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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 3

Overview

Isaiah 3:1, The great calamities which come by sin; Isaiah 3:10, The different reward of the righteous and wicked; Isaiah 3:12, The oppression and covetousness of the rulers; Isaiah 3:16, The judgments which shall be for the pride of the women; Isaiah 3:25, The general desolation.

Verse 1

behold: Isaiah 2:22

the Lord: Isaiah 1:24, Isaiah 36:12, Isaiah 51:22

the stay: Leviticus 26:26, Psalms 105:16, Jeremiah 37:21, Jeremiah 38:9, Ezekiel 4:16, Ezekiel 4:17, Ezekiel 14:13

Reciprocal: Genesis 18:5 - comfort Genesis 44:1 - Fill the Judges 10:18 - What man Job 12:20 - taketh Psalms 104:15 - bread Proverbs 28:2 - the transgression Isaiah 22:3 - thy rulers Jeremiah 52:6 - the famine Lamentations 5:4 - have Ezekiel 4:10 - General Ezekiel 5:16 - and will Ezekiel 16:27 - and have Micah 4:9 - is there

Verse 2

mighty: Isaiah 2:13-15, 2 Kings 24:14-16, Psalms 74:9, Lamentations 5:12-14, Amos 2:3

the ancient: Isaiah 9:15, Ezekiel 8:12, Ezekiel 9:5

Reciprocal: Isaiah 3:14 - the ancients Isaiah 9:14 - will cut Isaiah 24:2 - as with the people Isaiah 29:10 - rulers Lamentations 5:14 - elders

Verse 3

captain: Exodus 18:21, Deuteronomy 1:15, 1 Samuel 8:12

the honourable man: Heb. a man eminent in countenance, Judges 8:18

eloquent orator: or, skilful of speech, Exodus 4:10, Exodus 4:14-16

Reciprocal: Genesis 34:19 - honourable Isaiah 3:14 - the ancients Isaiah 9:14 - will cut Isaiah 29:10 - rulers Lamentations 5:14 - elders Acts 18:24 - an Acts 24:1 - orator

Verse 4

children: 1 Kings 3:7-9, 2 Chronicles 33:1, 2 Chronicles 34:1, 2 Chronicles 36:2, 2 Chronicles 36:5, 2 Chronicles 36:9, 2 Chronicles 36:11, Ecclesiastes 10:16

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:1 - eight years old 2 Chronicles 13:7 - young Proverbs 30:22 - a servant Isaiah 3:12 - children Isaiah 51:18 - none Jeremiah 52:3 - through

Verse 5

the people: Isaiah 9:19-21, Isaiah 11:13, Jeremiah 9:3-8, Jeremiah 22:17, Ezekiel 22:6, Ezekiel 22:7, Ezekiel 22:12, Amos 4:1, Micah 3:1-3, Micah 3:11, Zechariah 7:9-11, Malachi 3:5, James 2:6, James 5:4

child: Isaiah 1:4, Leviticus 19:32, 2 Kings 2:23, Job 30:1-12

base: 2 Samuel 16:5-9, Ecclesiastes 10:5-7, Matthew 26:67, Matthew 27:28-30, Mark 14:65, Luke 22:64

Reciprocal: Numbers 16:12 - General Job 19:18 - Yea Job 30:12 - rise Proverbs 19:10 - much Proverbs 30:22 - a servant Ecclesiastes 10:16 - when Isaiah 9:15 - ancient Jeremiah 52:3 - through Hosea 12:7 - he loveth Zechariah 11:6 - deliver 1 Corinthians 13:5 - behave

Verse 6

a man: Isaiah 4:1, Judges 11:6-8, John 6:15

Reciprocal: Numbers 4:33 - under the hand 1 Samuel 21:3 - under thine 1 Chronicles 25:2 - under the hands Isaiah 34:12 - call Micah 6:14 - and thou Zechariah 8:23 - take

Verse 7

swear: Heb. lift up the hand, Genesis 14:22, Deuteronomy 32:40, Revelation 10:5, Revelation 10:6

healer: Heb. binder up, Isaiah 58:12, Jeremiah 14:19, Lamentations 2:13, Hosea 5:13, Hosea 6:1

neither bread: Princes and great men in the East, as Sir J. Chardin testifies, are obliged to have a great stock of clothes in readiness for presents on all occasions; and a great quantity of provisions for the table is equally necessary - see 1 Kings 4:22, 1 Kings 4:23. Nehemiah 5:17, Nehemiah 5:18. Hence the person desired to undertake the government, alleges as an excuse that he is not able to support the dignity of his station.

