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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 58

Overview

Isaiah 58:1, The prophet, being sent to reprove hypocrisy, shews the difference between a counterfeit fast and a true; Isaiah 58:8, He declares what promises are due unto godliness, Isaiah 58:13. and to the keeping of the sabbath.

Verse 1

aloud: Heb. with the throat

spare: Isaiah 56:10, Psalms 40:9, Psalms 40:10, Jeremiah 1:7-10, Jeremiah 1:17-19, Jeremiah 7:8-11, Jeremiah 15:19, Jeremiah 15:20, Ezekiel 2:3-8, Ezekiel 3:5-9, Ezekiel 3:17-21, Ezekiel 20:4, Ezekiel 22:2, Micah 3:8-12, Matthew 3:7-9, Acts 7:51, Acts 7:52, Acts 20:26, Acts 20:27, Titus 2:15, Revelation 14:9, Revelation 14:10

lift up: Isaiah 40:9, Isaiah 40:10

like: Isaiah 27:13, Hosea 8:1, Revelation 1:10, Revelation 4:1

Reciprocal: Numbers 10:5 - blow Numbers 10:9 - then ye shall 1 Kings 13:2 - O altar Psalms 50:16 - What Isaiah 1:12 - When Isaiah 40:6 - Cry Isaiah 45:19 - Seek Isaiah 52:8 - lift Jeremiah 2:2 - cry Jeremiah 5:26 - For Jeremiah 6:17 - Hearken Jeremiah 11:6 - Proclaim Jeremiah 26:2 - all the words Jeremiah 36:9 - they Jeremiah 42:1 - came Lamentations 2:14 - they have Ezekiel 6:11 - Smite Ezekiel 11:4 - General Ezekiel 11:5 - Speak Ezekiel 14:7 - and cometh Ezekiel 16:2 - cause Ezekiel 23:36 - declare Ezekiel 33:3 - he blow Daniel 3:4 - aloud Hosea 2:2 - Plead with Hosea 6:5 - have I Jonah 1:2 - cry Micah 2:7 - named Matthew 15:9 - in Matthew 23:27 - like Mark 3:17 - he surnamed Mark 4:8 - fell John 7:37 - and cried Acts 2:14 - lifted Acts 4:11 - you Acts 4:29 - that Acts 5:20 - stand Acts 18:9 - Be Acts 18:26 - to speak Romans 10:20 - very bold 1 Corinthians 11:17 - that ye Ephesians 6:20 - boldly 2 Timothy 3:5 - a form Revelation 14:7 - with

Verse 2

they seek: Isaiah 1:11-15, Isaiah 29:13, Isaiah 48:1, Isaiah 48:2, Deuteronomy 5:28, Deuteronomy 5:29, 1 Samuel 15:21-25, Proverbs 15:8, Ezekiel 33:30-33, Matthew 15:7-9, Mark 4:16, Mark 4:17, Mark 6:20, John 5:35, Titus 1:16, Hebrews 6:4-6

they ask: Jeremiah 42:2, Jeremiah 42:20, Mark 12:14, James 1:21, James 1:22, 1 Peter 2:1, 1 Peter 2:2

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:36 - Then said the priest Psalms 80:4 - how long Song of Solomon 5:6 - I sought Isaiah 1:12 - When Isaiah 42:20 - opening Isaiah 57:12 - General Jeremiah 7:10 - come Jeremiah 26:2 - all the words Jeremiah 34:15 - ye Jeremiah 42:1 - came Ezekiel 14:7 - and cometh Ezekiel 20:1 - that certain Matthew 13:20 - anon Matthew 20:12 - borne Matthew 23:27 - like Matthew 25:3 - foolish Mark 10:20 - General Luke 8:13 - receive Luke 11:42 - and pass Luke 13:24 - for Luke 13:26 - We Luke 15:29 - Lo Luke 18:11 - God Luke 18:12 - fast John 4:23 - true Acts 4:11 - you Romans 13:2 - ordinance

