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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 3

Introduction

1The great calamities which come by sin.
10The different reward of the righteous and wicked.
12The oppression and covetousness of the rulers.
16The judgments which shall be for the pride of the women.
25The general desolation.

Verse 1

For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water,
behold
2:22
the Lord
1:24; 36:12; 51:22
the stay
Leviticus 26:26; Psalms 105:16; Jeremiah 37:21; 38:9; Ezekiel 4:16,17; 14:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:5 - comfort; Genesis 44:1 - Fill the; Judges 10:18 - What man; Job 12:20 - taketh; Psalm 104:15 - bread; Proverbs 28:2 - the transgression; Isaiah 22:3 - thy rulers; Jeremiah 52:6 - the famine; Lamentations 5:4 - have; Ezekiel 4:10 - General; Ezekiel 5:16 - and will; Ezekiel 16:27 - and have; Micah 4:9 - is there

Verse 2

The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,
mighty
2:13-15; 2 Kings 24:14-16; Psalms 74:9; Lamentations 5:12-14; Amos 2:3
the ancient
9:15; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:5
Reciprocal: Isaiah 3:14 - the ancients; Isaiah 9:14 - will cut; Isaiah 24:2 - as with the people; Isaiah 29:10 - rulers; Lamentations 5:14 - elders

Verse 3

The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator.
captain
Exodus 18:21; Deuteronomy 1:15; 1 Samuel 8:12
the honourable man
Heb. a man eminent in countenance.
Judges 8:18
eloquent orator
or, skilful of speech.
Exodus 4:10,14-16
Reciprocal: Genesis 34:19 - honourable; Isaiah 3:14 - the ancients; Isaiah 9:14 - will cut; Isaiah 29:10 - rulers; Lamentations 5:14 - elders; Acts 18:24 - an; Acts 24:1 - orator

Verse 4

And I will give children to be their princes, and babes shall rule over them.
children
1 Kings 3:7-9; 2 Chronicles 33:1; 34:1; 36:2,5,9,11; Ecclesiastes 10:16
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:1 - eight years old; 2 Chronicles 13:7 - young; Proverbs 30:22 - a servant; Isaiah 3:12 - children; Isaiah 51:18 - none; Jeremiah 52:3 - through

Verse 5

And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly against the ancient, and the base against the honourable.
the people
9:19-21; 11:13; Jeremiah 9:3-8; 22:17; Ezekiel 22:6,7,12; Amos 4:1; Micah 3:1-3,11; Zechariah 7:9-11; Malachi 3:5; James 2:6; 5:4
child
1:4; Leviticus 19:32; 2 Kings 2:23; Job 30:1-12
base
2 Samuel 16:5-9; Ecclesiastes 10:5-7; Matthew 26:67; 27:28-30; Mark 14:65; Luke 22:64
Reciprocal: Numbers 16:12 - General; Job 19:18 - Yea; Job 30:12 - rise; Proverbs 19:10 - much; Proverbs 30:22 - a servant; Ecclesiastes 10:16 - when; Isaiah 9:15 - ancient; Jeremiah 52:3 - through; Hosea 12:7 - he loveth; Zechariah 11:6 - deliver; 1 Corinthians 13:5 - behave

Verse 6

When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, saying, Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler, and let this ruin be under thy hand:
a man
4:1; Judges 11:6-8; John 6:15
Reciprocal: Numbers 4:33 - under the hand; 1 Samuel 21:3 - under thine; 1 Chronicles 25:2 - under the hands; Isaiah 34:12 - call; Micah 6:14 - and thou; Zechariah 8:23 - take

Verse 7

In that day shall he swear, saying, I will not be an healer; for in my house is neither bread nor clothing: make me not a ruler of the people.
swear
Heb. lift up the hand.
Genesis 14:22; Deuteronomy 32:40; Revelation 10:5,6
healer
Heb. binder up.
58:12; Jeremiah 14:19; Lamentations 2:13; Hosea 5:13; 6:1
neither bread
Princes and great men in the East, as Sir J. Chardin testifies, are obliged to have a great stock of clothes in readiness for presents on all occasions; and a great quantity of provisions for the table is equally necessary, (see 1 Ki 4:22, 23. Ne 5:17, 18.) Hence the person desired to undertake the government, alleges as an excuse that he is not able to support the dignity of his station.

