Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Matthew 17

Introduction

1The transfiguration of Christ.
14He heals the lunatic,
22foretells his own passion,
24and pays tribute.

Verse 1

And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart,
after
Luke, taking in both the day of the preceding discourse and that of the transfiguration, as well as the six intermediate ones, says it was eight days after.
Mark 9:2-13; Luke 9:28-36
Peter
26:37; Mark 5:37; Luke 8:51; 2 Corinthians 13:1
an high
2 Peter 1:18
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 19:11 - stand upon the mount;  Matthew 4:21 - other;  Matthew 10:2 - James;  John 1:14 - we;  John 20:26 - eight;  Acts 3:1 - Peter;  2 Peter 1:16 - were

Verses 1-13

And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart,
after
Luke, taking in both the day of the preceding discourse and that of the transfiguration, as well as the six intermediate ones, says it was eight days after.
Mark 9:2-13; Luke 9:28-36
Peter
26:37; Mark 5:37; Luke 8:51; 2 Corinthians 13:1
an high
2 Peter 1:18

Verse 2

And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.
transfigured
Luke 9:29; Romans 12:2; Philippians 2:6,7; *Gr:
his face
28:3; Exodus 34:29-35; John 1:14; 17:24; Acts 26:13-15; Revelation 1:13-17; 10:1; Revelation 19:12,13; 20:11
raiment
Psalms 104:2; Mark 9:3
Reciprocal: Exodus 24:10 - in his clearness;  Psalm 18:12 - At the;  Psalm 45:2 - fairer;  Ecclesiastes 8:1 - a man's;  Song of Solomon 5:15 - his countenance;  Song of Solomon 6:10 - clear;  Isaiah 33:17 - eyes;  Daniel 7:9 - whose;  Daniel 10:6 - his face;  Habakkuk 3:4 - brightness;  Mark 9:2 - transfigured;  John 20:12 - in;  Acts 1:10 - two;  Acts 6:15 - saw;  Acts 22:6 - about;  Philippians 2:8 - in;  Philippians 3:21 - that;  Revelation 1:17 - I fell;  Revelation 19:8 - white

Verse 3

And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him.
behold
Mark 9:4; Luke 9:30,31
Moses
11:13,14; Deuteronomy 18:18; 34:5,6,10; Luke 24:27,44; John 1:17; 5:45-47; 2 Corinthians 3:7-11; Hebrews 3:1-6
Elias
10-13; 1 Kings 17:1; 18:36-40; 2 Kings 2:11-14; Malachi 4:5
Elijah
Luke 1:17; 9:33; 16:16
Reciprocal: Acts 7:37 - him;  2 Peter 1:17 - there came

Verse 4

Then answered Peter, and said unto Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
answered
Mark 9:5,6; Luke 9:33
it is
Exodus 33:18,19; Psalms 4:6; 16:11; 63:1-5; Isaiah 33:17; Zechariah 9:17; John 14:8,9; John 17:24; Philippians 1:23; 1 John 3:2; Revelation 21:23; 22:3-5
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:17 - not good;  Exodus 38:21 - tabernacle of testimony;  Matthew 17:10 - Why;  Mark 9:4 - appeared;  Luke 9:30 - which;  Acts 3:22 - him;  Acts 26:22 - the prophets

