Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Nahum 3

Introduction

1The miserable ruin of Nineveh.

Verse 1

Woe to the bloody city! it is all full of lies and robbery; the prey departeth not;
to
Isaiah 24:9; Ezekiel 22:2,3; 24:6-9; Habakkuk 2:12; Zephaniah 3:1-3
bloody city
Heb. city of bloods. full.
2:12; Isaiah 17:14; 42:24; Hosea 4:2
Reciprocal: Isaiah 10:14 - And my;  Ezekiel 24:9 - Woe;  Ezekiel 31:3 - the Assyrian;  Ezekiel 32:22 - Asshur;  Micah 5:6 - they;  Nahum 2:11 - the dwelling;  Nahum 2:13 - I will cut

Verse 2

The noise of a whip, and the noise of the rattling of the wheels, and of the pransing horses, and of the jumping chariots.
noise
2:3,4; Judges 5:22; Job 39:22-25; Isaiah 9:5; Jeremiah 47:3
Reciprocal: Isaiah 5:28 - their horses';  Jeremiah 8:16 - at the;  Ezekiel 23:24 - with chariots;  Ezekiel 26:7 - with horses;  Joel 2:5 - the noise

Verse 3

The horseman lifteth up both the bright sword and the glittering spear: and there is a multitude of slain, and a great number of carcases; and there is none end of their corpses; they stumble upon their corpses:
bright sword and the glittering spear
Heb. flame of the sword, and lightning of the spear.
2:4; Genesis 3:24; Habakkuk 3:11
and there
Isaiah 37:36; Ezekiel 31:3-13; 39:4
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 47:3 - the noise;  Ezekiel 21:10 - it is furbished;  Ezekiel 23:24 - with chariots;  Ezekiel 26:7 - with horses;  Joel 2:5 - the noise;  Amos 8:3 - many;  Nahum 2:5 - they shall stumble

Verse 4

Because of the multitude of the whoredoms of the wellfavoured harlot, the mistress of witchcrafts, that selleth nations through her whoredoms, and families through her witchcrafts.
the mistress
Isaiah 23:15-17; 47:9,12,13; Revelation 17:1-5; 18:2,3,9,23
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 9:22 - the whoredoms;  Proverbs 11:22 - a jewel;  Isaiah 23:17 - shall commit;  Ezekiel 16:35 - O harlot;  Amos 3:2 - all;  Nahum 1:14 - I will make

Verse 5

Behold, I am against thee, saith the LORD of hosts; and I will discover thy skirts upon thy face, and I will shew the nations thy nakedness, and the kingdoms thy shame.
I am
See on ch.
2:13; Ezekiel 23:25
I will discover
Isaiah 47:2,3; Jeremiah 13:22,26; Ezekiel 16:37; 23:29; Micah 1:11; Habakkuk 2:16
Reciprocal: Isaiah 3:17 - discover;  Jeremiah 50:31 - I am;  Ezekiel 13:8 - behold;  Ezekiel 21:3 - Behold;  Ezekiel 28:22 - I am against;  Ezekiel 35:3 - I am;  Ezekiel 39:1 - Behold;  Revelation 3:18 - the shame;  Revelation 17:1 - the great

Verse 6

And I will cast abominable filth upon thee, and make thee vile, and will set thee as a gazingstock.
I will cast
Job 9:31; 30:19; Psalms 38:5-7; Lamentations 3:16; Malachi 2:2; 1 Corinthians 4:13
make
1:14; Job 30:8; Malachi 2:9
will set
1 Kings 9:7,8; Isaiah 14:16-19; Jeremiah 51:37; Zephaniah 2:15; 1 Corinthians 4:9; Hebrews 10:33; Jude 1:7
Reciprocal: Isaiah 47:2 - make bare;  Ezekiel 13:8 - behold;  Ezekiel 16:37 - GeneralMalachi 2:3 - spread;  Luke 15:15 - to feed

