Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Amos 5

Introduction

1A lamentation for Israel.
4An exhortation to repentance.
21God rejects their hypocritical service.

Verse 1

Hear ye this word which I take up against you, even a lamentation, O house of Israel.
Hear
3:1; 4:1
I take
16; Jeremiah 7:29; 9:10,17,20; Ezekiel 19:1,14; 26:17; 27:2,27-32; 28:12; Ezekiel 32:2,16; Micah 2:4
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 18:11 - the king;  Joel 1:2 - Hear;  Zephaniah 2:5 - the word

Verse 2

The virgin of Israel is fallen; she shall no more rise: she is forsaken upon her land; there is none to raise her up.
virgin
Isaiah 37:22; Jeremiah 14:17; 18:13; 31:4; Lamentations 2:13
is fallen
2 Kings 15:29; 17:16; Isaiah 3:8; Hosea 14:1
she shall
Isaiah 14:21; 24:20; 43:17; Jeremiah 51:64
she is
Jeremiah 4:20
none
7:2-5; 9:11; Isaiah 51:17,18; Jeremiah 2:27; 30:12-14; Lamentations 1:16-19; Ezekiel 16:36,37; Hosea 6:2
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 19:21 - The virgin;  2 Kings 21:14 - And I will;  Proverbs 24:16 - but;  Isaiah 9:14 - will cut;  Jeremiah 8:4 - Shall they;  Hosea 5:5 - fall in

Verse 3

For thus saith the Lord GOD; The city that went out by a thousand shall leave an hundred, and that which went forth by an hundred shall leave ten, to the house of Israel.
The city
Deuteronomy 4:27; 28:62; Isaiah 1:9; 10:22; Ezekiel 12:16; Romans 9:27
Reciprocal: Isaiah 9:14 - will cut;  Amos 6:9 - if

Verse 4

For thus saith the LORD unto the house of Israel, Seek ye me, and ye shall live:
Seek
6; Deuteronomy 30:1-8; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 15:2; 20:3; 34:3; Psalms 14:2; 27:8; Isaiah 55:6,7; Jeremiah 29:12,13; Lamentations 3:25,26; Zephaniah 2:3; Matthew 7:8
and
Psalms 22:26; 69:32; 105:3,4; Isaiah 55:3
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 14:4 - seek;  Isaiah 31:1 - neither;  Isaiah 45:19 - Seek;  Ezekiel 18:9 - he shall;  Hosea 10:12 - time;  Hosea 11:7 - are bent;  Amos 4:12 - prepare;  Matthew 7:7 - seek;  Luke 11:9 - seek

Verse 5

But seek not Bethel, nor enter into Gilgal, and pass not to Beersheba: for Gilgal shall surely go into captivity, and Bethel shall come to nought.
seek
4:4; Hosea 4:15; 9:15; 10:14,15; 12:11
Beer-sheba
8:14; Genesis 21:33
Gilgal
There is a paronomasia here, both on the letters and words: hag-gilgal galoh yigleh oovaith el yiheyeh leƤwen, "Gilgal shall surely go into captivity, and Beth-el (the house of God) shall come to nought," or Aven, i.e., Beth-aven, the house of iniquity.
and Beth-el
7:17; Leviticus 26:30-32; Deuteronomy 28:41; Hosea 4:15; 10:8,15
come
Job 8:22; Psalms 33:10; Isaiah 8:10; 29:20; 1 Corinthians 1:28; 2:6; Revelation 18:17
Reciprocal: Joshua 4:19 - Gilgal;  2 Kings 2:23 - Bethel;  Jeremiah 48:13 - as the;  Amos 6:7 - shall they;  Amos 7:9 - the high

