Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jeremiah 23

Introduction

1He prophesies a restoration of the scattered flock.
5Christ shall rule and save them.
9Against false prophets;
33and mockers of the true prophets.

Verse 1

Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! saith the LORD.
Woe
2:8,26; Ezekiel 13:3; 34:2; Zechariah 11:17; Matthew 23:13-29; Luke 11:42-52
pastors
2,11-15; 2:8; 10:21; 12:10; 22:22; 25:34-36; 50:6; Isaiah 56:9-12; Ezekiel 22:25-29; 34:2-10,21; Micah 3:11,12; Zephaniah 3:3,4; Zechariah 11:5-7,15-17; Matthew 9:36; 15:14; John 10:10,12
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 22:17 - as sheep;  2 Chronicles 18:16 - as sheep;  Psalm 74:1 - the sheep;  Jeremiah 50:17 - a scattered;  Zechariah 10:3 - anger;  Acts 20:29 - not

Verse 2

Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel against the pastors that feed my people; Ye have scattered my flock, and driven them away, <I>and have not visited them: behold, I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith the LORD.
and have
Matthew 25:36,43; James 1:27
I
34; *marg:; 5:9,29; 8:12; 11:22; 13:21; *margins; Exodus 32:34; Hosea 2:13; Micah 7:4
Reciprocal: Leviticus 18:25 - therefore;  Numbers 14:18 - visiting;  1 Kings 22:17 - as sheep;  2 Chronicles 18:16 - as sheep;  Psalm 78:52 - like a;  Jeremiah 2:8 - the pastors;  Jeremiah 13:20 - where;  Jeremiah 22:22 - thy pastors;  Jeremiah 23:1 - pastors;  Jeremiah 25:12 - punish;  Jeremiah 50:17 - a scattered;  Ezekiel 13:2 - prophesy against;  Ezekiel 34:5 - they were;  Ezekiel 34:22 - will I;  Hosea 1:4 - avenge;  Zechariah 10:3 - anger;  Zechariah 11:5 - possessors;  Zechariah 11:16 - which;  Acts 15:36 - Let;  1 Corinthians 9:7 - or;  1 Peter 2:25 - ye

Verse 3

And I will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them again to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and increase.
29:14; 30:3; 31:8; 32:37; Deuteronomy 30:3-5; Psalms 106:47; Isaiah 11:11-16; Isaiah 27:12,13; 43:5,6; Ezekiel 11:17; 34:13-31; 36:24,37; 37:21-27; Ezekiel 39:27,28; Amos 9:14,15; Micah 7:12; Zephaniah 3:19,20; Zechariah 10:8-12
Reciprocal: Ezra 2:64 - forty;  Psalm 23:1 - my;  Isaiah 54:14 - for thou;  Jeremiah 3:14 - one of a city;  Jeremiah 8:3 - in all;  Jeremiah 23:7 - GeneralJeremiah 23:8 - GeneralJeremiah 24:6 - and I will bring;  Jeremiah 30:10 - I;  Jeremiah 30:18 - Behold;  Jeremiah 31:7 - remnant;  Jeremiah 31:16 - they;  Jeremiah 33:7 - will cause;  Jeremiah 46:27 - I will save;  Jeremiah 50:19 - bring;  Ezekiel 20:41 - I bring;  Ezekiel 34:11 - search;  Ezekiel 34:22 - will I;  Ezekiel 39:25 - Now will;  Joel 3:1 - when;  Micah 2:12 - I will put;  Zephaniah 2:7 - turn;  Zephaniah 3:18 - gather;  Zechariah 9:16 - shall save;  1 Corinthians 9:7 - or

Verse 4

And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them: and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be lacking, saith the LORD.
I
3:14,15; 33:26; Psalms 78:70-72; Isaiah 11:11; Ezekiel 34:23-31; Hosea 3:3-5; Micah 5:2,4,5; 7:14; John 21:15-17; Acts 20:28,29; 1 Peter 5:1-4
neither
Numbers 31:49; John 6:39,40; 10:27-30; 17:12; 18:9; 1 Peter 1:5
Reciprocal: Numbers 27:16 - set a man;  2 Samuel 7:7 - feed;  1 Chronicles 17:6 - feed;  Psalm 23:1 - my;  Isaiah 54:14 - for thou;  Jeremiah 46:27 - I will save;  Ezekiel 34:13 - I will bring;  Zephaniah 3:13 - they;  Matthew 2:6 - rule;  Luke 12:42 - to give