Verse 8

For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.
Jerusalem
2 Chronicles 28:5-7,18; 33:11; 36:17-19; Jeremiah 26:6,18; Lamentations 5:16,17; Micah 3:12
because
5:18,19; 57:4; Psalms 73:8,9; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:9; Hosea 7:16; Malachi 3:13-15; Matthew 12:36,37; Jude 1:15
to provoke
65:3-5; 2 Chronicles 33:6,7; Ezekiel 8:4-6,17,18; Habakkuk 1:13; 1 Corinthians 10:22
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:13 - before; 1 Samuel 2:17 - before; Isaiah 1:4 - provoked; Isaiah 29:4 - thou shalt; Jeremiah 7:18 - that they; Jeremiah 23:36 - for every; Jeremiah 44:8 - ye provoke; Lamentations 1:9 - came; Amos 5:2 - is fallen; Zechariah 1:6 - according to our ways

Verse 9

The shew of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves.
The shew
16; 1 Samuel 15:32; 2 Kings 9:30; Psalms 10:4; 73:6,7; Proverbs 30:13; Jeremiah 3:3; 6:15; Daniel 7:20
and they declare
Genesis 13:13; 18:20,21; 19:5-9; Jeremiah 44:16,17; Ezekiel 23:16
Woe
Lamentations 5:16; Hosea 13:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:34 - General; 1 Samuel 2:23 - by all; 2 Samuel 13:4 - from day to day; 2 Samuel 16:22 - went in; Psalm 18:27 - bring; Proverbs 6:17 - A proud look; Jeremiah 2:19 - Thine; Jeremiah 8:12 - ashamed when; Ezekiel 3:7 - all the; Ezekiel 16:25 - at every; Ezekiel 16:30 - the work; Ezekiel 16:49 - pride; Ezekiel 21:24 - your transgressions; Ezekiel 23:18 - discovered; Ezekiel 23:39 - they came; Ezekiel 24:7 - her blood; Hosea 5:5 - the pride; John 18:5 - stood; Acts 23:14 - General; Revelation 17:5 - upon

Verse 10

Say ye to the righteous, that it shall be well with him: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings.
Say ye
26:20,21; Ecclesiastes 8:12; Jeremiah 15:11; Ezekiel 9:4; 18:9-19; Zephaniah 2:3; Malachi 3:18; Romans 2:5-11
they shall eat
Psalms 18:23,24; 128:1,2; Galatians 6:7,8; Hebrews 6:10
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:5 - wroth; Genesis 4:7 - If thou doest well; Genesis 7:1 - thee; Genesis 18:25 - that the; Exodus 1:20 - God; Deuteronomy 5:29 - that it might; Deuteronomy 6:3 - and observe; Deuteronomy 6:18 - shalt do; Deuteronomy 6:24 - for our good; Deuteronomy 11:27 - General; Deuteronomy 12:25 - that it; Deuteronomy 28:1 - If thou shalt; Judges 20:34 - knew not; 1 Samuel 12:14 - If ye will; 2 Samuel 22:25 - recompensed; 1 Kings 8:32 - condemning; 2 Kings 22:18 - thus shall ye; 2 Chronicles 6:23 - justifying; Ezra 8:22 - The hand; Job 8:6 - make; Psalm 1:3 - whatsoever; Psalm 19:11 - keeping; Psalm 58:11 - a reward for; Psalm 140:13 - Surely; Proverbs 1:31 - General; Proverbs 2:22 - the wicked; Proverbs 10:16 - labour; Proverbs 12:14 - and; Proverbs 13:21 - righteous; Ecclesiastes 2:26 - wisdom; Isaiah 1:19 - General; Isaiah 40:1 - comfort; Jeremiah 17:10 - fruit; Jeremiah 21:14 - according; Jeremiah 22:15 - then; Jeremiah 23:17 - Ye; Jeremiah 42:6 - that it; Ezekiel 14:20 - by; Ezekiel 18:20 - righteousness; Daniel 6:22 - forasmuch; Hosea 4:9 - reward them; Micah 7:13 - for; Zechariah 6:15 - And this; Matthew 5:12 - for great; Matthew 10:41 - a righteous man's; Matthew 16:27 - and then; Luke 19:19 - Be; Romans 2:6 - General; Romans 6:13 - unrighteousness; Romans 6:21 - What; 2 Corinthians 5:10 - receive; Galatians 6:5 - General; Ephesians 5:11 - unfruitful; Ephesians 6:3 - General; 1 Timothy 4:8 - having; Revelation 2:23 - and I will; Revelation 22:12 - and my