Verse 6

Seek the LORD, and ye shall live; lest he break out like fire in the house of Joseph, and devour it, and there be none to quench it in Bethel.
Seek
4; Ezekiel 33:11
lest
Exodus 22:6
the house
6:6; Genesis 48:8-20; Joshua 18:5; Judges 1:22,23; 2 Samuel 19:20; 1 Kings 11:28; Ezekiel 37:19; Zechariah 10:6
there
Isaiah 1:31; Jeremiah 4:4; 7:20; Ezekiel 20:47,48; Mark 9:43-48
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 18:11 - the king;  1 Chronicles 16:11 - Seek;  Isaiah 45:7 - I make Peace;  Isaiah 51:1 - ye that seek;  Isaiah 55:6 - Seek;  Jeremiah 48:13 - as the;  Hosea 10:12 - time;  Amos 5:15 - the remnant;  Amos 7:4 - called;  Acts 8:22 - pray

Verse 7

Ye who turn judgment to wormwood, and leave off righteousness in the earth,
turn
11,12; 6:12; Deuteronomy 29:18; Isaiah 1:23; 5:7; 10:1; 59:13,14; Hosea 10:4; Habakkuk 1:12-14
leave
Psalms 36:3; 125:5; Ezekiel 3:20; 18:24; 33:12,13,18; Zephaniah 1:6
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 24:17 - pervert;  Psalm 147:8 - prepareth;  Proverbs 16:10 - transgresseth;  Proverbs 17:15 - that justifieth;  Amos 5:24 - let;  Habakkuk 1:4 - for;  John 8:15 - judge;  Acts 23:3 - for;  Revelation 8:11 - Wormwood

Verse 8

Seek him that maketh the seven stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death into the morning, and maketh the day dark with night: that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The LORD is his name:
maketh
Job 9:9; 38:31,32
and turneth
Job 12:22; 38:12,13; Psalms 107:10-14; Matthew 4:16; Luke 1:79
maketh
4:13; 8:9; Exodus 10:21-23; 14:24-28; Psalms 104:20; 105:28; Isaiah 59:10
that calleth
9:6; Genesis 7:11-20; 1 Kings 18:44,45; Job 37:13; 38:34
The Lord
4:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:14 - and let;  Job 3:5 - the shadow;  Job 12:15 - he sendeth;  Job 38:17 - the shadow;  Psalm 147:8 - prepareth;  Isaiah 9:2 - in the land;  Jeremiah 16:21 - and they;  Jeremiah 33:2 - the Lord;  Hosea 10:12 - time;  Joel 2:10 - the sun;  Nahum 1:4 - rebuketh;  Haggai 1:11 - I called

Verse 9

That strengtheneth the spoiled against the strong, so that the spoiled shall come against the fortress.
strengtheneth
2 Kings 13:17,25; Jeremiah 37:10; Hebrews 11:34
spoiled
Heb. spoil.
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 14:11 - nothing;  Psalm 8:2 - strength

Verse 10

They hate him that rebuketh in the gate, and they abhor him that speaketh uprightly.
hate
7:10-17; 1 Kings 18:17; 21:20; 22:8; 2 Chronicles 24:20-22; 25:16; 36:16; Proverbs 9:7,8; Isaiah 29:21; Jeremiah 20:7-10; John 7:7; 15:19,22-24; Revelation 11:10
abhor
Jeremiah 17:16,17; John 3:20; 8:45-47
Reciprocal: Genesis 34:20 - the gate;  Leviticus 13:10 - quick raw flesh;  Leviticus 26:43 - their soul;  Deuteronomy 33:11 - smite;  Ruth 4:1 - to the gate;  2 Chronicles 18:7 - I hate him;  Proverbs 15:12 - scorner;  Proverbs 24:7 - openeth;  Jeremiah 26:9 - Why;  Jeremiah 38:7 - the king;  Ezekiel 3:26 - and shalt;  Amos 5:12 - in the;  Amos 5:15 - establish;  Micah 3:2 - hate;  John 8:6 - as though