Verse 5

Behold, <I>the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
the days
30:3; 31:27,31-38; 33:14; Hebrews 8:8
I
33:15; Psalms 72:1,2; Isaiah 32:1,2; 40:10,11; Daniel 9:24; Amos 9:11; Zechariah 9:9; Revelation 19:11
Branch
Psalms 80:15; Isaiah 4:2; 11:1-5; 40:9,11; 53:2; Ezekiel 17:2-10,22-24; 34:29; Zechariah 3:8; 6:12,13; John 1:45
reign
22:30; Psalms 45:4; Isaiah 9:7; 52:13; *marg:; Isaiah 53:10; Luke 1:32,33
and shall
22:3,15; Psalms 72:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:10 - until;  Numbers 27:16 - set a man;  2 Samuel 8:15 - David executed;  2 Samuel 23:3 - must be just;  1 Kings 4:25 - safely;  1 Kings 10:9 - to do;  1 Kings 11:39 - not for ever;  1 Kings 12:16 - now see;  2 Kings 19:34 - my servant;  1 Chronicles 5:2 - the chief ruler;  1 Chronicles 12:40 - there was joy;  1 Chronicles 17:11 - I will raise;  1 Chronicles 18:14 - executed;  Psalm 45:6 - O God;  Psalm 45:11 - Lord;  Psalm 58:1 - Do;  Psalm 68:22 - the depths;  Psalm 85:10 - righteousness;  Psalm 99:4 - strength;  Psalm 101:2 - behave;  Proverbs 16:10 - A divine sentence;  Proverbs 29:2 - the righteous;  Proverbs 31:9 - GeneralSong of Solomon 1:3 - thy name;  Isaiah 9:6 - the government;  Isaiah 11:4 - But with;  Isaiah 16:5 - in the;  Isaiah 32:18 - GeneralIsaiah 33:22 - the Lord is our king;  Isaiah 37:35 - and for;  Isaiah 42:6 - called;  Isaiah 45:21 - a just;  Isaiah 45:24 - in the;  Jeremiah 21:12 - Execute;  Jeremiah 30:21 - governor;  Jeremiah 31:23 - As;  Jeremiah 31:38 - the days;  Ezekiel 1:26 - the appearance of a man;  Ezekiel 21:27 - until;  Ezekiel 29:21 - I cause;  Ezekiel 34:24 - a prince;  Ezekiel 36:11 - will do;  Ezekiel 37:22 - and one;  Ezekiel 37:24 - David;  Ezekiel 45:8 - and my princes;  Ezekiel 46:18 - the prince;  Hosea 1:7 - will save;  Hosea 1:11 - the children of Judah;  Micah 2:13 - their;  Micah 4:4 - none;  Zechariah 12:8 - the house;  Zechariah 13:7 - the man;  Zechariah 14:11 - shall be safely inhabited;  Matthew 1:1 - the son of David;  Matthew 2:2 - born;  Matthew 6:10 - Thy kingdom;  Matthew 11:3 - Art;  Matthew 21:5 - thy King;  Matthew 22:42 - The Son;  Matthew 25:34 - the King;  Mark 10:47 - thou;  Mark 15:12 - whom;  Luke 1:69 - in;  Luke 2:14 - and;  Luke 7:19 - Art;  Luke 18:38 - Jesus;  Luke 20:41 - Christ;  Luke 24:27 - and all;  Luke 24:44 - in the prophets;  John 1:49 - the King;  John 7:27 - no man;  John 7:42 - not;  John 8:16 - yet;  John 16:10 - righteousness;  John 18:33 - the king;  John 20:28 - My Lord;  Acts 1:6 - restore;  Acts 2:30 - he;  Acts 10:36 - he is;  Acts 13:23 - this;  Acts 13:32 - how;  Acts 26:6 - the promise;  Romans 1:3 - which;  Romans 3:21 - righteousness;  Romans 9:5 - who is;  Romans 10:3 - God's righteousness;  Romans 14:17 - but;  1 Corinthians 1:30 - righteousness;  1 Timothy 3:16 - God;  Hebrews 1:8 - a sceptre;  Hebrews 7:2 - King of righteousness;  Hebrews 7:14 - sprang;  Revelation 5:5 - the Root