Verse 3

have we fasted: Numbers 23:4, Micah 3:9-11, Zechariah 7:5-7, Malachi 3:14, Matthew 20:11, Matthew 20:12, Luke 15:29, Luke 18:9-12

afflicted: Leviticus 16:29, Leviticus 16:31, Leviticus 23:27, Psalms 69:10

in: Daniel 10:2, Daniel 10:3, Jonah 3:6-8

exact: Nehemiah 5:7, Proverbs 28:9, Jeremiah 34:9-17, Matthew 18:28-35

labours: or, things wherewith ye grieve others, Heb. griefs. Isaiah 47:6, Exodus 2:23, Exodus 2:24

Reciprocal: Exodus 21:20 - smite Exodus 23:12 - and the son Leviticus 23:32 - afflict Leviticus 25:43 - rule Numbers 29:7 - afflict Deuteronomy 15:2 - exact it 1 Samuel 4:3 - Wherefore Ezra 8:21 - afflict ourselves Job 39:7 - driver Psalms 35:13 - humbled Psalms 80:4 - how long Isaiah 29:13 - Forasmuch Isaiah 58:5 - a day for a man to afflict his soul Jeremiah 2:35 - Because Jeremiah 14:12 - they fast Malachi 2:14 - Wherefore Matthew 6:16 - be Matthew 25:24 - I knew Luke 5:33 - Why Luke 18:12 - fast Ephesians 6:9 - ye Colossians 4:1 - give 1 Timothy 4:8 - bodily James 1:7 - General

Verse 4

ye fast: 1 Kings 21:9-13, Proverbs 21:27, Matthew 6:16, Matthew 23:14, Luke 20:47, John 18:28

and to smite: Acts 23:1, Acts 23:2, Philippians 1:14, Philippians 1:15

shall not fast as ye do this day: or, fast not as this day, to make. Joel 2:13, Joel 2:14, Jonah 3:7, Matthew 6:16-18

Reciprocal: Exodus 21:20 - smite Numbers 23:4 - I have prepared 2 Samuel 15:7 - pay 1 Kings 21:12 - General Isaiah 3:15 - ye beat Isaiah 40:9 - lift up Zechariah 7:5 - did 1 Timothy 6:4 - words James 1:7 - General

Verse 5

it such: 2 Chronicles 20:3, Ezra 10:6, Nehemiah 9:1, Nehemiah 9:2, Esther 4:3, Esther 4:16, Daniel 9:3-19, Zechariah 7:5

a day for a man to afflict his soul: or, to afflict his soul for a day, Isaiah 58:3, Leviticus 16:29

to spread: 1 Kings 21:27-29, 2 Kings 6:30, Job 2:8, Jonah 3:5-8

an acceptable: Isaiah 49:8, Isaiah 61:2, Psalms 69:13, Luke 4:19, Romans 12:2, 1 Peter 2:5

Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:27 - afflict Numbers 30:13 - to afflict Ezra 8:21 - afflict ourselves Job 42:6 - repent Psalms 35:13 - humbled Daniel 4:27 - by showing Joel 2:13 - your garments Mark 12:33 - is more Romans 14:6 - regardeth it Ephesians 5:10 - acceptable Colossians 4:1 - give