Verse 5

While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
behold
Exodus 40:34,35; 1 Kings 8:10-12; Psalms 18:10,11; Luke 9:34; Acts 1:9; Revelation 1:7
a voice
Exodus 19:19; Deuteronomy 4:11,12; 5:22; Job 38:1; Psalms 81:7; John 5:37; 12:28-30; Acts 9:3-6
This
3:17; Mark 1:11; 9:7; Luke 3:22; 9:35; John 3:16,35; 5:20-23; Ephesians 1:6; Colossians 1:13; *marg:; 2 Peter 1:16,17
in whom
12:18; Isaiah 42:1,21; John 15:9,10
hear
Deuteronomy 18:15,19; Acts 3:22,23; 7:37; Hebrews 1:1,2; 2:1-3; 5:9; 12:25,26
Reciprocal: Genesis 41:55 - Go unto;  Genesis 49:10 - until;  Exodus 16:10 - appeared;  Exodus 19:9 - Lo;  Exodus 23:21 - Beware of him;  Exodus 24:15 - a cloud;  2 Samuel 12:25 - Jedidiah;  2 Samuel 22:20 - delighted;  Job 37:11 - he scattereth;  Psalm 2:7 - Thou;  Psalm 18:12 - At the;  Psalm 22:8 - seeing;  Psalm 60:5 - That;  Psalm 85:11 - righteousness;  Psalm 95:7 - if ye;  Psalm 108:6 - That thy;  Proverbs 1:33 - whoso;  Proverbs 4:20 - GeneralProverbs 8:30 - I was daily;  Proverbs 22:17 - and hear;  Isaiah 49:3 - GeneralIsaiah 49:5 - yet;  Isaiah 53:10 - pleased;  Isaiah 55:3 - hear;  Ezekiel 1:28 - I fell;  Matthew 5:22 - I say;  Matthew 11:29 - my;  Matthew 12:42 - behold;  Matthew 12:50 - do;  Matthew 14:33 - Of;  Matthew 23:8 - one;  Mark 12:6 - his;  Luke 6:47 - heareth;  Luke 8:21 - which;  Luke 20:13 - I will;  John 1:34 - this;  John 5:32 - is another;  John 6:27 - for him;  John 6:29 - This;  John 6:45 - Every;  John 8:29 - for;  John 10:16 - they shall;  John 10:27 - sheep;  Acts 26:22 - the prophets;  1 Corinthians 3:23 - and Christ;  2 Corinthians 1:19 - the Son;  Ephesians 4:21 - heard;  Hebrews 3:7 - hear;  1 John 3:22 - because;  1 John 5:7 - The Father;  1 John 5:9 - for;  Revelation 2:18 - the Son;  Revelation 14:14 - behold

Verse 6

And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were sore afraid.
Leviticus 9:24; Judges 13:20,22; 1 Chronicles 21:16; Ezekiel 3:23; 43:3; Daniel 8:17; 10:7-9; Daniel 10:16,17; Acts 22:7; 26:14; 2 Peter 1:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 17:3 - GeneralGenesis 28:17 - he was;  Exodus 3:6 - hid;  Ezekiel 1:28 - I fell;  Daniel 10:8 - and there;  Luke 5:8 - Depart;  Acts 7:32 - Then

Verse 7

And Jesus came and touched them, and said, Arise, and be not afraid.
touched
Daniel 8:18; 9:21; 10:10,18; Revelation 1:17
Arise
Luke 24:5; Acts 9:6
Reciprocal: Numbers 14:27 - How long;  Ezekiel 2:1 - stand

Verse 8

And when they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no man, save Jesus only.
they saw
Mark 9:8; Luke 9:36; Acts 12:10,11
Reciprocal: Daniel 8:17 - I was

Verse 9

And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead.
Jesus
16:20; Mark 8:30; 9:9,10; Luke 8:56; 9:21,22
until
23; 16:21; Luke 18:33,34; 24:46,47
Reciprocal: Isaiah 1:1 - vision;  Ezekiel 1:1 - I saw;  Matthew 8:4 - See;  Matthew 9:30 - straitly;  Matthew 12:16 - GeneralMatthew 28:6 - as;  Mark 5:43 - he charged;  Luke 9:36 - And they

Verse 10

And his disciples asked him, saying, Why then say the scribes that Elias must first come?
Why
3,4; 11:14; 27:47-49; Malachi 4:5,6; Mark 9:11; John 1:21,25
Reciprocal: Malachi 3:1 - and he;  Mark 6:15 - it is Elias;  Luke 9:8 - GeneralRevelation 20:4 - the souls

Verse 11

And Jesus answered and said unto them, Elias truly shall first come, and restore all things.
and restore
Malachi 4:6; Luke 1:16,17; 3:3-14; Acts 3:21
Reciprocal: Mark 6:15 - it is Elias;  Mark 9:2 - after;  Mark 9:11 - GeneralMark 15:35 - he;  Luke 20:4 - baptism

Verse 12

But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them.
and they
11:9-15; 21:23-25,32; Mark 9:12,13; 11:30-32; Luke 7:33; John 1:11; John 5:32-36; Acts 13:24-28
but
11:2; 14:3-10; Mark 6:14-28; Luke 3:19,20; Acts 7:52
Likewise
16:21; Isaiah 53:3-12; Luke 9:21-25; Acts 2:23; 3:14,15; 4:10
Reciprocal: Matthew 3:1 - John;  Matthew 14:10 - and beheaded;  Matthew 21:25 - baptism;  Luke 1:17 - in;  Luke 9:22 - GeneralLuke 20:4 - baptism;  Acts 3:21 - the times