Verse 6

In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Judah
Deuteronomy 33:28,29; Psalms 130:7,8; Isaiah 12:1,2; 33:22; 45:17; Ezekiel 37:24-28; Hosea 1:7; Obadiah 1:17,21; Zechariah 10:6; Matthew 1:21; Luke 1:71-74; 19:9,10; Romans 11:26,27
dwell
30:10; 32:37; 1 Kings 4:25; Isaiah 2:4; 35:9; Ezekiel 34:25-28; Hosea 2:18; Zephaniah 3:13; Zechariah 2:4,5; 3:10; 14:9-11
and this
Isaiah 7:14; 9:6; Matthew 1:21-23
THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS
Heb. JEHOVAH-tsidkenu.
33:16; Isaiah 45:24,25; 54:17; Daniel 9:24; Romans 3:22; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Philippians 3:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 17:5 - but thy name;  Genesis 49:10 - until;  Exodus 3:13 - What is his name;  Exodus 23:21 - my name;  Leviticus 25:18 - and ye;  Leviticus 26:5 - dwell;  Deuteronomy 12:10 - ye dwell;  Deuteronomy 32:3 - Because;  Judges 6:24 - Jehovahshalom;  2 Samuel 8:15 - David executed;  1 Kings 10:9 - to do;  1 Kings 11:39 - not for ever;  1 Kings 12:16 - now see;  2 Kings 19:34 - my servant;  1 Chronicles 5:2 - the chief ruler;  1 Chronicles 12:40 - there was joy;  1 Chronicles 17:11 - I will raise;  1 Chronicles 18:14 - executed;  Psalm 4:1 - O;  Psalm 45:6 - O God;  Psalm 45:11 - Lord;  Psalm 58:1 - Do;  Psalm 72:1 - the king's;  Psalm 80:15 - the branch;  Psalm 85:10 - righteousness;  Psalm 89:16 - righteousness;  Psalm 98:2 - righteousness;  Psalm 101:2 - behave;  Psalm 145:7 - sing;  Proverbs 16:10 - A divine sentence;  Proverbs 18:10 - name;  Proverbs 29:2 - the righteous;  Proverbs 30:4 - and what;  Song of Solomon 1:3 - thy name;  Isaiah 11:4 - But with;  Isaiah 16:5 - in the;  Isaiah 32:1 - king;  Isaiah 32:18 - GeneralIsaiah 37:35 - and for;  Isaiah 42:6 - called;  Isaiah 45:21 - a just;  Jeremiah 30:21 - governor;  Jeremiah 31:1 - of;  Jeremiah 33:15 - the Branch;  Jeremiah 46:27 - and be;  Ezekiel 1:26 - the appearance of a man;  Ezekiel 17:22 - highest;  Ezekiel 21:27 - until;  Ezekiel 28:26 - and they shall dwell;  Ezekiel 34:24 - a prince;  Ezekiel 37:22 - and one;  Ezekiel 38:8 - and they shall;  Ezekiel 38:14 - dwelleth;  Ezekiel 46:18 - the prince;  Amos 9:11 - raise;  Micah 2:13 - their;  Micah 4:4 - none;  Zechariah 6:13 - bear;  Zechariah 9:9 - behold;  Zechariah 12:8 - the house;  Zechariah 13:7 - the man;  Zechariah 14:11 - shall be safely inhabited;  Matthew 6:33 - his;  Matthew 11:3 - Art;  Matthew 21:5 - thy King;  Matthew 22:42 - The Son;  Matthew 25:34 - the King;  Mark 10:47 - thou;  Mark 15:12 - whom;  Luke 1:32 - give;  Luke 1:69 - in;  Luke 2:14 - and;  Luke 7:19 - Art;  Luke 20:41 - Christ;  Luke 24:27 - and all;  John 1:49 - the King;  John 8:16 - yet;  John 16:10 - righteousness;  John 20:28 - My Lord;  Acts 1:6 - restore;  Acts 2:30 - he;  Acts 10:36 - he is;  Acts 13:23 - this;  Acts 26:6 - the promise;  Romans 1:3 - which;  Romans 3:21 - righteousness;  Romans 9:5 - who is;  Romans 10:3 - God's righteousness;  Romans 14:17 - but;  1 Corinthians 15:47 - the Lord;  2 Corinthians 3:9 - the ministration of righteousness;  Ephesians 1:6 - he;  Ephesians 1:12 - who;  Philippians 2:6 - in;  Philippians 2:11 - is Lord;  1 Timothy 3:16 - God;  Hebrews 1:8 - O God;  Hebrews 7:2 - King of righteousness;  Hebrews 7:14 - sprang;  James 2:7 - worthy;  1 John 5:20 - This is;  Revelation 5:5 - the Root;  Revelation 19:11 - and in

Verse 7

Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that they shall no more say, The LORD liveth, which brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt;
3; 16:14,15; 31:31-34; Isaiah 43:18,19
Reciprocal: Isaiah 11:11 - set his hand;  Isaiah 46:9 - the former;  Jeremiah 30:3 - the days;  Micah 7:15 - GeneralHebrews 8:8 - the days

Verse 8

But, The LORD liveth, which brought up and which led the seed of the house of Israel out of the north country, and from all countries whither I had driven them; and they shall dwell in their own land.
3; Isaiah 14:1; 27:12,13; 43:5,6; 65:8-10; Ezekiel 34:13; 36:24; 37:25; Ezekiel 39:28; Zephaniah 3:20; Amos 9:14,15
Reciprocal: Isaiah 11:11 - set his hand;  Isaiah 43:18 - GeneralIsaiah 46:9 - the former;  Jeremiah 3:12 - toward the north;  Jeremiah 3:18 - out;  Jeremiah 8:3 - in all;  Jeremiah 16:14 - behold;  Jeremiah 30:3 - and I;  Jeremiah 30:10 - I;  Jeremiah 31:8 - I;  Jeremiah 32:37 - I will gather;  Ezekiel 28:25 - then shall;  Ezekiel 37:21 - GeneralJoel 3:7 - I will;  Micah 7:15 - GeneralZechariah 8:8 - and they shall dwell;  Romans 13:2 - power

Verse 9

Mine heart within me is broken because of the prophets; all my bones shake; I am like a drunken man, and like a man whom wine hath overcome, because of the LORD, and because of the words of his holiness.
A. M. 3399. B.C. 605. heart
9:1; 14:17,18; 2 Kings 22:19,20; Ezekiel 9:4,6; Daniel 8:27; Habakkuk 3:16
because
5:31
like a drunken
25:15-18; Psalms 60:3; Isaiah 6:5; 28:1; 29:9; 51:21; Lamentations 3:15; Romans 7:9
Reciprocal: Psalm 60:6 - God;  Isaiah 9:15 - the prophet;  Jeremiah 2:8 - priests;  Jeremiah 4:19 - My bowels;  Jeremiah 10:21 - the pastors;  Ezekiel 3:15 - sat;  Ezekiel 13:22 - with lies;  Hosea 4:5 - and the prophet;  Micah 3:5 - concerning;  Zephaniah 3:4 - light;  2 Peter 2:7 - vexed;  2 Peter 2:19 - overcome