Verse 8

Jerusalem: 2 Chronicles 28:5-7, 2 Chronicles 28:18, 2 Chronicles 33:11, 2 Chronicles 36:17-19, Jeremiah 26:6, Jeremiah 26:18, Lamentations 5:16, Lamentations 5:17, Micah 3:12

because: Isaiah 5:18, Isaiah 5:19, Isaiah 57:4, Psalms 73:8, Psalms 73:9, Ezekiel 8:12, Ezekiel 9:9, Hosea 7:16, Malachi 3:13-15, Matthew 12:36, Matthew 12:37, Jude 1:15

to provoke: Isaiah 65:3-5, 2 Chronicles 33:6, 2 Chronicles 33:7, Ezekiel 8:4-6, Ezekiel 8:17, Ezekiel 8:18, Habakkuk 1:13, 1 Corinthians 10:22

Reciprocal: Genesis 13:13 - before 1 Samuel 2:17 - before Isaiah 1:4 - provoked Isaiah 29:4 - thou shalt Jeremiah 7:18 - that they Jeremiah 23:36 - for every Jeremiah 44:8 - ye provoke Lamentations 1:9 - came Amos 5:2 - is fallen Zechariah 1:6 - according to our ways

Verse 9

The show: Isaiah 3:16, 1 Samuel 15:32, 2 Kings 9:30, Psalms 10:4, Psalms 73:6, Psalms 73:7, Proverbs 30:13, Jeremiah 3:3, Jeremiah 6:15, Daniel 7:20

and they declare: Genesis 13:13, Genesis 18:20, Genesis 18:21, Genesis 19:5-9, Jeremiah 44:16, Jeremiah 44:17, Ezekiel 23:16

Woe: Lamentations 5:16, Hosea 13:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 19:34 - General 1 Samuel 2:23 - by all 2 Samuel 13:4 - from day to day 2 Samuel 16:22 - went in Psalms 18:27 - bring Proverbs 6:17 - A proud look Jeremiah 2:19 - Thine Jeremiah 8:12 - ashamed when Ezekiel 3:7 - all the Ezekiel 16:25 - at every Ezekiel 16:30 - the work Ezekiel 16:49 - pride Ezekiel 21:24 - your transgressions Ezekiel 23:18 - discovered Ezekiel 23:39 - they came Ezekiel 24:7 - her blood Hosea 5:5 - the pride John 18:5 - stood Acts 23:14 - General Revelation 17:5 - upon

Verse 10

Say ye: Isaiah 26:20, Isaiah 26:21, Ecclesiastes 8:12, Jeremiah 15:11, Ezekiel 9:4, Ezekiel 18:9-19, Zephaniah 2:3, Malachi 3:18, Romans 2:5-11

