Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 39

Introduction

1Of the wild goats and hinds.
5Of the wild ass.
9The unicorn.
13The peacock, stork, and ostrich.
19The horse.
26The hawk.
27The eagle.

Verse 1

Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve?
the wild
1 Samuel 24:2; Psalms 104:18
when
Psalms 29:9; Jeremiah 14:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:24 - Let;  Psalm 8:8 - The fowl;  Proverbs 6:7 - GeneralProverbs 25:2 - the glory;  Ecclesiastes 11:5 - even

Verse 2

Canst thou number the months that they fulfil? or knowest thou the time when they bring forth?
Jeremiah 2:24

Verse 5

Who hath sent out the wild ass free? or who hath loosed the bands of the wild ass?
the wild
6:5; 11:12; 24:5; Genesis 16:12; Psalms 104:11; Isaiah 32:14; Jeremiah 2:24; 14:6; Daniel 5:21; Hosea 8:9
who hath loosed
Genesis 49:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:24 - Let;  Job 39:10 - General

Verse 6

Whose house I have made the wilderness, and the barren land his dwellings.
barren land
Heb. salt places.
Deuteronomy 29:23; Psalms 107:34; Jeremiah 17:6; Ezekiel 47:11
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 14:6 - the wild

Verse 7

He scorneth the multitude of the city, neither regardeth he the crying of the driver.
scorneth
18; 3:18; Isaiah 31:4
driver
Heb. exactor.
Exodus 5:13-16,18; Isaiah 58:3
Reciprocal: Job 39:10 - GeneralJob 41:28 - slingstones

Verse 8

The range of the mountains is his pasture, and he searcheth after every green thing.
40:15,20-22; Genesis 1:29,30; Psalms 104:27,28; 145:15,16

Verse 9

Will the unicorn be willing to serve thee, or abide by thy crib?
the
Numbers 23:22; Deuteronomy 33:17; Psalms 22:21; 92:10
or
Isaiah 1:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:24 - Let;  Isaiah 34:7 - unicorns

Verse 10

Canst thou bind the unicorn with his band in the furrow? or will he harrow the valleys after thee?
5,7; 1:14; 41:5; Psalms 129:3; Hosea 10:10,11; Micah 1:13
Reciprocal: Numbers 23:22 - the strength;  Deuteronomy 33:17 - his horns;  Psalm 22:21 - horns;  Isaiah 34:7 - unicorns

Verse 11

Wilt thou trust him, because his strength is great? or wilt thou leave thy labour to him?
trust
Psalms 20:7; 33:16,17; 147:10; Isaiah 30:16; 31:1-3
leave
Genesis 1:26,28; 9:2; 42:26; Psalms 144:14; Proverbs 14:4; Isaiah 30:6; 46:1
Reciprocal: Numbers 23:22 - the strength

Verse 12

Wilt thou believe him, that he will bring home thy seed, and gather it into thy barn?
he
Nehemiah 13:15; Amos 2:13
gather
Proverbs 3:16; Haggai 2:19; Matthew 3:2; 13:30

Verse 13

Gavest thou the goodly wings unto the peacocks? or wings and feathers unto the ostrich?
peacocks
1 Kings 10:22; 2 Chronicles 9:21
wings and feathers unto the
or, the feathers of the stork and.
30:29; *marg:; Leviticus 11:19; Psalms 104:17; Jeremiah 8:7; Zechariah 5:9
Reciprocal: Psalm 50:11 - know;  Lamentations 4:3 - like

Verse 16

She is hardened against her young ones, as though they were not hers: her labour is in vain without fear;
hardened
Lamentations 4:3
as
Deuteronomy 28:56,57; 1 Kings 3:26,27; 2 Kings 6:28,29; Lamentations 2:20; Romans 1:31
her labour
Ecclesiastes 10:15; Habakkuk 2:13
Reciprocal: Job 39:22 - General1 Thessalonians 2:1 - in vain