Verse 7

And it shall come to pass, that all they that look upon thee shall flee from thee, and say, Nineveh is laid waste: who will bemoan her? whence shall I seek comforters for thee?
that all
Numbers 16:34; Jeremiah 51:9; Revelation 18:10
Nineveh
2:9,10; Jeremiah 51:41-43; Revelation 18:16-19
who
Isaiah 51:19; Jeremiah 15:5; Lamentations 2:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 10:11 - Nineveh;  Psalm 64:8 - all that;  Jeremiah 50:36 - her mighty;  Zephaniah 2:13 - will make

Verse 8

Art thou better than populous No, that was situate among the rivers, that had the waters round about it, whose rampart was the sea, and her wall was from the sea?
thou
Ezekiel 31:2,3; Amos 6:2
populous No
or, nourishing No. Heb. No-amon.
Jeremiah 46:25,26; Ezekiel 30:14-16
that had
Isaiah 19:5-10
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 19:4 - better;  Jeremiah 25:19 - Pharaoh;  Jeremiah 46:12 - heard;  Ezekiel 29:15 - rule;  Ezekiel 30:5 - Ethiopia;  Zechariah 11:2 - Howl

Verse 9

Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were thy helpers.
Ethiopia
Isaiah 20:5; Jeremiah 46:9
Put
Genesis 10:6; 1 Chronicles 1:8; Ezekiel 27:10; 30:5; 38:5
thy helpers
Heb. in thy help.
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 12:3 - Lubims;  Jeremiah 46:25 - and their;  Ezekiel 29:15 - rule;  Ezekiel 30:6 - They also

Verse 10

Yet was she carried away, she went into captivity: her young children also were dashed in pieces at the top of all the streets: and they cast lots for her honourable men, and all her great men were bound in chains.
she carried
Psalms 33:16,17; Isaiah 20:4
her young
2 Kings 8:12; Psalms 137:8; Isaiah 13:6; Hosea 13:16; Amos 1:13
at
Lamentations 2:19; 4:1
cast
Joel 3:3; Obadiah 1:11
Reciprocal: Isaiah 13:16 - children;  Isaiah 13:18 - shall dash;  Ezekiel 7:23 - a chain;  Ezekiel 24:6 - let no;  Hosea 10:14 - the mother

Verse 11

Thou also shalt be drunken: thou shalt be hid, thou also shalt seek strength because of the enemy.
Thou also
Diodorus relates, that while the Assyrian army were feasting for their former victories, those about Arbaces being informed of their negligence and drunkenness, fell upon them unexpectedly, slew many, and drove the rest into the city.
shalt be drunken
1:10; Psalms 75:8; Isaiah 29:9; 49:26; 63:6; Jeremiah 25:15-27; 51:57
thou shalt be hid
1 Samuel 13:6; 14:11; Isaiah 2:10,19; Hosea 10:8; Amos 9:3; Micah 7:17; Luke 23:30; Revelation 6:15-17
thou also
2:1; Jeremiah 4:5; 8:14
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 25:16 - GeneralJeremiah 48:26 - ye him;  Jeremiah 51:39 - their heat

Verse 12

All thy strong holds shall be like fig trees with the firstripe figs: if they be shaken, they shall even fall into the mouth of the eater.
Habakkuk 1:10; Revelation 6:13
Reciprocal: Isaiah 25:2 - For;  Isaiah 28:4 - the hasty;  Isaiah 30:25 - when;  Hosea 10:14 - and all;  Nahum 2:13 - I will cut

Verse 13

Behold, thy people in the midst of thee are women: the gates of thy land shall be set wide open unto thine enemies: the fire shall devour thy bars.
thy people
Isaiah 19:16; Jeremiah 50:37; 51:30
the gates
2:6; Psalms 107:16; Isaiah 45:1,2
thy bars
Psalms 147:13; Jeremiah 51:30
Reciprocal: Isaiah 3:12 - children;  Jeremiah 50:36 - her mighty;  Amos 1:5 - break;  Obadiah 1:9 - thy;  Nahum 3:15 - shall the

