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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jeremiah 34

Overview

Jeremiah 34:1, Jeremiah prophesies the captivity of Zedekiah and the city; Jeremiah 34:8, The princes and the people having dismissed their bond-servants, contrary to the covenant of God, re-assume them; Jeremiah 34:12, Jeremiah, for their disobedience, gives them and Zedekiah into the hands of their enemies.

Verse 1

am 3415, bc 589

The word: This chapter contains two discourses, one concerning the taking of the city, and Zedekiah's captivity and death, Jeremiah 34:1-7, and the other containing an invective against the inhabitants of Jerusalem for retaining their Hebrew slaves, Jeremiah 34:8-22, both of which were delivered in the tenth year of Zedekiah.

when: Jeremiah 34:7, Jeremiah 32:2, Jeremiah 39:1-3, Jeremiah 52:4-11, 2 Kings 25:1-9, 2 Chronicles 36:12-17

all the kingdoms: Jeremiah 1:15, Jeremiah 27:5-7, Daniel 2:37, Daniel 2:38, Daniel 4:1, Daniel 4:22, Daniel 5:19

of his dominion: Heb. the dominion of his hand

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 1:3 - unto the end Zechariah 14:2 - gather

Verse 2

Go: Jeremiah 22:1, Jeremiah 22:2, Jeremiah 37:1-4, 2 Chronicles 36:11, 2 Chronicles 36:12

Behold: Jeremiah 34:22, Jeremiah 21:4, Jeremiah 21:10, Jeremiah 32:3, Jeremiah 32:28, Jeremiah 32:29, Jeremiah 37:8-10, Jeremiah 38:23, Jeremiah 39:8

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:55 - in the siege 2 Kings 25:1 - in the ninth Jeremiah 38:18 - then Jeremiah 39:16 - Behold Jeremiah 52:7 - the city

Verse 3

And thou: Jeremiah 34:21, Jeremiah 21:7, Jeremiah 32:4, Jeremiah 37:17, Jeremiah 38:18, Jeremiah 39:4, Jeremiah 39:5, Jeremiah 52:7-9, 2 Kings 25:4, 2 Kings 25:5

and thine: Jeremiah 39:6, Jeremiah 39:7, Jeremiah 52:10, Jeremiah 52:11, 2 Kings 25:6, 2 Kings 25:7, Ezekiel 12:13, Ezekiel 17:18-20, Ezekiel 21:25

he shall speak with thee mouth to mouth: Heb. his mouth shall speak to thy mouth

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 25:1 - in the ninth Jeremiah 1:18 - against Jeremiah 25:35 - the shepherds Jeremiah 32:3 - Behold Jeremiah 39:16 - Behold Ezekiel 17:15 - shall he escape Ezekiel 17:16 - even

Verse 4

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 18:18 - hear the word Jeremiah 2:4 - Hear ye Jeremiah 7:2 - Hear Jeremiah 32:5 - until Hosea 4:1 - Hear

Verse 5

But thou: 2 Kings 22:20, 2 Chronicles 34:28, Ezekiel 17:16

and with: 2 Chronicles 16:14, 2 Chronicles 21:19

so: Daniel 2:46

and they: Jeremiah 22:18, 2 Chronicles 21:20, Lamentations 4:20

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 31:12 - burnt them there Jeremiah 27:22 - carried Jeremiah 32:5 - until

Verse 6

1 Samuel 3:18, 1 Samuel 15:16-24, 2 Samuel 12:7-12, 1 Kings 21:19, 1 Kings 22:14, Ezekiel 2:7, Matthew 14:4, Acts 20:27

Verse 7

fought against: Jeremiah 34:1, Jeremiah 4:5, Jeremiah 8:14, Jeremiah 11:12, Deuteronomy 28:52