Verse 17

Because God hath deprived her of wisdom, neither hath he imparted to her understanding.
17:4; 35:11; Deuteronomy 2:30; 2 Chronicles 32:31; Isaiah 19:11-14; 57:17; James 1:17
Reciprocal: Job 12:20 - taketh;  Psalm 119:19 - hide;  Isaiah 28:26 - For his God;  Isaiah 30:28 - causing

Verse 18

What time she lifteth up herself on high, she scorneth the horse and his rider.
7,22; 5:22; 41:29; 2 Kings 19:21

Verse 19

Hast thou given the horse strength? hast thou clothed his neck with thunder?
the horse
Exodus 15:1; Psalms 147:10
clothed
Psalms 93:1; 104:1
thunder
25; Mark 3:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:24 - Let;  Job 40:10 - Deck;  Job 41:22 - GeneralPsalm 33:17 - his great;  Jeremiah 8:6 - as;  Jeremiah 47:3 - the noise

Verse 20

Canst thou make him afraid as a grasshopper? the glory of his nostrils is terrible.
the glory
41:20,21; Jeremiah 8:16
terrible
Heb. terrors.

Verse 21

He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength: he goeth on to meet the armed men.
He paweth
or, His feet dig.
Judges 5:22
and
1 Samuel 17:4-10,42; Psalms 19:5; Jeremiah 9:23
he goeth
Proverbs 21:31; Jeremiah 8:6
armed men
Heb. armour.
Reciprocal: Job 41:26 - The sword

Verse 22

He mocketh at fear, and is not affrighted; neither turneth he back from the sword.
16,18; 41:33
Reciprocal: Nahum 3:2 - noise

Verse 23

The quiver rattleth against him, the glittering spear and the shield.
41:26-29
Reciprocal: Joshua 8:18 - the spear

Verse 24

He swalloweth the ground with fierceness and rage: neither believeth he that it is the sound of the trumpet.
He swalloweth
37:20; Habakkuk 1:8,9
neither
9:16; 29:24; Luke 24:41
Reciprocal: 1 Corinthians 14:8 - General

Verse 25

He saith among the trumpets, Ha, ha; and he smelleth the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting.
Ha, ha
Psalms 70:3; Ezekiel 26:2; 36:2
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:17 - There is a noise;  Job 39:19 - thunder;  Ezekiel 21:22 - to lift;  Amos 1:14 - with shouting;  1 Corinthians 14:8 - GeneralRevelation 9:9 - and the

Verse 26

Doth the hawk fly by thy wisdom, and stretch her wings toward the south?
the hawk
Netz, Arabic naz, Latin nisus, the hawk, so called from natzah, to shoot away, fly, because of the rapidity of its flight. It probably comprehends various species of the falcon family, as the ger-falcon, goshawk, and sparrowhawk.
Leviticus 16:11; Deuteronomy 14:15
stretch
Is it through thy teaching that the falcon, or any other bird of passage, knows the precise time for taking flight, and the direction in which she is to go to arrive at a warmer climate?
Song of Solomon 2:12; Jeremiah 8:7
Reciprocal: Psalm 50:11 - know;  Proverbs 6:7 - General

Verse 27

Doth the eagle mount up at thy command, and make her nest on high?
the eagle
Exodus 19:4; Leviticus 11:13; Psalms 103:5; Proverbs 23:5; Isaiah 40:31; Hosea 8:1
at thy command
Heb. by thy mouth. make.
Jeremiah 49:16; Obadiah 1:4
Reciprocal: Job 9:26 - as the eagle;  Proverbs 30:19 - way of an;  Ezekiel 1:10 - the face of an eagle;  Matthew 24:28 - General

Verse 28

She dwelleth and abideth on the rock, upon the crag of the rock, and the strong place.
upon
1 Samuel 14:4
Reciprocal: Obadiah 1:4 - exalt

Verse 29

From thence she seeketh the prey, and her eyes behold afar off.
she
9:26
her
The eagle is proverbial for her strong and clear sight.
Reciprocal: Luke 17:37 - wheresoever

Verse 30

Her young ones also suck up blood: and where the slain are, there is she.
where
Ezekiel 39:17-19; Matthew 24:28; Luke 17:37 Reciprocal: Genesis 1:30 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 39". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-39.html.