Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Nehemiah 9

Introduction

1A solemn fast, and repentance of the people.
4The Levites make a religious confession of God's goodness, and their wickedness.

Verse 1

Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth upon them.
Now
On the first of this month was the feast of trumpets; on the tenth, the day of atonement; on the fourteenth began the feast of tabernacles, which lasted seven days, ending on the twenty- second; on the twenty-third, they separated themselves from their illegitimate wives; and on the twenty-fourth, they held a solemn day of fasting and confession of sin, and reading the law; the whole of which they closed by renewing their covenants.
twenty
Leviticus 23:34,39; 2 Chronicles 7:10
of this month
8:2
children
Judges 20:26; 2 Chronicles 20:3; Ezra 8:23; Esther 4:3,16; Isaiah 22:12; Joel 1:13,14,; Joel 2:15-17; Jonah 3:5-8; Acts 13:2,3
earth
Joshua 7:6; 1 Samuel 4:12; 2 Samuel 1:2; Job 2:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:20 - vowed;  Genesis 37:34 - GeneralDeuteronomy 29:10 - General1 Samuel 7:5 - Gather;  1 Samuel 7:6 - fasted;  1 Kings 8:33 - pray;  2 Chronicles 6:24 - pray;  Ecclesiastes 3:4 - time to weep;  Isaiah 58:5 - it such;  Jeremiah 36:9 - they;  Daniel 9:3 - with;  Joel 2:12 - with fasting;  Zephaniah 2:1 - gather together;  Zechariah 7:3 - Should;  Acts 10:30 - I was;  Revelation 18:19 - they cast

Verse 2

And the seed of Israel separated themselves from all strangers, and stood and confessed their sins, and the iniquities of their fathers.
the seed
13:3,30; Ezra 9:2; 10:11
strangers
Heb. strange children.
Psalms 144:7,11; Isaiah 2:6; Hosea 5:7
confessed
1:6; Leviticus 26:39,40; Ezra 9:6,7,15; Psalms 106:6,7; Daniel 9:3-10,20; 1 John 1:7-9
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 29:10 - General1 Kings 8:14 - all the congregation;  2 Kings 17:20 - all the seed;  Nehemiah 10:28 - all they;  Psalm 51:3 - For I;  Isaiah 58:5 - it such;  Jeremiah 14:20 - We acknowledge;  Daniel 9:4 - made;  Joel 1:14 - the elders;  Joel 2:12 - with fasting;  1 John 1:9 - we confess

Verse 3

And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of the LORD their God one fourth part of the day; and another fourth part they confessed, and worshipped the LORD their God.
they stood
8:4,7,8
one fourth
8:3
Reciprocal: Leviticus 16:21 - confess over;  Deuteronomy 31:11 - shalt read;  Joshua 8:34 - he read;  2 Kings 22:13 - great;  2 Kings 23:2 - he read;  2 Chronicles 17:7 - to teach;  2 Chronicles 30:22 - taught;  Ezra 7:25 - teach ye;  Nehemiah 13:1 - they read;  Daniel 9:4 - made;  Joel 1:14 - the elders;  Luke 23:41 - we indeed;  Acts 20:7 - and continued;  James 1:19 - let

Verse 4

Then stood up upon the stairs, of the Levites, Jeshua, and Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Chenani, and cried with a loud voice unto the LORD their God.
stairs
or, scaffold. Jeshua.
5; 8:7; 10:9-13; 12:8
cried
2 Chronicles 20:19; Psalms 3:4; 77:1; 130:1; Lamentations 3:8; John 11:43; Acts 7:60
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:33 - pray;  Ezra 8:18 - Sherebiah;  Nehemiah 10:10 - Shebaniah;  Nehemiah 10:12 - Sherebiah;  Nehemiah 11:22 - Bani;  Nehemiah 12:24 - Hashabiah;  Ezekiel 43:17 - look toward

Verse 5

Then the Levites, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah, said, Stand up and bless the LORD your God for ever and ever: and blessed be thy glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise.
Stand up
1 Kings 8:14,22; 2 Chronicles 20:13,19; Psalms 134:1-3; 135:1-3
bless
1 Chronicles 29:20; Ezra 3:11; Psalms 103:1,2; 117:1,2; 145:2; 146:2; Jeremiah 33:10,11; Matthew 11:25; Ephesians 3:20,21; 1 Peter 1:3
thy glorious
Exodus 15:6,11; Deuteronomy 28:58; 1 Chronicles 29:13; Psalms 72:18,19; 145:5,11,12; 2 Corinthians 4:6
exalted
1 Kings 8:27; 1 Chronicles 29:11; Psalms 16:2; 106:2
Reciprocal: Joshua 9:9 - because;  2 Samuel 22:4 - worthy;  1 Kings 1:48 - Blessed;  1 Kings 8:15 - Blessed;  1 Kings 8:33 - pray;  Ezra 8:18 - Sherebiah;  Nehemiah 9:4 - Jeshua;  Nehemiah 10:10 - Shebaniah;  Nehemiah 11:22 - Bani;  Psalm 18:3 - who;  Psalm 48:1 - greatly;  Psalm 66:2 - GeneralPsalm 89:52 - Blessed;  Psalm 96:4 - For the;  Psalm 135:2 - that stand;  Psalm 149:6 - the high;  Isaiah 12:4 - his name;  Isaiah 63:14 - to make;  Matthew 6:9 - Hallowed;  2 Corinthians 1:3 - Blessed;  2 Corinthians 11:31 - which;  Ephesians 1:3 - Blessed;  1 Thessalonians 3:9 - what;  1 Timothy 1:17 - be;  1 Timothy 6:1 - that the;  Revelation 4:11 - to receive