Verse 11

Forasmuch therefore as your treading is upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them.
treading
4:1; Isaiah 5:7,8; 59:13,14; Micah 2:2; 3:1-3; James 2:6; Revelation 11:8-10
ye have built
Deuteronomy 28:30,38,39; Isaiah 65:21,22; Micah 6:15; Zephaniah 1:13; Haggai 1:6
pleasant vineyards
Heb. vineyards of desire.
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:6 - GeneralLeviticus 25:14 - GeneralDeuteronomy 1:17 - ye shall hear;  Deuteronomy 8:12 - and hast built;  Job 15:34 - the tabernacles;  Job 24:10 - they take away;  Job 31:34 - that I;  Job 33:20 - dainty meat;  Psalm 10:9 - when;  Proverbs 22:7 - rich;  Proverbs 31:9 - GeneralIsaiah 5:9 - Of a truth;  Isaiah 10:2 - turn aside;  Isaiah 16:10 - GeneralIsaiah 17:10 - shalt thou;  Isaiah 29:21 - and turn;  Jeremiah 8:10 - will I;  Jeremiah 25:34 - pleasant vessel;  Ezekiel 16:49 - neither;  Ezekiel 18:7 - hath spoiled;  Ezekiel 26:12 - thy pleasant houses;  Daniel 10:3 - pleasant bread;  Hosea 5:11 - oppressed;  Hosea 12:7 - he loveth;  Amos 2:6 - because;  Amos 5:7 - turn;  Amos 6:12 - for;  Amos 8:4 - swallow;  Amos 9:14 - plant;  Micah 6:12 - the rich;  Zechariah 7:10 - oppress;  John 3:20 - every

Verse 12

For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate from their right.
I know
Deuteronomy 31:21; Isaiah 66:18; Jeremiah 29:23; Hebrews 4:12,13
manifold
2 Kings 17:7-17; Isaiah 47:9
they afflict
2:6,7,16; Acts 3:13,14; 7:52; James 5:4,6
take
1 Samuel 8:3; Psalms 26:9,10; Isaiah 1:23; 33:15; Micah 3:11; 7:3
bribe
or, ransom. and they.
2:7; Isaiah 10:2; 29:21; Lamentations 3:34; Malachi 3:5
in the
10; Deuteronomy 16:18; Ruth 4:1; Job 29:7-25; 31:21; Proverbs 22:22
Reciprocal: Genesis 34:20 - the gate;  Exodus 23:6 - GeneralExodus 23:8 - thou shalt take;  Leviticus 25:14 - GeneralDeuteronomy 1:17 - ye shall hear;  Job 15:34 - the tabernacles;  Job 24:10 - they take away;  Psalm 10:9 - when;  Proverbs 17:15 - that justifieth;  Proverbs 22:7 - rich;  Proverbs 24:7 - openeth;  Proverbs 31:9 - GeneralEcclesiastes 5:8 - regardeth;  Ezekiel 16:49 - neither;  Ezekiel 18:7 - hath spoiled;  Hosea 4:18 - her;  Hosea 5:11 - oppressed;  Amos 5:7 - turn;  Amos 6:3 - and cause;  Amos 6:12 - for;  Micah 6:12 - the rich;  Habakkuk 1:4 - for;  Zechariah 7:10 - oppress

Verse 13

Therefore the prudent shall keep silence in that time; for it is an evil time.
the prudent
6:10; Ecclesiastes 3:7; Isaiah 36:21; Hosea 4:4; Micah 7:5-7; Matthew 27:12-14
an evil
Ecclesiastes 9:12; Isaiah 37:3; Micah 2:3; Habakkuk 3:16; Zephaniah 2:2,3; Ephesians 5:15,16; 6:13; 2 Timothy 3:1
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 18:36 - held their peace;  Nehemiah 2:12 - neither;  Job 13:5 - and it;  Job 21:5 - lay your;  Job 32:16 - GeneralPsalm 37:19 - in the evil;  Psalm 38:14 - that heareth;  Psalm 39:1 - while;  Psalm 49:5 - days;  Proverbs 14:15 - the prudent;  Proverbs 29:11 - GeneralLamentations 2:10 - and keep;  Micah 1:10 - Declare;  Zechariah 1:4 - Turn;  John 7:10 - not;  John 8:6 - as though

