Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Nehemiah 8

Introduction

1The religious manner of reading and hearing the law.
9They comfort the people.
13The forwardness of them to hear and be instructed.
16They keep the feast of tabernacles.

Verse 1

And all the people gathered themselves together as one man into the street that was before the water gate; and they spake unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded to Israel.
A. M. 3559. B.C. 445. all the people
Ezra 3:1-13
as one man
Judges 20:1,8
before
16; 3:26; 12:37
Ezra
4-9; Ezra 7:6,11; Jeremiah 8:8,9; Matthew 13:52; 23:2,13,34
bring
2 Chronicles 34:15; Isaiah 8:20; Malachi 4:4
Reciprocal: Leviticus 8:3 - GeneralLeviticus 9:5 - and all the congregation;  Deuteronomy 31:11 - shalt read;  Deuteronomy 33:10 - They shall teach;  2 Kings 22:10 - Shaphan;  2 Kings 23:2 - he read;  1 Chronicles 24:6 - the scribe;  2 Chronicles 32:6 - in the street;  Ezra 7:10 - and to teach;  Ezra 7:25 - teach ye;  Ezekiel 44:24 - in all;  Zephaniah 2:1 - gather together;  John 11:55 - before;  Acts 15:21 - sabbath

Verse 2

And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month.
priest
Deuteronomy 17:18; 31:9,10; Malachi 2:7
congregation
Deuteronomy 31:11-13; 2 Chronicles 17:7-9; Acts 15:21
could hear with understanding
Heb. understood in hearing.
Isaiah 28:9
the first
Leviticus 23:24; Numbers 29:1
Reciprocal: Leviticus 10:11 - GeneralDeuteronomy 29:10 - GeneralJoshua 8:34 - he read;  Joshua 8:35 - women;  2 Chronicles 34:30 - he read;  Ezra 3:1 - the seventh;  Ezra 7:1 - Ezra;  Nehemiah 8:9 - This day;  Nehemiah 9:1 - of this month;  Nehemiah 10:28 - every one;  Acts 5:14 - multitudes;  James 1:19 - let

Verse 3

And he read therein before the street that was before the water gate from the morning until midday, before the men and the women, and those that could understand; and the ears of all the people were attentive unto the book of the law.
he read
Luke 4:16-20; Acts 13:15,27; 15:21
morning
Heb. light.
Acts 20:7,11; 28:23
ears
Matthew 7:28,29; Mark 12:37; Luke 8:18; 19:48; Acts 16:14; 17:11; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; Hebrews 2:1-3; Revelation 2:29; 3:22
Reciprocal: Joshua 8:34 - he read;  Nehemiah 3:26 - the water;  Nehemiah 8:16 - the street of the water gate;  Nehemiah 9:3 - one fourth;  Nehemiah 12:37 - water gate;  Nehemiah 13:1 - they read;  Jeremiah 36:8 - in the;  James 1:19 - let

Verse 4

And Ezra the scribe stood upon a pulpit of wood, which they had made for the purpose; and beside him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Urijah, and Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his right hand; and on his left hand, Pedaiah, and Mishael, and Malchiah, and Hashum, and Hashbadana, Zechariah, and Meshullam.
pulpit
Heb. tower. Maaseiah.
10:25; 11:5
Malchiah
10:3
Hashum
10:18; Ezra 10:33
Meshullam
10:7,20; 11:7; 12:13; Ezra 10:29
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 9:7 - Sallu;  2 Chronicles 6:13 - scaffold;  Ezra 7:6 - scribe;  Ezra 10:18 - Maaseiah;  Nehemiah 3:23 - Maaseiah;  Nehemiah 3:25 - Pedaiah;  Nehemiah 8:1 - Ezra;  Nehemiah 8:7 - Maaseiah;  Nehemiah 9:3 - they stood;  Nehemiah 13:13 - Pedaiah;  Matthew 23:2 - General

Verse 5

And Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people; (for he was above all the people;) and when he opened it, all the people stood up:
opened
Luke 4:16,17
sight
Heb. eyes. stood up.
Judges 3:20; 1 Kings 8:14
Reciprocal: Joshua 22:33 - blessed;  2 Chronicles 6:3 - all the congregation

Verse 6

And Ezra blessed the LORD, the great God. And all the people answered, Amen, Amen, with lifting up their hands: and they bowed their heads, and worshipped the LORD with their faces to the ground.
blessed
1 Chronicles 29:20; 2 Chronicles 6:4; Psalms 41:13; 72:18,19; Ephesians 1:3; 1 Peter 1:3
Amen
5:13; Jeremiah 28:6; Matthew 6:13; 1 Corinthians 14:16
with lifting
Genesis 14:22; Psalms 28:2; 63:4; 134:2; 141:2; Lamentations 3:41; 1 Timothy 2:8
bowed
Genesis 24:26; Exodus 4:31; 12:27; 2 Chronicles 20:18; 29:30
with their faces
Leviticus 9:24; Matthew 26:39; Revelation 7:11
Reciprocal: Joshua 22:33 - blessed;  1 Chronicles 16:36 - said;  Revelation 19:4 - Amen