Verse 6

Thou, even thou, art LORD alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.
even thou
Deuteronomy 6:4; 2 Kings 19:15,19; Psalms 86:10; Isaiah 37:16,20; 43:10; 44:6,8; Mark 12:29,30; John 10:30
thou hast
Genesis 1:1; 2:1; Ezekiel 20:11; Psalms 33:6; 136:5-9; 146:6; Jeremiah 10:11,12; Colossians 1:15,16; Revelation 4:11; 14:7
the heaven
Deuteronomy 10:14; 1 Kings 8:27
preservest
Psalms 36:6; Colossians 1:17; Hebrews 1:3
the host
Genesis 2:1; 32:2; 1 Kings 22:19; Psalms 103:21; 148:2-4; Isaiah 6:2,3; Hebrews 1:6; Revelation 5:11-13
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:3 - the;  Deuteronomy 4:19 - which the Lord;  Job 7:20 - O thou preserver;  Psalm 50:1 - mighty;  Psalm 84:1 - O Lord;  Psalm 104:24 - how;  Isaiah 45:12 - all their host;  Jeremiah 32:17 - thou;  Jonah 1:9 - which;  Matthew 6:10 - as;  Acts 4:24 - Lord;  Revelation 10:5 - lifted

Verse 7

Thou art the LORD the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham;
choose
Genesis 12:1,2; Deuteronomy 10:15; Joshua 24:2,3; Isaiah 41:8,9; 51:2
Ur
Genesis 11:31; 15:7; Acts 7:2-4
gavest
Genesis 17:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 11:28 - Ur;  Genesis 13:15 - General1 Chronicles 1:27 - Abram;  Isaiah 29:22 - who redeemed;  Isaiah 46:9 - the former;  Isaiah 51:9 - as in;  Isaiah 63:7 - mention;  Ezekiel 16:3 - Thy birth;  Ezekiel 16:4 - for;  Malachi 3:6 - I am;  Acts 13:17 - God;  Hebrews 11:8 - Abraham

Verse 8

And foundest his heart faithful before thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give it, I say, to his seed, and hast performed thy words; for thou art righteous:
foundest
Genesis 12:1-3; 15:6,18; 22:12; Acts 13:22; 1 Timothy 1:12,13; Hebrews 11:17; James 2:21-23
madest
Genesis 12:7; 15:18; 17:7,8; 22:16-18; Deuteronomy 7:8,9; 9:5; Psalms 105:8,9; Luke 1:72,73
the Canaanites
Genesis 15:18-21; Exodus 3:8,17; Deuteronomy 7:1; Joshua 9:1; 11:3
hast performed
Deuteronomy 26:3; Joshua 11:23; 21:43-45; 23:14; Psalms 105:43,44
righteous
Numbers 23:19; Psalms 92:14,15; Titus 1:2; Hebrews 6:18; 1 John 1:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:15 - GeneralGenesis 15:7 - to give;  Exodus 2:24 - remembered;  Joshua 24:3 - I took;  Judges 3:5 - Canaanites;  1 Kings 8:20 - hath performed;  1 Chronicles 1:14 - Girgashite;  1 Chronicles 16:16 - which he made;  2 Chronicles 20:7 - gavest;  Psalm 116:5 - and righteous;  Isaiah 29:22 - who redeemed;  Isaiah 51:2 - for;  Daniel 9:16 - according;  Amos 2:10 - I brought;  Malachi 3:6 - I am;  Acts 3:25 - the covenant;  Acts 7:3 - the land;  Acts 7:5 - yet;  Acts 13:17 - God;  Hebrews 11:8 - Abraham

Verse 9

And didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by the Red sea;
didst see
Exodus 2:25; 3:7-9,16; Acts 7:34
heardest
Exodus 14:10-12
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:14 - that;  Exodus 2:23 - cry;  Exodus 2:24 - remembered;  Exodus 3:6 - hid;  Exodus 14:13 - ye shall see;  Exodus 14:15 - GeneralExodus 18:8 - told;  Deuteronomy 6:21 - GeneralDeuteronomy 29:3 - GeneralJudges 6:8 - a prophet;  Judges 10:11 - Egyptians;  1 Samuel 10:18 - Thus saith;  1 Samuel 12:6 - It is the Lord;  Isaiah 22:12 - call;  Micah 6:4 - I brought;  Acts 7:7 - the nation;  Acts 13:17 - and with

Verse 10

And shewedst signs and wonders upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land: for thou knewest that they dealt proudly against them. So didst thou get thee a name, as it is this day.
shewedst
Exodus 7:1-25; 14:1-31; Deuteronomy 4:34; 11:3,4; Psalms 78:12,13,43-53; 105:27-37; Psalms 106:7-11; 135:8,9; 136:10-15; Acts 7:36
they
Exodus 5:2,7,8; 9:17; 10:3; 18:11; Job 40:11,12; Daniel 4:37; 5:23; 1 Peter 5:5
didst
Exodus 9:16; Joshua 2:10,11; Psalms 83:18; Isaiah 63:12,14; Jeremiah 32:20; Ezekiel 20:9; Daniel 9:15; Romans 9:17
Reciprocal: Exodus 3:20 - smite;  Exodus 7:3 - multiply;  Exodus 13:3 - strength;  Exodus 14:4 - I will be;  Deuteronomy 6:21 - GeneralDeuteronomy 7:19 - great;  1 Chronicles 17:21 - make thee;  Nehemiah 9:16 - dealt;  Nehemiah 9:29 - yet they;  Psalm 106:21 - which;  Psalm 136:15 - But overthrew;  Isaiah 10:26 - his rod;  Isaiah 42:20 - Seeing;  Acts 7:35 - a ruler

