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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Acts 6

Introduction

1The apostles, desirous to have the poor regarded for their bodily sustenance, as also careful themselves to dispense the word of God, the food of the soul,
3recommend,
5and with the church's consent ordain seven chosen men to the office of deaconship.
7The word of God prevails,
8Stephen, full of faith and the Holy Ghost, confuting those with whom he disputed, is brought before the council, and falsely accused of blasphemy against the law and the temple.

Verse 1

And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration.
when
7; 2:41,47; 4:4; 5:14,28; Psalms 72:16; 110:3; Isaiah 27:6; Jeremiah 30:19
there
1 Corinthians 10:10; Hebrews 13:1; James 4:5; 5:9
Grecians
9:29; 11:20
Hebrews
2 Corinthians 11:22; Philippians 3:5
their
9:39,41; Deuteronomy 24:19-21; 26:12; Job 29:13; 31:16; Isaiah 1:17; Ezekiel 22:7; Malachi 3:5; Matthew 23:14; 1 Timothy 5:4,5,9; James 1:27
the daily
2:45; 4:35
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:18 - thou art; 2 Kings 25:30 - a daily rate; Nehemiah 13:13 - to distribute; Proverbs 13:10 - with; Proverbs 15:18 - he; Proverbs 17:14 - leave; Ecclesiastes 10:10 - wisdom; Matthew 18:17 - tell; Acts 2:44 - had; Acts 15:39 - the contention; Acts 21:40 - Hebrew; 1 Corinthians 16:3 - whomsoever; 2 Corinthians 8:4 - the ministering; Philippians 1:1 - and deacons; Philippians 2:14 - without; 1 Timothy 3:10 - use; 1 Timothy 5:3 - widows

Verse 2

Then the twelve called the multitude of the disciples unto them, and said, It is not reason that we should leave the word of God, and serve tables.
the twelve
21:22
It
4:19; 25:27
we should
Exodus 18:17-26; Numbers 11:11-13; Deuteronomy 1:9-14; Nehemiah 6:3; 2 Timothy 2:4
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:13 - Take; 2 Chronicles 35:14 - because the priests; Nehemiah 11:16 - outward; Acts 15:6 - General; Acts 15:30 - and; 1 Corinthians 6:4 - who; 1 Timothy 3:10 - use

Verse 3

Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business.
brethren
9:30; 15:23; Matthew 23:8; 1 John 3:14-16
look
1:21; Numbers 11:16; Deuteronomy 1:13; 1 Corinthians 16:3; 2 Corinthians 8:19-21
honest
10:22; 16:2; 22:12; 1 Timothy 3:7,8,10; 5:10; 3 John 1:12
full
2:4; Genesis 41:38,39; Numbers 11:17-25; 27:18,19; Job 32:7,8; Isaiah 11:2-5; Isaiah 28:6,26; 1 Corinthians 12:8; Ephesians 5:18; James 1:17; 3:17,18
whom
6; 13:2,3; 1 Timothy 3:8-15
Reciprocal: Genesis 41:33 - look out; Exodus 18:21 - Moreover; Exodus 36:2 - in whose; Numbers 3:10 - they shall; 1 Samuel 2:24 - no good; Nehemiah 11:16 - outward; Nehemiah 13:13 - counted; Ezekiel 28:12 - full; Luke 1:41 - was; Acts 6:5 - Stephen; Acts 6:8 - full; Acts 7:55 - full; Acts 11:24 - full; 2 Corinthians 6:8 - evil; Philippians 4:8 - honest

Verse 4

But we will give ourselves continually to prayer, and to the ministry of the word.
give
2:42; 20:19-31; Romans 12:6-8; 1 Corinthians 9:16; Colossians 4:17; 1 Timothy 4:13-16; 2 Timothy 4:2
prayer
1:14; 13:2,3; Romans 1:9; Ephesians 1:15-17; 3:14-21; Philippians 1:4,9-11; Colossians 1:9-13; Colossians 2:1; 4:12
Reciprocal: Exodus 30:7 - dresseth; Exodus 36:2 - in whose; Numbers 3:10 - they shall; Numbers 11:17 - they shall; Daniel 6:20 - servest; Matthew 14:23 - he went; Matthew 18:19 - That if; Acts 10:9 - the sixth; Acts 15:22 - pleased; Acts 26:16 - a minister; Romans 12:12 - continuing; Ephesians 6:18 - Praying; 1 Timothy 4:15 - give; 1 Timothy 4:16 - continue