Lachish: Joshua 10:3, Joshua 10:11, Joshua 12:11, Joshua 15:35, Joshua 15:39, 2 Kings 18:13, 2 Kings 18:14, 2 Kings 19:8, Micah 1:13

for: 2 Chronicles 11:5-10, 2 Chronicles 27:4

Reciprocal: Exodus 8:15 - saw Joshua 10:10 - Azekah 1 Samuel 17:1 - Azekah

Verse 8

had: 2 Kings 11:17, 2 Kings 23:2, 2 Kings 23:3, 2 Chronicles 15:12-15, 2 Chronicles 23:16, 2 Chronicles 29:10, 2 Chronicles 34:30-33, Nehemiah 9:38, Nehemiah 10:1-27

to proclaim: Jeremiah 34:14, Jeremiah 34:17, Exodus 21:2-4, Exodus 23:10, Exodus 23:11, Leviticus 25:10, Leviticus 25:39-46, Deuteronomy 15:12, Nehemiah 5:1-13, Isaiah 61:1

Reciprocal: Exodus 8:8 - and I will 2 Kings 25:1 - in the ninth Nehemiah 5:12 - I called Isaiah 58:6 - to loose Jeremiah 34:15 - ye had

Verse 9

Hebrew: Genesis 14:13, Genesis 40:15, Exodus 2:6, Exodus 3:18, Deuteronomy 15:12, 1 Samuel 4:6, 1 Samuel 4:9, 1 Samuel 14:11, 2 Corinthians 11:22, Philippians 3:5

serve: Jeremiah 34:10, Jeremiah 25:14, Jeremiah 27:7, Jeremiah 30:8, 1 Corinthians 6:8

Reciprocal: Isaiah 58:3 - exact Jeremiah 34:14 - At the Colossians 4:1 - give

Verse 10

when: Jeremiah 26:10, Jeremiah 26:16, Jeremiah 36:12, Jeremiah 36:24, Jeremiah 36:25, Jeremiah 38:4

then: Jeremiah 3:10, Jeremiah 3:11, Isaiah 29:13, Mark 6:20

Reciprocal: Exodus 14:5 - Why have we Jeremiah 34:9 - serve Jeremiah 34:15 - in proclaiming Jeremiah 34:19 - princes

Verse 11

Jeremiah 34:21, Jeremiah 37:5, Exodus 8:8, Exodus 8:15, Exodus 9:28, Exodus 9:34, Exodus 9:35, Exodus 10:17-20, Exodus 14:3-9, 1 Samuel 19:6-11, 1 Samuel 24:19, 1 Samuel 26:21, Psalms 36:3, Psalms 78:34-36, Psalms 125:5, Proverbs 26:11, Ecclesiastes 8:11, Hosea 6:4, Hosea 7:16, Zephaniah 1:6, Matthew 12:43-45, Romans 2:4, Romans 2:5, 2 Peter 2:20-22

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 34:15 - in proclaiming Jeremiah 34:16 - ye turned

Verse 13

I made: Jeremiah 31:32, Exodus 24:3, Exodus 24:7, Exodus 24:8, Deuteronomy 5:2, Deuteronomy 5:3, Deuteronomy 5:27, Deuteronomy 29:1, Hebrews 8:10, Hebrews 8:11

in the: Jeremiah 7:22, Jeremiah 11:4, Jeremiah 11:7, Deuteronomy 7:8, Deuteronomy 15:15, Deuteronomy 16:12, Deuteronomy 24:18, Joshua 24:17, Judges 6:8

out of: Exodus 13:3, Exodus 13:14, Deuteronomy 5:6, Deuteronomy 6:12, Deuteronomy 8:14, Deuteronomy 13:10, Joshua 24:17, Judges 6:8

Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:10 - proclaim Jeremiah 11:2 - General