Verse 10

For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land mourneth; the pleasant places of the wilderness are dried up, and their course is evil, and their force is not right.
full
5:7,8; 7:9; 9:2; Ezekiel 22:9-11; Hosea 4:2,3; Malachi 3:5; 1 Corinthians 6:9,10; Galatians 5:19-21; Hebrews 13:4; James 4:4
because
Zechariah 5:3,4; 1 Timothy 1:10
swearing
Heb. cursing. the land.
12:3,4; 14:2; Lamentations 1:2-4; Joel 1:10
the pleasant
9:10; Psalms 107:34; Isaiah 24:6
course
or, violence.
Reciprocal: Isaiah 5:18 - draw;  Jeremiah 4:28 - the earth;  Jeremiah 12:11 - it mourneth;  Acts 21:35 - for;  Ephesians 2:2 - walked according

Verse 11

For both prophet and priest are profane; yea, in my house have I found their wickedness, saith the LORD.
both
15; 5:31; 6:13; 8:10; Ezekiel 22:25,26; Zephaniah 3:4
in
7:10,11,30; 11:15; 32:34; 2 Chronicles 33:5,7; 36:14; Ezekiel 7:20; Ezekiel 8:5,6,11,16; 23:39; Matthew 21:12,13
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 13:1 - a prophet;  2 Kings 16:11 - built an altar;  Ezra 10:18 - the sons;  Isaiah 24:2 - as with the people;  Isaiah 43:27 - and thy;  Jeremiah 26:7 - GeneralJeremiah 50:6 - their shepherds;  Lamentations 1:19 - my priests;  Lamentations 2:14 - prophets;  Lamentations 2:20 - shall the priest;  Lamentations 4:13 - the sins;  Ezekiel 13:2 - prophesy against;  Ezekiel 44:10 - the Levites;  Hosea 4:9 - like people;  Malachi 1:6 - O priests;  Malachi 2:8 - ye have caused;  1 Timothy 1:9 - profane

Verse 12

Wherefore their way shall be unto them as slippery ways in the darkness: they shall be driven on, and fall therein: for I will bring evil upon them, even the year of their visitation, saith the LORD.
as
13:16; Psalms 35:6; 73:18; Proverbs 4:19
in the
Job 18:18; Isaiah 8:22; John 12:35; 1 John 2:11; Jude 1:13
the year
11:23; 23:12; 48:44; 50:27; Exodus 32:34; Micah 7:4
Reciprocal: Job 19:8 - set;  Jeremiah 6:15 - therefore;  Jeremiah 11:11 - I will bring;  Hosea 4:9 - like people

Verse 13

And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied in Baal, and caused my people Israel to err.
folly
or, an absurd thing. Heb. unsavoury. prophets.
Hosea 9:7,8
prophesied
2:8; 1 Kings 18:18-21,25-28,40
and
2 Chronicles 33:9; Isaiah 9:16
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 18:20 - the prophet;  Proverbs 13:17 - wicked;  Isaiah 28:7 - err in;  Isaiah 56:10 - they are all dumb;  Jeremiah 36:2 - against Israel;  Ezekiel 13:10 - seduced;  Amos 2:4 - and their;  Matthew 7:15 - false;  Matthew 7:22 - have we

Verse 14

I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.
in the
5:30,31; 14:14; 23:32; Ezekiel 13:2-4,16; 22:25; Isaiah 41:6,7; Micah 3:11; Zephaniah 3:4; 2 Peter 2:1,2
an horrible thing
or, filthiness.
18:13
they commit
29:23; 2 Peter 2:14-19
walk
17,25,26,32; 14:14; Ezekiel 22:25; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-11; 1 Timothy 4:2; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 21:8; 22:15
strengthen
Ezekiel 13:22,23
Sodom
Genesis 13:13; 18:20; Deuteronomy 32:32; Isaiah 1:9,10; Ezekiel 16:46-52; Malachi 1:1; Matthew 11:24; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7; Revelation 11:8
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 13:18 - But;  1 Kings 22:6 - Go up;  2 Chronicles 18:5 - Go up;  Ezra 10:18 - the sons;  Psalm 55:9 - I have;  Isaiah 5:18 - draw;  Isaiah 9:15 - the prophet;  Isaiah 56:10 - they are all dumb;  Jeremiah 5:12 - have belied;  Jeremiah 6:13 - and;  Jeremiah 7:8 - ye trust;  Jeremiah 8:4 - turn;  Jeremiah 14:15 - Sword and famine shall not;  Jeremiah 20:6 - thy friends;  Jeremiah 32:31 - this city;  Jeremiah 36:2 - against Israel;  Jeremiah 36:3 - they may;  Lamentations 1:5 - for;  Lamentations 2:14 - false;  Ezekiel 12:24 - GeneralEzekiel 13:19 - to save;  Hosea 6:10 - GeneralAmos 4:8 - yet;  Micah 2:11 - a man;  Zechariah 13:2 - cause;  Acts 13:6 - a false;  2 Corinthians 11:15 - whose;  Ephesians 5:6 - vain