Verse 14

Seek good, and not evil, that ye may live: and so the LORD, the God of hosts, shall be with you, as ye have spoken.
Seek
Psalms 34:12-16; Proverbs 11:27; Isaiah 1:16,17; 55:2; Micah 6:8; Matthew 6:33; Romans 2:7-9
and so
3:3; Genesis 39:2,3,23; Exodus 3:12; Joshua 1:9; 1 Chronicles 28:20; 2 Chronicles 15:2; Psalms 46:11; Isaiah 8:10; Matthew 1:23; 28:20; Philippians 4:8,9; 2 Timothy 4:22
as
Numbers 16:3; Isaiah 48:1,2; Jeremiah 7:3,4; Micah 3:11
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 20:17 - for the Lord;  Ezekiel 18:9 - he shall;  Hosea 11:7 - are bent;  Amos 5:24 - let;  Zephaniah 2:3 - Seek ye;  Zechariah 7:7 - cried;  Matthew 7:12 - for;  Philippians 1:10 - ye

Verse 15

Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that the LORD God of hosts will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph.
Hate
Psalms 34:14; 36:4; 37:27; 97:10; 119:104; 139:21,22; Romans 7:15,16,22; 8:7; Romans 12:9; 1 Thessalonians 5:21,22; 3 John 1:11
establish
10,24; 6:12; 2 Chronicles 19:6-11; Psalms 82:2-4; Jeremiah 7:5-7
it may
Exodus 32:30; 2 Samuel 16:12; 1 Kings 20:31; 2 Kings 19:4; Joel 2:14; Jonah 3:9
the remnant
6; 2 Kings 13:7; 14:26,27; 15:29; Jeremiah 31:7; Micah 2:12; 5:3,7,8
Reciprocal: Genesis 34:20 - the gate;  Ruth 4:1 - to the gate;  1 Samuel 14:6 - it may be;  2 Samuel 8:15 - David executed;  2 Samuel 12:22 - I fasted;  Psalm 119:163 - hate;  Proverbs 8:13 - The fear;  Proverbs 24:7 - openeth;  Isaiah 1:16 - cease;  Isaiah 7:15 - know;  Isaiah 37:4 - It may;  Daniel 2:49 - sat;  Hosea 10:12 - time;  Hosea 11:7 - are bent;  Obadiah 1:18 - the house of Joseph;  Jonah 1:6 - if;  Zephaniah 2:3 - Seek ye;  Zechariah 7:7 - cried;  Zechariah 8:16 - execute the judgment of truth and peace;  Matthew 7:12 - for;  Matthew 12:33 - GeneralActs 8:22 - if;  Philippians 1:10 - ye;  Titus 1:8 - a lover of good;  Hebrews 1:9 - hated

Verse 16

Therefore the LORD, the God of hosts, the Lord, saith thus; Wailing shall be in all streets; and they shall say in all the highways, Alas! alas! and they shall call the husbandman to mourning, and such as are skilful of lamentation to wailing.
the Lord
27; 3:13
Wailing
8:10; Isaiah 15:2-5,8; 22:12; Jeremiah 4:31; 9:10,18-20; Joel 1:8,11,14; Micah 1:8; 2:4; Revelation 18:10,15,16,19
such
Jeremiah 9:17-19
Reciprocal: Job 3:8 - who are ready;  Isaiah 24:11 - all joy;  Jeremiah 30:5 - a voice;  Jeremiah 50:16 - the sower;  Ezekiel 6:11 - Alas;  Ezekiel 27:2 - GeneralEzekiel 30:3 - a cloudy;  Hosea 4:3 - the land;  Joel 1:15 - Alas;  Amos 5:1 - I take