Verse 14

At the: Jeremiah 34:8, Jeremiah 34:9, Exodus 21:1-4, Exodus 23:10, Exodus 23:11, Deuteronomy 15:12, 1 Kings 9:22, 2 Chronicles 28:10, Isaiah 58:6, Amos 2:6, Amos 8:6

been sold: or, sold himself, 1 Kings 21:25, Isaiah 50:1, Romans 7:14-17, Romans 7:24

but: It appears from this and several other passages, that the sabbatical year had been wholly neglected some centuries before the captivity; and the author of the second book of Chronicles - Jeremiah 36:21 assigns this as a reason for the captivity, "that the land might enjoy her sabbaths." Now, if we reckon the seventy years' captivity as a punishment for this neglect, it will follow that the law on this subject had been disregarded for about 490 years. Jeremiah 7:25, Jeremiah 7:26, Jeremiah 11:8-10, Jeremiah 32:30, 1 Samuel 8:7, 1 Samuel 8:8, 2 Kings 17:13, 2 Kings 17:14, 2 Chronicles 36:16, Nehemiah 9:30, Ezekiel 20:4, Ezekiel 20:8, Zechariah 7:11, Zechariah 7:12

Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:39 - be sold 2 Kings 4:1 - the creditor 2 Chronicles 28:11 - deliver Job 31:13 - the cause Jeremiah 13:10 - evil Jeremiah 31:32 - Not

Verse 15

ye: 1 Kings 21:27-29, 2 Kings 10:30, 2 Kings 10:31, 2 Kings 12:2, 2 Kings 14:3, Isaiah 58:2, Matthew 15:8

now: Heb. to-day

in proclaiming: Jeremiah 34:10, Jeremiah 34:11

ye had: Jeremiah 34:8, 2 Kings 23:3, Nehemiah 10:29, Psalms 76:11, Psalms 119:106

which is called by my name: Heb. whereupon my name is called, Jeremiah 7:10, Jeremiah 7:11

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 28:11 - deliver 2 Chronicles 29:10 - to make a covenant Jeremiah 50:33 - they refused Hosea 4:10 - left Hosea 6:4 - for

Verse 16

ye turned: Jeremiah 34:11, 1 Samuel 15:11, Ezekiel 3:20, Ezekiel 18:24, Ezekiel 33:12, Ezekiel 33:13, Luke 8:13-15

polluted: Exodus 20:7, Leviticus 19:12, Ezekiel 17:16-19, Ezekiel 20:39, Ezekiel 39:7, Malachi 1:7, Malachi 1:12

and brought: Matthew 18:28-34

Reciprocal: Proverbs 21:13 - at

Verse 17

behold: When they proclaimed liberty to their slaves, God restrained the sword from cutting them off; but now having resumed their authority over them, He proclaimed liberty to these dire judgments to seize upon, and destroy them. Leviticus 26:34, Leviticus 26:35, Deuteronomy 19:19, Judges 1:6, Judges 1:7, Esther 7:10, Daniel 6:24, Matthew 7:2, Luke 6:37, Luke 6:38, Galatians 6:7, James 2:13, Revelation 16:6

to the sword: Jeremiah 15:2, Jeremiah 21:7, Jeremiah 24:10, Jeremiah 32:24, Jeremiah 32:36, Jeremiah 47:6, Jeremiah 47:7, Ezekiel 14:17-21

I will: Jeremiah 15:4, Jeremiah 24:9, Jeremiah 24:10, Jeremiah 29:18, Deuteronomy 28:25, Deuteronomy 28:64

to be removed: Heb. for a removing, Lamentations 1:8, *marg.

Reciprocal: Genesis 42:21 - we saw Proverbs 21:13 - at Isaiah 65:12 - will I Jeremiah 12:12 - the sword Jeremiah 16:4 - consumed Jeremiah 21:6 - they Jeremiah 24:8 - So will Jeremiah 29:17 - Behold Jeremiah 29:19 - General Jeremiah 34:8 - to proclaim Jeremiah 38:2 - He Ezekiel 23:46 - to be removed and spoiled Micah 2:3 - do Malachi 2:2 - ye will not hear

Verse 18

have transgressed: Deuteronomy 17:2, Joshua 7:11, Joshua 23:16, Hosea 6:7, Hosea 8:1

when: This was the ancient mode of making a covenant. - See note on Deuteronomy 29:12, and see note on Joshua 9:7. Genesis 15:10, Genesis 15:17, Genesis 15:18, Psalms 50:1

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 29:10 - to make a covenant

Verse 19

princes: Jeremiah 34:10, Ezekiel 22:27-31, Daniel 9:6, Daniel 9:8, Daniel 9:12, Micah 7:1-5, Zephaniah 3:3, Zephaniah 3:4

the eunuchs: Jeremiah 29:2, Jeremiah 38:7, 2 Kings 24:12, 2 Kings 24:15, *marg.