Verse 15

Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets; Behold, I will feed them with wormwood, and make them drink the water of gall: for from the prophets of Jerusalem is profaneness gone forth into all the land.
will
8:14; 9:15; Psalms 69:21; Lamentations 3:5,15,19; Matthew 27:34; Revelation 8:11
profaneness
or, hypocrisy.
Reciprocal: Numbers 1:53 - there be;  Numbers 18:5 - no wrath;  1 Kings 22:25 - Behold;  Psalm 110:7 - He shall;  Isaiah 9:15 - the prophet;  Jeremiah 6:13 - and;  Jeremiah 14:15 - Sword and famine shall not;  Jeremiah 23:11 - both;  Jeremiah 27:15 - ye;  Jeremiah 32:31 - this city;  Jeremiah 51:5 - though;  Ezekiel 13:14 - ye shall be;  Ezekiel 14:11 - the house;  Ezekiel 34:16 - I will feed;  Zechariah 13:2 - cause;  Acts 13:6 - a false;  2 Corinthians 11:15 - whose

Verse 16

Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Hearken not unto the words of the prophets that prophesy unto you: they make you vain: they speak a vision of their own heart, and not out of the mouth of the LORD.
Hearken
27:9,10,14-17; 29:8; Proverbs 19:27; Matthew 7:15; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; Galatians 1:8,9; 1 John 4:1
they make
2:5; 2 Kings 17:15; Romans 1:21
a vision
21,26; 14:14; Ezekiel 13:3,6,16,23; 22:28; Micah 2:11
Reciprocal: Numbers 16:28 - of mine;  Nehemiah 6:12 - God had;  Isaiah 1:1 - vision;  Isaiah 28:7 - err in;  Jeremiah 23:32 - to err;  Hosea 9:7 - the prophet;  John 10:1 - He;  Acts 15:24 - that certain;  2 Timothy 4:3 - but;  2 Peter 2:1 - there were

Verse 17

They say still unto them that despise me, The LORD hath said, Ye shall have peace; and they say unto every one that walketh after the imagination of his own heart, No evil shall come upon you.
that despise
Numbers 11:20; 1 Samuel 2:30; 2 Samuel 12:10; Malachi 1:6; Luke 10:16; 1 Thessalonians 4:8
Ye
4:10; 6:14; 8:11; 14:13,14; 28:3-9; Isaiah 3:10,11; 57:21; Lamentations 2:14; Ezekiel 13:10,15,16,22; Micah 3:5,11; Zechariah 10:2
imagination
or, stubbornness.
3:17; 7:24; 9:14; 13:10; Deuteronomy 29:19
No
18:18; Amos 9:10; Micah 3:11; Zephaniah 1:12
Reciprocal: Judges 2:19 - stubborn;  1 Kings 13:18 - But;  1 Kings 22:11 - Thus saith;  2 Chronicles 18:5 - Go up;  2 Chronicles 18:10 - Thus;  Ecclesiastes 11:9 - walk;  Isaiah 30:10 - speak;  Jeremiah 5:12 - neither;  Jeremiah 18:12 - we will walk;  Jeremiah 23:14 - walk;  Jeremiah 23:31 - He;  Jeremiah 28:11 - Thus;  Jeremiah 37:19 - your;  Ezekiel 13:19 - to save;  Hosea 9:7 - the prophet;  Micah 2:11 - I will;  John 10:1 - He;  Romans 16:18 - by;  2 Timothy 4:3 - but;  2 Peter 2:1 - there were

Verse 18

For who hath stood in the counsel of the LORD, and hath perceived and heard his word? who hath marked his word, and heard it?
who
22; 1 Kings 22:24; Job 15:8-10; 2 Chronicles 18:23; Isaiah 40:13,14; 1 Corinthians 2:16
counsel
or, secret.
Psalms 25:14; Amos 3:7; John 15:15
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 29:29 - secret;  Isaiah 5:19 - let the;  Romans 11:34 - GeneralEphesians 1:11 - the counsel

Verse 19

Behold, a whirlwind of the LORD is gone forth in fury, even a grievous whirlwind: it shall fall grievously upon the head of the wicked.
4:11; 25:32; 30:23; Psalms 58:9; Proverbs 1:27; 10:25; Isaiah 5:25-28; 21:1; Isaiah 40:24; 66:15,16; Amos 1:14; Nahum 1:3-6; Zechariah 9:14
Reciprocal: Job 9:17 - For he;  Isaiah 28:17 - and the hail;  Jeremiah 4:4 - lest;  Jeremiah 21:12 - lest;  Lamentations 4:11 - Lord;  Ezekiel 1:4 - a whirlwind;  Ezekiel 13:13 - a stormy;  Zechariah 7:14 - scattered