Verse 6

to loose: Nehemiah 5:10-12, Jeremiah 34:8-11, Micah 3:2-4

heavy burdens: Heb. bundles of the yoke

oppressed: Heb. broken. ye break. 1 Timothy 6:1

Reciprocal: Exodus 1:14 - was with rigour Exodus 2:11 - burdens Leviticus 6:5 - restore Leviticus 25:14 - General Judges 9:7 - Hearken 1 Kings 12:11 - I will add 2 Chronicles 10:11 - I will put 2 Chronicles 28:11 - deliver Nehemiah 5:11 - Restore Nehemiah 10:31 - debt Psalms 80:4 - how long Psalms 103:6 - executeth Proverbs 21:13 - at Proverbs 24:11 - General Isaiah 5:7 - he looked Isaiah 14:17 - opened not the house of his prisoners Isaiah 58:9 - the yoke Jeremiah 34:14 - At the Jeremiah 50:33 - they refused Lamentations 5:13 - fell Ezekiel 18:7 - hath not Hosea 6:6 - I desired Hosea 12:6 - keep Amos 4:1 - which oppress Jonah 3:8 - let Micah 6:8 - to do Zechariah 7:9 - saying Matthew 5:7 - are Matthew 5:42 - General Luke 11:46 - ye yourselves Acts 16:30 - brought Galatians 6:2 - Bear James 1:27 - To visit

Verse 7

to deal: Isaiah 58:10, Job 22:7, Job 31:18-21, Psalms 112:9, Proverbs 22:9, Proverbs 25:21, Proverbs 28:27, Ecclesiastes 11:1, Ecclesiastes 11:2, Ezekiel 18:7, Ezekiel 18:16, Daniel 4:27, Matthew 25:35-40, Luke 11:41, Luke 19:8, Romans 12:20, Romans 12:21, 2 Corinthians 9:6-10, 1 Timothy 5:10, Philemon 1:7, James 2:15, James 2:16, 1 John 3:17, 1 John 3:18

bring: Isaiah 16:3, Isaiah 16:4, Genesis 18:2-5, Genesis 19:2, Judges 19:20, Judges 19:21, Acts 16:15, Acts 16:34, Romans 12:13, Hebrews 13:2, Hebrews 13:3

cast out: or, afflicted

the naked: 2 Chronicles 28:15, Job 31:19, Job 31:20, Ezekiel 18:7, Matthew 25:35-45, Luke 3:11

thine own: Genesis 19:14, Judges 9:2, Nehemiah 5:5, Luke 10:26-36, 1 John 3:17

Reciprocal: Genesis 19:8 - therefore Leviticus 23:22 - General Deuteronomy 14:29 - that the Lord Deuteronomy 22:1 - hide thyself Deuteronomy 24:19 - may bless Ruth 2:14 - At mealtime 2 Samuel 17:29 - The people Job 24:7 - the naked Job 30:25 - was Job 31:15 - Did not he Job 31:32 - The stranger Psalms 18:25 - With the Psalms 37:21 - righteous Psalms 41:1 - Blessed Psalms 103:6 - executeth Proverbs 11:17 - merciful Proverbs 11:25 - liberal soul Proverbs 14:21 - he that hath Proverbs 19:17 - lendeth Proverbs 24:11 - General Proverbs 25:20 - that taketh Proverbs 28:9 - turneth Song of Solomon 5:6 - I sought Isaiah 1:15 - I will Matthew 6:2 - when Luke 6:30 - Give Luke 12:17 - shall Luke 14:13 - call Luke 16:9 - Make Acts 2:45 - parted Acts 10:2 - which Acts 20:35 - It is Romans 12:8 - giveth 1 Timothy 2:8 - lifting 1 Timothy 5:8 - and specially 1 Timothy 6:18 - ready James 1:27 - To visit

Verse 8

thy light: Isaiah 58:10, Isaiah 58:11, Job 11:17, Psalms 37:6, Psalms 97:11, Psalms 112:4, Proverbs 4:18, Hosea 6:3, Malachi 4:2

and thine: Isaiah 57:18, Jeremiah 33:6, Hosea 6:2, Hosea 14:4, Matthew 13:15

and thy: Psalms 85:13, Acts 10:4, Acts 10:31, Acts 10:35

the glory: Isaiah 52:12, Exodus 14:19

be thy rereward: Heb. gather thee up

Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:22 - General Numbers 10:25 - the rereward Deuteronomy 24:13 - shall be Joshua 6:9 - and the rereward Job 30:25 - was Psalms 18:25 - With the Psalms 73:24 - Thou Song of Solomon 6:10 - looketh Isaiah 33:24 - the inhabitant Matthew 5:16 - your light Luke 16:9 - Make John 4:23 - true John 15:7 - ye shall Acts 10:2 - which