Verse 7

Also Jeshua, and Bani, and Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and the Levites, caused the people to understand the law: and the people stood in their place.
Jeshua
3:19; 9:4; 10:9; 12:24
Bani
3:17; 9:4; 10:13
Sherebiah
9:4; 10:12; 12:24; Ezra 8:18
Akkub
11:16,19; 12:25
Hodijah
10:10,18
Maaseiah
4; 3:23; 12:41,42; Ezra 10:22
Kelita
10:10; Ezra 10:23
Azariah
3:23; 10:2; 12:33
Jozabad
Ezra 10:22,23
Hanan
10:10
Pelaiah
10:10
caused
Leviticus 10:11; Deuteronomy 33:10; 2 Chronicles 17:7-9; 30:22; Malachi 2:7
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 27:14 - General1 Kings 8:14 - all the congregation;  1 Chronicles 9:4 - Bani;  2 Chronicles 17:9 - they taught;  2 Chronicles 35:3 - the Levites;  Ezra 7:25 - teach ye;  Ezra 8:33 - Jozabad;  Ezra 10:18 - Maaseiah;  Nehemiah 8:9 - the Levites;  Nehemiah 8:12 - because;  Nehemiah 8:13 - to understand the words of the law;  Nehemiah 9:3 - they stood;  Nehemiah 11:22 - Bani

Verse 8

So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading.
and gave the sense
Habakkuk 2:2; Matthew 5:21,22,27,28; Luke 24:27,32,45; Acts 8:30-35; 17:2,3; Acts 28:23
Reciprocal: Leviticus 10:11 - GeneralDeuteronomy 27:14 - General2 Kings 22:13 - great;  2 Chronicles 17:7 - to teach;  2 Chronicles 30:22 - taught;  2 Chronicles 35:3 - the Levites;  Ezra 7:25 - teach ye;  Nehemiah 8:9 - the Levites;  Nehemiah 8:12 - because;  Nehemiah 8:13 - to understand the words of the law;  Nehemiah 9:3 - they stood;  Isaiah 32:4 - heart;  Ezekiel 46:10 - General

Verse 9

And Nehemiah, which is the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught the people, said unto all the people, This day is holy unto the LORD your God; mourn not, nor weep. For all the people wept, when they heard the words of the law.
Nehemiah
7:65,70; 10:1; Ezra 2:63
Tirshatha
or, governor. Ezra.
Ezra 7:11
the Levites
7,8; 2 Chronicles 15:3; 30:22; 35:3; Hosea 4:6
This day
2; Leviticus 23:24; Numbers 29:1-6
mourn not
Deuteronomy 12:7,12; 16:11,14,15; 26:14; Ecclesiastes 3:4; Isaiah 61:3; Malachi 2:13
all the people
2 Kings 22:11,19; 2 Chronicles 34:19,21; Romans 3:20; 7:9; 2 Corinthians 7:9-11
Reciprocal: Exodus 12:14 - a feast;  2 Kings 22:13 - great;  2 Chronicles 15:15 - rejoiced;  Ezra 7:6 - scribe;  Ezra 10:1 - very sore;  Nehemiah 12:26 - Nehemiah;  Isaiah 22:12 - call;  Ezekiel 46:10 - GeneralHosea 9:4 - as;  Haggai 1:1 - governor;  Haggai 2:2 - governor;  Zechariah 7:3 - Should;  Colossians 2:16 - of an

Verse 10

Then he said unto them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions unto them for whom nothing is prepared: for this day is holy unto our Lord: neither be ye sorry; for the joy of the LORD is your strength.
Go your way
Ecclesiastes 2:24; 3:13; 5:18; 9:7; 1 Timothy 6:17,18
eat
Song of Solomon 5:1
send
Deuteronomy 26:11-13; Esther 9:19,22; Job 31:16-18; Ecclesiastes 11:2; Luke 11:41; Revelation 11:10
the joy
Psalms 28:7,8; 149:2; Proverbs 17:22; Isaiah 6:7,8; 12:1-3; 35:1-4; 61:10; Joel 2:23; 2 Corinthians 8:2; 12:8,9; Philippians 3:4
Reciprocal: Leviticus 3:17 - eat neither;  Deuteronomy 12:12 - And ye;  Deuteronomy 15:14 - the Lord;  Deuteronomy 27:7 - rejoice;  1 Samuel 25:8 - a good day;  2 Samuel 6:19 - he dealt;  1 Kings 8:66 - joyful;  1 Chronicles 16:3 - to every one;  2 Chronicles 7:10 - glad;  2 Chronicles 30:21 - great gladness;  Ezra 6:16 - with joy;  Nehemiah 8:12 - to send;  Esther 8:17 - a feast;  Job 29:13 - I caused;  Job 31:17 - have;  Psalm 30:11 - girded;  Psalm 118:24 - we will;  Isaiah 40:1 - comfort;  Zechariah 14:21 - every;  Luke 14:13 - call;  John 6:12 - that nothing;  John 17:13 - that;  Acts 2:46 - did;  Philippians 3:1 - rejoice;  Philippians 4:7 - shall

