Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jeremiah 12

Introduction

1Jeremiah, complaining of the wicked's prosperity, by faith sees their ruin.
5God admonishes him of his brethren's treachery against him;
7and laments his heritage.
14He promises to the penitent return from captivity.

Verse 1

Righteous art thou, O LORD, when I plead with thee: yet let me talk with thee of thy judgments: Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? wherefore are all they happy that deal very treacherously?
Righteous
11:20; Genesis 18:25; Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalms 51:4; 119:75,137; 145:17; Daniel 9:7; Habakkuk 1:13-17; Zephaniah 3:5; Romans 3:5,6
talk
or, reason the case.
Job 13:3; Isaiah 41:21
Wherefore doth
5:28; Job 12:6; 21:7-15; Psalms 37:1,35; 73:3-28; 92:7; 94:3,4; Proverbs 1:32; Habakkuk 1:4; Malachi 3:15
deal
6; 5:11; Isaiah 48:8; Hosea 6:7
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:3 - Behold;  Exodus 5:22 - returned;  Exodus 32:11 - why doth;  Joshua 7:7 - wherefore;  Judges 20:21 - destroyed;  Judges 21:3 - why is;  2 Samuel 14:12 - speak one word;  1 Kings 17:20 - hast thou also;  2 Chronicles 22:12 - Athaliah;  Nehemiah 9:33 - Howbeit;  Job 4:17 - Shall mortal;  Job 5:3 - taking;  Job 8:17 - roots;  Job 9:24 - earth;  Job 10:3 - shine upon;  Job 23:7 - There;  Job 24:1 - not see;  Job 24:23 - it be given;  Job 34:10 - far;  Job 36:3 - ascribe;  Job 36:6 - preserveth;  Psalm 36:6 - judgments;  Psalm 37:7 - fret;  Psalm 73:5 - They are;  Psalm 73:12 - these;  Psalm 89:38 - But;  Ecclesiastes 7:15 - there is a wicked;  Ecclesiastes 7:25 - the reason;  Isaiah 24:16 - the treacherous;  Jeremiah 9:2 - an assembly;  Jeremiah 32:16 - I Prayed;  Lamentations 1:18 - Lord;  Ezekiel 18:25 - my;  Daniel 8:12 - and it practiced;  Habakkuk 2:1 - when I am reproved;  Romans 2:2 - judgment;  Romans 9:14 - Is there unrighteousness

Verse 2

Thou hast planted them, yea, they have taken root: they grow, yea, they bring forth fruit: thou art near in their mouth, and far from their reins.
hast
11:17; 45:4; Ezekiel 17:5-10; 19:10-13
grow
Heb. go on. near.
Isaiah 29:13; Ezekiel 33:31; Matthew 15:8; Mark 7:6; Titus 1:16
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:11 - why doth;  Numbers 22:8 - GeneralDeuteronomy 30:14 - mouth;  Joshua 7:7 - wherefore;  Job 8:17 - roots;  Job 9:24 - earth;  Job 13:3 - I desire;  Job 22:18 - he filled;  Job 36:6 - preserveth;  Psalm 16:7 - my reins;  Psalm 73:5 - They are;  Psalm 73:12 - these;  Psalm 73:27 - lo;  Psalm 80:9 - to take;  Psalm 92:7 - workers;  Psalm 94:3 - Lord;  Ecclesiastes 7:15 - there is a wicked;  Ecclesiastes 7:25 - the reason;  Jeremiah 2:5 - are gone;  Daniel 4:10 - a tree;  Daniel 11:7 - out of;  Habakkuk 1:13 - wherefore;  Malachi 3:15 - yea