Verse 5

And the saying pleased the whole multitude: and they chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Ghost, and Philip, and Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and Parmenas, and Nicolas a proselyte of Antioch:
the saying
15:22; Genesis 41:37; Proverbs 15:1,23; 25:11,12
Stephen
3,8,10; 7:1-60; 8:1,2; 11:24; Micah 3:8
Philip
8:5-13,26-40; 21:8
Nicolas
Revelation 2:6,15
a proselyte
13:1
Reciprocal: Genesis 45:16 - it pleased Pharaoh well; Exodus 18:25 - General; Acts 2:4 - filled; Acts 2:10 - Jews; Acts 7:55 - full; Acts 13:43 - and religious; 1 Timothy 3:13 - great

Verse 6

Whom they set before the apostles: and when they had prayed, they laid their hands on them.
when
1:24; 8:17; 9:17; 13:3; 1 Timothy 4:14; 5:22; 2 Timothy 1:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 48:14 - and laid; Numbers 8:10 - General; Numbers 27:18 - lay; Deuteronomy 34:9 - Moses; Luke 23:26 - a Cyrenian; Acts 6:3 - whom; Acts 19:6 - laid; Hebrews 6:2 - laying

Verse 7

And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a great company of the priests were obedient to the faith.
the word
12:24; 19:20; Colossians 1:6; 2 Timothy 2:9
the number
21:20; *Gr:
the priests
2 Chronicles 29:34; 30:24; Psalms 132:9,16; Matthew 19:30; Luke 2:34; John 12:42
obedient
Romans 1:5; 16:26; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Hebrews 5:9; 11:8
Reciprocal: Psalm 45:5 - people; Isaiah 29:24 - also; Isaiah 32:4 - heart; Ezekiel 47:9 - a very great; John 4:38 - sent; John 7:48 - General; John 14:12 - greater; Acts 4:1 - the priests; Acts 5:14 - believers; Acts 6:1 - when; Acts 9:31 - were multiplied; Acts 9:35 - all; Acts 11:21 - and a; Acts 13:49 - was; Acts 16:5 - increased; Galatians 3:1 - ye; Galatians 5:7 - obey; 2 Thessalonians 3:1 - the word; 1 Peter 1:22 - in

Verse 8

And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders and miracles among the people.
full
3,5,10,15; 7:55; Ephesians 4:11; 1 Timothy 3:13
did
2:17,18; 4:29,30; 8:6
Reciprocal: Acts 1:8 - ye shall; Acts 2:4 - filled; Acts 11:24 - full; 2 Timothy 1:7 - but

Verse 9

Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called the synagogue of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen.
there
13:45; 17:17,18
the synagogue
22:19; 26:11; Matthew 10:17; 23:34; Mark 13:9; Luke 21:12
Cyrenians
2:10; 11:20; 13:1; Matthew 27:32
Alexandrians
18:24; 27:6
Cilicia
15:23,41; 21:39; 22:3; 23:34; 27:5; Galatians 1:21
Asia
2:9; 16:6; 19:10,26; 21:27
disputing
1 Corinthians 1:20
Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 10:13 - beginning; Mark 15:21 - a Cyrenian; Luke 12:11 - General; Luke 23:26 - a Cyrenian; Acts 9:2 - the synagogues; Acts 9:22 - confounded; Acts 9:29 - disputed; Acts 28:11 - a ship; 1 Corinthians 1:27 - General; 1 Thessalonians 2:2 - much; 1 Peter 1:1 - Asia

Verse 10

And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake.
able
5:39; 7:51; Exodus 4:12; Isaiah 54:17; Jeremiah 1:18,19; 15:20; Ezekiel 3:27; Matthew 10:19,20; Luke 12:11,12; 21:15; John 7:46
the spirit
Job 32:8,18; Micah 3:8; Luke 1:17; 1 Corinthians 2:4
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 24:16 - Is this; Daniel 1:17 - God; Matthew 7:29 - having; Matthew 22:22 - they marvelled; Mark 1:22 - they were; Mark 13:11 - take; Luke 4:22 - the gracious; Luke 14:6 - General; Acts 4:16 - and we; Acts 6:5 - Stephen; Acts 6:8 - full; Acts 7:55 - full; Acts 9:22 - confounded; Acts 9:29 - disputed; Acts 13:12 - being; Acts 13:45 - spake; 1 Corinthians 1:27 - General; Ephesians 1:17 - the spirit; 1 Thessalonians 2:2 - much