Verse 11

So the Levites stilled all the people, saying, Hold your peace, for the day is holy; neither be ye grieved.
stilled
Numbers 13:30
Reciprocal: Esther 2:18 - gave gifts

Verse 12

And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth, because they had understood the words that were declared unto them.
to send
to make
Psalms 126:1-3
because
7,8; Job 23:12; Psalms 19:8-11; 119:14,16,72,97,103,104,111,127,; Psalms 119:130,171,174; Proverbs 2:10,11; 24:13,14; Jeremiah 15:16; Luke 24:32; Romans 7:18
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 29:22 - eat and drink;  Jeremiah 30:19 - out;  Jeremiah 33:11 - the voice of them;  Luke 14:13 - call;  James 1:19 - let

Verse 13

And on the second day were gathered together the chief of the fathers of all the people, the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra the scribe, even to understand the words of the law.
the second
2 Chronicles 30:23; Proverbs 2:1-6; 8:33,34; 12:1; Mark 6:33,34; Luke 19:47,48; Acts 4:1; Acts 13:42
to understand the words of the law
or, that they might instruct in the words of the law.
7,8; Luke 24:32; 2 Timothy 2:24,25
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 31:11 - shalt read;  Deuteronomy 33:10 - They shall teach;  2 Chronicles 7:8 - kept;  2 Chronicles 17:7 - to teach;  Ezra 7:6 - scribe

Verse 14

And they found written in the law which the LORD had commanded by Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths in the feast of the seventh month:
by
Heb. by the hand of. dwell.
Leviticus 23:34,40-43; Deuteronomy 16:13-15; Zechariah 14:16-19; John 7:2
booths
Genesis 33:17
the feast
That is, the feast of tabernacles, which was held in the month Tisri, the seventh of the ecclesiastical year, in commemoration of the sojourning of the Israelites in the wilderness after they had been delivered from Egyptian bondage. For other particulars see the parallel passages.
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:16 - ingathering;  Leviticus 23:42 - GeneralNumbers 29:12 - the fifteenth day;  1 Kings 8:2 - at the feast;  2 Kings 22:10 - Shaphan;  2 Chronicles 17:7 - to teach;  Ezra 3:1 - the seventh;  Ezra 3:4 - the feast;  Ezra 10:3 - let it;  Jeremiah 35:6 - Ye shall;  Jeremiah 35:7 - all;  Ezekiel 45:25 - In the seventh

Verse 15

And that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth unto the mount, and fetch olive branches, and pine branches, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as it is written.
And that
Leviticus 23:4
in Jerusalem
Deuteronomy 16:16
the mount
Judges 9:48,49; Matthew 21:1
fetch
Leviticus 23:40
olive
Genesis 8:11
palm
John 12:13; Revelation 7:9
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:10 - Shaphan;  Hosea 12:9 - as in

Verse 16

So the people went forth, and brought them, and made themselves booths, every one upon the roof of his house, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, and in the street of the water gate, and in the street of the gate of Ephraim.
the roof
Deuteronomy 22:8; 2 Samuel 11:2; Jeremiah 19:13; 32:29
the courts
2 Chronicles 20:5; 33:5
the street of the water gate
3; 3:26; 12:37
gate of Ephraim
12:37,39; 2 Kings 14:13
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 9:25 - the top;  2 Chronicles 25:23 - gate of Ephraim;  2 Chronicles 32:6 - in the street;  Nehemiah 8:1 - before;  1 Corinthians 10:31 - ye eat

Verse 17

And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.
sat under
John 1:14; Hebrews 11:9,13
Jeshua
Joshua 1:1
Joshua
Hebrews 4:8
Jesus
had not.
2 Chronicles 7:8-10; 8:13; Ezra 3:4
done so
2 Chronicles 30:26; 35:18
there was
1 Chronicles 29:22; 2 Chronicles 7:10; 30:21-23
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 12:27 - gladness;  Jeremiah 30:19 - out

Verse 18

Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according unto the manner.
day by day
Deuteronomy 31:10-13
a solemn assembly
Heb. a restraint. according.
Leviticus 23:36; Numbers 29:35; John 7:37 Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:41 - GeneralNumbers 29:12 - the fifteenth day;  Deuteronomy 16:8 - solemn assembly;  Deuteronomy 31:11 - shalt read;  Deuteronomy 33:10 - They shall teach;  2 Kings 22:10 - Shaphan;  2 Chronicles 7:9 - solemn assembly;  2 Chronicles 30:22 - taught;  Joel 1:14 - solemn assembly;  James 1:19 - let

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Nehemiah 8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/nehemiah-8.html.