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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 16

Introduction

Overview

Leviticus 16:1, How the high priest must enter into the holy place; Leviticus 16:11, The sin offering for himself; Leviticus 16:15, The sin offering for the people; Leviticus 16:20, The scape-goat; Leviticus 16:29, The yearly feast of the expiations.

Verse 1

Leviticus 10:1, Leviticus 10:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:20 - die not Leviticus 4:35 - and the priest shall make

Verse 2

he come not: Leviticus 23:27, Exodus 26:33, Exodus 26:34, Exodus 30:10, Exodus 40:20, Exodus 40:21, 1 Kings 8:6, Hebrews 9:3, Hebrews 9:7, Hebrews 9:8, Hebrews 10:19, Hebrews 10:20

that he die not: Leviticus 16:13, Leviticus 8:35, Numbers 4:19, Numbers 17:10, Matthew 27:51, Hebrews 4:14-16, Hebrews 10:19

in the cloud: Exodus 40:34, Exodus 40:35, 1 Kings 8:10-12, 2 Chronicles 5:14

the mercy seat: Exodus 25:17-22

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:22 - and I will Exodus 26:31 - a veil of Exodus 28:35 - goeth in Exodus 30:20 - die not Exodus 30:36 - where I will Leviticus 16:15 - bring Leviticus 19:30 - reverence Leviticus 22:9 - bear sin for it Numbers 18:7 - within 1 Kings 6:5 - oracle 1 Kings 6:16 - built them 1 Kings 8:9 - when 1 Kings 8:12 - the thick 2 Chronicles 6:1 - The Lord Mark 15:38 - General Luke 24:44 - in the law Hebrews 4:16 - the throne Hebrews 6:19 - entereth Hebrews 9:5 - over Hebrews 9:25 - as Revelation 10:1 - clothed

Verse 3

Aaron: Hebrews 9:7, Hebrews 9:12, Hebrews 9:24, Hebrews 9:25

a young: Leviticus 4:3, Leviticus 8:14, Numbers 29:7-11

a ram for a burnt offering: Leviticus 1:3, Leviticus 1:10, Leviticus 8:18, Leviticus 9:3

Reciprocal: Exodus 29:1 - Take Exodus 29:14 - it is a Leviticus 16:11 - General Leviticus 16:24 - his burnt Numbers 8:8 - another Numbers 29:11 - beside

Verse 4

holy linen coat: Heb. of holiness, Greek, a sanctified linen coat, This and the other vestures were peculiar for this day, and for the services of this day; that is, for making atonement: the other service, which was ordinary, he performed this day in his other priestly garments. The eight ornaments usually worn by the high priest are enumerated in Exodus 28:4, etc., and the four that were for this day are here expressed, and are called the white garments, while the others were designated the golden garments, because some were made with gold thread woven in them. These four were made of six double twisted threads, and of flax only. Leviticus 6:10, Exodus 28:2, Exodus 28:39-43, Exodus 39:27-29, Isaiah 53:2, Ezekiel 44:17, Ezekiel 44:18, Luke 1:35, Philippians 2:7, Hebrews 2:14, Hebrews 7:26

therefore: Leviticus 8:6, Leviticus 8:7, Exodus 29:4, Exodus 30:20, Exodus 40:12, Exodus 40:31, Exodus 40:32, Revelation 1:5, Revelation 1:6

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:42 - breeches Leviticus 16:23 - General Leviticus 16:24 - wash Leviticus 16:32 - put on the linen Ezekiel 9:2 - and one Hebrews 9:10 - divers

Verse 5

Leviticus 4:14, Leviticus 8:2, Leviticus 8:14, Leviticus 9:8-16, Numbers 29:11, 2 Chronicles 29:21, Ezra 6:17, Ezekiel 45:22, Ezekiel 45:23, Romans 8:3, Hebrews 7:27, Hebrews 7:28, Hebrews 10:5-14

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:10 - sin offering Leviticus 5:7 - one Leviticus 9:3 - Take ye Leviticus 16:15 - Then shall Leviticus 16:24 - his burnt Hebrews 9:12 - by the

Verse 6

which: Leviticus 8:14-17, Hebrews 9:7

for himself: Leviticus 9:7, Ezra 10:18, Ezra 10:19, Job 1:5, Ezekiel 43:19, Ezekiel 43:27, Hebrews 5:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:10 - sin offering Leviticus 4:3 - a young bullock Leviticus 16:11 - General Leviticus 16:25 - General Leviticus 16:33 - General Numbers 8:12 - atonement Hebrews 5:3 - as Hebrews 7:27 - first Hebrews 10:3 - a remembrance

