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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 24

Introduction

Overview

Leviticus 24:1, The oil for the lamps; Leviticus 24:5, The shew-bread; Leviticus 24:10, Shelomith’s son blasphemeth; Leviticus 24:13, The law of blasphemy; Leviticus 24:17, Of murder; Leviticus 24:18, Of damage; Leviticus 24:23, The blasphemer is stoned.

Verse 1

Reciprocal: Numbers 8:2 - General

Verse 2

that they: Exodus 27:20, Exodus 27:21, Exodus 39:37, Exodus 40:24, Numbers 8:2-:, 1 Samuel 3:3, 1 Samuel 3:4

the lamps: 2 Chronicles 13:11, Psalms 119:105, Psalms 119:130, Proverbs 6:23, Isaiah 8:20, Isaiah 11:2, Matthew 4:16, Matthew 5:16, Matthew 25:1-Ruth :, Luke 1:79, Luke 12:35, John 1:4, John 1:9, John 5:35, John 8:12, Acts 26:18, 2 Corinthians 4:6, Ephesians 1:17, Ephesians 1:18, Ephesians 5:8-2 Chronicles :, Philippians 2:15, Philippians 2:16

burn continually: Heb. ascend

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:37 - they shall Numbers 4:16 - the oil 2 Chronicles 29:7 - General

Verse 3

Reciprocal: Exodus 27:21 - evening Leviticus 24:5 - General Numbers 18:5 - And ye

Verse 4

the pure: Exodus 25:31-Malachi :, Exodus 31:8, Exodus 37:17-Jeremiah :, Exodus 39:37, Numbers 3:31, Numbers 4:9, 1 Kings 7:49, 1 Chronicles 28:15, Jeremiah 52:19, Zechariah 4:2, Zechariah 4:3, Zechariah 4:11-2 Chronicles :, Hebrews 9:2, Revelation 1:20, Revelation 2:1, Revelation 2:5, Revelation 11:4

Verse 5

The loaves of bread which the officiating priest placed every sabbath day upon the golden table in the Sanctum, before the Lord, were twelve in number, representing the twelve tribes of Israel. The loaves must have been large, since two tenth deals - about six pints of flour were used for each, Leviticus 24:3, Leviticus 24:6, Leviticus 24:7. They were served up hot on the sabbath day in the Sanctum, when the stale ones, which had been exposed the whole week, were taken away, and none but the priests were allowed to eat them. In an extraordinary extremity, David and his men partook of the shew-bread - see note on 1 Samuel 21:6, the urgent necessity alone justifying the act. The Hebrew signifies bread of faces, or, of the face. Exodus 25:30, Exodus 40:23, 1 Kings 18:31, 1 Samuel 21:4, 1 Samuel 21:5, Matthew 12:4, Acts 26:7, James 1:1

Reciprocal: Exodus 24:4 - according Exodus 25:29 - to cover Exodus 35:13 - General Exodus 40:4 - the things that Leviticus 5:15 - in the Numbers 4:7 - the table 1 Kings 7:48 - the table 1 Chronicles 9:32 - to 1 Chronicles 23:29 - for the showbread 2 Chronicles 2:4 - the continual 2 Chronicles 4:19 - the tables 2 Chronicles 13:11 - showbread Nehemiah 10:33 - the showbread Matthew 19:28 - the twelve Mark 2:26 - which is not lawful Luke 6:4 - which Hebrews 9:2 - the table

Verse 6

in two rows: 1 Corinthians 14:40

pure: Exodus 25:23, Exodus 25:24, Exodus 37:10-Nehemiah :, Exodus 39:36, Exodus 40:22, Exodus 40:23, 1 Kings 7:48, 2 Chronicles 4:19, 2 Chronicles 13:11, Hebrews 9:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:30 - General Exodus 35:13 - General Exodus 40:4 - the things that Leviticus 24:5 - General Ezekiel 41:22 - This is

