Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Chronicles 26

Introduction

1Uzziah succeeding, and reigning well in the days of Zechariah, prospers.
16Waxing proud, he invades the priest's office, and is smitten with leprosy.
22He dies, and Jotham succeeds him.

Verse 1

Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah.
all the
22:1; 33:25
Uzziah
2 Kings 14:21; 15:1-7; 1 Chronicles 3:12
Azariah
Matthew 1:8,9
Ozias
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 21:24 - made Josiah;  2 Chronicles 34:1 - eight years;  2 Chronicles 36:1 - the people;  Isaiah 1:1 - the days;  Hosea 1:1 - Uzziah;  Amos 1:1 - in the

Verse 2

He built Eloth, and restored it to Judah, after that the king slept with his fathers.
Eloth
8:17; 2 Kings 14:22; 16:6
Elath
restored.
25:23,28

Verse 3

Sixteen years old was Uzziah when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and two years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Jecoliah of Jerusalem.
A. M. 3194-3246. B.C. 810-758. Uzziah
Isaiah 1:1; 6:1; Hosea 1:1; Amos 1:1; Zechariah 14:5
Jecoliah
2 Kings 15:2,3
Jecholiah
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 15:1 - Azariah

Verse 4

And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father Amaziah did.
according to all
25:2
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 12:2 - General2 Kings 15:1 - Azariah;  2 Kings 15:3 - General2 Kings 15:34 - according;  2 Chronicles 24:2 - Joash;  2 Chronicles 27:2 - And he did;  Proverbs 24:4 - General

Verse 5

And he sought God in the days of Zechariah, who had understanding in the visions of God: and as long as he sought the LORD, God made him to prosper.
he sought God
24:2; Judges 2:7; Hosea 6:4; Mark 4:16,17; Acts 20:30
had
Genesis 41:15,38; Daniel 1:17; 2:19; 5:16; 10:1
visions
Heb. seeing. and as long.
15:2; 25:8; 1 Chronicles 22:11,13; Psalms 1:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 39:3 - prosper;  Genesis 46:2 - in the visions;  2 Kings 15:6 - they not written;  2 Kings 15:34 - according;  2 Chronicles 27:6 - Jotham;  2 Chronicles 29:1 - Zechariah;  2 Chronicles 31:21 - prospered;  Nehemiah 2:20 - The God;  Mark 6:20 - feared

Verse 6

And he went forth and warred against the Philistines, and brake down the wall of Gath, and the wall of Jabneh, and the wall of Ashdod, and built cities about Ashdod, and among the Philistines.
warred against
21:16; Isaiah 14:29
the wall of Gath
2 Samuel 8:1; 1 Chronicles 18:1
Jabneh
Jabneh, or Jamnia, was given to the tribe of Dan; and was situated between Lydda and Azotus. It is now called Yebna, and is described as "a village about twelve miles distant from Jaffa, (Joppa,) in a fine open plain, surrounded by hills, and covered by herbage. On sloping hills of easy ascent, by which the plains were bordered, Yebna, Ekron, Ashdod, and Askalon were in sight."
about
or, in the country of.
1 Samuel 5:1,6
Reciprocal: Joshua 11:22 - Ashdod;  Joshua 15:46 - near;  Judges 10:12 - the Maonites;  1 Samuel 6:17 - Ashdod;  1 Kings 12:33 - he offered;  2 Chronicles 11:5 - built;  2 Chronicles 17:12 - in Judah;  2 Chronicles 35:22 - Nevertheless;  Nehemiah 4:7 - Ashdodites;  Amos 1:7 - a fire;  Amos 6:2 - Gath

Verse 7

And God helped him against the Philistines, and against the Arabians that dwelt in Gurbaal, and the Mehunims.
God helped
14:11; 1 Chronicles 5:20; 12:18; Psalms 18:29,34,35; Isaiah 14:29; Acts 26:22
the Arabians
17:11; 21:16
Reciprocal: Judges 10:12 - the Maonites;  2 Chronicles 18:31 - the Lord;  Ezra 4:20 - toll;  Acts 2:11 - Arabians

Verse 8

And the Ammonites gave gifts to Uzziah: and his name spread abroad even to the entering in of Egypt; for he strengthened himself exceedingly.
the Ammonites
20:1; Genesis 19:38; Deuteronomy 2:19; Judges 11:15-18; 1 Samuel 11:1; 2 Samuel 8:2
his name
Genesis 12:2; 2 Samuel 8:13; 1 Kings 4:31; Matthew 4:24
spread
Heb. went.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 10:25 - every man;  1 Chronicles 14:17 - fame of David;  2 Chronicles 17:1 - and strengthened;  2 Chronicles 17:11 - brought;  2 Chronicles 26:15 - to shoot arrows;  2 Chronicles 32:5 - he strengthened;  Ezra 4:20 - toll;  Mark 6:14 - his name