Verse 11

Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and against God.
they
23:12-15; 24:1-13; 25:3,7; 1 Kings 21:10,13; Matthew 26:59,60; 28:12-15; John 16:3; Romans 3:8
blasphemous
13; 18:6; 26:11; Leviticus 24:16; 1 Kings 21:10-13; John 10:33-36; 1 Timothy 1:13
against Moses
7:37-39; 15:21; 21:20-22,28; John 1:17; 5:45-47; 9:29; Hebrews 3:2-5
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:1 - an unrighteous witness; Leviticus 19:16 - stand; Leviticus 24:11 - blasphemed; Psalm 27:12 - false; Psalm 52:2 - Thy; Proverbs 19:28 - An ungodly witness; Isaiah 32:7 - lying; Jeremiah 20:10 - Report; Jeremiah 26:11 - for he; Jeremiah 37:13 - Thou; Ezekiel 22:9 - men that carry tales; Zechariah 11:3 - for their; Matthew 9:3 - This; Mark 13:9 - take; Mark 14:55 - sought; Luke 5:21 - blasphemies; John 9:28 - but; Acts 7:58 - stoned; Acts 24:9 - General

Verse 12

And they stirred up the people, and the elders, and the scribes, and came upon him, and caught him, and brought him to the council,
they stirred
13:50; 14:2; 17:5,13; 21:27; Proverbs 15:18
and caught
4:1-3; 5:18,27; 16:19-21; 17:5,6; 18:12; Matthew 26:57
Reciprocal: Ruth 4:2 - the elders; 1 Kings 13:4 - Lay hold; 1 Kings 21:25 - whom Jezebel; Jeremiah 32:3 - Wherefore; Matthew 2:4 - scribes; Luke 21:12 - before; Acts 4:3 - laid; Acts 4:5 - rulers

Verse 13

And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceaseth not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law:
set
11; Psalms 27:12; 35:11; 56:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 20:16 - General; Deuteronomy 19:16 - a false witness; 1 Kings 21:10 - Thou didst blaspheme; 2 Kings 25:9 - he burnt; Nehemiah 6:13 - that; Psalm 109:2 - with; Proverbs 6:19 - A false; Proverbs 12:17 - but; Ecclesiastes 8:10 - the place; Jeremiah 7:14 - wherein; Jeremiah 52:13 - burned; Lamentations 2:7 - cast off; Ezekiel 21:2 - against; Ezekiel 24:21 - I will; Daniel 9:26 - the prince; Hosea 3:4 - without a sacrifice; Micah 3:12 - Zion; Habakkuk 1:5 - for; Zechariah 11:10 - Beauty; Matthew 5:17 - to destroy the law; Matthew 23:38 - General; Matthew 26:61 - I am; Mark 14:57 - and bare; Luke 13:35 - your; Luke 21:6 - there; John 16:2 - the time; Acts 7:1 - Are; Acts 7:58 - the witnesses; Acts 17:6 - they drew; Acts 18:13 - General; Acts 21:21 - that thou; Acts 21:28 - This is; Acts 24:5 - we have; Acts 25:8 - Neither; Hebrews 7:12 - a change; James 3:6 - a world

Verse 14

For we have heard him say, that this Jesus of Nazareth shall destroy this place, and shall change the customs which Moses delivered us.
we have
25:8
that
Isaiah 66:1-6; Jeremiah 7:4-14; 26:6-9,12,18; Daniel 9:26; Micah 3:12; Zechariah 11:1; Zechariah 14:2; Matthew 24:1,2; Mark 14:58; Luke 13:34,35; 21:6,24; John 4:21
change
Isaiah 65:15; 66:19-21; Hosea 3:4; Galatians 3:19,23; 4:3-5; Hebrews 7:11-19; 8:6-13; Hebrews 9:9-11; 10:1-18; 12:26-28
customs
or, rites.
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:31 - and bring; 1 Kings 8:13 - a settled; 2 Kings 25:9 - he burnt; Jeremiah 7:14 - wherein; Jeremiah 26:9 - Why; Jeremiah 52:13 - burned; Lamentations 2:7 - cast off; Ezekiel 21:2 - against; Ezekiel 24:21 - I will; Amos 7:11 - thus; Habakkuk 1:5 - for; Zechariah 11:10 - Beauty; Matthew 23:38 - General; Mark 10:47 - Jesus; Mark 13:2 - there; Mark 14:57 - and bare; John 16:2 - the time; Acts 2:22 - Jesus; Acts 7:1 - Are; Acts 13:41 - for; Acts 21:21 - that thou; Acts 21:28 - This is; Acts 22:8 - I am; Acts 26:3 - because; Hebrews 7:12 - a change

Verse 15

And all that sat in the council, looking stedfastly on him, saw his face as it had been the face of an angel.
saw
Exodus 34:29-35; Ecclesiastes 8:1; Matthew 13:43; 17:2; 2 Corinthians 3:7,8,18 Reciprocal: Judges 13:6 - countenance was; Proverbs 31:26 - in her; Daniel 3:15 - we are; Mark 13:11 - take; Luke 9:29 - General; Acts 6:8 - full; Acts 23:1 - earnestly; 1 Timothy 3:13 - great

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Acts 6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/acts-6.html.