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behold. Figure of speech Asterismos , for emphasis. the
the LORD of hosts. See note on 1 Samuel 1:3 .
stay. staff. Note the Figure of speech Paronomasia . Hebrew. mash'en (masculine); mish'an (feminine)
bread. water. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), for all kinds of food.
prudent = diviner: i.e. the king. Compare Proverbs 16:10 .
ancient = elder.
honourable man = eminent or highly respected man.
cunning artificer = skilled in arts.
eloquent orator = skilled in magnetism.
children = youths, or boys.
babes = with caprice. Not the same word
child = a youth, or a boy. as in Isaiah 3:12 .
clothing. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), for all necessaries.
be = become.
swear. Hebrew "lift up [the hand]": i.e. swear. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 14:22 .Exodus 6:8 . Numbers 14:30 . Deuteronomy 32:40 ). App-92 .
ruined = overthrown.
the eyes of His glory = His glorious presence, "eyes" being put by Figure of speech Metonymy , for the person as manifested.
shew = expression.
witness = testify.
declare. hide it not = have declared. have not hidden.
Sodom. See Isaiah 1:9 , Isaiah 1:10 .
their soul = them (emphatic). Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .
the righteous = a righteous one.
Woe. Figure of speech Maledictio. App-6 .
the wicked, &c. = a lawless evil one ( ra'a', App-44 .), [it shall not be well]. Hebrew. rasha'.
hands. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), for what is done with them.
given him = done to him.
children = little ones.
destroy = have swallowed up.
people = peoples.
of. Genitive of Relation ( App-17 .) = taken from.
poor = oppressed. Hebrew. 'ani .
beat = crush.
saith = is the oracle of. the Lord.
daughters. Compare the "kine of Bashan" (Amos 4:1 ).
their. Hebrew masculine. Often used of women who act as men.
the LORD* . One of the 134 places where, in the primitive text, the Sopherim say they changed Jehovah to Adonai.
secret parts ; or, nakedness.
bravery = finery.
ornaments = metal crescent-shaped discs.
cauls = caps. Old French " cale ".
their round tires like the moon = round crescent-shaped headbands.
chains = pendants.
mufflers = light face-veils.
bonnets = headdress. Hebrew. pe'er. Not therefore peculiar to the "latter" portion of Isaiah (Isaiah 61:10 ) as alleged.
ornaments = anklets.
headbands = girdles. Compare Isaiah 49:18 .
tablets = scent bottles. Hebrew houses of the soul; nephesh, used in the sense of breath.
earrings = amulets.
nose jewels. Worn in Palestine to-day.
changeable suits, &c . = robes: i.e. state or gala dresses.
wimples = a neck binding (Old English),
crisping pins = reticules or purses.
glasses = mirrors (of polished metal).
fine linen = underclothing.
hoods = turbans.
vails = long flowing vails.
sweet smell = perfume.
stink = rottenness, or stench.
rent = a rope,
well set hair = richly plaited hair.
stomacher = sash or girdle, often worked in silk and gold. Still worn in Palestine.
girding of sackcloth = girding with a rope.
burning = branding.
mighty = might. Some codices, with Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "mighty ones".
gates = entrances.
mourn. Occurs in "former" portion here, Isaiah 19:8 (as adjective); Isaiah 24:4 , Isaiah 24:7 ; Isaiah 33:9 ; and in the "latter" portion, Isaiah 57:18 (as noun); Isaiah 60:20 (as noun); Isaiah 61:2 , s(as adjective); Isaiah 66:10 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 3". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
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