Verse 9

Moreover Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem at the corner gate, and at the valley gate, and at the turning of the wall, and fortified them.
the corner gate
25:23; 2 Kings 14:13; Jeremiah 31:38; Zechariah 14:10
the valley gate
Nehemiah 3:13,19,32
the turning
Nehemiah 3:20,24
fortified
or, repaired.
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 27:4 - he built cities;  Nehemiah 2:13 - the gate;  Ezekiel 21:20 - the defenced

Verse 10

Also he built towers in the desert, and digged many wells: for he had much cattle, both in the low country, and in the plains: husbandmen also, and vine dressers in the mountains, and in Carmel: for he loved husbandry.
digged many wells
or, cut out many cisterns.
Genesis 26:18-21
he had much
2 Kings 3:4; 1 Chronicles 27:26-31
Carmel
or, fruitful fields.
2 Kings 19:23; Isaiah 29:17
husbandry
Heb.ground.
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:6 - rulers;  Joshua 15:55 - Maon;  1 Samuel 8:11 - He will take;  1 Samuel 21:7 - herdmen;  2 Samuel 13:23 - sheepshearers;  2 Kings 18:8 - from the tower;  1 Chronicles 27:25 - the storehouses;  2 Chronicles 17:13 - much business;  2 Chronicles 26:15 - to shoot arrows;  2 Chronicles 27:4 - he built cities;  2 Chronicles 32:28 - Storehouses;  2 Chronicles 32:29 - possessions;  Job 1:3 - household;  Proverbs 27:23 - diligent;  Ecclesiastes 2:4 - I planted;  Ecclesiastes 2:7 - also;  Hosea 8:14 - and Judah

Verse 11

Moreover Uzziah had an host of fighting men, that went out to war by bands, according to the number of their account by the hand of Jeiel the scribe and Maaseiah the ruler, under the hand of Hananiah, one of the king's captains.
went out
2 Kings 5:2
Reciprocal: Exodus 5:6 - officers;  Numbers 1:3 - able;  1 Chronicles 27:1 - served

Verse 13

And under their hand was an army, three hundred thousand and seven thousand and five hundred, that made war with mighty power, to help the king against the enemy.
an army
Heb. the power of an army. three hundred.
11:1; 13:3; 14:8; 17:14-19
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 12:1 - he forsook;  Ezekiel 17:7 - another

Verse 14

And Uzziah prepared for them throughout all the host shields, and spears, and helmets, and habergeons, and bows, and slings to cast stones.
slings to cast stone
Heb. stones of slings.
Judges 20:16; 1 Samuel 17:49
Reciprocal: Exodus 28:32 - as it were;  2 Chronicles 11:12 - he put shields;  2 Chronicles 32:5 - darts;  Job 41:29 - General

Verse 15

And he made in Jerusalem engines, invented by cunning men, to be on the towers and upon the bulwarks, to shoot arrows and great stones withal. And his name spread far abroad; for he was marvellously helped, till he was strong.
cunning men
2:7,14; Exodus 31:4
to shoot arrows
These engines, it is probable, bore some resemblance to the balistæ and catapultæ of the Romans, which were employed for throwing stones and arrows, and were in reality the mortars and carcasses of antiquity. With respect to the towers which Uzziah built in the wilderness, (ver. 10,) Mr. Harmer appears to have given a truer view of the subject than commentators in general have done, who suppose that they were conveniences made only for sheltering the shepherds from bad weather, or to defend them from incursions of enemies; for they might rather be designed to keep the nations that pastured there in awe, and also to induce them quietly to pay the tribute to which the 8th verse seems to refer. William of Tyre describes a country not far from the Euphrates as inhabited by Syrian and Armenian Christians, who fed great flocks and herds there, but were kept in subjection to the Turks, in consequence of their living among them in strong places.
spread far
Heb. went forth.
Matthew 4:24
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 20:20 - thou shalt build;  2 Chronicles 11:12 - he put shields;  2 Chronicles 32:5 - darts;  Ezekiel 26:9 - GeneralMark 6:14 - his name

Verse 16

But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction: for he transgressed against the LORD his God, and went into the temple of the LORD to burn incense upon the altar of incense.
when he was
25:19; 32:25; Deuteronomy 8:14,17; 32:13-15; Proverbs 16:18; Habakkuk 2:4; Colossians 2:18
went into
2 Kings 16:12,13
to burn
Numbers 16:1,7,18,35; 1 Kings 12:33; 13:1-4
Reciprocal: Exodus 30:1 - an altar;  Exodus 37:25 - GeneralLeviticus 10:1 - put incense;  Numbers 3:10 - and the stranger;  Numbers 8:19 - that there;  Numbers 16:40 - come near;  Deuteronomy 17:20 - his heart;  1 Kings 9:25 - he burnt;  2 Kings 14:10 - thine heart;  2 Kings 15:5 - the Lord;  1 Chronicles 13:10 - there he died;  2 Chronicles 4:19 - the golden;  2 Chronicles 27:2 - he entered not;  Ecclesiastes 5:1 - thy foot;  Ezekiel 8:11 - every;  Ezekiel 28:2 - Because;  Daniel 8:8 - when;  Daniel 11:12 - his heart;  Luke 1:9 - his;  Acts 4:19 - to hearken;  2 Corinthians 12:7 - lest;  1 Timothy 3:6 - lest;  1 Timothy 6:17 - that they;  Hebrews 7:13 - of which;  Hebrews 9:6 - the priests;  Revelation 8:3 - stood

