Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 2

Introduction

1Satan appearing again before God, obtains further leave to tempt Job.
7He smites him with sore boils.
9Job reproves his wife, who moved him to curse God.
11His three friends console with him in silence.

Verse 1

Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.
Again
1:6; Isaiah 6:1,2; Luke 1:19; Hebrews 1:14
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 31:14 - presented;  1 Kings 22:19 - all the host;  1 Kings 22:21 - General1 Chronicles 21:1 - Satan;  2 Chronicles 18:20 - there came;  Job 38:7 - the sons;  Zechariah 1:10 - These;  Zechariah 3:1 - Satan;  Zechariah 6:5 - go;  Zechariah 6:7 - the bay;  Matthew 4:10 - Satan;  Revelation 12:9 - and Satan;  Revelation 20:2 - the dragon

Verse 2

And the LORD said unto Satan, From whence comest thou? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.
From whence
Genesis 16:8
From going
1:7; John 14:30; 2 Corinthians 4:4; 1 Peter 5:8
Reciprocal: Judges 9:9 - to be promoted over the trees;  Zechariah 1:10 - These;  Zechariah 6:5 - go;  Zechariah 6:7 - the bay;  Matthew 12:43 - he;  Luke 11:24 - he walketh;  Ephesians 6:12 - against the;  Revelation 12:9 - into;  Revelation 20:2 - the dragon

Verse 3

And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he holdeth fast his integrity, although thou movedst me against him, to destroy him without cause.
Hast thou
1:1,8; 9:20; Genesis 6:9; Psalms 37:37; Philippians 3:12; 1 Peter 5:10
an upright
Proverbs 11:8; 13:6; 14:2; 15:8; 16:17
holdeth
1:21,22; 13:15; 27:5,6; Psalms 26:1; 41:12; James 1:12; 1 Peter 1:7
thou movedst
1:11
destroy him
Heb. swallow him up.
2 Samuel 20:20
without
9:17; John 9:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:27 - a plain man;  2 Chronicles 32:31 - to try him;  Job 2:9 - retain;  Job 5:5 - swalloweth;  Proverbs 24:28 - not;  Isaiah 52:4 - without;  Lamentations 2:2 - swallowed;  Matthew 8:32 - Go;  Luke 22:31 - Satan;  2 Corinthians 2:11 - GeneralTitus 1:9 - Holding;  Hebrews 11:17 - when;  1 Peter 3:11 - eschew

Verse 4

And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.
all that
Esther 7:3,4; Isaiah 2:20,21; Jeremiah 41:8; Matthew 6:25; 16:26; Acts 27:18,19; Philippians 3:8-10
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:17 - for horses;  Genesis 47:19 - buy us;  Joshua 9:24 - we were sore;  2 Samuel 19:16 - hasted;  1 Kings 20:31 - peradventure;  1 Kings 22:22 - a lying spirit;  2 Kings 7:15 - had cast away;  1 Chronicles 21:1 - Satan;  Job 1:12 - only;  Job 19:20 - and I am;  Proverbs 13:8 - ransom;  Jonah 1:5 - and cast;  Matthew 4:3 - the tempter;  Matthew 24:17 - which;  Mark 8:36 - what;  Mark 13:15 - GeneralMark 14:52 - GeneralLuke 12:15 - for;  Luke 12:23 - GeneralLuke 17:31 - he which;  John 8:44 - When;  Acts 27:22 - for;  Acts 27:38 - they lightened;  Romans 8:33 - Who;  Philippians 3:7 - General1 Peter 3:10 - love

Verse 5

But put forth thine hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse thee to thy face.
put forth
1:11; 19:20,21; 1 Chronicles 21:17; Psalms 32:3,4; 38:2-7; 39:10
He will curse
9; 1:5,11; Leviticus 24:15; Isaiah 8:21
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:3 - touch;  Leviticus 24:11 - cursed;  2 Kings 6:33 - this evil is of the Lord;  Job 3:1 - cursed;  Job 4:5 - it toucheth;  Job 19:22 - and are not;  Job 23:10 - he hath;  Isaiah 54:17 - every;  Isaiah 65:3 - to my face;  Mark 5:12 - GeneralLuke 8:31 - they;  2 Corinthians 2:11 - GeneralRevelation 12:10 - the accuser