Verse 3

But thou, O LORD, knowest me: thou hast seen me, and tried mine heart toward thee: pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and prepare them for the day of slaughter.
knowest
11:20; 2 Kings 20:3; 1 Chronicles 29:17; Job 23:10; Psalms 17:3; 26:1; 44:21; Psalms 139:1,23; John 21:17; 1 John 3:20,21
toward
or, with. pull.
17:18; 18:21-23; 20:12; 48:15; 50:27; 51:4
the day
11:19; Psalms 44:22; James 5:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:7 - GeneralGenesis 7:21 - GeneralJoshua 22:22 - he knoweth;  Psalm 44:11 - given;  Psalm 49:14 - Like;  Jeremiah 15:15 - thou;  Jeremiah 21:6 - I will;  Jeremiah 23:10 - the land;  Jeremiah 40:15 - wherefore;  Acts 8:32 - as a;  Romans 8:36 - as sheep;  2 Peter 2:12 - as natural

Verse 4

How long shall the land mourn, and the herbs of every field wither, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein? the beasts are consumed, and the birds; because they said, He shall not see our last end.
long
9:10; 14:2; 23:10
the herbs
Psalms 107:34; Joel 1:10-17
the beasts
4:25; 7:20; Hosea 4:3; Habakkuk 3:17; Romans 8:22
He
5:13,31; Psalms 50:21; Ezekiel 7:2-13
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:7 - GeneralGenesis 7:21 - GeneralIsaiah 24:4 - mourneth;  Jeremiah 4:26 - the fruitful;  Jeremiah 4:28 - the earth;  Jeremiah 12:11 - it mourneth;  Jeremiah 21:6 - I will;  Jeremiah 40:15 - wherefore;  Jeremiah 47:6 - how long;  Joel 1:18 - GeneralAmos 1:2 - the habitations;  Amos 8:8 - every one;  Amos 9:5 - and all;  Zephaniah 1:3 - consume man;  Romans 8:20 - the creature

Verse 5

If thou hast run with the footmen, and they have wearied thee, then how canst thou contend with horses? and if in the land of peace, wherein thou trustedst, they wearied thee, then how wilt thou do in the swelling of Jordan?
thou hast
Proverbs 3:11; 24:10; Hebrews 12:3,4; 1 Peter 4:12
canst
26:8; 36:26; 38:4-6
swelling
49:19; 50:44; Joshua 3:15; 1 Chronicles 12:15; Psalms 42:7; 69:1,2
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 23:3 - Behold;  Job 41:10 - who;  Jeremiah 11:21 - that seek;  Mark 14:37 - couldest;  1 Corinthians 9:24 - run in;  1 Corinthians 10:13 - hath

Verse 6

For even thy brethren, and the house of thy father, even they have dealt treacherously with thee; yea, they have called a multitude after thee: believe them not, though they speak fair words unto thee.
thy brethren
9:4; 11:19,21; 20:10; Genesis 37:4-11; Job 6:15; Psalms 69:8; Ezekiel 33:30,31; Micah 7:5,6; Matthew 10:21; Mark 12:12; John 7:5
yea
Isaiah 31:4; Acts 16:22; 18:12; 19:24-29; 21:28-30
have called, etc
or, cried after thee fully. though.
Psalms 12:2; Proverbs 26:25; Matthew 22:16-18
fair words
Heb. good things.
Reciprocal: Psalm 22:16 - assembly;  Psalm 31:11 - especially;  Song of Solomon 1:6 - my mother's;  Isaiah 24:16 - the treacherous;  Jeremiah 9:2 - an assembly;  Jeremiah 12:1 - deal;  Jeremiah 26:8 - the priests;  Habakkuk 1:4 - for;  Matthew 10:36 - GeneralMark 6:4 - GeneralLuke 21:16 - ye shall;  John 7:3 - Depart

Verse 7

I have forsaken mine house, I have left mine heritage; I have given the dearly beloved of my soul into the hand of her enemies.
have forsaken
11:15; 51:5; Isaiah 2:6; Psalms 78:59,60; Hosea 9:15; Joel 2:15; 3:2
I have given
7:14; Lamentations 2:1-22; Ezekiel 7:20,21; 24:21; Luke 21:24
dearly beloved
Heb. love.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 9:9 - therefore;  2 Kings 21:14 - And I will;  Isaiah 6:12 - a great;  Jeremiah 23:33 - I;  Jeremiah 50:7 - have devoured;  Jeremiah 51:19 - the rod;  Lamentations 1:5 - adversaries;  Zephaniah 2:1 - O nation