Verse 7

Leviticus 1:3, Leviticus 4:4, Leviticus 12:6, Leviticus 12:7, Matthew 16:21, Romans 12:1

Verse 8

cast lots: Numbers 26:55, Numbers 33:54, Joshua 18:10, Joshua 18:11, 1 Samuel 14:41, 1 Samuel 14:42, Proverbs 16:33, Ezekiel 48:29, Jonah 1:7, Acts 1:23-26

scape goats: Heb. Azazel, that is, the goat-gone-away, The Hebrew עזאזל has been supposed by some to be the name of a place, either a mountain or cliff, to which the goat was led. But no place of that name has ever been pointed out, except a mountain near Sinai, which was too distant for the goat to be conducted there from Jerusalem. Other learned men think it was the name of the devil, who was worshipped by the heathen in the form of a goat. But Bp. Patrick justly objects to this opinion; for it is difficult to conceive, that when the other goat was offered to God, this should be sent among demons. The more probable opinion seems to be, that it was name given to the goat itself, on account of his being let go; from aiz, a goat, and azal, to depart. So LXX בנןנןלנביןע, and Vulgate emissarius, sent away; Aquila and Symmachus פסבדןע בנוסקןלוםןע, or בנןכוכץלוםןע: the goat going away, or dismissed.

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 25:8 - cast lots Acts 1:26 - they

Verse 9

upon which: Acts 2:23, Acts 4:27, Acts 4:28

fell: Heb. went up

Reciprocal: Exodus 10:25 - sacrifices Numbers 29:11 - beside

Verse 10

the scapegoat: Leviticus 16:21, Leviticus 16:22

to make: Isaiah 53:5, Isaiah 53:6, Isaiah 53:10, Isaiah 53:11, Romans 4:25, 2 Corinthians 5:21, Hebrews 7:26, Hebrews 7:27, Hebrews 9:23, Hebrews 9:24, 1 John 2:2, 1 John 3:16

let him: Leviticus 14:7

Reciprocal: Leviticus 16:17 - and have made Leviticus 16:26 - he that

Verse 11

Leviticus 16:3, Leviticus 16:6

Reciprocal: Exodus 29:14 - it is a Leviticus 4:3 - a young bullock Leviticus 16:17 - and have made Leviticus 17:11 - I have Leviticus 23:27 - offer Numbers 8:12 - atonement Numbers 16:46 - an atonement 1 Chronicles 23:13 - sanctify Job 39:26 - the hawk Psalms 141:2 - as incense Hebrews 7:27 - first

Verse 12

from off: Leviticus 10:1, Numbers 16:18, Numbers 16:46, Isaiah 6:6, Isaiah 6:7, Hebrews 9:14, 1 John 1:7

sweet incense: Exodus 30:34-38, Exodus 31:11, Exodus 37:29, Revelation 8:3, Revelation 8:4

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:17 - mercy seat Exodus 27:3 - his shovels Exodus 37:6 - General Numbers 16:6 - General Numbers 18:7 - within 1 Kings 7:50 - censers 1 Chronicles 23:13 - to burn incense Matthew 27:51 - the veil Luke 23:45 - and the veil Hebrews 9:4 - the golden

Verse 13

And he: Exodus 30:1, Exodus 30:7, Exodus 30:8, Numbers 16:7, Numbers 16:18, Numbers 16:46, Revelation 8:3, Revelation 8:4

the cloud: Exodus 25:21, Hebrews 4:14-16, Hebrews 7:25, Hebrews 9:24, 1 John 2:1, 1 John 2:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:6 - before the mercy seat that is over the testimony Leviticus 16:2 - that he die not Numbers 16:6 - General 1 Chronicles 23:13 - to burn incense Luke 1:11 - the altar Hebrews 9:5 - the mercyseat

Verse 14

Leviticus 4:5, Leviticus 4:6, Leviticus 4:17, Leviticus 8:11, Romans 3:24-26, Hebrews 9:7, Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:25, Hebrews 10:4, Hebrews 10:10-12, Hebrews 10:19, Hebrews 12:24

Reciprocal: Exodus 29:12 - the blood Exodus 29:20 - sprinkle Exodus 40:3 - General Leviticus 14:7 - seven times Leviticus 17:11 - I have Numbers 19:4 - sprinkle 2 Kings 5:10 - seven times Hebrews 9:19 - the blood Hebrews 9:21 - General Hebrews 13:11 - the bodies