Verse 17

And Azariah the priest went in after him, and with him fourscore priests of the LORD, that were valiant men:
Azariah
1 Chronicles 6:10
valiant men
1 Chronicles 12:28; 26:6
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 16:11 - built an altar;  2 Chronicles 31:10 - Azariah

Verse 18

And they withstood Uzziah the king, and said unto him, It appertaineth not unto thee, Uzziah, to burn incense unto the LORD, but to the priests the sons of Aaron, that are consecrated to burn incense: go out of the sanctuary; for thou hast trespassed; neither shall it be for thine honour from the LORD God.
withstood Uzziah
16:7-9; 19:2; Jeremiah 13:18; Matthew 10:18,28; 14:4; 2 Corinthians 5:16; Galatians 2:11
not unto thee
Numbers 16:40,46-48; 18:7
to the priests
Exodus 30:7,8; Hebrews 5:4
go out
1 Corinthians 5:5
neither shall it be
1 Samuel 2:30; Daniel 4:37; John 5:44; James 2:1
Reciprocal: Exodus 28:1 - take;  Deuteronomy 33:10 - they shall put incense;  Joshua 22:15 - GeneralJudges 4:9 - notwithstanding;  1 Kings 13:1 - Jeroboam;  2 Kings 16:11 - built an altar;  1 Chronicles 23:13 - to burn incense;  2 Chronicles 26:23 - they buried him;  Hebrews 8:4 - he should

Verse 19

Then Uzziah was wroth, and had a censer in his hand to burn incense: and while he was wroth with the priests, the leprosy even rose up in his forehead before the priests in the house of the LORD, from beside the incense altar.
he
16:10; 25:16
even
Numbers 12:10; 2 Kings 5:27
Reciprocal: Leviticus 13:2 - the plague of leprosy;  Leviticus 13:10 - shall see him;  2 Kings 5:1 - a leper;  Psalm 38:3 - soundness;  Ezekiel 8:11 - every;  Matthew 8:2 - a leper;  Matthew 14:4 - GeneralLuke 5:12 - full;  Hebrews 8:4 - he should

Verse 20

And Azariah the chief priest, and all the priests, looked upon him, and, behold, he was leprous in his forehead, and they thrust him out from thence; yea, himself hasted also to go out, because the LORD had smitten him.
hated also
Esther 6:12
the Lord
Leviticus 14:34; Deuteronomy 28:22,35
Reciprocal: Leviticus 13:10 - shall see him;  Numbers 12:14 - let her be;  Deuteronomy 24:9 - Miriam;  Ezra 7:5 - chief priest;  Luke 5:12 - full;  Luke 17:12 - which

Verse 21

And Uzziah the king was a leper unto the day of his death, and dwelt in a several house, being a leper; for he was cut off from the house of the LORD: and Jotham his son was over the king's house, judging the people of the land.
A. M. 3239-3246. B.C. 765-758. Uzziah
2 Kings 15:5
dwelt
Leviticus 13:46; Numbers 5:2,3; 12:15; 2 Kings 7:3
several
Heb. free.
Reciprocal: Numbers 12:14 - let her be;  Deuteronomy 24:9 - Miriam;  Matthew 1:9 - Joatham;  Luke 17:12 - which

Verse 22

Now the rest of the acts of Uzziah, first and last, did Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, write.
first
9:29; 12:15
Isaiah
Isaiah 1:1; 6:1
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 19:2 - to Isaiah;  2 Chronicles 16:11 - the acts of Asa;  2 Chronicles 27:7 - Now the rest;  2 Chronicles 35:27 - deeds

Verse 23

So Uzziah slept with his fathers, and they buried him with his fathers in the field of the burial which belonged to the kings; for they said, He is a leper: and Jotham his son reigned in his stead.
A. M. 3246. B.C. 758. slept
2 Kings 15:6,7
they buried him
18; 21:20; 28:27; 33:20 Reciprocal: 1 Kings 11:43 - buried;  2 Kings 14:20 - he was buried;  2 Kings 15:5 - Jotham;  2 Kings 20:21 - slept;  2 Chronicles 27:7 - Now the rest;  Isaiah 6:1 - the year;  Acts 13:36 - and was

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 26". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/2-chronicles-26.html.