Verse 11

And thou didst divide the sea before them, so that they went through the midst of the sea on the dry land; and their persecutors thou threwest into the deeps, as a stone into the mighty waters.
divide
Exodus 14:21,22,27,28; Psalms 66:6; 78:13; 114:3-5; 136:13-15; Isaiah 63:11-13
their persecutors
Exodus 15:1-21; Psalms 106:9-11; Hebrews 11:29
as a stone
Exodus 15:5,10; Revelation 18:21
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:1 - done;  Deuteronomy 7:19 - great;  Joshua 4:23 - which he dried;  Joshua 24:6 - Egyptians;  Psalm 74:13 - divide;  Psalm 77:19 - way;  Psalm 105:27 - They;  Psalm 106:10 - And he;  Psalm 106:21 - which;  Psalm 136:15 - But overthrew;  Isaiah 10:26 - his rod;  Isaiah 43:16 - maketh;  Isaiah 51:15 - that divided;  Isaiah 63:12 - dividing;  Habakkuk 3:10 - the overflowing;  1 Corinthians 10:1 - and all

Verse 12

Moreover thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go.
thou leddest
19; Exodus 13:21,22; 14:19,20; Psalms 78:14; 105:39
in the way
Psalms 107:7; 143:8
Reciprocal: Numbers 9:15 - the cloud;  Numbers 9:16 - GeneralNumbers 9:21 - abode;  Numbers 10:34 - GeneralNumbers 14:14 - thy cloud;  Deuteronomy 1:31 - in the wilderness;  Deuteronomy 1:33 - in fire;  Deuteronomy 32:12 - the Lord;  Joshua 24:7 - ye dwelt;  Psalm 31:3 - lead;  Psalm 78:52 - But;  Psalm 136:16 - GeneralIsaiah 4:5 - a cloud;  Jeremiah 2:2 - when;  Jeremiah 31:2 - found;  Habakkuk 3:4 - brightness;  Acts 7:36 - and in the wilderness;  1 Corinthians 10:1 - were

Verse 13

Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments:
camest
Exodus 19:11,16-20; Deuteronomy 33:2; Isaiah 64:1,3; Habakkuk 3:3
spakest
Exodus 20:1,22; Deuteronomy 4:10-13,33; 5:4,22-26; Hebrews 12:18-26
gavest
Deuteronomy 4:8; 10:12,13; Psalms 19:7-11; 119:127,128; Ezekiel 20:11-13; Romans 7:12-14,16
true laws
Heb. laws of truth.
Psalms 119:160
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:20 - teach;  Exodus 19:20 - the Lord came;  Exodus 21:1 - the judgments;  Exodus 24:12 - tables;  Leviticus 10:11 - GeneralLeviticus 15:2 - unto the;  Deuteronomy 4:36 - General2 Kings 17:37 - wrote for you;  Psalm 19:8 - right;  Psalm 119:66 - I Have;  Ezekiel 18:9 - walked;  Ezekiel 20:19 - walk;  Daniel 9:10 - which;  Hosea 8:12 - written;  Micah 6:8 - what is;  Mark 2:27 - GeneralMark 12:1 - and set;  Acts 7:38 - who;  Romans 2:18 - knowest;  Romans 3:2 - because;  Romans 9:4 - the giving;  2 Corinthians 3:7 - was;  Ephesians 6:1 - for;  1 Timothy 1:8 - the law

Verse 14

And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant:
madest
Genesis 2:3; Exodus 16:29; 20:8-11; Ezekiel 20:12,20
commandedst
Exodus 21:1-23; Leviticus 27:34; Deuteronomy 4:5,45; 5:31
Moses
1:8; John 1:17
Reciprocal: Exodus 16:25 - GeneralExodus 18:20 - teach;  Exodus 31:13 - a sign;  Exodus 31:14 - keep;  Leviticus 10:11 - GeneralLeviticus 15:2 - unto the;  Leviticus 23:14 - it shall be;  2 Kings 17:37 - wrote for you;  Psalm 103:7 - He made;  Psalm 119:66 - I Have;  Ezekiel 18:9 - walked;  Ezekiel 20:11 - I gave;  Ezekiel 20:19 - walk;  Hosea 8:12 - written;  Mark 2:27 - GeneralMark 12:1 - and set;  Acts 7:38 - who;  Romans 2:18 - knowest;  Romans 3:2 - because;  Romans 9:4 - the giving;  Hebrews 3:5 - as;  Revelation 15:3 - the servant