Verse 15

Then shall: Leviticus 16:5-9, Hebrews 2:17, Hebrews 5:3, Hebrews 9:7, Hebrews 9:25, Hebrews 9:26

bring: Leviticus 16:2, Hebrews 6:19, Hebrews 9:3, Hebrews 9:7, Hebrews 9:12

Reciprocal: Exodus 26:31 - a veil of Exodus 29:20 - sprinkle Leviticus 1:5 - kill Leviticus 4:21 - a sin offering Leviticus 4:24 - in the place Leviticus 9:3 - Take ye Leviticus 23:19 - one kid Leviticus 23:27 - offer Numbers 28:15 - one kid Romans 3:25 - to be Hebrews 7:27 - and then Hebrews 10:20 - through

Verse 16

an atonement: Leviticus 16:18, Leviticus 8:15, Exodus 29:36, Exodus 29:37, Ezekiel 45:18, Ezekiel 45:19, John 14:3, Hebrews 9:22, Hebrews 9:23

remaineth: Heb. dwelleth

Reciprocal: Leviticus 16:20 - reconciling Leviticus 16:33 - General Numbers 8:12 - atonement Hebrews 9:13 - if

Verse 17

no man: Exodus 34:3, Isaiah 53:6, Daniel 9:24, Luke 1:10, Acts 4:12, 1 Timothy 2:5, Hebrews 1:3, Hebrews 9:7, 1 Peter 2:24, 1 Peter 3:18

and have made: Leviticus 16:10, Leviticus 16:11

Reciprocal: Leviticus 16:24 - and make

Verse 18

Leviticus 16:16, Leviticus 4:7, Leviticus 4:18, Exodus 30:10, John 17:19, Hebrews 2:11, Hebrews 5:7, Hebrews 5:8, Hebrews 9:22, Hebrews 9:23

Reciprocal: Exodus 27:2 - horns of it upon the four corners thereof Exodus 29:12 - the blood Leviticus 4:25 - put Leviticus 9:9 - General Leviticus 16:33 - General Ezekiel 45:19 - and upon the four corners

Verse 19

Ezekiel 43:18-22, Zechariah 13:1

Reciprocal: Exodus 29:12 - the blood Exodus 29:20 - sprinkle Leviticus 4:5 - General Leviticus 4:6 - dip Leviticus 14:7 - seven times Leviticus 16:33 - General Numbers 19:4 - sprinkle 2 Kings 5:10 - seven times Ezekiel 43:20 - thus shalt

Verse 20

reconciling: Leviticus 16:16, Leviticus 6:30, Leviticus 8:15, Ezekiel 45:20, 2 Corinthians 5:19, Colossians 1:20

live goat: Romans 4:25, Romans 8:34, Hebrews 7:25, Revelation 1:18

Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:9 - the day

Verse 21

lay: Leviticus 1:4, Exodus 29:10

confess over: Leviticus 26:40, Ezra 10:1, Nehemiah 1:6, Nehemiah 1:7, Nehemiah 9:3-5, Psalms 32:5, Psalms 51:3, Proverbs 28:13, Daniel 9:3-20, Romans 10:10

putting: Isaiah 53:6, 2 Corinthians 5:21

a fit man: Heb. a man of opportunity, The man that took the scape-goat into the wilderness, and they that burned the sin offering, were to be looked upon as ceremonially unclean, and must not come into the camp till they had washed their clothes and bathed their flesh in water, which signified the defiling nature of sin; even the sacrifice which was made sin, was defiling: also the imperfection of the legal sacrifices, they were so far from taking away sin, that they left some stain even upon those that touched them.

Reciprocal: Leviticus 3:2 - lay Leviticus 4:4 - lay his hand Leviticus 4:15 - lay Leviticus 4:21 - a sin offering Leviticus 5:5 - confess Leviticus 8:14 - laid Leviticus 16:10 - the scapegoat Leviticus 16:26 - he that Numbers 8:12 - Levites Matthew 3:6 - confessing John 1:29 - taketh John 19:17 - went Acts 19:18 - confessed Hebrews 9:26 - he appeared Hebrews 10:3 - a remembrance,

Verse 22

bear upon: Isaiah 53:11, Isaiah 53:12, John 1:29, Galatians 3:13, Hebrews 9:28, 1 Peter 2:24

not inhabited: Heb. of separation, Psalms 103:10, Psalms 103:12, Ezekiel 18:22, Micah 7:19

Reciprocal: Leviticus 3:2 - lay Leviticus 10:17 - to bear Leviticus 14:7 - let Leviticus 16:10 - the scapegoat Leviticus 16:26 - he that Ezekiel 4:4 - thou shalt bear Ezekiel 18:20 - bear John 19:17 - went Hebrews 9:26 - he appeared Hebrews 10:3 - a remembrance

Verse 23

Leviticus 16:4, Ezekiel 42:14, Ezekiel 44:19, Romans 8:3, Philippians 2:6-11, Hebrews 9:28