Verse 8

Mine heritage is unto me as a lion in the forest; it crieth out against me: therefore have I hated it.
crieth out
or, yelleth. Heb. giveth out his voice.
2:15; 51:38
therefore
Hosea 9:15; Amos 6:8; Zechariah 11:8
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 9:9 - therefore;  Psalm 11:5 - wicked;  Jeremiah 14:19 - hath;  Jeremiah 20:12 - let me;  Ezekiel 23:18 - then

Verse 9

Mine heritage is unto me as a speckled bird, the birds round about are against her; come ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, come to devour.
Mine
Or rather, as the learned Bochart renders, "Is then my heritage (people) to me as a fierce hyæna? Is there a wild beast all around upon her?" i.e., the land of Canaan. The hyæna is a kind of wolf, a little bigger than a mastiff; colour grey, streaked with black: it is of a solitary and savage disposition.
speckled bird
or, a bird having talons. the birds.
2:15; 2 Kings 24:2; Ezekiel 16:36,37; 23:22-25; Revelation 17:16
come ye
7:33; Isaiah 56:9; Ezekiel 39:17-20; Revelation 19:17,18
come
or, cause them to come.
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 34:5 - and they became;  Hosea 13:8 - wild beast

Verse 10

Many pastors have destroyed my vineyard, they have trodden my portion under foot, they have made my pleasant portion a desolate wilderness.
pastors
6:3; 25:9; 39:3
my vineyard
Psalms 80:8-16; Isaiah 5:1-7; Luke 20:9-16
trodden
Isaiah 43:28; 63:18; Lamentations 1:10,11; Luke 21:14; Revelation 11:2
pleasant portion
Heb. portion of desire.
3:19
Reciprocal: Isaiah 5:7 - the vineyard;  Jeremiah 2:8 - the pastors;  Jeremiah 9:10 - because;  Jeremiah 10:21 - the pastors;  Jeremiah 22:22 - thy pastors;  Jeremiah 23:1 - pastors;  Ezekiel 12:20 - GeneralEzekiel 34:2 - the shepherds;  Hosea 2:3 - as;  Zephaniah 1:13 - their goods;  John 15:1 - vine

Verse 11

They have made it desolate, and being desolate it mourneth unto me; the whole land is made desolate, because no man layeth it to heart.
made it
6:8; 9:11; 10:22,25; 19:8
it mourneth
4-8; 14:2; 23:10; Lamentations 1:1-5; Zechariah 7:5
layeth
Ecclesiastes 7:2; Isaiah 42:25; 57:1; Malachi 2:2
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 4:27 - The;  Joel 1:10 - field;  Romans 8:20 - the creature;  Romans 8:22 - groaneth

Verse 12

The spoilers are come upon all high places through the wilderness: for the sword of the LORD shall devour from the one end of the land even to the other end of the land: no flesh shall have peace.
spoilers
4:11-15; 9:19-21
the sword
15:2; 34:17; 47:6; 48:2; Leviticus 26:33; Isaiah 34:6; 66:15,16; Ezekiel 5:2; Ezekiel 14:17; Amos 9:4; Zephaniah 2:12; Revelation 19:16-21
no
Isaiah 57:21; Matthew 24:21,22; Revelation 6:4
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:29 - the sword;  2 Samuel 2:26 - sword;  1 Chronicles 21:12 - the sword;  Jeremiah 6:26 - for the;  Jeremiah 17:3 - and thy;  Jeremiah 20:5 - I will deliver;  Jeremiah 25:27 - because;  Jeremiah 46:14 - the sword;  Ezekiel 7:14 - for;  Ezekiel 7:24 - I will bring;  Ezekiel 21:9 - A sword;  Ezekiel 33:2 - When I bring the sword upon a land

