20 - Kirjathjearim

Verse 3

am 2884, bc 1120, An, Ex, Is, 371

return: Deuteronomy 30:2-10, 1 Kings 8:48, Isaiah 55:7, Hosea 6:1, Hosea 6:2, Hosea 14:1, Joel 2:12, Joel 2:13

put away: Genesis 35:2, Joshua 24:14, Joshua 24:23, Judges 2:13, Judges 10:6

prepare: Deuteronomy 30:6, 1 Chronicles 22:19, 1 Chronicles 28:9, 2 Chronicles 30:19, Job 11:13, Job 11:14, Proverbs 16:1, Jeremiah 4:3, Jeremiah 4:4, Ezekiel 18:31, Matthew 15:8, John 4:24

serve him: Deuteronomy 6:13, Deuteronomy 10:20, Deuteronomy 13:4, Matthew 4:10, Matthew 6:24, Luke 4:8

Reciprocal: Exodus 23:25 - And ye Deuteronomy 28:7 - flee before Joshua 22:5 - serve 1 Kings 11:5 - Ashtoreth 1 Kings 18:21 - if the Lord 2 Chronicles 11:16 - set 2 Chronicles 12:14 - he prepared 2 Chronicles 19:4 - brought 2 Chronicles 20:33 - had not Ezra 7:10 - prepared Psalms 119:10 - my whole Ecclesiastes 9:17 - General Jeremiah 4:1 - put away Jeremiah 24:7 - for they Jeremiah 36:3 - they may Ezekiel 14:6 - Repent Ezekiel 18:28 - turneth 2 Corinthians 6:16 - what

Verse 4

Judges 2:11, Judges 2:13, Judges 10:15, Judges 10:16, 1 Kings 11:33, Hosea 14:3, Hosea 14:8

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:7 - flee before Joshua 24:23 - put away 1 Kings 8:48 - And so return 1 Kings 11:5 - Ashtoreth 2 Kings 23:13 - Ashtoreth 2 Chronicles 11:16 - set 2 Chronicles 19:4 - brought Ezekiel 18:28 - turneth Hosea 14:1 - return 2 Corinthians 6:16 - what

Verse 5

Gather: Nehemiah 9:1, Joel 2:16

Mizpeh: 1 Samuel 7:12, 1 Samuel 7:16, 1 Samuel 10:17, Joshua 15:38, Judges 20:1, 2 Kings 25:23

I will pray: 1 Samuel 12:23

Reciprocal: Genesis 20:7 - pray Genesis 31:49 - Mizpah Joshua 11:3 - land 1 Samuel 12:19 - Pray for thy 1 Kings 15:22 - Mizpah Jeremiah 40:6 - Mizpah Luke 1:17 - to make

Verse 6

drew water: Grotius says, that the pouring out of water means the shedding of tears; and the Targum reads, "And they poured out their hearts in penitence, as waters, before the Lord." Others suppose that it was done emblematically, to represent the contrition of their hearts, and their desire to wash away their past offences. But some learned men conceive that it was poured out as a libation, in token of joy, after they had fasted and confessed their sin, as they were wont to do in the feast of tabernacles. - See note on Numbers 29:35. 1 Samuel 1:15, 2 Samuel 14:14, Job 16:20, Psalms 6:6, Psalms 42:3, Psalms 119:136, Jeremiah 9:1, Lamentations 2:11, Lamentations 2:18, Lamentations 3:49

fasted: 2 Chronicles 20:3, Ezra 8:21-23, Nehemiah 9:1-3, Daniel 9:3-5, Joel 2:12, Jonah 3:1-10

We have sinned: Leviticus 26:40, Judges 10:10, 1 Kings 8:47, Ezra 9:5-10, Job 33:27, Job 40:4, Job 42:6, Psalms 38:3-8, Psalms 106:6, Jeremiah 3:13, Jeremiah 3:14, Jeremiah 31:19, Luke 15:18

judged: Judges 3:10, Nehemiah 9:27, Ezekiel 20:4

Reciprocal: Joshua 15:38 - Mizpeh Judges 2:4 - the people Judges 20:1 - in Mizpeh Judges 20:26 - wept 1 Samuel 7:15 - judged 1 Samuel 10:17 - unto the Lord 2 Samuel 23:16 - poured it 1 Chronicles 11:18 - poured 2 Chronicles 16:6 - Mizpah Jeremiah 40:6 - Mizpah Lamentations 2:19 - pour

Verse 7

afraid: 1 Samuel 13:6, 1 Samuel 17:11, Exodus 14:10, 2 Chronicles 20:3

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 28:1 - that the

Verse 8

Cease: etc. Heb. Be not silent from us from crying, 1 Samuel 12:19-24, Isaiah 37:4, Isaiah 62:1, Isaiah 62:6, Isaiah 62:7, James 5:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 20:7 - pray Judges 4:3 - cried 1 Kings 17:20 - he cried 1 Chronicles 21:26 - and called Psalms 44:7 - But Psalms 106:44 - General Isaiah 37:15 - General Jeremiah 27:18 - let them Jeremiah 42:2 - and pray Ephesians 1:16 - Cease