Verse 7

pure: Leviticus 2:2, Ephesians 1:6, Hebrews 7:25, Revelation 8:3, Revelation 8:4

the bread: John 6:35, John 6:51

a memorial: Genesis 9:16, Exodus 12:14, Exodus 13:9, Exodus 17:14, Acts 10:4, Acts 10:31, 1 Corinthians 11:23-Lamentations :

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:12 - for a memorial Exodus 30:34 - frankincense Leviticus 24:5 - General Nehemiah 2:20 - memorial

Verse 8

Numbers 4:7, 1 Chronicles 9:32, 1 Chronicles 23:29, 2 Chronicles 2:4, Nehemiah 10:33, Matthew 12:3-Deuteronomy :

Reciprocal: Exodus 40:4 - the things that Leviticus 21:22 - both

Verse 9

Aaron's: Leviticus 8:31, 1 Samuel 21:6, Malachi 1:12, Matthew 12:4, Mark 2:26, Luke 6:4

they shall: Leviticus 6:16, Leviticus 8:3, Leviticus 8:31, Leviticus 10:17, Leviticus 21:22, Exodus 29:32, Exodus 29:33

Reciprocal: Exodus 27:21 - a statute for ever Numbers 18:20 - General 1 Samuel 21:5 - in a manner Ezekiel 42:13 - they be holy

Verse 10

Exodus 12:38, Numbers 11:4

Reciprocal: Job 1:5 - cursed

Verse 11

blasphemed: Leviticus 24:15, Leviticus 24:16, Exodus 20:7, 2 Samuel 12:14, 1 Kings 21:10, 1 Kings 21:13, 2 Kings 18:30, 2 Kings 18:35, 2 Kings 18:37, 2 Kings 19:1-Leviticus :, 2 Kings 19:6, 2 Kings 19:10, 2 Kings 19:22, 2 Chronicles 32:14-Esther :, Psalms 74:18, Psalms 74:22, Matthew 26:65, Acts 6:11-1 Chronicles :, Romans 2:24, 1 Timothy 1:13, Revelation 16:11, Revelation 16:21

the name: Houbigant and others think that the name which this man blasphemed was the name of the god of his native land. But that hashshem THE NAME, denotes Jehovah, appears from its being used in the latter part of Leviticus 24:16, as equivalent to "the name of Jehovah," in the former part. The Jews also frequently use hashshem for Jehovah.

cursed: Job 1:5, Job 1:11, Job 1:22, Job 2:5, Job 2:9, Job 2:10, Isaiah 8:21

brought him: Exodus 18:22, Exodus 18:26, Numbers 15:33-Habakkuk :

Reciprocal: Leviticus 19:12 - profane Numbers 9:6 - they came Numbers 11:4 - the mixed Judges 9:27 - cursed 2 Samuel 6:2 - whose name Matthew 26:66 - He Colossians 3:8 - blasphemy James 3:6 - a world

Verse 12

that the mind of the Lord might be showed them: Heb. to expound unto them according to the mouth of the Lord, Exodus 18:15, Exodus 18:16, Exodus 18:23, Numbers 27:5, Numbers 36:5, Numbers 36:6

Reciprocal: Genesis 42:17 - ward Numbers 15:34 - General

Verse 13

Reciprocal: Numbers 27:5 - General

Verse 14

without: Leviticus 13:46, Numbers 5:2-:, Numbers 15:35

all that: Deuteronomy 13:9, Deuteronomy 17:7

let all the: Leviticus 20:2, Leviticus 20:27, Numbers 15:35, Numbers 15:36, Deuteronomy 13:10, Deuteronomy 21:21, Deuteronomy 22:21, Joshua 7:25, John 8:59, John 10:31-Micah :, Acts 7:58, Acts 7:59