Verse 17

And in all vineyards shall be wailing: for I will pass through thee, saith the LORD.
in
Isaiah 16:10; 32:10-12; Jeremiah 48:33; Hosea 9:1,2
I will
Exodus 12:12,23; Joel 3:17; Nahum 1:12,15; Zechariah 9:8
Reciprocal: Exodus 11:4 - About;  Exodus 11:6 - GeneralExodus 12:30 - and there was a great cry;  Jeremiah 9:17 - call;  Micah 2:4 - and lament;  Revelation 18:15 - shall

Verse 18

Woe unto you that desire the day of the LORD! to what end is it for you? the day of the LORD is darkness, and not light.
desire
Isaiah 5:19; 28:15-22; Jeremiah 17:15; Ezekiel 12:22,27; Malachi 3:1,2; 2 Peter 3:4
the day of the Lord is
Isaiah 5:30; 9:19; 24:11,12; Jeremiah 30:7; Joel 1:15; 2:1,2,10,31; Zephaniah 1:14,15; Malachi 4:1; 2 Peter 3:10
Reciprocal: Job 3:4 - darkness;  Isaiah 2:12 - the day;  Isaiah 8:22 - look;  Isaiah 13:6 - for the day;  Isaiah 22:5 - a day;  Isaiah 59:9 - we wait;  Jeremiah 5:6 - a lion;  Lamentations 3:2 - brought;  Lamentations 3:10 - unto;  Ezekiel 13:5 - the day;  Ezekiel 34:12 - in the cloudy;  Joel 2:11 - the day;  Amos 6:3 - put;  Zephaniah 1:7 - for the day;  Luke 23:44 - there

Verse 19

As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him.
As if
They should go from one evil to another.
9:1,2; 1 Kings 20:29,30; Job 20:24,25; Isaiah 24:17,18; Jeremiah 15:2,3; Jeremiah 48:43,44; Acts 28:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 32:6 - and four;  Exodus 4:3 - it became;  Exodus 14:25 - Let us flee;  Joshua 10:18 - GeneralJudges 4:17 - fled;  1 Samuel 5:9 - the hand;  1 Samuel 5:12 - died;  2 Samuel 13:34 - Absalom fled;  1 Kings 13:24 - a lion;  1 Kings 19:17 - him that escapeth;  Job 11:20 - they shall not escape;  Proverbs 23:32 - biteth;  Ecclesiastes 10:8 - a serpent;  Isaiah 5:19 - Let him;  Isaiah 15:9 - lions;  Jeremiah 5:6 - a lion;  Jeremiah 8:17 - I will;  Jeremiah 11:11 - which;  Jeremiah 16:16 - every mountain;  Ezekiel 15:7 - they shall;  Acts 28:3 - fastened;  Revelation 13:2 - and his feet

Verse 20

Shall not the day of the LORD be darkness, and not light? even very dark, and no brightness in it?
darkness
Job 3:4-6; 10:21,22; Isaiah 13:10; Ezekiel 34:12; Nahum 1:8; Matthew 22:13; Jude 1:13; Revelation 16:10
Reciprocal: Judges 4:17 - fled;  Job 11:20 - they shall not escape;  Job 15:23 - the day;  Joel 2:11 - the day;  Matthew 24:29 - shall the;  Mark 13:24 - General

Verse 21

I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies.
hate
Proverbs 15:8; 21:27; 28:9; Isaiah 1:11-16; 66:3; Jeremiah 6:20; 7:21-23; Hosea 8:13; Matthew 23:14
I will
Genesis 8:21; Leviticus 26:31; Ephesians 5:2; Philippians 4:18
smell in your solemn assemblies
or, smell your holy days.
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 4:3 - it may save;  1 Samuel 15:22 - Hath the Lord;  Psalm 51:16 - delightest;  Psalm 51:17 - thou;  Isaiah 1:14 - my soul;  Isaiah 43:23 - honoured;  Isaiah 61:8 - I hate;  Hosea 2:11 - her feast;  Hosea 5:6 - they;  Hosea 6:6 - I desired;  Malachi 1:10 - I have;  Malachi 1:13 - should I accept;  Matthew 5:23 - thou;  Mark 12:33 - is more;  Luke 16:15 - for;  John 18:28 - and they;  Acts 17:25 - is;  1 Timothy 4:8 - bodily;  Hebrews 10:4 - not;  Hebrews 10:5 - Sacrifice