Verse 11

Woe unto the wicked! it shall be ill with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.
Woe
48:22; 57:20,21; 65:13-15,20; Psalms 1:3-5; 11:5,6; Ecclesiastes 8:13
for the reward
Psalms 28:4; 62:12; Proverbs 1:31; 2 Corinthians 5:10; James 2:13
given him
Heb. done to him.
Psalms 120:3,4
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:5 - wroth; Genesis 4:7 - If thou doest well; Genesis 7:1 - thee; Genesis 18:25 - that the; Genesis 19:13 - Lord hath; Numbers 32:23 - be sure your sin; Deuteronomy 11:28 - General; Deuteronomy 28:15 - all these curses; Judges 20:34 - knew not; 1 Samuel 4:11 - the two sons; 1 Samuel 12:15 - But if ye; 1 Samuel 12:25 - But if; 1 Kings 8:32 - condemning; 1 Kings 18:18 - in that ye have; 1 Kings 22:8 - concerning me; 1 Kings 22:23 - and the Lord; 2 Chronicles 6:23 - requiting; 2 Chronicles 18:22 - and the Lord; Ezra 8:22 - The hand; Job 10:15 - If I be wicked; Job 27:13 - the portion; Job 36:12 - if; Psalm 9:17 - The wicked; Psalm 19:11 - keeping; Psalm 32:10 - Many; Psalm 34:21 - Evil; Psalm 91:8 - reward; Psalm 140:11 - evil; Proverbs 2:22 - the wicked; Proverbs 10:16 - labour; Proverbs 12:14 - and; Proverbs 13:21 - righteous; Proverbs 16:5 - unpunished; Proverbs 24:20 - there; Ecclesiastes 2:26 - wisdom; Ecclesiastes 8:6 - therefore; Ecclesiastes 8:12 - surely; Isaiah 1:20 - if ye refuse; Isaiah 10:1 - Woe; Jeremiah 17:10 - fruit; Jeremiah 21:14 - according; Jeremiah 23:17 - Ye; Jeremiah 31:30 - General; Ezekiel 2:10 - lamentations; Ezekiel 3:18 - I say; Ezekiel 7:27 - I will; Ezekiel 14:4 - I the Lord; Ezekiel 16:59 - I will; Ezekiel 18:18 - even; Ezekiel 18:20 - righteousness; Ezekiel 24:14 - according to thy ways; Ezekiel 33:8 - O wicked; Ezekiel 33:14 - Thou shalt; Ezekiel 39:24 - General; Hosea 12:2 - according to his doings; Hosea 13:9 - thou; Micah 3:4 - as; Micah 7:13 - for; Malachi 3:18 - discern; Matthew 16:27 - and then; Romans 2:6 - General; Romans 6:13 - unrighteousness; Romans 6:23 - For the wages; Galatians 5:21 - that they; Galatians 6:5 - General; Ephesians 5:11 - unfruitful; Ephesians 6:8 - whatsoever; 2 Peter 2:13 - the reward; Revelation 2:23 - and I will; Revelation 22:12 - and my

Verse 12

As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause thee to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.
children
4; 2 Kings 11:1; Nahum 3:13
lead thee
or, which call thee blessed.
9:15; Numbers 6:23-27; Jeremiah 5:31; Matthew 15:14
destroy
Heb. swallow up.
Matthew 23:14
Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:14 - General; Joshua 3:11 - passeth; 2 Chronicles 33:1 - twelve; Proverbs 28:16 - prince; Ecclesiastes 10:16 - when; Isaiah 9:16 - the leaders; Isaiah 28:7 - err in; Isaiah 43:27 - and thy; Jeremiah 18:15 - caused; Jeremiah 23:32 - to err; Hosea 4:6 - My people; Hebrews 9:7 - errors; James 5:19 - err