Verse 9

shalt thou: Isaiah 1:15, Isaiah 30:19, Isaiah 65:24, Psalms 34:15-17, Psalms 37:4, Psalms 50:15, Psalms 66:18, Psalms 66:19, Psalms 91:15, Psalms 118:5, Jeremiah 29:12, Jeremiah 29:13, Matthew 7:7, Matthew 7:8, 1 John 3:21, 1 John 3:22

Here: Genesis 27:18, 1 Samuel 3:4-8

the yoke: Isaiah 58:6

the putting: Isaiah 57:4, Proverbs 6:13

speaking: Isaiah 59:3, Isaiah 59:4, Psalms 12:2, Ezekiel 13:8, Zechariah 10:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 13:4 - called Genesis 24:15 - before Genesis 24:45 - before Genesis 25:21 - entreated Genesis 31:11 - Here am I Leviticus 6:5 - restore 2 Kings 19:20 - I have heard 2 Chronicles 20:14 - Then upon Job 16:18 - let my cry Job 22:27 - make thy Psalms 145:18 - nigh unto Isaiah 37:21 - Whereas Lamentations 3:57 - drewest Daniel 9:20 - whiles Daniel 10:12 - from Zechariah 13:9 - they shall call John 9:31 - we know Acts 16:30 - brought

Verse 10

thou draw: Isaiah 58:7, Deuteronomy 15:7-10, Psalms 41:1, Psalms 112:5-9, Proverbs 11:24, Proverbs 11:25, Proverbs 14:31, Proverbs 28:27, Luke 18:22

thy soul: Instead of naphshecha "thy soul," eleven manuscripts read lachmecha "thy bread," which is adopted by Bp. Lowth; but "to draw out the soul" in relieving the poor, probably means to do it not of constraint, but cheerfully.

then: Isaiah 58:8, Isaiah 29:18, Job 11:17, Psalms 37:6

Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:22 - General Deuteronomy 15:4 - greatly bless Deuteronomy 15:10 - because Ruth 2:14 - At mealtime Job 16:18 - let my cry Job 22:7 - not given Psalms 112:4 - there ariseth Psalms 112:9 - dispersed Psalms 125:4 - Do good Psalms 132:18 - but upon Proverbs 19:23 - shall abide Daniel 4:27 - by showing Zechariah 6:15 - And this Matthew 6:2 - when Luke 14:13 - call James 2:15 - General

Verse 11

the Lord: Isaiah 49:10, Psalms 25:9, Psalms 32:8, Psalms 48:14, Psalms 73:24, John 16:13, 1 Thessalonians 3:11

and satisfy: Isaiah 33:16, Job 5:20, Psalms 33:19, Psalms 34:9, Psalms 34:10, Psalms 37:19, Jeremiah 17:8, Hosea 13:5

drought: Heb. droughts

make fat: Psalms 92:14, Proverbs 3:8, Proverbs 11:25, Proverbs 13:4, Proverbs 28:25

be like: Isaiah 61:11, Song of Solomon 4:15, Jeremiah 31:12, Ezekiel 36:35

fail: Heb. lie, or deceive, Job 6:15-20

Reciprocal: Numbers 24:6 - as gardens Deuteronomy 15:4 - greatly bless Ruth 2:14 - At mealtime 2 Chronicles 32:22 - guided Psalms 36:8 - satisfied Psalms 125:4 - Do good Proverbs 14:11 - the tabernacle Proverbs 15:30 - the bones Proverbs 19:23 - shall abide Song of Solomon 4:12 - garden Song of Solomon 5:1 - come Song of Solomon 6:2 - gone Isaiah 1:30 - garden Isaiah 27:3 - water Isaiah 30:21 - thine ears Isaiah 30:23 - shall he Isaiah 41:18 - General Isaiah 44:4 - spring Isaiah 58:8 - thy light Zechariah 14:8 - in summer Luke 13:19 - cast John 7:38 - out Acts 27:24 - lo 1 Corinthians 10:1 - and all