Verse 9

a sucking: 1 Samuel 7:17, 1 Samuel 6:14, 1 Samuel 6:15, 1 Samuel 9:12, 1 Samuel 10:8, 1 Samuel 16:2, Judges 6:26, Judges 6:28, 1 Kings 18:30-38

cried unto: Psalms 50:15, Psalms 99:6, Jeremiah 15:1, James 5:16

heard: or, answered

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:3 - take to Exodus 29:18 - a burnt offering Leviticus 17:8 - that offereth Judges 2:5 - they sacrificed 1 Samuel 12:17 - I will call 1 Samuel 14:35 - built 2 Samuel 24:25 - built there 1 Kings 17:20 - he cried 1 Kings 18:32 - And with 1 Chronicles 21:26 - and called Psalms 22:4 - General Isaiah 37:15 - General

Verse 10

thundered: 1 Samuel 2:10, 1 Samuel 12:17, Exodus 9:23-25, Judges 5:8, Judges 5:20, Psalms 18:11-14, Psalms 77:16-18, Psalms 97:3, Psalms 97:4, Revelation 16:18-21

discomfited: Deuteronomy 20:3, Deuteronomy 20:4, Joshua 10:10, Judges 4:15, Judges 5:20, Zechariah 4:6

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:7 - flee before 2 Samuel 22:14 - thundered Job 36:31 - by Psalms 18:13 - thundered Psalms 29:3 - thundereth Isaiah 30:30 - the flame Jeremiah 21:2 - according

Verse 11

Bethcar: This place was probably situated in the tribe of Dan. Josephus calls it ןססביןי the LXX ביטקןס Targum, Betḣsaron; Syriac and Arabic Betḣjasan; by which Houbigant supposes is meant Beth-shan. 1 Samuel 7:11

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:7 - flee before

Verse 12

took a stone: Genesis 28:18, Genesis 28:19, Genesis 31:45-52, Genesis 35:14, Joshua 4:9, Joshua 4:20-24, Joshua 24:26, Joshua 24:27, Isaiah 19:19

Ebenezer: that is, The stone of help, 1 Samuel 4:1, 1 Samuel 5:1, Genesis 22:14, Exodus 17:15

Hitherto: Psalms 71:6, Psalms 71:17, Isaiah 46:3, Isaiah 46:4, Acts 26:22, 2 Corinthians 1:10

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 12:10 - ye dwell Deuteronomy 26:9 - he hath Joshua 4:3 - twelve stones Joshua 22:27 - a witness 1 Samuel 7:5 - Mizpeh 1 Samuel 15:12 - he set him 1 Samuel 17:37 - The Lord 1 Chronicles 5:20 - And they 1 Chronicles 15:26 - God 1 Chronicles 17:16 - that thou hast 2 Chronicles 20:26 - the name Psalms 27:9 - thou Philippians 4:6 - thanksgiving

Verse 13

subdued: Judges 13:1

came no more: 1 Samuel 13:1-5

against: 1 Samuel 14:6-16, 1 Samuel 14:20-23, 1 Samuel 17:49-53, 1 Samuel 28:3-5, 1 Samuel 31:1-7

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 2:15 - the hand of the Judges 13:5 - begin 1 Samuel 5:9 - the hand 1 Samuel 12:11 - Samuel

Verse 14

peace: Deuteronomy 7:2, Deuteronomy 7:16, Judges 4:17, Psalms 106:34

Reciprocal: Joshua 15:11 - Ekron 1 Samuel 21:10 - Gath

Verse 15

am 2873-2947, bc 1131-1057

judged: 1 Samuel 7:6, 1 Samuel 12:1, 1 Samuel 25:1, Judges 2:16, Judges 3:10, Judges 3:11, Acts 13:20, Acts 13:21

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 19:4 - went out again

Verse 16

he went: When he was at Bethel, the tribe of Ephraim and all the northern parts of the country could attend him; when at Gilgal, the tribe of Benjamin and those beyond Jordan could have easy access to him; and when at Mizpeh, he was within the reach of Judah, Simeon, and Gad, but at Ramah was the place of his ordinary abode; and there he held his court, for there he judged Israel, and as it is probable that Shiloh was destroyed, it is said - 1 Samuel 8:17 that there, i.e., at Ramah, "he built an altar to the Lord."

in circuit: Heb. and he circuited, Judges 5:10, Judges 10:4, Judges 12:14, Psalms 75:2, Psalms 82:3, Psalms 82:4

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:46 - an heap Joshua 15:38 - Mizpeh 1 Samuel 7:5 - Mizpeh 1 Samuel 11:14 - let us go 2 Kings 4:38 - Elisha 2 Chronicles 16:6 - Mizpah Hosea 9:15 - is in Romans 13:6 - attending

Verse 17

his return: 1 Samuel 1:1, 1 Samuel 1:19, 1 Samuel 8:4, 1 Samuel 19:18-23

he built: 1 Samuel 11:15, Genesis 12:7, Genesis 12:8, Genesis 33:20, Genesis 35:7, Judges 21:5, 1 Kings 18:30-36

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 7:9 - a sucking 1 Samuel 14:35 - built 1 Samuel 25:1 - in his house 2 Samuel 24:25 - built there 1 Kings 18:32 - And with 2 Kings 4:38 - Elisha Nehemiah 11:33 - Ramah Isaiah 10:29 - Ramah Jeremiah 31:15 - Ramah Jeremiah 40:1 - Ramah Hosea 5:8 - Ramah Matthew 27:57 - Arimathaea Romans 13:6 - attending

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 7". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-samuel-7.html.