Reciprocal: Leviticus 24:23 - General Numbers 19:3 - without the camp Deuteronomy 17:5 - stone them Joshua 2:3 - Bring Joshua 5:9 - I rolled away John 10:33 - but John 19:17 - went Hebrews 2:2 - every

Verse 15

bear his sin: Leviticus 5:1, Leviticus 20:16, Leviticus 20:17, Numbers 9:13

Reciprocal: Exodus 18:16 - make Leviticus 19:12 - profane Leviticus 24:11 - blasphemed 1 Kings 21:10 - Thou didst blaspheme Job 2:5 - He will curse Ezekiel 23:35 - therefore

Verse 16

blasphemeth: As the word nakav not only signifies to curse, or blaspheme, but also to express, or distinguish by name (Numbers 1:17. 1 Chronicles 12:31. Isaiah 62:2), hence the Jews, at a very early period, understood this law as prohibiting them from uttering the name Jehovah, on any other than sacred occasions. The Septuagint, which was made at least 250 years before Christ, renders it םןלבזשם הו פן ןםןלב &ץסיןץ טבםבפש טבםבפןץףטש, "Whosoever nameth the name of the Lord, let him die;" from which we see that the Jews at this time were accustomed to pronounce adonay, or Lord, instead of Jehovah; for in place of it the Septuagint always put ןץסיןע. Exodus 20:7, 1 Kings 21:10-1 Chronicles :, Psalms 74:10, Psalms 74:18, Psalms 139:20, Matthew 12:31, Mark 3:28, Mark 3:29, John 8:58, John 8:59, John 10:33-Zephaniah :, Acts 26:11, 1 Timothy 1:13, James 2:7

Reciprocal: Leviticus 19:12 - profane Leviticus 24:11 - blasphemed Deuteronomy 17:5 - stone them Deuteronomy 21:21 - all the men Deuteronomy 22:21 - stone her Matthew 9:3 - This Mark 14:64 - General Luke 5:21 - blasphemies John 19:7 - We have Acts 6:11 - blasphemous

Verse 17

And he: Genesis 9:5, Genesis 9:6, Exodus 21:12-2 Chronicles :, Numbers 35:31, Deuteronomy 19:11, Deuteronomy 19:12

killeth any man: Heb. smiteth the life of a man

Reciprocal: Leviticus 24:21 - a man Numbers 35:16 - the Deuteronomy 19:13 - but thou Deuteronomy 19:21 - life shall Deuteronomy 27:24 - General

Verse 18

that killeth: Leviticus 24:21, Exodus 21:34-Zephaniah :

beast for beast: Heb. life for life

Reciprocal: Exodus 22:14 - make it good

Verse 19

Deuteronomy 19:21, Matthew 5:38, Matthew 7:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 21:24 - General Judges 1:7 - as I have Daniel 1:4 - in whom

Verse 20

Exodus 21:23-Lamentations :, Deuteronomy 19:21, Matthew 5:38

Reciprocal: Exodus 21:24 - General Daniel 1:4 - in whom

Verse 21

a beast: Leviticus 24:18, Exodus 21:33

a man: Leviticus 24:17

Reciprocal: Exodus 20:13 - General Deuteronomy 19:13 - but thou

Verse 22

Leviticus 17:10, Leviticus 19:34, Exodus 12:49, Numbers 9:14, Numbers 15:15, Numbers 15:16, Numbers 15:29

Reciprocal: Numbers 35:15 - General Deuteronomy 1:16 - the stranger Joshua 8:33 - stranger Ezekiel 14:7 - of the stranger

Verse 23

Leviticus 24:14-Nehemiah :, Numbers 15:35, Numbers 15:36, Hebrews 2:2, Hebrews 2:3, Hebrews 10:28, Hebrews 10:29

Reciprocal: Leviticus 20:2 - the people Numbers 36:10 - General Deuteronomy 13:10 - stone him Deuteronomy 22:21 - stone her Hebrews 13:12 - suffered

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Leviticus 24". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/leviticus-24.html.