they shall eat: Psalms 18:23, Psalms 18:24, Psalms 128:1, Psalms 128:2, Galatians 6:7, Galatians 6:8, Hebrews 6:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 4:5 - wroth Genesis 4:7 - If thou doest well Genesis 7:1 - thee Genesis 18:25 - that the Exodus 1:20 - God Deuteronomy 5:29 - that it might Deuteronomy 6:3 - and observe Deuteronomy 6:18 - shalt do Deuteronomy 6:24 - for our good Deuteronomy 11:27 - General Deuteronomy 12:25 - that it Deuteronomy 28:1 - If thou shalt Judges 20:34 - knew not 1 Samuel 12:14 - If ye will 2 Samuel 22:25 - recompensed 1 Kings 8:32 - condemning 2 Kings 22:18 - thus shall ye 2 Chronicles 6:23 - justifying Ezra 8:22 - The hand Job 8:6 - make Psalms 1:3 - whatsoever Psalms 19:11 - keeping Psalms 58:11 - a reward for Psalms 140:13 - Surely Proverbs 1:31 - General Proverbs 2:22 - the wicked Proverbs 10:16 - labour Proverbs 12:14 - and Proverbs 13:21 - righteous Ecclesiastes 2:26 - wisdom Isaiah 1:19 - General Isaiah 40:1 - comfort Jeremiah 17:10 - fruit Jeremiah 21:14 - according Jeremiah 22:15 - then Jeremiah 23:17 - Ye Jeremiah 42:6 - that it Ezekiel 14:20 - by Ezekiel 18:20 - righteousness Daniel 6:22 - forasmuch Hosea 4:9 - reward them Micah 7:13 - for Zechariah 6:15 - And this Matthew 5:12 - for great Matthew 10:41 - a righteous man's Matthew 16:27 - and then Luke 19:19 - Be Romans 2:6 - General Romans 6:13 - unrighteousness Romans 6:21 - What 2 Corinthians 5:10 - receive Galatians 6:5 - General Ephesians 5:11 - unfruitful Ephesians 6:3 - General 1 Timothy 4:8 - having Revelation 2:23 - and I will Revelation 22:12 - and my

Verse 11

Woe: Isaiah 48:22, Isaiah 57:20, Isaiah 57:21, Isaiah 65:13-15, Isaiah 65:20, Psalms 1:3-5, Psalms 11:5, Psalms 11:6, Ecclesiastes 8:13

for the reward: Psalms 28:4, Psalms 62:12, Proverbs 1:31, 2 Corinthians 5:10, James 2:13

given him: Heb. done to him, Psalms 120:3, Psalms 120:4

Reciprocal: Genesis 4:5 - wroth Genesis 4:7 - If thou doest well Genesis 7:1 - thee Genesis 18:25 - that the Genesis 19:13 - Lord hath Numbers 32:23 - be sure your sin Deuteronomy 11:28 - General Deuteronomy 28:15 - all these curses Judges 20:34 - knew not 1 Samuel 4:11 - the two sons 1 Samuel 12:15 - But if ye 1 Samuel 12:25 - But if 1 Kings 8:32 - condemning 1 Kings 18:18 - in that ye have 1 Kings 22:8 - concerning me 1 Kings 22:23 - and the Lord 2 Chronicles 6:23 - requiting 2 Chronicles 18:22 - and the Lord Ezra 8:22 - The hand Job 10:15 - If I be wicked Job 27:13 - the portion Job 36:12 - if Psalms 9:17 - The wicked Psalms 19:11 - keeping Psalms 32:10 - Many Psalms 34:21 - Evil Psalms 91:8 - reward Psalms 140:11 - evil Proverbs 2:22 - the wicked Proverbs 10:16 - labour Proverbs 12:14 - and Proverbs 13:21 - righteous Proverbs 16:5 - unpunished Proverbs 24:20 - there Ecclesiastes 2:26 - wisdom Ecclesiastes 8:6 - therefore Ecclesiastes 8:12 - surely Isaiah 1:20 - if ye refuse Isaiah 10:1 - Woe Jeremiah 17:10 - fruit Jeremiah 21:14 - according Jeremiah 23:17 - Ye Jeremiah 31:30 - General Ezekiel 2:10 - lamentations Ezekiel 3:18 - I say Ezekiel 7:27 - I will Ezekiel 14:4 - I the Lord Ezekiel 16:59 - I will Ezekiel 18:18 - even Ezekiel 18:20 - righteousness Ezekiel 24:14 - according to thy ways Ezekiel 33:8 - O wicked Ezekiel 33:14 - Thou shalt Ezekiel 39:24 - General Hosea 12:2 - according to his doings Hosea 13:9 - thou Micah 3:4 - as Micah 7:13 - for Malachi 3:18 - discern Matthew 16:27 - and then Romans 2:6 - General Romans 6:13 - unrighteousness Romans 6:23 - For the wages Galatians 5:21 - that they Galatians 6:5 - General Ephesians 5:11 - unfruitful Ephesians 6:8 - whatsoever 2 Peter 2:13 - the reward Revelation 2:23 - and I will Revelation 22:12 - and my