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:10 - divided them Genesis 15:17 - passed Nehemiah 9:32 - on our kings Jeremiah 21:7 - I will Jeremiah 26:10 - the princes Jeremiah 38:18 - then Jeremiah 39:6 - slew all

Verse 20

and into: Jeremiah 4:30, Jeremiah 11:21, Jeremiah 21:7, Jeremiah 22:25, Jeremiah 38:16, Jeremiah 44:30, Jeremiah 49:37

and their: Jeremiah 7:33, Jeremiah 16:4, Jeremiah 19:7, 1 Samuel 17:44, 1 Samuel 17:46, 1 Kings 14:11, 1 Kings 16:4, 1 Kings 21:23, 1 Kings 21:24, 2 Kings 9:34-37, Ezekiel 29:5, Ezekiel 32:4, Ezekiel 39:17-20, Revelation 19:17-21

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:26 - General Psalms 79:2 - General Psalms 79:3 - and there Jeremiah 1:18 - against Lamentations 1:14 - delivered Ezekiel 23:28 - whom thou Revelation 19:18 - ye

Verse 21

Zedekiah: Jeremiah 34:3-5, Jeremiah 39:6, Jeremiah 52:10, Jeremiah 52:24-27, 2 Kings 25:18-21, Lamentations 4:20, Ezekiel 17:16

which are: Jeremiah 37:5-11

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 25:6 - they took Jeremiah 22:25 - I Jeremiah 34:11 - General Jeremiah 36:29 - The king Jeremiah 37:8 - General Jeremiah 37:17 - thou shalt Jeremiah 44:30 - as I Jeremiah 49:37 - their enemies Jeremiah 52:8 - General Lamentations 1:14 - delivered Ezekiel 16:27 - delivered

Verse 22

I will command: 2 Samuel 16:11, 2 Kings 24:2, 2 Kings 24:3, 2 Chronicles 36:17, Isaiah 10:5-7, Isaiah 13:3, Isaiah 37:26, Isaiah 45:1-3, Amos 3:6, Matthew 22:7

cause: They did return, and reinvested the city; and, after an obstinate defence, took it, plundered it, and burnt it to the ground, taking Zedekiah, his princes, and people, captive. Jeremiah 37:8-10

shall fight: Jeremiah 21:4-10, Jeremiah 32:29, Jeremiah 38:23, Jeremiah 39:1, Jeremiah 39:2, Jeremiah 39:8, Jeremiah 52:7, Jeremiah 52:13

and I will: Jeremiah 9:11, Jeremiah 33:10, Jeremiah 44:2-6, Jeremiah 44:22, Isaiah 6:11, Isaiah 24:12, Isaiah 64:10, Lamentations 1:1, Ezekiel 33:27, Ezekiel 33:28, Micah 7:13, Zechariah 1:12, Zechariah 7:14

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 25:6 - they took 2 Kings 25:9 - the king's Isaiah 10:6 - will I give Jeremiah 1:15 - and against Jeremiah 2:15 - his cities Jeremiah 4:7 - to Jeremiah 21:10 - it shall Jeremiah 34:2 - Behold Jeremiah 36:29 - The king Jeremiah 37:17 - thou shalt Jeremiah 39:16 - Behold Jeremiah 46:19 - waste Jeremiah 50:21 - and do Lamentations 1:17 - commanded Ezekiel 6:6 - the cities Ezekiel 12:20 - General Habakkuk 1:9 - they shall gather Zephaniah 1:2 - I will

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 34". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/jeremiah-34.html.