Verse 20

The anger of the LORD shall not return, until he have executed, and till he have performed the thoughts of his heart: in the latter days ye shall consider it perfectly.
until
30:24; Isaiah 14:24; Zechariah 1:6; 8:14,15
in the
Genesis 49:1; Deuteronomy 31:29,30; 1 Kings 8:47; Proverbs 5:11-14; 21:30; Hosea 3:4,5
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 4:30 - in the latter;  Psalm 92:5 - thoughts;  Ecclesiastes 7:14 - but;  Isaiah 2:2 - in the last;  Isaiah 30:8 - the time to come;  Jeremiah 10:18 - that;  Jeremiah 30:23 - the whirlwind;  Jeremiah 48:47 - in the latter;  Lamentations 4:11 - Lord;  Ezekiel 13:9 - and ye;  Ezekiel 21:5 - it shall;  Ezekiel 24:14 - the Lord;  Zephaniah 2:2 - before the fierce;  1 Thessalonians 5:2 - know

Verse 21

I have not sent these prophets, yet they ran: I have not spoken to them, yet they prophesied.
32; 14:14; 27:15; 28:15; 29:9,31; Isaiah 6:8; John 20:21; Acts 13:4; Romans 10:15
Reciprocal: Judges 18:6 - Go in peace;  2 Chronicles 18:10 - Thus;  Jeremiah 14:18 - yea;  Jeremiah 23:16 - a vision;  Jeremiah 27:14 - they;  Jeremiah 29:8 - Let;  Jeremiah 29:23 - and have;  Ezekiel 22:28 - Thus saith the Lord;  Matthew 24:5 - in;  Mark 13:6 - many;  John 10:1 - He

Verse 22

But if they had stood in my counsel, and had caused my people to hear my words, then they should have turned them from their evil way, and from the evil of their doings.
if
18; Ezekiel 2:7; 3:17; Acts 20:27
then
25:5; 35:15; 36:3; Ezekiel 13:22; 18:30; Zechariah 1:4; Acts 26:18-20; 1 Thessalonians 1:9,10; 5:6
Reciprocal: Judges 18:6 - Go in peace;  Jeremiah 18:2 - cause;  Jeremiah 23:32 - therefore;  Lamentations 2:14 - they have;  Ezekiel 13:5 - have not;  Daniel 12:3 - turn;  Zechariah 11:16 - which;  Malachi 2:6 - and did;  1 Timothy 4:16 - them;  James 5:10 - who;  1 Peter 4:11 - any

Verse 23

Am I a God at hand, saith the LORD, and not a God afar off?
1 Kings 20:23,28; Psalms 113:5; 139:1-10; Ezekiel 20:32-35; Jonah 1:3,4
Reciprocal: Genesis 11:5 - GeneralExodus 20:18 - they removed;  2 Kings 6:12 - telleth;  2 Kings 19:27 - I know;  Psalm 33:13 - beholdeth;  Psalm 94:9 - hear;  Psalm 139:7 - GeneralIsaiah 37:28 - I know;  Jeremiah 29:23 - even I;  Amos 9:3 - hide;  Acts 17:27 - he be

Verse 24

Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the LORD.
hide
49:10; Genesis 16:13; Job 22:13,14; 24:13-16; Psalms 10:11; 90:8; Psalms 139:7,11-16; Proverbs 15:3; Isaiah 29:15; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:9; Amos 9:2,3
Do
1 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 2:6; 6:18; Psalms 148:13; Isaiah 57:15; 66:1; Daniel 4:35; Ephesians 1:23
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:8 - hid;  Genesis 11:5 - GeneralGenesis 13:13 - before;  Genesis 39:11 - none of the men;  Deuteronomy 27:15 - and putteth;  1 Samuel 28:8 - disguised;  1 Kings 22:30 - disguised himself;  2 Kings 6:12 - telleth;  2 Kings 19:27 - 1know;  2 Chronicles 18:29 - I will disguise;  Job 33:27 - I have sinned;  Job 34:22 - no;  Psalm 10:14 - Thou hast;  Psalm 11:4 - his eyes;  Psalm 33:13 - beholdeth;  Psalm 44:21 - Shall;  Psalm 53:2 - looked;  Psalm 77:7 - the Lord;  Psalm 94:9 - hear;  Psalm 104:1 - art very great;  Psalm 119:168 - for all my;  Psalm 139:3 - and art acquainted;  Proverbs 5:21 - GeneralIsaiah 5:18 - draw;  Isaiah 37:28 - I know;  Isaiah 47:10 - thou hast said;  Jeremiah 7:11 - even;  Jeremiah 16:17 - GeneralJeremiah 29:23 - even I;  Jeremiah 32:19 - for;  Ezekiel 8:8 - GeneralDaniel 2:22 - he knoweth;  Daniel 10:7 - so;  Matthew 6:4 - seeth;  Acts 5:3 - lie to;  Acts 7:49 - Heaven;  Acts 17:24 - seeing;  Acts 17:27 - he be;  Ephesians 5:12 - in;  1 John 3:20 - and