Verse 12

children: Isaiah 3:4, 2 Kings 11:1, Nahum 3:13

lead thee: or, which call thee blessed, Isaiah 9:15, Numbers 6:23-27, Jeremiah 5:31, Matthew 15:14

destroy: Heb. swallow up, Matthew 23:14

Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:14 - General Joshua 3:11 - passeth 2 Chronicles 33:1 - twelve Proverbs 28:16 - prince Ecclesiastes 10:16 - when Isaiah 9:16 - the leaders Isaiah 28:7 - err in Isaiah 43:27 - and thy Jeremiah 18:15 - caused Jeremiah 23:32 - to err Hosea 4:6 - My people Hebrews 9:7 - errors James 5:19 - err

Verse 13

standeth up: Psalms 12:5, Proverbs 22:22, Proverbs 22:23, Proverbs 23:10, Proverbs 23:11, Hosea 4:1, Hosea 4:2, Micah 6:2

Reciprocal: Psalms 7:6 - Arise Jeremiah 2:9 - I will Joel 3:12 - for

Verse 14

enter: Job 22:4, Job 34:23, Psalms 143:2

the ancients: Isaiah 3:2, Isaiah 3:3

ye have eaten: or, ye have burnt, Isaiah 5:7, Job 24:2-7, Jeremiah 5:27, Amos 4:1, Micah 2:2, Micah 6:10, Matthew 21:33

Reciprocal: Job 34:19 - princes Isaiah 1:23 - princes Isaiah 10:2 - that widows Ezekiel 16:49 - neither Hosea 4:1 - for James 2:6 - Do

Verse 15

What mean: Ezekiel 18:2, Jonah 1:6

ye beat: Isaiah 58:4, Exodus 5:14, Amos 2:6, Amos 2:7, Amos 8:4-6, Micah 3:2, Micah 3:3

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 24:17 - pervert Job 22:4 - will he enter Psalms 10:9 - when Psalms 94:5 - break Ecclesiastes 5:8 - regardeth Ezekiel 16:49 - neither Acts 21:13 - What Acts 21:32 - beating James 2:6 - Do

Verse 16

the daughters: Isaiah 1:8, Isaiah 4:4, Matthew 21:5, Luke 23:28

are haughty: Isaiah 24:4, Isaiah 32:9-11, Proverbs 16:18, Proverbs 30:13, Ezekiel 16:49, Ezekiel 16:50, Zephaniah 3:11

wanton eyes: Heb. deceiving with their eyes, Or, as messakkaroth ainayim is rendered in the Targum, "painting their eyes with stibium": for sakar is probably the same as the Chaldee sekar or that import.

mincing: or, tripping nicely

and making: The Eastern ladies wear on their ankles large rings to which smaller ones are attached, which make a tinkling sound as they move nimbly.

Reciprocal: Leviticus 13:47 - The garment Deuteronomy 28:56 - and delicate 2 Samuel 1:24 - General Psalms 144:12 - as corner stones Proverbs 6:17 - A proud look Proverbs 6:25 - take Proverbs 7:10 - the attire Proverbs 21:4 - An high look Proverbs 31:13 - worketh Isaiah 3:9 - The show Isaiah 3:18 - tinkling ornaments Jeremiah 6:2 - daughter Jeremiah 9:20 - hear Lamentations 4:5 - that did Ezekiel 13:17 - the daughters Ezekiel 16:39 - shall strip Micah 1:16 - thy delicate Micah 2:3 - go Mark 6:22 - General 1 Timothy 2:9 - with shamefacedness 1 Timothy 5:11 - to wax James 5:5 - been

Verse 17

smite: Leviticus 13:29, Leviticus 13:30, Leviticus 13:43, Leviticus 13:44, Deuteronomy 28:27, Revelation 16:2

discover: Heb. made naked, Isaiah 20:4, Isaiah 47:2, Isaiah 47:3, Jeremiah 13:22, Ezekiel 16:36, Ezekiel 16:37, Ezekiel 23:25-29, Micah 1:11, Nahum 3:5

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:35 - botch Job 2:7 - from the sole Isaiah 5:7 - oppression Isaiah 32:10 - Many days and years Jeremiah 6:2 - daughter Ezekiel 23:26 - fair jewels Hosea 2:10 - now

Verse 18

tinkling ornaments: Isaiah 3:16

cauls: or, networks, Shevisim probably the rich embroidered kerchiefs used to bind on their caps on the head, described by Lady M. W. Montague, Let. 32.

round tires: Judges 8:21, *marg.