Verse 15

And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn to give them.
gavest
Exodus 16:4,14,15; Deuteronomy 8:3,16; Psalms 78:24,25; 105:40; John 6:31-35; 1 Corinthians 10:3
broughtest
20; Exodus 17:6; Numbers 20:7-11; Deuteronomy 8:15; Psalms 77:15-20; 105:41; 114:8; 1 Corinthians 10:4
go
Deuteronomy 1:8; Joshua 1:2-4
sworn
Heb. lift up thine hand.
Genesis 14:22; Numbers 14:30; Ezekiel 20:15
Reciprocal: Exodus 16:35 - forty years;  Numbers 20:8 - bring forth;  Deuteronomy 29:6 - eaten bread;  Isaiah 35:6 - for;  Isaiah 48:21 - he caused;  Jeremiah 32:22 - which;  Jeremiah 32:23 - possessed;  Philippians 4:19 - supply

Verse 16

But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments,
dealt
10,29; Exodus 32:9; Deuteronomy 9:6,13,23,24,27; 32:15; Psalms 78:8-72; 106:6; Isaiah 63:10; Jeremiah 2:31; Acts 7:51
hardened
Deuteronomy 31:27; 2 Kings 17:14; 2 Chronicles 30:8; 36:13; Psalms 95:8-10; Proverbs 29:1; Isaiah 48:4; Jeremiah 19:15; Romans 2:5; Hebrews 3:13,15
hearkened
Exodus 15:26; Deuteronomy 5:29; Psalms 81:8,11-14; Isaiah 48:18; There were two things to which the Israelites did not duly give heed, else they had not done as they did. The word of God they heard, but they gave no heed to God's commandments: and the works of God they saw, but were not mindful of his wonders. Had they really considered them as miracles, they would have obeyed from a principle of faith and holy fear: had they duly considered them as mercies, they would have obeyed from a principle of gratitude and holy love.
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:11 - proudly;  Numbers 14:4 - GeneralDeuteronomy 9:7 - from the day;  2 Chronicles 29:6 - For our fathers;  Psalm 119:21 - cursed;  Jeremiah 7:24 - they;  Jeremiah 7:25 - the day;  Jeremiah 7:26 - they hearkened;  Jeremiah 11:8 - obeyed;  Jeremiah 22:21 - This;  Jeremiah 32:30 - children;  Ezekiel 2:3 - rebelled;  Ezekiel 5:6 - for they;  Ezekiel 20:13 - rebelled;  Zechariah 1:4 - as;  Malachi 3:7 - from the;  Mark 10:5 - For;  Acts 7:39 - whom;  Acts 13:18 - about;  Acts 19:9 - divers;  Hebrews 3:8 - Harden

Verse 17

And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not.
refused
Numbers 14:3,4,11,41; 16:14; Psalms 106:24,25; Proverbs 1:24; Hebrews 12:25
mindful
Psalms 78:11,42,43; 86:5,15; 106:7,13; Matthew 16:9-11; 2 Peter 1:12-15
in their rebellion
Instead of bemiryam, "in their rebellion," seven MSS., one edition, and the LXX., have bemitzrayim, "in Egypt:" "appointed a captain to return to their bondage in Egypt."
appointed
Numbers 14:4; Acts 7:39
a God
Numbers 14:18,19; Psalms 86:5,15; 130:4; Micah 7:18,19
ready to pardon
Heb. of pardons. gracious.
Exodus 34:6,7; Psalms 78:38; 103:8-18; 145:8,9; Isaiah 55:7-9; Joel 2:13; Romans 9:15; Ephesians 1:6,7
forsookest
1 Kings 6:13; 8:57; Psalms 106:43-46
Reciprocal: Exodus 13:17 - return;  Exodus 32:9 - a stiffnecked;  2 Kings 18:12 - they obeyed not;  2 Chronicles 30:9 - the Lord;  2 Chronicles 36:13 - stiffened;  Nehemiah 9:31 - gracious;  Psalm 18:25 - With the;  Psalm 89:2 - Mercy;  Psalm 116:5 - Gracious;  Isaiah 48:4 - obstinate;  Isaiah 63:10 - they rebelled;  Jeremiah 3:3 - thou refusedst;  Jeremiah 7:26 - but;  Jeremiah 11:8 - obeyed;  Jeremiah 19:15 - because;  Ezekiel 5:6 - for they;  Daniel 9:9 - To the Lord;  Nahum 1:3 - slow;  Zechariah 7:11 - they refused;  Malachi 3:7 - from the;  Matthew 18:27 - moved;  Matthew 22:4 - and all;  Mark 10:5 - For;  Acts 19:9 - divers;  1 Corinthians 13:4 - is kind;  Ephesians 2:4 - who;  James 1:19 - slow to wrath;  James 5:11 - the Lord is

Verse 18

Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This is thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations;
Exodus 32:4-8,31,32; Deuteronomy 9:12-16; Psalms 106:19-23; Ezekiel 20:7-44
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 9:26 - wrought;  Ezekiel 16:7 - excellent ornaments;  Daniel 9:9 - though;  Hosea 3:1 - according;  Amos 5:25 - GeneralActs 7:36 - and in the wilderness;  Acts 7:41 - they

Verse 19

Yet thou in thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness: the pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day, to lead them in the way; neither the pillar of fire by night, to shew them light, and the way wherein they should go.
in thy
27; 1 Samuel 12:22; Psalms 106:7,8,45; Isaiah 44:21; Lamentations 3:22; Ezekiel 20:14,22; Daniel 9:9,18; Malachi 3:6
the pillar
12; Exodus 13:21,22; 40:38; Numbers 9:15-22; 14:14; Isaiah 4:5,6; 1 Corinthians 10:1,2
Reciprocal: Exodus 40:36 - when;  Numbers 9:16 - GeneralNumbers 9:21 - abode;  Numbers 10:34 - GeneralDeuteronomy 32:10 - found;  Psalm 25:6 - for they;  Psalm 31:3 - lead;  Psalm 78:14 - GeneralPsalm 105:39 - spread;  Psalm 136:16 - GeneralIsaiah 63:7 - mention;  Ezekiel 20:17 - mine;  Hosea 3:1 - according