Verse 6

And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, he is in thine hand; but save his life.
Behold
1:12
but
or, only. save.
38:10,11; Psalms 65:7; Luke 8:29-33; 22:31,32; 1 Corinthians 10:13; Revelation 2:10; Revelation 20:1,2,7
his life
By naphsho, "his soul," Maimonides understands "his mind," or intellectual powers.
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:6 - in;  Deuteronomy 28:35 - botch;  2 Chronicles 18:21 - Thou shalt;  Job 23:10 - he hath;  Psalm 78:49 - by sending;  Mark 5:13 - gave;  Mark 9:20 - the spirit;  Luke 4:9 - brought;  Luke 8:32 - he suffered;  Luke 12:23 - General1 Corinthians 5:5 - deliver;  2 Timothy 2:26 - at;  Revelation 9:4 - which;  Revelation 9:5 - they should not

Verse 7

So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown.
So went
1 Kings 22:22
sore boils
Shechin rĂ¢, supposed to be the Judham, or black leprosy, of the Arabs, termed Elephantiasis by the Greeks, from its rendering the skin, like that of the elephant, scabrous, dark coloured, and furrowed all over with tubercles. This loathsome and most afflictive disease is accompanied with most intolerable itching.
30:17-19,30; Exodus 9:9-11; Deuteronomy 28:27,35; Revelation 16:11
from the sole
Isaiah 1:6; 3:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:16 - went;  Leviticus 13:18 - a boil;  2 Samuel 14:25 - from the sole;  2 Kings 20:7 - the boil;  Job 1:12 - So Satan;  Job 7:5 - flesh;  Job 9:17 - multiplieth;  Job 9:23 - If the;  Job 13:27 - settest;  Job 16:11 - to the ungodly;  Job 19:10 - destroyed;  Job 30:18 - By the great;  Psalm 38:3 - soundness;  Psalm 41:8 - An evil disease;  Psalm 78:49 - by sending;  Proverbs 18:14 - spirit;  Jonah 1:3 - from;  Matthew 8:32 - the whole;  Matthew 17:15 - for ofttimes;  Mark 5:5 - crying;  Luke 13:11 - a spirit;  Luke 16:20 - full;  2 Corinthians 12:7 - the messenger;  Revelation 16:2 - a noisome

Verse 8

And he took him a potsherd to scrape himself withal; and he sat down among the ashes.
took him
19:14-17; Psalms 38:5,7; Luke 16:20,21
he sat
42:6; 2 Samuel 13:19; Isaiah 61:3; Ezekiel 27:30; Jonah 3:6; Matthew 11:21
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:8 - the poor;  1 Kings 20:41 - the ashes away;  Esther 4:1 - with ashes;  Job 7:5 - flesh;  Job 30:19 - dust;  Psalm 38:3 - soundness;  Psalm 41:8 - An evil disease;  Psalm 113:7 - needy;  Isaiah 1:6 - the sole;  Isaiah 3:26 - shall sit;  Isaiah 47:1 - down;  Isaiah 58:5 - to spread;  Lamentations 3:16 - covered me with ashes;  Micah 1:10 - roll;  Matthew 8:32 - the whole;  Mark 5:5 - crying;  Revelation 16:2 - a noisome

Verse 9

Then said his wife unto him, Dost thou still retain thine integrity? curse God, and die.
his wife
Genesis 3:6,12; 1 Kings 11:4
retain
3; 21:14,15; 2 Kings 6:33; Malachi 3:14
curse God
5; 1:11
Reciprocal: Leviticus 24:11 - cursed;  Judges 14:17 - she lay;  1 Kings 16:18 - and burnt the king's house;  1 Kings 21:13 - blaspheme God;  Job 1:5 - cursed;  Job 3:1 - cursed;  Job 19:17 - breath;  Job 27:5 - I will not;  Isaiah 8:21 - curse;  Matthew 27:5 - and departed;  2 Corinthians 2:11 - General2 Corinthians 4:8 - not in despair