Verse 13

The LORD standeth up to plead, and standeth to judge the people.
standeth up
Psalms 12:5; Proverbs 22:22,23; 23:10,11; Hosea 4:1,2; Micah 6:2
Reciprocal: Psalm 7:6 - Arise; Jeremiah 2:9 - I will; Joel 3:12 - for

Verse 14

The LORD will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof: for ye have eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of the poor is in your houses.
enter
Job 22:4; 34:23; Psalms 143:2
the ancients
2,3
ye have eaten
or, ye have burnt.
5:7; Job 24:2-7; Jeremiah 5:27; Amos 4:1; Micah 2:2; 6:10; Matthew 21:33
Reciprocal: Job 34:19 - princes; Isaiah 1:23 - princes; Isaiah 10:2 - that widows; Ezekiel 16:49 - neither; Hosea 4:1 - for; James 2:6 - Do

Verse 15

What mean ye that ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
What mean
Ezekiel 18:2; Jonah 1:6
ye beat
58:4; Exodus 5:14; Amos 2:6,7; 8:4-6; Micah 3:2,3
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 24:17 - pervert; Job 22:4 - will he enter; Psalm 10:9 - when; Psalm 94:5 - break; Ecclesiastes 5:8 - regardeth; Ezekiel 16:49 - neither; Acts 21:13 - What; Acts 21:32 - beating; James 2:6 - Do

Verse 16

Moreover the LORD saith, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wanton eyes, walking and mincing as they go, and making a tinkling with their feet:
the daughters
1:8; 4:4; Matthew 21:5; Luke 23:28
are haughty
24:4; 32:9-11; Proverbs 16:18; 30:13; Ezekiel 16:49,50; Zephaniah 3:11
wanton eyes
Heb. deceiving with their eyes. Or, as messakkaroth ainayim is rendered in the Targum, "painting their eyes with stibium:" for sakar is probably the same as the Chaldee sekar, or that import.
mincing
or, tripping nicely. and making. The Eastern ladies wear on their ankles large rings to which smaller ones are attached, which make a tinkling sound as they move nimbly.
Reciprocal: Leviticus 13:47 - The garment; Deuteronomy 28:56 - and delicate; 2 Samuel 1:24 - General; Psalm 144:12 - as corner stones; Proverbs 6:17 - A proud look; Proverbs 6:25 - take; Proverbs 7:10 - the attire; Proverbs 21:4 - An high look; Proverbs 31:13 - worketh; Isaiah 3:9 - The show; Isaiah 3:18 - tinkling ornaments; Jeremiah 6:2 - daughter; Jeremiah 9:20 - hear; Lamentations 4:5 - that did; Ezekiel 13:17 - the daughters; Ezekiel 16:39 - shall strip; Micah 1:16 - thy delicate; Micah 2:3 - go; Mark 6:22 - General; 1 Timothy 2:9 - with shamefacedness; 1 Timothy 5:11 - to wax; James 5:5 - been

Verse 17

Therefore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion, and the LORD will discover their secret parts.
smite
Leviticus 13:29,30,43,44; Deuteronomy 28:27; Revelation 16:2
discover
Heb. made naked.
20:4; 47:2,3; Jeremiah 13:22; Ezekiel 16:36,37; 23:25-29; Micah 1:11; Nahum 3:5
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:35 - botch; Job 2:7 - from the sole; Isaiah 5:7 - oppression; Isaiah 32:10 - Many days and years; Jeremiah 6:2 - daughter; Ezekiel 23:26 - fair jewels; Hosea 2:10 - now