Verse 20

Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.
gavest
30; Numbers 11:17,25-29; Isaiah 63:11-14
good
Psalms 143:10; Romans 15:30; Galatians 5:22,23; Ephesians 5:9; 2 Peter 1:21
withheldest
Exodus 16:15,35; Joshua 5:12
gavest
Exodus 17:6; Psalms 105:41; Isaiah 41:17,18; 48:21; 49:10; John 4:10,14; John 7:37-39
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:10 - he instructed;  Nehemiah 9:15 - broughtest;  Psalm 25:5 - teach;  Psalm 78:24 - had rained;  Psalm 105:40 - satisfied;  Psalm 119:124 - teach;  Haggai 2:5 - so;  John 6:31 - fathers;  1 Corinthians 10:3 - General1 Corinthians 12:8 - is given;  Philippians 4:12 - I am;  2 Timothy 3:16 - for instruction

Verse 21

Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, so that they lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old, and their feet swelled not.
forty
Exodus 16:35; Numbers 14:33,34; Deuteronomy 2:7; 8:2; Amos 5:25; Acts 13:18
their
Deuteronomy 8:4; 29:5; Psalms 34:10
Reciprocal: Numbers 20:5 - this evil;  Joshua 5:12 - the manna;  Jeremiah 2:31 - Have I been;  Amos 2:10 - and led

Verse 22

Moreover thou gavest them kingdoms and nations, and didst divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon, and the land of the king of Heshbon, and the land of Og king of Bashan.
thou
Joshua 10:11; Psalms 78:65; 105:44
divide
Deuteronomy 32:26; Joshua 11:23
Sihon
Numbers 21:21-35; Deuteronomy 2:26-36; 3:1-17; Psalms 135:10-12; 136:17-22
Reciprocal: Exodus 3:8 - unto a good;  Numbers 21:24 - Israel;  Numbers 32:3 - Heshbon;  Deuteronomy 1:4 - GeneralDeuteronomy 2:32 - GeneralJoshua 12:2 - Sihon;  Joshua 24:8 - GeneralJudges 11:20 - General1 Chronicles 6:81 - Heshbon;  Psalm 44:2 - drive out;  Psalm 78:55 - cast;  Psalm 80:9 - preparedst;  Psalm 135:11 - Sihon;  Psalm 136:21 - GeneralJeremiah 32:23 - possessed;  Ezekiel 20:28 - when I;  Amos 2:9 - I the;  Habakkuk 3:6 - and drove;  Habakkuk 3:12 - didst march

Verse 23

Their children also multipliedst thou as the stars of heaven, and broughtest them into the land, concerning which thou hadst promised to their fathers, that they should go in to possess it.
multipliedst
Genesis 15:5; 22:17; 1 Chronicles 27:23
broughtest
Joshua 1:1-3
which thou
Genesis 12:7; 13:15-17; 15:18; 17:8; 26:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:27 - grew;  Exodus 1:7 - fruitful;  Leviticus 26:9 - make you;  Numbers 14:23 - Surely they shall not see;  Numbers 26:51 - GeneralDeuteronomy 1:10 - your God;  Deuteronomy 10:22 - as the stars;  Deuteronomy 28:62 - as the stars;  Judges 4:1 - did evil;  Isaiah 9:3 - hast multiplied;  Isaiah 26:15 - increased;  Nahum 3:16 - above;  Hebrews 6:14 - multiplying;  Hebrews 11:12 - as the stars

Verse 24

So the children went in and possessed the land, and thou subduedst before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the land, that they might do with them as they would.
So the
Numbers 14:31; Joshua 21:43,45
thou subduedst
Joshua 18:1; 1 Chronicles 22:18; Psalms 44:2,3
as they would
Heb. according to their will.
2 Timothy 2:26
Reciprocal: Numbers 32:14 - an increase;  Deuteronomy 8:7 - GeneralJoshua 6:2 - I have;  Joshua 24:11 - the men;  Judges 4:23 - GeneralActs 7:45 - whom;  Acts 13:19 - when

Verse 25

And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells digged, vineyards, and oliveyards, and fruit trees in abundance: so they did eat, and were filled, and became fat, and delighted themselves in thy great goodness.
strong
Numbers 13:27,28; Deuteronomy 3:5; 6:10-12; 9:1-3
a fat land
35; Deuteronomy 8:7-10; 32:13; Ezekiel 20:6
wells
or, cisterns. fruit trees. Heb. trees of food. did eat.
Deuteronomy 32:15; Psalms 65:11; Isaiah 6:10; Jeremiah 5:27,28; Hosea 13:6
and became fat
They became effeminate, fell under the power of luxury, got totally corrupted in their manners, sinned against all the mercies of God, and then were destroyed by His judgments.
delighted
1 Kings 8:66; Jeremiah 31:14; Hosea 3:5; Romans 2:4
Reciprocal: Exodus 33:19 - all my goodness;  Numbers 13:20 - whether it be;  Deuteronomy 31:20 - eaten;  Joshua 24:11 - the men;  2 Chronicles 6:41 - thy saints;  Psalm 78:56 - GeneralProverbs 30:9 - I be full;  Isaiah 63:7 - the great goodness;  Jeremiah 2:7 - brought;  Hosea 2:7 - for;  Joel 2:26 - ye shall;  John 6:12 - they;  Acts 14:17 - filling;  James 5:1 - ye