Verse 25

I have heard what the prophets said, that prophesy lies in my name, saying, I have dreamed, I have dreamed.
heard
8:6; 13:27; 16:17; 29:23; Psalms 139:2,4; Luke 12:3; 1 Corinthians 4:5; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23
dreamed
28,32; 29:8; Genesis 37:5,9; Numbers 12:6; Joel 2:28; Matthew 1:20
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 13:1 - a dreamer;  1 Kings 22:11 - Thus saith;  2 Chronicles 18:10 - Thus;  Nehemiah 6:12 - God had;  Proverbs 19:9 - and;  Isaiah 9:15 - the prophet;  Jeremiah 5:31 - prophets;  Jeremiah 8:10 - from the prophet;  Jeremiah 14:14 - The prophets;  Jeremiah 20:6 - thy friends;  Jeremiah 23:14 - walk;  Jeremiah 27:9 - hearken;  Jeremiah 27:14 - they;  Ezekiel 13:2 - prophesy against;  Ezekiel 22:28 - seeing;  Amos 2:4 - and their;  Micah 2:11 - a man;  Zephaniah 3:4 - light;  Zechariah 10:2 - the diviners;  Matthew 24:5 - in;  2 Thessalonians 2:2 - by spirit;  2 Peter 2:1 - there were

Verse 26

How long shall this be in the heart of the prophets that prophesy lies? yea, they are prophets of the deceit of their own heart;
How
4:14; 13:27; Psalms 4:2; Hosea 8:5; Acts 13:10
prophets of
14:14; 17:9; Isaiah 30:10; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-11; 1 Timothy 4:1,2; 2 Timothy 4:3; 2 Peter 2:13-16
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 5:31 - prophets;  Jeremiah 7:8 - ye trust;  Jeremiah 8:10 - from the prophet;  Jeremiah 20:6 - thy friends;  Jeremiah 23:14 - walk;  Jeremiah 23:16 - a vision;  Ezekiel 13:2 - prophesy against;  2 Corinthians 5:21 - we;  Galatians 1:7 - pervert

Verse 27

Which think to cause my people to forget my name by their dreams which they tell every man to his neighbour, as their fathers have forgotten my name for Baal.
think
Deuteronomy 13:1-5; Acts 13:8; 2 Timothy 2:17,18; 3:6-8
as
Judges 3:7; 8:33,34; 10:6; 2 Kings 21:3
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 23:35 - Because;  Hosea 8:14 - forgotten;  Micah 3:5 - concerning;  2 Corinthians 2:17 - which

Verse 28

The prophet that hath a dream, let him tell a dream; and he that hath my word, let him speak my word faithfully. What is the chaff to the wheat? saith the LORD.
that hath
Heb. with whom is. speak.
Proverbs 14:5; Matthew 24:45; Luke 12:42; 1 Corinthians 4:2; 2 Corinthians 2:17; 1 Timothy 1:12
What
That is, when the dreamers declare their dreams, and the true prophets faithfully declare their message, the difference between them will be as evident as that between "the chaff and the wheat."
1 Corinthians 3:12,13
Reciprocal: Genesis 40:22 - he hanged;  Exodus 6:29 - speak;  Numbers 12:6 - a dream;  1 Samuel 28:6 - by dreams;  1 Kings 22:14 - what the Lord;  2 Kings 22:15 - General1 Chronicles 17:15 - According;  2 Chronicles 18:13 - even what my God;  Job 33:15 - a dream;  Proverbs 13:17 - wicked;  Jeremiah 1:17 - and speak;  Jeremiah 2:1 - the word;  Jeremiah 23:25 - dreamed;  Jeremiah 26:2 - Stand;  Jeremiah 28:1 - the prophet;  Jeremiah 36:21 - And Jehudi;  Jeremiah 42:4 - whatsoever;  Ezekiel 2:7 - thou;  Ezekiel 13:3 - have seen nothing;  Ezekiel 33:7 - thou shalt;  Daniel 7:1 - Daniel;  Joel 2:28 - dream;  Matthew 7:29 - having;  Luke 4:32 - GeneralRomans 10:17 - and hearing;  1 Thessalonians 2:13 - the word of God;  2 Timothy 2:2 - faithful;  1 Peter 1:23 - by

Verse 29

Is not my word like as a fire? saith the LORD; and like a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces?
like as
5:14; 20:9; Luke 24:32; John 6:63; Acts 2:3,37; 2 Corinthians 2:16; 10:4,5; Hebrews 4:12; Revelation 11:5
Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 12:11 - as goads;  Hosea 6:5 - I have;  Matthew 7:29 - having;  Mark 1:22 - they were;  Mark 3:17 - he surnamed;  Mark 4:8 - fell;  Luke 4:32 - GeneralJohn 8:7 - and said;  Acts 24:25 - Felix;  Romans 1:16 - for it is;  Romans 10:17 - and hearing;  1 Corinthians 3:13 - and the fire;  1 Thessalonians 2:13 - the word of God

Verse 30

Therefore, behold, I am against the prophets, saith the LORD, that steal my words every one from his neighbour.
14:14,15; 44:11,29; Leviticus 20:3; 26:17; Deuteronomy 18:20; 29:20; Psalms 34:16; Ezekiel 13:8,20; 15:7; 1 Peter 3:12
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 21:13 - I am

Verse 31

Behold, I am against the prophets, saith the LORD, that use their tongues, and say, He saith.
use
or, smooth.
Isaiah 30:10; Micah 2:11
He
17; 2 Chronicles 18:5,10-12,19-21
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 18:20 - the prophet;  1 Kings 22:11 - Thus saith;  Lamentations 2:14 - false;  Ezekiel 13:6 - saying