Verse 14

Draw thee waters for the siege, fortify thy strong holds: go into clay, and tread the morter, make strong the brickkiln.
Draw
2 Chronicles 32:3,4,11; Isaiah 22:9-11; 37:25
fortify
2:1; Isaiah 8:9; Jeremiah 46:3,4,9; Joel 3:9-11
Reciprocal: Genesis 11:3 - brick;  Exodus 1:14 - in mortar;  Jeremiah 43:9 - in the brickkiln;  Jeremiah 51:12 - the standard

Verse 15

There shall the fire devour thee; the sword shall cut thee off, it shall eat thee up like the cankerworm: make thyself many as the cankerworm, make thyself many as the locusts.
shall the
13; 2:13; Zephaniah 2:13
it
Joel 1:4; 2:25
make thyself many as the locusts
Exodus 10:13-15
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 51:12 - the standard;  Jeremiah 51:14 - as with;  Jeremiah 51:27 - cause;  Amos 7:1 - he;  2 Timothy 2:17 - their word;  Revelation 9:3 - locusts

Verse 16

Thou hast multiplied thy merchants above the stars of heaven: the cankerworm spoileth, and flieth away.
above
Genesis 15:5; 22:17; Nehemiah 9:23; Jeremiah 33:22
spoileth
or, spreadeth himself.
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 30:21 - it shall not

Verse 17

Thy crowned are as the locusts, and thy captains as the great grasshoppers, which camp in the hedges in the cold day, but when the sun ariseth they flee away, and their place is not known where they are.
Revelation 9:7
Reciprocal: Psalm 104:22 - GeneralJeremiah 50:36 - her mighty;  Ezekiel 31:12 - gone;  Nahum 2:8 - Stand;  Revelation 9:3 - locusts

Verse 18

Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria: thy nobles shall dwell in the dust: thy people is scattered upon the mountains, and no man gathereth them.
Thy shepherds
That is, the rulers and tributary princes, who, as Herodotus informs us, deserted Nineveh in the day of her distress, and came not to her succour. Diodorus also says, that when the enemy shut up the king in the city, many nations revolted; each going over to the besiegers for the sake of their liberty; that the king despatched messengers to all his subjects, requiring power from them to succour him, and that he thought himself able to endure the siege, and remained in expectation of armies which were to be raised throughout his empire, relying on the oracle, that the city would not be taken till the river became its enemy.
2:6; Exodus 15:16; Psalms 76:5,6; Isaiah 56:9,10; Jeremiah 51:39,57
O King
Jeremiah 50:18; Ezekiel 31:3-18; 32:22,23
nobles
or, valiant ones.
Isaiah 47:1; Revelation 6:15
thy people
1 Kings 22:17; Isaiah 13:14
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 6:3 - shepherds;  Jeremiah 50:36 - her mighty;  Ezekiel 31:11 - I have driven;  Ezekiel 31:12 - gone;  Zephaniah 2:13 - will make

Verse 19

There is no healing of thy bruise; thy wound is grievous: all that hear the bruit of thee shall clap the hands over thee: for upon whom hath not thy wickedness passed continually?
no
Jeremiah 30:13-15; 46:11; Ezekiel 30:21,22; Micah 1:9; Zephaniah 2:13-15
healing
Heb. wrinkling. the bruit.
Jeremiah 10:22
shall
Job 27:23; Isaiah 14:8-21; Lamentations 2:15; Ezekiel 25:6; Revelation 18:20
upon
2:11,12; Isaiah 10:6-14; 37:18; Revelation 13:7; 17:2; 18:2,3 Reciprocal: Isaiah 1:6 - bruises;  Isaiah 27:7 - he smitten;  Jeremiah 28:8 - prophesied;  Jeremiah 50:18 - as I;  Jeremiah 51:8 - take balm;  Jonah 1:2 - Nineveh;  Micah 7:10 - she that;  Zephaniah 2:15 - every;  Zephaniah 3:6 - cut;  Revelation 14:8 - because

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Nahum 3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/nahum-3.html.