Verse 10

But he said unto her, Thou speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips.
Thou speakest
Genesis 3:17; 2 Samuel 19:22; Matthew 16:23
as one
2 Samuel 6:20,21; 13:13; 24:10; 2 Chronicles 16:9; Proverbs 9:6,13; Matthew 25:2
shall we receive
1:1-3,10,21; 2 Samuel 19:28; Lamentations 3:38-41; John 18:11; Romans 12:12; Hebrews 12:9-11; James 5:10
In all this
1:22; Psalms 39:1; 59:12; Matthew 12:34-37; James 3:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:15 - denied;  Leviticus 10:3 - Aaron;  Leviticus 24:11 - cursed;  1 Samuel 3:18 - It is the Lord;  2 Samuel 12:20 - arose;  1 Kings 16:18 - and burnt the king's house;  Job 1:9 - Doth Job;  Job 3:1 - After;  Job 6:26 - reprove;  Job 19:17 - breath;  Job 19:21 - the hand;  Job 32:13 - God;  Job 34:8 - GeneralPsalm 39:9 - GeneralPsalm 106:33 - he spake;  Isaiah 45:7 - I make Peace;  Jonah 4:8 - and wished;  Mark 8:33 - Get;  Luke 9:55 - Ye know;  2 Corinthians 4:8 - not in despair;  Ephesians 5:15 - not;  James 5:11 - Ye;  1 Peter 2:15 - foolish

Verse 11

Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.
friends
6:14; 16:20; 19:19,21; 42:7; Proverbs 17:17; 18:24; 27:10
Temanite
6:19; 15:1; Genesis 36:11,15; Jeremiah 49:7
Shuhite
8:1; 18:1; Genesis 25:2; 1 Chronicles 1:32
to come
42:11; Genesis 37:35; Isaiah 51:19; John 11:19; Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 12:26; Hebrews 13:3
to comfort
13:4; 16:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:15 - Tema;  Genesis 36:4 - Eliphaz;  Genesis 36:34 - Temani;  1 Chronicles 1:45 - Temanites;  1 Chronicles 7:22 - and his brethren;  Job 4:1 - Eliphaz;  Job 6:21 - ye see;  Job 11:1 - Zophar;  Job 20:1 - Zophar;  Obadiah 1:9 - O

Verse 12

And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his mantle, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven.
knew him
19:14; Ruth 1:19-21; Lamentations 4:7,8
their voice
Genesis 27:34; Judges 2:4; 1 Samuel 11:4; 30:4; 2 Samuel 13:36; Esther 4:1
they rent
1:20
sprinkled dust upon
Nehemiah 9:1; Lamentations 2:10; Ezekiel 27:30; Revelation 18:19
Reciprocal: Genesis 33:4 - embraced;  Genesis 37:34 - GeneralExodus 33:4 - and no;  Numbers 5:17 - of the dust;  Joshua 7:6 - put dust;  1 Samuel 4:12 - with earth;  2 Samuel 13:19 - put ashes;  Ezra 9:3 - sat;  Job 14:20 - changest;  Job 18:20 - were affrighted;  Job 21:5 - be astonished;  Psalm 137:1 - the rivers;  Ezekiel 26:16 - come;  Acts 20:37 - wept

Verse 13

So they sat down with him upon the ground seven days and seven nights, and none spake a word unto him: for they saw that his grief was very great.
they sat
Ezra 9:3; Nehemiah 1:4; Isaiah 3:26; 47:1
seven days
Genesis 1:5,8; 50:10
none spake
4:2; Psalms 77:4 Reciprocal: Job 9:17 - multiplieth;  Job 18:20 - were affrighted;  Psalm 137:1 - the rivers;  Ecclesiastes 3:7 - time to keep;  Lamentations 2:10 - elders;  Ezekiel 3:15 - sat;  Ezekiel 26:16 - sit

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-2.html.