Verse 26

Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations.
they were
Judges 2:11,12; 3:6,7; 10:6,13,14; Psalms 78:56,57; 106:34-40; Ezekiel 16:15-63; 20:21; 23:4-49
cast thy law
1 Kings 14:9; Psalms 50:17; Ezekiel 33:3-5
slew
1 Kings 18:4,13; 19:10; 2 Chronicles 24:20,21; 36:16; Jeremiah 26:20-23; Matthew 21:35; Matthew 23:34-37; Acts 7:52
wrought
18; 2 Kings 21:11; Ezekiel 22:25-31
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:29 - thou shalt be;  Deuteronomy 31:20 - eaten;  Judges 6:1 - did evil;  2 Samuel 24:19 - as the Lord;  1 Kings 8:47 - saying;  2 Kings 17:7 - sinned;  2 Kings 17:15 - testimonies;  2 Kings 18:12 - they obeyed not;  2 Kings 21:9 - they hearkened;  2 Kings 21:10 - General2 Kings 22:17 - have forsaken;  2 Chronicles 6:37 - We have sinned;  2 Chronicles 12:2 - because;  2 Chronicles 24:19 - Yet he sent;  Ezra 5:12 - But after;  Nehemiah 9:29 - testifiedst;  Psalm 78:10 - GeneralProverbs 30:9 - I be full;  Isaiah 5:24 - cast away;  Isaiah 42:24 - GeneralIsaiah 63:10 - they rebelled;  Jeremiah 2:30 - your own sword;  Jeremiah 4:17 - because;  Jeremiah 7:25 - the day;  Jeremiah 11:8 - obeyed;  Jeremiah 16:11 - Because;  Jeremiah 25:7 - that ye;  Jeremiah 26:4 - If;  Jeremiah 30:15 - for the;  Jeremiah 32:23 - but;  Jeremiah 35:14 - but ye;  Jeremiah 42:19 - admonished you;  Lamentations 1:18 - for I;  Lamentations 3:42 - transgressed;  Ezekiel 2:3 - rebelled;  Ezekiel 20:8 - they rebelled;  Ezekiel 23:35 - and cast;  Ezekiel 36:31 - shall ye;  Daniel 9:9 - though;  Hosea 2:7 - for;  Hosea 8:12 - but;  Hosea 13:6 - to;  Amos 2:4 - because;  Zephaniah 3:2 - obeyed;  Zechariah 1:2 - Lord;  Zechariah 1:4 - unto;  Zechariah 7:11 - they refused;  Malachi 3:7 - from the;  Matthew 5:12 - for so;  Matthew 23:37 - thou;  Mark 10:5 - For;  Mark 12:3 - they;  Luke 3:20 - GeneralLuke 6:23 - for in;  Luke 13:34 - killest;  Luke 20:10 - beat;  Romans 10:21 - a disobedient;  Romans 11:3 - Lord;  James 5:1 - ye

Verse 27

Therefore thou deliveredst them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and according to thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them out of the hand of their enemies.
thou deliveredst
Deuteronomy 31:16-18; Judges 2:14,15; 3:8-30; 2 Chronicles 36:17; Psalms 106:41,42; Daniel 9:10-14
in the time
Deuteronomy 4:29-31; Judges 3:15; 6:6-10; 10:15,16; Psalms 106:43-45
saviours
Judges 2:18; 3:9-15; 1 Samuel 12:10,11; 2 Kings 13:5; 14:27; Obadiah 1:21
Reciprocal: Exodus 2:24 - God heard;  Leviticus 26:17 - ye shall be;  Deuteronomy 15:6 - thou shalt reign;  Judges 2:16 - delivered;  1 Samuel 7:6 - judged;  1 Samuel 10:18 - Thus saith;  1 Samuel 14:45 - who hath;  2 Samuel 19:5 - saved;  2 Kings 17:20 - delivered;  2 Kings 17:39 - he shall deliver;  2 Kings 18:12 - they obeyed not;  2 Kings 21:14 - deliver;  2 Kings 22:17 - have forsaken;  2 Chronicles 12:2 - because;  Ezra 5:12 - But after;  Nehemiah 9:19 - in thy;  Psalm 106:40 - the wrath;  Psalm 106:44 - GeneralIsaiah 42:24 - GeneralIsaiah 63:7 - mention;  Zechariah 1:2 - Lord;  Zechariah 1:20 - four;  John 8:33 - and were

Verse 28

But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies;
did evil again
Heb. returned to do evil.
Judges 3:11,12,30; 4:1; 5:31; 6:1
heardest
1 Kings 8:33,34,39; Isaiah 63:15
many times
Psalms 106:43-45
Reciprocal: Exodus 2:24 - God heard;  1 Samuel 10:18 - Thus saith;  2 Kings 17:20 - delivered;  Isaiah 48:4 - obstinate;  Jeremiah 17:4 - and I;  Jeremiah 40:3 - because;  Zechariah 1:3 - Turn;  Malachi 3:7 - from the;  John 5:14 - sin;  John 8:33 - and were