Verse 32

Behold, I am against them that prophesy false dreams, saith the LORD, and do tell them, and cause my people to err by their lies, and by their lightness; yet I sent them not, nor commanded them: therefore they shall not profit this people at all, saith the LORD.
to err
16; 27:14-22; 28:15-17; 29:21-23,31; Deuteronomy 13:1-18; 18:20; Isaiah 3:12; Ezekiel 13:7-18; Zechariah 13:2,3; Revelation 19:20
and by
Zephaniah 3:4; 2 Corinthians 1:17
therefore
22; 7:8; Lamentations 2:14; Matthew 15:14
Reciprocal: Judges 18:6 - Go in peace;  1 Kings 13:18 - But;  Jeremiah 20:6 - thy friends;  Jeremiah 23:14 - in the;  Jeremiah 23:21 - GeneralJeremiah 23:25 - dreamed;  Jeremiah 27:9 - hearken;  Ezekiel 13:6 - saying;  Micah 2:11 - a man;  Micah 3:5 - concerning;  Zechariah 11:17 - idol;  John 10:1 - He;  Romans 10:15 - And how;  1 Corinthians 14:6 - what shall I:1 Timothy 4:2 - lies;  2 Timothy 2:14 - to no

Verse 33

And when this people, or the prophet, or a priest, shall ask thee, saying, <I>What is the burden of the LORD? thou shalt then say unto them, What burden? I will even forsake you, saith the LORD.
What
17:15; 20:7,8; Isaiah 13:1; 14:28; Nahum 1:1; Habakkuk 1:1; Malachi 1:1
I
39,40; 12:7; Deuteronomy 31:17,18; 32:19,20; 2 Chronicles 15:2; Psalms 78:59,60; Hosea 9:12
Reciprocal: Joshua 7:12 - neither;  Judges 6:13 - forsaken us;  2 Kings 9:25 - the Lord;  2 Kings 21:14 - And I will;  2 Chronicles 12:5 - Ye have forsaken me;  Ezekiel 12:22 - what;  Ezekiel 33:31 - show much love;  Zechariah 9:1 - burden;  Zechariah 11:9 - I will;  Mark 8:13 - General

Verse 34

And as for the prophet, and the priest, and the people, that shall say, The burden of the LORD, I will even punish that man and his house.
punish
Heb. visit upon.
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 36:31 - punish;  Jeremiah 51:47 - do judgment upon

Verse 35

Thus shall ye say every one to his neighbour, and every one to his brother, What hath the LORD answered? and, What hath the LORD spoken?
31:34; Hebrews 8:11
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 33:30 - Come

Verse 36

And the burden of the LORD shall ye mention no more: for every man's word shall be his burden; for ye have perverted the words of the living God, of the LORD of hosts our God.
for every
Psalms 12:3; 64:8; 120:3; 149:9; Proverbs 17:20; Isaiah 3:8; Matthew 12:36; Luke 19:22; 2 Peter 2:17,18; Jude 1:15,16
for ye
Isaiah 28:13,14,22; Galatians 1:7-9; 6:5; 2 Peter 3:16
of the
10:10; Deuteronomy 5:26; 1 Samuel 17:26,36; 2 Kings 19:4; Acts 14:15; 1 Thessalonians 1:9
Reciprocal: Isaiah 5:19 - let the;  Isaiah 30:15 - the Holy One;  Acts 13:10 - wilt;  1 Timothy 3:15 - the living;  2 Timothy 2:14 - the subverting

Verse 38

But since ye say, The burden of the LORD; therefore thus saith the LORD; Because ye say this word, The burden of the LORD, and I have sent unto you, saying, Ye shall not say, The burden of the LORD;
ye say
2 Chronicles 11:13,14

Verse 39

Therefore, behold, I, even I, will utterly forget you, and I will forsake you, and the city that I gave you and your fathers, and cast you out of my presence:
I, even I
Genesis 6:17; Leviticus 26:28; Deuteronomy 32:39; Isaiah 48:15; 51:12; Ezekiel 5:8; 6:3; Ezekiel 34:11,20; Proverbs 13:13; Hosea 4:6; 5:14
and I
33; 32:28-35; 35:17; 36:31; Lamentations 5:20; Ezekiel 8:18; 9:6; Hosea 9:12-17
cast
52:3; Psalms 51:11; Matthew 25:41; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:16 - went;  Exodus 14:17 - behold;  Deuteronomy 31:17 - I will forsake;  Isaiah 49:14 - my Lord;  Jeremiah 7:15 - I will;  Jeremiah 15:1 - cast;  Zechariah 11:9 - I will

Verse 40

And I will bring an everlasting reproach upon you, and a perpetual shame, which shall not be forgotten.
20:11; 24:9; 42:18; 44:8-12; Deuteronomy 28:37; Ezekiel 5:14,15; Daniel 9:16; 12:2; Hosea 4:7 Reciprocal: Psalm 78:66 - he put;  Jeremiah 23:33 - I;  Ezekiel 16:52 - bear thine

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/jeremiah-23.html.