Reciprocal: Leviticus 6:11 - put off

Verse 24

wash: Leviticus 16:4, Leviticus 8:6, Leviticus 14:9, Leviticus 22:6, Exodus 29:4, Hebrews 9:10, Hebrews 10:19-22, Revelation 1:5, Revelation 1:6

his garments: Leviticus 8:7-9, Exodus 28:4-14, Exodus 29:5

his burnt: Leviticus 16:3, Leviticus 16:5

and make: Leviticus 16:17

Reciprocal: Leviticus 1:4 - atonement Leviticus 6:11 - put off Leviticus 16:33 - General Leviticus 23:27 - offer

Verse 25

Leviticus 16:6, Leviticus 4:8-10, Leviticus 4:19, Exodus 29:13

Reciprocal: 2 Corinthians 4:18 - for

Verse 26

he that: Leviticus 16:10, Leviticus 16:21, Leviticus 16:22

wash: Leviticus 16:28, Leviticus 14:8, Leviticus 15:5-11, Leviticus 15:27, Numbers 19:7, Numbers 19:8, Numbers 19:21, Hebrews 7:19

Reciprocal: Leviticus 11:40 - shall wash John 13:10 - He 2 Corinthians 4:18 - for

Verse 27

bullock: Leviticus 4:11, Leviticus 4:12, Leviticus 4:21, Leviticus 6:30, Leviticus 8:17

without: Matthew 27:31-33, Hebrews 13:11-14

Reciprocal: Exodus 29:14 - flesh Exodus 29:36 - cleanse Leviticus 1:16 - by the place Leviticus 6:11 - without Leviticus 9:11 - General Numbers 19:3 - without the camp

Verse 28

Leviticus 16:26

Reciprocal: Leviticus 6:30 - General Leviticus 9:11 - General Leviticus 11:25 - and be unclean Leviticus 11:40 - shall wash Leviticus 15:5 - General Numbers 8:7 - wash their John 13:10 - He

Verse 29

in the seventh: Leviticus 23:27-32, Exodus 30:10, Numbers 29:7, 1 Kings 8:2, Ezra 3:1

shall afflict: Psalms 35:13, Psalms 69:10, Isaiah 58:3, Isaiah 58:5, Daniel 10:3, Daniel 10:12, 1 Corinthians 11:31, 2 Corinthians 7:10, 2 Corinthians 7:11

do no: Leviticus 23:3, Leviticus 23:7, Leviticus 23:8, Leviticus 23:21, Leviticus 23:28, Leviticus 23:36, Exodus 12:16, Exodus 20:10, Isaiah 58:13, Hebrews 4:10

Reciprocal: Numbers 15:29 - one law Numbers 30:13 - to afflict Ezra 8:21 - afflict ourselves Nehemiah 10:31 - on the holy day Jeremiah 36:6 - upon Ezekiel 14:7 - of the stranger Acts 27:9 - the fast Hebrews 10:3 - a remembrance

Verse 30

Psalms 51:2, Psalms 51:7, Psalms 51:10, Jeremiah 33:8, Ezekiel 36:25-27, Ephesians 5:26, Titus 2:14, Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:14, Hebrews 10:1, Hebrews 10:2, 1 John 1:7-9

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:10 - Aaron Leviticus 23:27 - the tenth Leviticus 25:9 - the day Hebrews 10:3 - a remembrance

Verse 31

Leviticus 23:32, Leviticus 25:4, Exodus 31:15, Exodus 35:2

Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:27 - afflict Ezra 8:21 - afflict ourselves Psalms 35:13 - humbled Isaiah 58:3 - afflicted Daniel 10:12 - chasten Colossians 2:16 - or of the sabbath

Verse 32

the priest: Leviticus 4:3, Leviticus 4:5, Leviticus 4:16

consecrate: Heb. fill his hand, Exodus 29:9, *marg.

to minister: Exodus 29:29, Exodus 29:30, Numbers 20:26-28

put on the linen: Leviticus 16:4

Reciprocal: Leviticus 21:10 - upon 1 Chronicles 23:13 - sanctify 2 Chronicles 13:9 - consecrate himself

Verse 33

Leviticus 16:6, Leviticus 16:16, Leviticus 16:18, Leviticus 16:19, Leviticus 16:24, Exodus 20:25, Exodus 20:26

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 23:13 - sanctify Ezekiel 45:18 - and cleanse

Verse 34

an everlasting: Leviticus 23:31, Numbers 29:7

once a year: Exodus 30:10, Hebrews 9:7, Hebrews 9:25, Hebrews 10:3, Hebrews 10:14

Reciprocal: Genesis 17:8 - everlasting Exodus 27:21 - a statute for ever Leviticus 3:17 - a perpetual Leviticus 23:28 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Leviticus 16". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/leviticus-16.html.