Verse 13

Then the disciples understood that he spake unto them of John the Baptist.
the disciples
11:14
Reciprocal: Matthew 3:1 - John;  Matthew 11:9 - A prophet;  Matthew 21:25 - baptism;  Mark 9:13 - Elias

Verse 14

And when they were come to the multitude, there came to him a certain man, kneeling down to him, and saying,
when
Mark 9:14-29; Luke 9:37-43
kneeling
Mark 1:40; 10:17; Acts 10:25,26
Reciprocal: Matthew 9:18 - worshipped;  Luke 9:33 - and let;  John 4:46 - whose

Verses 14-21

And when they were come to the multitude, there came to him a certain man, kneeling down to him, and saying,
when
Mark 9:14-29; Luke 9:37-43
kneeling
Mark 1:40; 10:17; Acts 10:25,26

Verse 15

Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is lunatick, and sore vexed: for ofttimes he falleth into the fire, and oft into the water.
have
15:22; Mark 5:22,23; 9:22; Luke 9:38-42; John 4:46,47
for
4:24; Mark 9:17,18,20-22
he is
[seleniazomai (selhnia/zomai)] from [selene (selh/nh)] the moon, one who was affected with his disorder at the change and full of the moon. This is the case in some kinds of madness and epilepsy. This youth was no doubt epileptic; but it was evidently either produced or taken advantage of by a demon or evil spirit.
for ofttimes
8:31,32; Job 1:10-19; 2:7; Mark 5:4,5
Reciprocal: Matthew 9:27 - have;  Luke 6:18 - vexed

Verse 16

And I brought him to thy disciples, and they could not cure him.
and they
19,20; 2 Kings 4:29-31; Luke 9:40; Acts 3:16; 19:15,16
Reciprocal: Judges 16:20 - the Lord;  2 Kings 4:31 - neither voice;  Mark 9:18 - and they

Verse 17

Then Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him hither to me.
O faithless
6:30; 8:26; 13:58; 16:8; Mark 9:19; 16:14; Luke 9:41; 24:25; John 20:27; Hebrews 3:16-19
how long shall I be
Exodus 10:3; 16:28; Numbers 14:11,27; Psalms 95:10; Proverbs 1:22; 6:9; Jeremiah 4:14; Acts 13:18
Reciprocal: Numbers 20:12 - Because ye believed;  Deuteronomy 32:5 - a perverse;  Deuteronomy 32:20 - children;  Joshua 7:7 - to deliver;  Psalm 62:3 - How;  Psalm 82:2 - How;  Isaiah 49:4 - I have laboured;  Matthew 12:41 - this;  Matthew 17:20 - Because;  Matthew 17:26 - GeneralLuke 12:28 - O ye;  Acts 2:40 - untoward;  Acts 9:39 - while;  Philippians 2:15 - a crooked;  2 Thessalonians 3:2 - for;  Hebrews 5:12 - for the

Verse 18

And Jesus rebuked the devil; and he departed out of him: and the child was cured from that very hour.
rebuked
12:22; Mark 1:34; 5:8; 9:25-27; Luke 4:35,36,41; 8:29; 9:42; Acts 16:18; 19:13-15
from
9:22; 15:28; John 4:52,53
Reciprocal: Matthew 4:24 - possessed

Verse 19

Then came the disciples to Jesus apart, and said, Why could not we cast him out?
Mark 4:10; 9:28
Reciprocal: Judges 1:19 - but could;  Job 22:30 - pureness;  Psalm 106:34 - did not;  Matthew 17:16 - and they;  Matthew 24:3 - the disciples;  Mark 9:18 - and they;  Acts 3:16 - through;  1 Corinthians 12:9 - faith;  2 Corinthians 6:13 - be

Verse 20

And Jesus said unto them, Because of your unbelief: for verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you.
Because
17; 14:30,31; Hebrews 3:19
If
21:21; Mark 11:23; Luke 17:6; 1 Corinthians 12:9; 13:2
faith
That is, as Bp. Pearce well remarks, a thriving and increasing faith, like a grain of mustard seed, which, from being the least of seeds, becomes the greatest of all herbs.
a grain
13:31; Mark 4:31
nothing
Mark 9:23; Luke 1:37; 18:27
Reciprocal: Numbers 20:12 - Because ye believed;  Joshua 7:7 - to deliver;  Judges 1:19 - but could;  Judges 16:20 - the Lord;  Job 22:30 - pureness;  Matthew 5:18 - verily;  Matthew 8:13 - and as;  Matthew 14:29 - he walked;  Matthew 17:16 - and they;  Mark 5:36 - only;  Mark 9:28 - Why;  Mark 16:14 - and upbraided;  Luke 8:25 - Where;  Luke 9:40 - and they;  Luke 12:28 - O ye;  Luke 13:19 - like;  Acts 3:16 - through;  James 5:15 - the prayer