Verse 29

And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear.
testifiedst
26; Deuteronomy 4:26; 31:21; 2 Kings 17:13; 2 Chronicles 24:19; 36:15; Jeremiah 25:3-7; Hosea 6:5
yet they
10,16; Exodus 10:3; Jeremiah 13:15-17; 43:2; 44:10,16,17; Daniel 5:20; James 4:6-10
which
Leviticus 18:5; Ezekiel 20:11; Luke 10:28; Romans 10:5; Galatians 3:12
withdrew the shoulder
Heb. gave a withdrawing shoulder.
Zechariah 7:11,12
and hardened
Jeremiah 7:26; 17:23; 19:15
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:11 - proudly;  2 Kings 17:15 - testimonies;  2 Kings 21:9 - they hearkened;  2 Chronicles 33:10 - General2 Chronicles 36:13 - hardened;  Nehemiah 1:7 - dealt;  Nehemiah 13:15 - I testified;  Psalm 50:7 - testify;  Psalm 119:21 - cursed;  Proverbs 29:1 - hardeneth;  Isaiah 28:10 - For precept;  Isaiah 30:9 - will not;  Isaiah 63:10 - they rebelled;  Jeremiah 7:13 - and I spake;  Jeremiah 7:24 - backward;  Jeremiah 11:8 - obeyed;  Jeremiah 42:19 - admonished you;  Amos 2:4 - because;  Matthew 21:34 - he sent;  Acts 19:9 - divers;  2 Corinthians 5:20 - as;  Galatians 5:3 - testify;  Ephesians 4:17 - testify

Verse 30

Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands.
many years
Psalms 86:15; Romans 2:4; 2 Peter 3:9
forbear them
Heb. protract over them. testifiedst.
2 Kings 17:13; 2 Chronicles 36:15; Jeremiah 7:25; 25:4
by thy spirit
20; Isaiah 63:10; Acts 7:51; 28:25; 1 Peter 1:11; 2 Peter 1:21
thy prophets
Heb. the hand of thy prophets. therefore.
Isaiah 5:5,6; 42:24; Jeremiah 40:2,3; 44:22; Lamentations 2:17; Zechariah 7:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:3 - My;  2 Kings 17:15 - testimonies;  2 Kings 21:9 - they hearkened;  2 Kings 21:10 - General2 Chronicles 33:10 - GeneralEzra 9:7 - for our iniquities;  Nehemiah 9:34 - thy testimonies;  Psalm 50:7 - testify;  Isaiah 28:10 - For precept;  Isaiah 30:9 - will not;  Isaiah 48:9 - defer;  Jeremiah 4:17 - because;  Jeremiah 7:13 - and I spake;  Jeremiah 34:14 - but;  Jeremiah 35:14 - but ye;  Jeremiah 42:19 - admonished you;  Ezekiel 2:2 - GeneralHosea 11:2 - they called;  Hosea 12:10 - have also;  Amos 2:4 - because;  Haggai 2:5 - so;  Zechariah 1:4 - unto;  Zechariah 7:12 - lest;  Matthew 21:34 - he sent;  Mark 12:5 - and him;  Mark 12:36 - by;  Luke 13:34 - and ye;  Luke 20:10 - sent;  Romans 11:2 - of Elias;  Galatians 5:3 - testify;  Ephesians 4:17 - testify;  1 Thessalonians 4:8 - who;  1 Thessalonians 5:19 - the Spirit;  Hebrews 10:15 - General1 Peter 3:19 - By which

Verse 31

Nevertheless for thy great mercies' sake thou didst not utterly consume them, nor forsake them; for thou art a gracious and merciful God.
for thy great
Jeremiah 4:27; 5:10,18; Lamentations 3:22; Ezekiel 14:22,23; Daniel 9:9
gracious
17; Exodus 34:6,7; 2 Kings 13:23; 2 Chronicles 30:9; Psalms 103:8,9; 145:8,9
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:44 - I will;  Deuteronomy 4:31 - the Lord;  Ezra 9:8 - grace hath;  Psalm 89:2 - Mercy;  Psalm 103:10 - dealt;  Psalm 116:5 - Gracious;  Isaiah 48:9 - defer;  Isaiah 63:7 - mention;  Hosea 3:1 - according;  James 5:11 - the Lord is

Verse 32

Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all the trouble seem little before thee, that hath come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all thy people, since the time of the kings of Assyria unto this day.
our God
1:5; Deuteronomy 7:21; Psalms 47:2; 66:3,5
keepest
Deuteronomy 7:9; 1 Kings 8:23; Daniel 9:4; Micah 7:18-20
trouble
Heb. weariness. little before thee.
Leviticus 26:18,21,24,28; Ezra 9:13
come upon us
Heb. found us. on our kings.
2 Kings 23:29,33,34; 25:7,18-21,25,26; 2 Chronicles 36:1-23; Jeremiah 8:1-3; Jeremiah 22:18,19; 34:19-22; 39:1-18; 52:1-34; Daniel 9:6,8
since the time
2 Kings 15:19,29; 17:3; Isaiah 7:17,18; 8:7,8; 10:5-7; 36:1-37
Reciprocal: Genesis 9:15 - remember;  Exodus 18:8 - come upon them;  Exodus 34:7 - Keeping;  Deuteronomy 3:24 - thy greatness;  Deuteronomy 10:17 - a great;  Deuteronomy 31:17 - befall them;  2 Kings 13:23 - because of his covenant;  2 Chronicles 29:6 - For our fathers;  2 Chronicles 33:11 - of the king;  Ezra 9:7 - Since the days;  Psalm 9:13 - consider;  Psalm 31:7 - for;  Psalm 50:1 - mighty;  Psalm 60:3 - showed;  Psalm 99:3 - thy great;  Psalm 106:6 - GeneralPsalm 119:153 - Consider;  Jeremiah 2:26 - their kings;  Jeremiah 3:25 - we and our;  Jeremiah 10:6 - thou;  Jeremiah 32:32 - they;  Lamentations 1:9 - behold;  Lamentations 3:19 - Remembering;  Daniel 2:45 - the great