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 9:30 - tired Esther 2:3 - their things Song of Solomon 1:10 - thy cheeks Ezekiel 23:40 - and deckedst Hosea 2:9 - take Zephaniah 1:8 - strange 1 Timothy 2:9 - not 1 Peter 3:3 - that

Verse 19

chains: or, sweet-balls, Neteephoth earrings or drops; in Arabic, netafaṫ

the bracelets: Genesis 24:22, Genesis 24:30, Genesis 24:53, Genesis 38:18, Genesis 38:25, Exodus 35:22, Numbers 31:50, Ezekiel 16:11

mufflers: or, spangled ornaments

Reciprocal: Psalms 73:6 - as a chain Proverbs 1:9 - an ornament

Verse 20

tablets: Heb. houses of the soul, Probably perfume boxes, as rendered by Bp. Lowth.

the earrings: Lechashim probably amulets. Genesis 35:4, Exodus 32:2, Ezekiel 16:12, Hosea 2:13

Verse 21

rings: Genesis 41:42, Esther 8:12, Song of Solomon 5:14, Luke 15:22, James 2:2

nose jewels: Genesis 24:47, 1 Timothy 2:9, 1 Timothy 2:10, 1 Peter 3:3, 1 Peter 3:4

Reciprocal: Ezekiel 16:11 - forehead

Verse 22

The changeable suits: Machalatzoth probably loose robes, used according to the weather.

Verse 23

glasses: Exodus 38:8

fine linen: Genesis 41:42, 1 Chronicles 15:27, Ezekiel 16:10, Luke 16:19, Revelation 19:8, Revelation 19:14

veils: Genesis 24:65, Ruth 3:15, Song of Solomon 5:7

Verse 24

instead: Isaiah 57:9, Proverbs 7:17

baldness: Isaiah 22:12, Ezekiel 7:18, Micah 1:16

a girding: Isaiah 15:3, Isaiah 32:9-11, Job 16:15, Jeremiah 4:8, Jeremiah 6:26, Jeremiah 48:37, Jeremiah 49:3, Lamentations 2:10, Ezekiel 27:31, Joel 1:8, Amos 8:10, Revelation 11:3

burning: Isaiah 4:4, Leviticus 26:16, Deuteronomy 28:22, Deuteronomy 32:24, Revelation 16:9, Revelation 18:9

Reciprocal: Leviticus 13:24 - a hot burning Deuteronomy 28:35 - botch 2 Samuel 14:26 - when he polled Isaiah 15:2 - all Isaiah 32:11 - and gird Jeremiah 13:10 - shall Revelation 9:8 - hair Revelation 16:2 - a noisome

Verse 25

Thy men: 2 Chronicles 29:9, Jeremiah 11:22, Jeremiah 14:18, Jeremiah 18:21, Jeremiah 19:7, Jeremiah 21:9, Lamentations 2:21, Amos 9:10

mighty: Heb. might

Reciprocal: Isaiah 4:1 - seven Isaiah 65:12 - will I Jeremiah 15:8 - widows

Verse 26

her gates: Jeremiah 14:2, Lamentations 1:4

desolate: or, emptied, Heb. cleansed

shall sit: Isaiah 47:1, Job 2:8, Job 2:13, Lamentations 2:10, Ezekiel 26:16, Luke 19:44

Reciprocal: Isaiah 4:1 - seven Isaiah 6:11 - Until the Isaiah 24:4 - mourneth Isaiah 49:21 - am desolate Isaiah 52:2 - Shake Jeremiah 7:34 - for Jeremiah 13:18 - sit Jeremiah 15:8 - widows Lamentations 1:1 - sit Lamentations 2:8 - he made Lamentations 3:11 - he hath made Ezekiel 12:20 - General 1 Timothy 5:5 - and desolate

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 3". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/isaiah-3.html.