Verse 22

Though ye offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will not accept them: neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts.
offer
Psalms 50:8-13; Isaiah 66:3; Micah 6:6,7
peace offerings
or, thank offerings.
4:4,5; Leviticus 7:12-15; Psalms 50:14,23; 107:21,22; 116:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 8:21 - smelled;  Leviticus 3:1 - a sacrifice;  Leviticus 7:18 - it shall;  Numbers 7:27 - General1 Samuel 4:3 - it may save;  Job 35:13 - regard;  Proverbs 15:8 - sacrifice;  Proverbs 21:27 - sacrifice;  Isaiah 43:23 - honoured;  Jeremiah 6:20 - To what;  Jeremiah 14:10 - the Lord;  Hosea 8:13 - but;  Hosea 9:4 - neither;  Malachi 2:12 - and him;  Luke 16:15 - for;  Hebrews 8:9 - regarded;  Hebrews 10:4 - not;  Hebrews 10:5 - Sacrifice

Verse 23

Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs; for I will not hear the melody of thy viols.
the noise
6:5; 8:3,10
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 6:5 - David;  1 Chronicles 13:8 - with harps

Verse 24

But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.
let
7,14,15; Job 29:12-17; Proverbs 21:3; Hosea 6:6; Micah 6:8; Mark 12:32-34
run
Heb. roll.
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 8:15 - David executed;  Isaiah 48:18 - then had;  Ezekiel 18:9 - he shall;  Hosea 12:6 - keep;  Zechariah 1:4 - Turn;  Zechariah 7:9 - saying;  Zechariah 8:16 - execute the judgment of truth and peace;  Acts 24:25 - righteousness

Verse 25

Have ye offered unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?
Leviticus 17:7; Deuteronomy 32:17-19; Joshua 24:14; Nehemiah 9:18,21; Isaiah 43:23,24; Ezekiel 20:8,16,24; Hosea 9:9,10; Zechariah 7:5; Acts 7:42,43
Reciprocal: Numbers 28:6 - a continual;  Deuteronomy 4:19 - when thou;  Deuteronomy 12:8 - every man;  Deuteronomy 31:21 - 1know;  2 Kings 18:11 - the king;  Isaiah 17:3 - fortress;  Acts 13:18 - about

Verse 26

But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves.
the tabernacle of your Moloch
or, Siccuth your king.
Leviticus 18:21; 20:2-5; 1 Kings 11:33; 2 Kings 23:12,13
Milcom
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 4:19 - when thou;  Deuteronomy 31:21 - I know;  Joshua 24:14 - put;  Ezekiel 20:16 - for their;  Zephaniah 1:5 - Malcham;  Acts 7:42 - O ye;  Acts 13:18 - about

Verse 27

Therefore will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, saith the LORD, whose name is The God of hosts.
beyond
2 Kings 15:29; 17:6; Acts 7:43
whose
4:13 Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:32 - sons;  1 Kings 14:15 - shall scatter;  2 Kings 17:23 - as he had said;  2 Kings 25:21 - So Judah;  Isaiah 10:13 - I have removed;  Jeremiah 15:14 - pass;  Jeremiah 38:17 - the God of hosts;  Hosea 9:15 - I will drive;  Hosea 11:5 - but;  Amos 3:13 - the Lord;  Amos 5:16 - the Lord;  Amos 6:7 - shall they

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Amos 5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/amos-5.html.