Verse 33

Howbeit thou art just in all that is brought upon us; for thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly:
Howbeit
Genesis 18:25; Job 34:23; Psalms 119:137; 145:17; Jeremiah 12:1; Lamentations 1:18; Daniel 9:5-14
but we
Leviticus 26:40,41; Job 33:27; Psalms 106:6; Daniel 9:5-10
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:31 - sinned;  Ezra 9:15 - thou art righteous;  Job 33:23 - to;  Job 34:31 - GeneralJob 40:4 - Behold;  Psalm 51:14 - righteousness;  Psalm 116:5 - and righteous;  Psalm 129:4 - The Lord;  Isaiah 49:24 - lawful captive;  Isaiah 59:12 - we know;  Jeremiah 14:7 - for our;  Jeremiah 40:3 - because;  Jeremiah 44:3 - of their;  Lamentations 1:5 - for;  Ezekiel 2:3 - rebelled;  Ezekiel 14:23 - that I have not;  Daniel 9:7 - righteousness;  Daniel 9:14 - the Lord;  Romans 10:3 - submitted

Verse 34

Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, kept thy law, nor hearkened unto thy commandments and thy testimonies, wherewith thou didst testify against them.
nor hearkened
Jeremiah 29:19
thy testimonies
30; 2 Kings 17:15
thou didst
Deuteronomy 31:21; 2 Kings 17:13
Reciprocal: Ezra 9:15 - thou art righteous;  Isaiah 1:5 - the whole;  Jeremiah 14:7 - for our;  Jeremiah 44:17 - as we;  Lamentations 1:5 - for;  Ezekiel 11:12 - GeneralEzekiel 22:6 - the princes;  Ezekiel 44:10 - the Levites;  Daniel 9:5 - have sinned;  Daniel 9:6 - our kings;  Galatians 5:3 - testify

Verse 35

For they have not served thee in their kingdom, and in thy great goodness that thou gavest them, and in the large and fat land which thou gavest before them, neither turned they from their wicked works.
For they
Deuteronomy 28:47; Jeremiah 5:19; Romans 3:4,5
in their kingdom
Instead of bemalkuthom, "in their kingdom," bemalkuthecha, "in thy kingdom," is the reading of two of Dr. Kennicott's MSS., LXX., Syriac, and Arabic.
thy great
fat land
Deuteronomy 8:7-10; 31:21; 32:12-15
Reciprocal: Numbers 13:20 - whether it be;  Deuteronomy 28:48 - serve;  Deuteronomy 31:20 - waxen fat;  Isaiah 63:7 - the great goodness;  Hosea 13:6 - to

Verse 36

Behold, we are servants this day, and for the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we are servants in it:
Deuteronomy 28:48; 2 Chronicles 12:8; Ezra 9:9
Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:14 - GeneralDeuteronomy 28:33 - The fruit;  Ezra 9:7 - into the hand;  Nehemiah 1:3 - in great;  Jeremiah 25:18 - as it;  Lamentations 5:5 - labour;  Ezekiel 11:9 - and deliver;  Ezekiel 17:14 - the kingdom;  Joel 2:17 - that;  Luke 20:16 - shall give;  John 8:33 - and were

Verse 37

And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom thou hast set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we are in great distress.
it yieldeth
Deuteronomy 28:33,39,51; Ezra 4:13; 6:8; 7:24
dominion
5:8; Leviticus 26:17; Deuteronomy 28:48; John 8:33
Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:14 - GeneralDeuteronomy 28:29 - thou shalt be;  2 Chronicles 33:11 - of the king;  Ezra 9:7 - into the hand;  Ezra 9:9 - we were bondmen;  Nehemiah 1:3 - in great;  Nehemiah 5:4 - the king's tribute;  Psalm 107:12 - he brought;  Isaiah 5:17 - strangers;  Isaiah 49:24 - lawful captive;  Lamentations 1:1 - how is;  Lamentations 5:5 - labour;  Ezekiel 11:9 - and deliver;  Ezekiel 17:14 - the kingdom;  Ezekiel 19:14 - she hath;  Matthew 22:17 - is;  Mark 12:14 - is it;  Luke 20:16 - shall give;  Luke 20:22 - General

Verse 38

And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it.
we make
10:29; 2 Kings 23:3; 2 Chronicles 15:12,13; 23:16; 29:10; 34:31; Ezra 10:3
seal unto it
Heb. are at the sealing, or sealed.
10:1 Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 29:10 - GeneralJoshua 24:25 - made;  2 Samuel 5:3 - made;  2 Kings 11:4 - made a covenant;  2 Kings 11:17 - made a covenant;  Job 33:16 - sealeth;  Isaiah 44:5 - subscribe;  Jeremiah 34:8 - had

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Nehemiah 9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/nehemiah-9.html.