Verse 21

Howbeit this kind goeth not out but by prayer and fasting.
this
12:45
but
1 Kings 17:20,21; Daniel 9:3; Mark 9:29; Acts 13:2,3; 14:23; 1 Corinthians 7:5; 2 Corinthians 11:27; Ephesians 6:18
Reciprocal: Luke 9:40 - and they;  Luke 17:6 - If;  James 5:15 - the prayer

Verse 22

And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men:
The Son
16:21; 20:17,18; Mark 8:31; 9:30,31; 10:33,34; Luke 9:22,44; 18:31-34; Luke 24:6,7,26,46
betrayed
24:10; 26:16,46; Acts 7:52; 1 Corinthians 11:23
Reciprocal: Matthew 26:2 - betrayed;  Luke 17:25 - must;  Luke 24:44 - These;  John 18:4 - knowing

Verse 22-23

And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men:
The Son
16:21; 20:17,18; Mark 8:31; 9:30,31; 10:33,34; Luke 9:22,44; 18:31-34; Luke 24:6,7,26,46
betrayed
24:10; 26:16,46; Acts 7:52; 1 Corinthians 11:23

Verse 23

And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised again. And they were exceeding sorry.
they shall
Psalms 22:15,22-31; Isaiah 53:7,10-12; Daniel 9:26; Zechariah 13:7
the third
Psalms 16:10; John 2:19; Acts 2:23-31; 1 Corinthians 15:3,4
And they were
John 16:6,20-22
Reciprocal: Genesis 22:4 - third;  Matthew 12:40 - so;  Matthew 16:21 - began;  Matthew 17:9 - until;  Matthew 20:18 - and the;  Matthew 27:63 - After;  Matthew 28:6 - as;  Mark 10:33 - and the Son;  Luke 9:44 - for;  Luke 17:25 - must;  Luke 18:31 - Behold;  Luke 24:6 - remember;  Luke 24:44 - These;  John 18:4 - knowing

Verse 24

And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute money came to Peter, and said, Doth not your master pay tribute?
when
Mark 9:33
tribute
"Gr. didrachma, in value fifteen pence."
Exodus 30:13; 38:26; This tribute seems to have been the half shekel which every male among the Jews paid yearly for the support of the temple, and which was continued by them, wherever dispersed, till after the time of Vespasian.
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 24:9 - collection;  Nehemiah 10:32 - the third part;  Matthew 4:13 - Capernaum;  Matthew 11:23 - Capernaum;  Matthew 26:17 - Where;  Luke 9:50 - Forbid;  Romans 13:6 - pay

Verse 25

He saith, Yes. And when he was come into the house, Jesus prevented him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon? of whom do the kings of the earth take custom or tribute? of their own children, or of strangers?
Yes
3:15; 22:21; Romans 13:6,7
of their
1 Samuel 17:25
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 15:3 - GeneralEzra 4:13 - toll;  Matthew 8:14 - into;  Matthew 21:28 - what;  Matthew 26:17 - Where;  Mark 12:14 - is it;  Mark 12:17 - Render;  Luke 10:36 - thinkest;  1 Thessalonians 4:15 - prevent

Verse 26

Matthew href="/desk/?q=mt+17:17&sr=1">Matthew 17:17

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 15:3 - General1 Samuel 17:25 - free in Israel;  Luke 9:50 - Forbid;  Luke 16:8 - in;  1 Thessalonians 5:22 - General

Verse 27

Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou hast opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them for me and thee.
lest
15:12-14; Romans 14:21; 15:1-3; 1 Corinthians 8:9,13; 9:19-22; 10:32,33; 2 Corinthians 6:3; 1 Thessalonians 5:22; Titus 2:7,8
and take
Genesis 1:28; 1 Kings 17:4; Psalms 8:8; Jonah 1:17; 2:10; Hebrews 2:7,8
a piece of money
"Or, a stater, half an ounce of silver, value 2s. 6d., after 5s. the ounce."
that take
2 Corinthians 8:9; James 2:5 Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 10:19 - but;  Habakkuk 1:15 - take;  Luke 5:4 - Launch;  Luke 20:25 - Render;  Luke 23:2 - forbidding

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Matthew 17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/matthew-17.html.