Verse 18

In that day the Lord will take away the bravery of their tinkling ornaments about their feet, and their cauls, and their round tires like the moon,
tinkling ornaments
cauls
or, networks. Shevisim, probably the rich embroidered kerchiefs used to bind on their caps on the head, described by Lady M. W. Montague, Let. 32.
round tires
Judges 8:21; *marg:
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 9:30 - tired; Esther 2:3 - their things; Song of Solomon 1:10 - thy cheeks; Ezekiel 23:40 - and deckedst; Hosea 2:9 - take; Zephaniah 1:8 - strange; 1 Timothy 2:9 - not; 1 Peter 3:3 - that

Verse 19

The chains, and the bracelets, and the mufflers,
chains
or, sweet-balls. Neteephoth, earrings or drops; in Arabic, netafat.
the bracelets
Genesis 24:22,30,53; 38:18,25; Exodus 35:22; Numbers 31:50; Ezekiel 16:11
mufflers
or, spangled ornaments.
Reciprocal: Psalm 73:6 - as a chain; Proverbs 1:9 - an ornament

Verse 20

The bonnets, and the ornaments of the legs, and the headbands, and the tablets, and the earrings,
tablets
Heb. houses of the soul. Probably perfume boxes, as rendered by Bp. Lowth.
the earrings
Lechashim, probably amulets.
Genesis 35:4; Exodus 32:2; Ezekiel 16:12; Hosea 2:13

Verse 21

The rings, and nose jewels,
rings
Genesis 41:42; Esther 8:12; Song of Solomon 5:14; Luke 15:22; James 2:2
nose jewels
Genesis 24:47; 1 Timothy 2:9,10; 1 Peter 3:3,4
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 16:11 - forehead

Verse 22

The changeable suits of apparel, and the mantles, and the wimples, and the crisping pins,
The changeable suits
Machalatzoth, probably loose robes, used according to the weather.

Verse 23

The glasses, and the fine linen, and the hoods, and the vails.
glasses
Exodus 38:8
fine linen
Genesis 41:42; 1 Chronicles 15:27; Ezekiel 16:10; Luke 16:19; Revelation 19:8,14
vails
Genesis 24:65; Ruth 3:15; Song of Solomon 5:7

Verse 24

And it shall come to pass, that instead of sweet smell there shall be stink; and instead of a girdle a rent; and instead of well set hair baldness; and instead of a stomacher a girding of sackcloth; and burning instead of beauty.
instead
57:9; Proverbs 7:17
baldness
22:12; Ezekiel 7:18; Micah 1:16
a girding
15:3; 32:9-11; Job 16:15; Jeremiah 4:8; 6:26; 48:37; 49:3; Lamentations 2:10; Ezekiel 27:31; Joel 1:8; Amos 8:10; Revelation 11:3
burning
4:4; Leviticus 26:16; Deuteronomy 28:22; 32:24; Revelation 16:9; 18:9
Reciprocal: Leviticus 13:24 - a hot burning; Deuteronomy 28:35 - botch; 2 Samuel 14:26 - when he polled; Isaiah 15:2 - all; Isaiah 32:11 - and gird; Jeremiah 13:10 - shall; Revelation 9:8 - hair; Revelation 16:2 - a noisome

Verse 25

Thy men shall fall by the sword, and thy mighty in the war.
Thy men
2 Chronicles 29:9; Jeremiah 11:22; 14:18; 18:21; 19:7; 21:9; Lamentations 2:21; Amos 9:10
mighty
Heb. might.
Reciprocal: Isaiah 4:1 - seven; Isaiah 65:12 - will I; Jeremiah 15:8 - widows

Verse 26

And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground.
her gates
Jeremiah 14:2; Lamentations 1:4
desolate
or, emptied. Heb. cleansed. shall sit.
47:1; Job 2:8,13; Lamentations 2:10; Ezekiel 26:16; Luke 19:44 Reciprocal: Isaiah 4:1 - seven; Isaiah 6:11 - Until the; Isaiah 24:4 - mourneth; Isaiah 49:21 - am desolate; Isaiah 52:2 - Shake; Jeremiah 7:34 - for; Jeremiah 13:18 - sit; Jeremiah 15:8 - widows; Lamentations 1:1 - sit; Lamentations 2:8 - he made; Lamentations 3:11 - he hath made; Ezekiel 12:20 - General; 1 Timothy 5:5 - and desolate

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/isaiah-3.html.