Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 32

Introduction

1Elihu is angry with Job and his three friends.
6Because wisdom comes not from age, he excuses the boldness of his youth.
11He reproves them for not satisfying Job.
16His zeal to speak.

Verse 1

So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes.
to answer
Heb. from answering. righteous.
6:29; 10:2,7; 13:15; 23:7; 27:4-6; 29:11-17; 31:1-40; 33:9
Reciprocal: Job 9:20 - justify;  Job 13:5 - GeneralJob 32:3 - because;  Job 33:5 - If;  Job 34:5 - I

Verse 2

Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than God.
kindled
Psalms 69:9; Mark 3:5; Ephesians 4:26
Buzite
Genesis 22:21
because
10:3; 27:2; 34:5,6,17,18; 35:2; 40:8; Luke 10:29
himself
Heb. his soul.
Reciprocal: Job 9:2 - how;  Job 9:20 - justify;  Job 9:24 - if not;  Job 32:5 - his wrath;  Job 36:3 - ascribe;  Job 42:7 - My;  Ezekiel 18:25 - way;  Acts 17:16 - his spirit

Verse 3

Also against his three friends was his wrath kindled, because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job.
because
1; 24:25; 25:2-6; 26:2-4
and yet
8:6; 15:34; 22:5-30; Acts 24:5,13
Reciprocal: Job 6:25 - what doth;  Job 16:3 - what emboldeneth;  Job 21:27 - ye wrongfully;  Job 21:34 - seeing;  Job 27:5 - justify;  Job 32:12 - behold;  Job 42:7 - My;  Matthew 12:7 - condemned;  John 9:3 - Neither;  Acts 17:16 - his spirit

Verse 4

Now Elihu had waited till Job had spoken, because they were elder than he.
waited till Job had spoken
Heb. expected Job in words.
11,12; Proverbs 18:13
elder
Heb. elder for days.
Reciprocal: Leviticus 19:32 - GeneralPsalm 119:100 - understand;  Ecclesiastes 3:7 - and a time to speak

Verse 5

When Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of these three men, then his wrath was kindled.
his wrath
2; Exodus 32:19
Reciprocal: Job 42:7 - My

Verse 6

And Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite answered and said, I am young, and ye are very old; wherefore I was afraid, and durst not shew you mine opinion.
I am
Leviticus 19:32; Romans 13:7; 1 Timothy 5:1; Titus 2:6; 1 Peter 5:5
young
Heb. few of days. ye are.
15:10
durst not
Heb. feared.
15:7; 1 Samuel 17:28-30
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 3:7 - a little;  Job 8:8 - inquire;  Job 12:13 - him;  Psalm 37:25 - I have;  Proverbs 16:31 - hoary;  Galatians 2:6 - it maketh

Verse 7

I said, Days should speak, and multitude of years should teach wisdom.
8:8-10; 12:12; 1 Kings 12:6-8; Psalms 34:11,12; Proverbs 1:1-4; 16:31; Hebrews 5:12
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 10:6 - took counsel;  Job 8:10 - Shall not;  Job 12:2 - ye are the people;  Job 15:10 - the grayheaded;  Job 20:4 - thou not;  Psalm 37:25 - I have;  Acts 6:3 - full;  Galatians 2:6 - it maketh

Verse 8

But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.
the inspiration
4:12-21; 33:16; 35:11; 38:36; Genesis 41:39; 1 Kings 3:12,28; 4:29; Proverbs 2:6; Ecclesiastes 2:26; Daniel 1:17; 2:21; 1 Corinthians 2:10-12; 12:8; 2 Timothy 3:16; James 1:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 41:38 - in whom;  2 Kings 5:13 - his servants;  Job 27:11 - that which;  Job 33:4 - GeneralJob 36:3 - fetch;  Psalm 51:6 - in the hidden;  Psalm 119:73 - give me;  Proverbs 20:27 - spirit;  Acts 6:3 - full;  Acts 6:10 - the spirit;  1 Corinthians 14:32 - General

Verse 9

Great men are not always wise: neither do the aged understand judgment.
Great
Jeremiah 5:5; Matthew 11:25; John 7:48; 1 Corinthians 1:26,27; 2:7,8; James 2:6,7
neither
12:20; Ecclesiastes 4:13
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 3:38 - a prince;  2 Kings 4:8 - a great woman;  2 Kings 5:13 - his servants;  Job 17:10 - for I;  Proverbs 28:11 - the poor

Verse 10

Therefore I said, Hearken to me; I also will shew mine opinion.
1 Corinthians 7:25,40
Reciprocal: Job 32:17 - GeneralPsalm 119:100 - understand