Verse 12

build: Isaiah 61:4, Nehemiah 2:5, Nehemiah 2:17, Nehemiah 4:1-6, Jeremiah 31:38, Ezekiel 36:4, Ezekiel 36:8-11, Ezekiel 36:33, Amos 9:14

waste: Isaiah 51:3, Isaiah 52:9

The repairer: Nehemiah 4:7, Nehemiah 6:1, Daniel 9:25, Amos 9:11

Reciprocal: Judges 21:15 - a breach 2 Kings 12:5 - let them repair 2 Kings 22:6 - masons Nehemiah 2:6 - So it pleased Nehemiah 7:4 - the houses Job 22:30 - He shall deliver the island of the innocent Psalms 11:3 - If the Psalms 48:13 - consider Psalms 51:18 - build Proverbs 14:11 - the tabernacle Proverbs 28:2 - but Song of Solomon 8:9 - we will Isaiah 3:7 - healer Isaiah 44:26 - and I will Isaiah 49:8 - to cause Ezekiel 13:5 - gaps Ezekiel 36:10 - the wastes Zechariah 9:11 - I have Acts 27:24 - lo Hebrews 12:13 - make

Verse 13

turn: Isaiah 56:2-6, Exodus 20:8-11, Exodus 31:13-17, Exodus 36:2, Exodus 36:3, Deuteronomy 5:12-15, Nehemiah 13:15-22, Jeremiah 17:21-27

call: Psalms 27:4, Psalms 42:4, Psalms 84:2, Psalms 84:10, Psalms 92:1, Psalms 92:2, *title Psalms 122:1, Revelation 1:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 2:2 - And on Genesis 2:3 - blessed Exodus 16:29 - hath given Exodus 31:14 - keep Exodus 35:3 - General Leviticus 16:29 - do no Leviticus 19:3 - keep Leviticus 23:3 - General Numbers 28:9 - General Nehemiah 10:31 - the people Psalms 118:24 - we will Psalms 119:35 - therein Isaiah 56:6 - every Jeremiah 17:22 - neither do Jeremiah 17:24 - but hallow Ezekiel 20:20 - General Ezekiel 44:24 - and they shall hallow Amos 8:5 - and the Matthew 12:2 - Behold Mark 2:24 - that Mark 2:27 - General Luke 6:2 - not Luke 23:56 - rested John 5:10 - it is not

Verse 14

delight: Job 22:26, Job 27:10, Job 34:9, Psalms 36:8, Psalms 37:4, Psalms 37:11, Habakkuk 3:18, Philippians 4:4, 1 Peter 1:8

to ride: Isaiah 33:16, Deuteronomy 32:13, Deuteronomy 33:29, Habakkuk 3:19

and feed: Isaiah 1:19, Psalms 105:9-11, Psalms 135:12, Psalms 136:21, Jeremiah 3:19

the mouth: Isaiah 1:20, Isaiah 40:5, Micah 4:4, Matthew 24:35

Reciprocal: Genesis 2:3 - blessed Exodus 16:29 - hath given Exodus 31:14 - keep 2 Samuel 22:34 - setteth Nehemiah 10:31 - the people Psalms 37:9 - inherit Psalms 59:9 - defence Psalms 92:1 - for Psalms 119:35 - therein Isaiah 54:17 - the heritage Jeremiah 17:24 - but hallow Ezekiel 36:2 - even Ezekiel 44:24 - and they shall hallow Luke 23:56 - rested

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 58". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/isaiah-58.html.