Verse 13

They have sown wheat, but shall reap thorns: they have put themselves to pain, but shall not profit: and they shall be ashamed of your revenues because of the fierce anger of the LORD.
sown
Leviticus 26:16; Deuteronomy 28:38; Micah 6:15; Haggai 1:6; 2:16,17
put
3:23-25; Isaiah 30:1-6; 31:1-3; 55:2; Habakkuk 2:13; Romans 6:21
they
or, ye.
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:18 - Thorns;  Deuteronomy 28:30 - build;  Isaiah 17:10 - shalt thou;  Hosea 8:7 - it hath;  Galatians 6:8 - reap

Verse 14

Thus saith the LORD against all mine evil neighbours, that touch the inheritance which I have caused my people Israel to inherit; Behold, I will pluck them out of their land, and pluck out the house of Judah from among them.
A. M. 3401. B.C. 603. against
48:26,27; 50:9-17; 51:33-35; Ezekiel 25:3-15; Amos 1:2-15; Zephaniah 2:8-10
that
2:3; 49:1,7; Psalms 105:15; Obadiah 1:10-16; Zechariah 1:15; 2:8; 12:2-4
I will
48:1-51; Ezekiel 25:1-32; 35:1-15
and pluck
3:18; 32:37; Deuteronomy 30:3; Psalms 106:47; Isaiah 11:11-16; Ezekiel 28:25; 34:12,13; Ezekiel 36:24; 37:21; 39:27,28; Hosea 1:11; Amos 9:14,15; Zephaniah 3:19,20; Zechariah 10:6-12
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:63 - plucked from;  Jeremiah 12:17 - pluck;  Jeremiah 18:7 - to pluck;  Jeremiah 30:16 - GeneralEzekiel 28:24 - a pricking;  Joel 3:2 - and parted

Verse 15

And it shall come to pass, after that I have plucked them out I will return, and have compassion on them, and will bring them again, every man to his heritage, and every man to his land.
after
48:47; 49:6,39; Deuteronomy 30:3; Isaiah 23:17,18
heritage
48:47; 49:6,39; Numbers 32:18; Deuteronomy 3:20
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:63 - plucked from;  2 Kings 13:23 - the Lord;  Nehemiah 1:9 - yet will I;  Psalm 90:13 - Return;  Isaiah 14:1 - the strangers;  Jeremiah 24:6 - and I will bring;  Daniel 11:4 - be plucked;  Zechariah 1:3 - and;  Malachi 3:18 - shall

Verse 16

And it shall come to pass, if they will diligently learn the ways of my people, to swear by my name, The LORD liveth; as they taught my people to swear by Baal; then shall they be built in the midst of my people.
my name
4:2; 5:2; Deuteronomy 10:20,21; Song of Solomon 1:8; Isaiah 9:18-21; 45:23; 65:16; Romans 14:11
as they
Joshua 23:7; Psalms 106:35,36; Zephaniah 1:5
built
Isaiah 19:23-25; 56:5,6; Zechariah 2:11; Romans 11:17; 1 Corinthians 3:9; Ephesians 2:19-22; 1 Peter 2:4-6
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:3 - swear;  Deuteronomy 6:13 - shalt swear;  Deuteronomy 28:1 - If thou shalt;  Joshua 2:12 - swear;  Joshua 22:5 - take;  1 Samuel 20:21 - as the;  1 Samuel 29:6 - the Lord;  Job 27:2 - God liveth;  Isaiah 14:1 - the strangers;  Isaiah 19:18 - and swear;  Jeremiah 5:7 - sworn by;  Ezekiel 16:53 - in the midst;  Zechariah 1:6 - take hold of

Verse 17

But if they will not obey, I will utterly pluck up and destroy that nation, saith the LORD.
if
Psalms 2:8-12; Isaiah 60:12; Zechariah 14:16-19; Luke 19:27; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; 1 Peter 2:6-8
pluck
14-17; 18:7; 31:28; Ezekiel 19:12; Daniel 7:4-8; 11:4 Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 7:20 - I pluck

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/jeremiah-12.html.