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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ezekiel 42

Introduction

1The chambers for the priests.
13The use thereof.
15The measures of the outward court.

Verse 1

Then he brought me forth into the utter court, the way toward the north: and he brought me into the chamber that was over against the separate place, and which was before the building toward the north.
he brought
40:2,3,24; 41:1
the utter court
40:20; Revelation 11:2
chamber
This seems to denote a row of chambers in three stories; which appear to have been situated in the inner court, (here called the outer court in reference to the temple, ver. 13, 14,) just before the separate place, at the entrance from the north.
4; 41:9,12-15
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 40:14 - the court; Ezekiel 40:17 - the outward; Ezekiel 42:10 - over against

Verse 2

Before the length of an hundred cubits was the north door, and the breadth was fifty cubits.
Before
Perhaps this means, that the north door was 100 cubits from the entrance into the court; and that the door-way, or portico, was 50 cubits in length; or, that it faced one of the cloisters, the length of which was 100 cubits, and its breadth 50, which was the proportion of all the cloisters.
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 42:11 - General

Verse 3

Over against the twenty cubits which were for the inner court, and over against the pavement which was for the utter court, was gallery against gallery in three stories.
Over
One side of these buildings looked upon the void space about the temple of twenty cubits, and the other toward the pavement belonging to the outer court.
the twenty
41:10
the pavement
40:17,18; 2 Chronicles 7:3
gallery against
41:15,16; Song of Solomon 1:17; 7:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:16 - with; Exodus 27:9 - the court; 1 Kings 6:5 - built; 2 Kings 21:5 - in the two courts; 1 Chronicles 23:28 - for the service; Ezekiel 40:16 - arches; Ezekiel 41:5 - side chamber

Verse 4

And before the chambers was a walk of ten cubits breadth inward, a way of one cubit; and their doors toward the north.
before
These seems to have been two rows of these chambers, and a walk between of ten cubits in width; with an entrance into it from the chambers, of one cubit in width.
a walk
a way
Matthew 7:14; Luke 13:24
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 35:2 - into one; Ezekiel 40:17 - thirty; Ezekiel 41:9 - that which; Ezekiel 41:11 - and the breadth

Verse 5

Now the upper chambers were shorter: for the galleries were higher than these, than the lower, and than the middlemost of the building.
were higher than these
or, did eat of these.
41:7
than the lower, and than the middlemost of the building
or, and the building consisted of the lower and the middlemost.
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 40:7 - General

Verse 6

For they were in three stories, but had not pillars as the pillars of the courts: therefore the building was straitened more than the lowest and the middlemost from the ground.
41:6; 1 Kings 6:8
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 42:5 - General

Verse 8

For the length of the chambers that were in the utter court was fifty cubits: and, lo, before the temple were an hundred cubits.
before
Passing from the north to the south side of the temple (ver. 11, 12,) the prophet was shewn that the space of ground, which was before the temple on the east, measured 100 cubits.
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 11:18 - General

Verse 9

And from under these chambers was the entry on the east side, as one goeth into them from the utter court.
from under
or, from the place of.
46:19
the entry
or, he that brought me. as one goeth. or, as he came.
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 42:12 - was a door

Verse 10

The chambers were in the thickness of the wall of the court toward the east, over against the separate place, and over against the building.
the thickness
Rather, "the breadth of the wall," that is, the breadth of ground which it enclosed.
41:12
over against
These south chambers were exactly like those on the north.
1,13; 41:13-15

Verse 11

Ezekiel href="/desk/?q=eze+42:2-8&sr=1">Ezekiel 42:2-8

Reciprocal: Ezekiel 42:4 - a walk; Ezekiel 42:8 - before

Verse 12

And according to the doors of the chambers that were toward the south was a door in the head of the way, even the way directly before the wall toward the east, as one entereth into them.
was a door
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 42:8 - before; Ephesians 2:21 - an

Verse 13

Then said he unto me, The north chambers and the south chambers, which are before the separate place, they be holy chambers, where the priests that approach unto the LORD shall eat the most holy things: there shall they lay the most holy things, and the meat offering, and the sin offering, and the trespass offering; for the place is holy.
they be holy
Exodus 29:31; Leviticus 6:14-16,26; 7:6; 10:13,14,17; 24:9; Numbers 18:9
approach
40:46; Leviticus 10:3; Numbers 16:5,40; 18:7; Deuteronomy 21:5
the most holy
Leviticus 2:3,10; 6:14,17,25,29; 7:1,6; 10:13,17; 14:13; 21:22; Numbers 1:9,10; Numbers 18:9,10; Nehemiah 13:5
Reciprocal: Leviticus 5:6 - trespass offering; Numbers 15:9 - a meat; 1 Chronicles 23:28 - for the service; Ezekiel 41:12 - separate; Ezekiel 42:1 - chamber; Ezekiel 42:10 - over against; Ezekiel 44:19 - they shall put

Verse 14

When the priests enter therein, then shall they not go out of the holy place into the utter court, but there they shall lay their garments wherein they minister; for they are holy; and shall put on other garments, and shall approach to those things which are for the people.
they not go
44:19; Exodus 28:40-43; 29:4-9; Leviticus 8:7,13,33-35; Luke 9:62
and shall put
Isaiah 61:10; Zechariah 3:4,5; Romans 3:22; 13:14; Galatians 3:27; 1 Peter 5:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 39:1 - the holy; Leviticus 16:23 - General; Ezekiel 42:1 - chamber

Verse 15

Now when he had made an end of measuring the inner house, he brought me forth toward the gate whose prospect is toward the east, and measured it round about.
measuring
41:2-5,15
gate
40:6-16
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 41:17 - measure; Ezekiel 43:1 - the gate that; Ezekiel 48:15 - for the city; Ezekiel 48:30 - four; Revelation 11:1 - a reed

Verse 16

He measured the east side with the measuring reed, five hundred reeds, with the measuring reed round about.
side
Heb. wind. the measuring reed. Estimating the reed at 10® feet, 500 reeds will be nearly equal to a mile; so that from this statement we find the temple, with its outbuildings, was built on a square, nearly an English mile on each side, and four miles in circumference. This not only far exceeds the size of Solomon's temple, or that after the captivity, which was only 500 cubits, or a furlong, on each side, and exactly half a mile in circuit; but is nearly equal to the whole extent of Jerusalem itself, which, when greatest, was but 33 furlongs in circumference, somewhat less than 4 miles. This seems clearly to intimate, that the vision cannot be explained of any temple that has hitherto been built, or indeed of any literal temple, but figuratively and mystically of the spiritual temple, the church under the gospel, and its spiritual glory.
40:3; Zechariah 2:1; Revelation 11:1,2
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 45:1 - the length; Ezekiel 45:2 - five hundred in length; Ezekiel 48:30 - four

Verse 20

He measured it by the four sides: it had a wall round about, five hundred reeds long, and five hundred broad, to make a separation between the sanctuary and the profane place.
it had
40:5; Song of Solomon 2:9; Isaiah 25:1; 26:1; 60:18; Micah 7:11; Zechariah 2:5
five hundred
45:2; 48:20; Revelation 21:12-17
a separation
22:26; 44:23; 48:15; Leviticus 10:10; Luke 16:26; 2 Corinthians 6:17; Revelation 21:10-27 Reciprocal: Exodus 27:9 - the court; Isaiah 54:11 - I will lay; Ezekiel 43:11 - show them; Ezekiel 43:12 - Upon; Ephesians 2:21 - all; Revelation 11:2 - the court

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 42". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/ezekiel-42.html.