Verse 11

Behold, I waited for your words; I gave ear to your reasons, whilst ye searched out what to say.
I waited for
4; 29:21,23
reasons
Heb. understandings. Instead of tevoonotheychem, nine MSS. read techoonotheychem, "your arguments;" but the sense is nearly the same.
whilst
Ad tachkeroon millin, "whilst ye were searching for words;" a fine irony, which they must have felt.
5:27; Proverbs 18:17; 28:11; Ecclesiastes 12:9,10
what to say
Heb. words.
Reciprocal: Job 6:24 - Teach me;  Job 26:3 - counselled;  Job 33:31 - General1 Corinthians 14:30 - let

Verse 12

Yea, I attended unto you, and, behold, there was none of you that convinced Job, or that answered his words:
unto you
We√Ędeychem is rendered "and your testimonies," by the Syriac, Arabic, and LXX., and one of De Rossi's Mss. (874) is so pointed as to require this reading.
behold
3; 1 Timothy 1:7
Reciprocal: Job 5:27 - we have searched;  Job 29:21 - gave ear;  Job 32:4 - waited till Job had spoken;  Job 33:5 - If

Verse 13

Lest ye should say, We have found out wisdom: God thrusteth him down, not man.
Lest
Genesis 14:23; Judges 7:2; Isaiah 48:5,7; Zechariah 12:7
We
12:2; 15:8-10; Isaiah 5:21; Jeremiah 9:23; Ezekiel 28:3; 1 Corinthians 1:19-21,27-29; 1 Corinthians 3:18
God
1:21; 2:10; 4:9; 6:4; 19:6,21; John 19:11
Reciprocal: Job 20:2 - my thoughts

Verse 14

Now he hath not directed his words against me: neither will I answer him with your speeches.
directed
Heb. ordered.
Reciprocal: Job 33:5 - set

Verse 15

They were amazed, they answered no more: they left off speaking.
amazed
6:24,25; 29:22; Matthew 7:23; 22:22,26,34,46
left off speaking
Heb. removed speeches from themselves.
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 5:8 - held;  Mark 12:34 - And no;  1 Corinthians 14:30 - let

Verse 16

When I had waited, (for they spake not, but stood still, and answered no more;)
13:5; Proverbs 17:28; Amos 5:13; James 1:19
Reciprocal: Job 6:24 - Teach me;  Job 29:22 - After my;  Matthew 22:46 - no;  Mark 12:34 - And no

Verse 17

I said, I will answer also my part, I also will shew mine opinion.
10; 33:12; 35:3,4
Reciprocal: Galatians 2:6 - it maketh

Verse 18

For I am full of matter, the spirit within me constraineth me.
matter
Heb. words. the spirit.
Psalms 39:3; Jeremiah 20:9; Ezekiel 3:14-27; Acts 4:20; 2 Corinthians 5:13,14
within me
Heb. of my belly.
Reciprocal: Job 4:2 - withhold himself from speaking;  Job 26:4 - whose spirit;  Psalm 45:1 - is inditing;  Proverbs 22:18 - within thee;  Isaiah 42:14 - long time;  Jeremiah 6:11 - Therefore;  Ezekiel 3:3 - and fill;  Amos 3:8 - who can;  Micah 3:8 - I am;  John 7:38 - out;  Acts 6:10 - the spirit;  Acts 17:16 - his spirit;  Acts 18:5 - was

Verse 19

Behold, my belly is as wine which hath no vent; it is ready to burst like new bottles.
hath no vent
Heb. is not opened. new.
Matthew 9:17
Reciprocal: Psalm 39:2 - my sorrow;  Proverbs 22:18 - within thee;  Jeremiah 6:11 - Therefore;  Ezekiel 3:3 - and fill;  Amos 3:8 - who can;  Mark 2:22 - bottles;  John 7:38 - out;  Acts 2:13 - These

Verse 20

I will speak, that I may be refreshed: I will open my lips and answer.
I will speak
13:13,19; 20:2; 21:3
be refreshed
Heb. breathe. I will open.
Proverbs 8:6,7
Reciprocal: Psalm 39:2 - my sorrow;  Isaiah 42:14 - long time;  2 Corinthians 6:11 - our mouth

Verse 21

Let me not, I pray you, accept any man's person, neither let me give flattering titles unto man.
accept
13:8; 34:19; Leviticus 19:15; Deuteronomy 1:17; 16:19; Proverbs 24:23; Matthew 22:16
flattering
2 Samuel 14:17,20; Acts 12:22,23; 24:2,3
Reciprocal: Job 13:7 - GeneralJob 17:5 - He that;  Psalm 5:9 - they;  Psalm 15:4 - a vile;  Matthew 23:9 - call;  1 Thessalonians 2:5 - used

Verse 22

For I know not to give flattering titles; in so doing my maker would soon take me away.
I know not
That is, I cannot.
17:5; Psalms 12:2,3; Proverbs 29:5; 1 Thessalonians 2:5; Galatians 1:10 Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 14:20 - according;  Job 13:7 - GeneralJob 35:10 - my;  Psalm 5:9 - they;  Psalm 15:4 - a vile;  Matthew 22:16 - neither;  Matthew 23:9 - call

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 32". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-32.html.