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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 10

Introduction

1David complains of the wicked.
12He prays for remedy.
16He professes his confidence.

Verse 1

Why standest thou afar off, O LORD? why hidest thou thyself in times of trouble?
A. M. 3464. B.C. 541. standest
22:1; 46:1; Jeremiah 14:8
hidest
13:1-3; 27:9; 30:7; 44:24; 88:14; Job 13:24; 23:9; 34:29
Reciprocal: Exodus 33:7 - afar off; Job 23:8 - General; Psalm 22:11 - Be not; Psalm 22:19 - But; Psalm 27:5 - For in; Psalm 35:22 - be; Psalm 69:18 - Draw; Psalm 74:1 - O God; Psalm 78:4 - praises; Psalm 89:46 - wilt; Psalm 119:54 - General; Proverbs 15:29 - far; Isaiah 64:12 - General; Ezekiel 39:23 - hid I; Habakkuk 1:13 - wherefore; Matthew 8:25 - and awoke; Mark 4:38 - carest

Verse 2

The wicked in his pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined.
The wicked, etc
Heb. In the pride of the wicked he doth, etc.
31:18; 36:11; 59:12; 119:5,69,85,122; 140:5; Exodus 9:17; 18:11; Isaiah 10:12,13; 14:13,16; Jeremiah 43:2
let
7:16; 9:15,16; Proverbs 5:22
Reciprocal: Exodus 1:10 - Come on; Numbers 31:8 - Balaam; 1 Kings 18:10 - whither my lord; Psalm 7:15 - and is; Psalm 11:2 - lo; Psalm 21:11 - imagined; Psalm 31:20 - from; Psalm 52:1 - boastest; Psalm 58:9 - as; Psalm 73:8 - speak wickedly; Psalm 94:4 - boast; Psalm 101:5 - an high; Psalm 109:16 - persecuted; Proverbs 11:27 - he that seeketh; Proverbs 26:27 - diggeth; Isaiah 38:17 - thou hast cast; Habakkuk 1:13 - wherefore; Mark 4:38 - carest; 1 Thessalonians 1:5 - but; James 2:6 - Do

Verse 3

For the wicked boasteth of his heart's desire, and blesseth the covetous, whom the LORD abhorreth.
boasteth
35:21; 49:6; 52:1; 73:8,9; 94:4; Exodus 15:9; Isaiah 10:7-11; 37:23; James 4:13,16
hearts
Heb. soul's. and blesseth, etc. or, the covetous blesseth himself, he abhorreth the Lord.
49:11-13,18; Deuteronomy 29:19; 1 Samuel 23:21; Job 31:24; Proverbs 28:4; Hosea 12:7,8; Zechariah 11:5-8; Luke 12:19; Romans 1:29,32; 2 Timothy 3:2-4; 1 John 2:15
whom
Isaiah 57:17; Jeremiah 22:17; Micah 6:10-12; Habakkuk 2:9; Matthew 26:15,16; Luke 12:15; Luke 16:14,15; 1 Corinthians 6:10; Ephesians 5:5; Colossians 3:5; 1 Timothy 6:9,10
abhorreth
5:6; Leviticus 26:30; Deuteronomy 32:19
Reciprocal: Exodus 20:17 - thy neighbour's house; Leviticus 11:29 - creeping things that creep; Judges 9:3 - spake; Judges 9:29 - would to God; Judges 17:2 - Blessed; 1 Samuel 25:3 - was churlish; 1 Kings 20:25 - and surely; 2 Kings 5:20 - and take; Psalm 5:5 - thou; Psalm 11:5 - wicked; Psalm 36:2 - For he; Psalm 119:36 - and not to; Proverbs 6:12 - walketh; Zechariah 8:17 - things; Malachi 3:15 - we call; Luke 18:24 - How; Acts 24:2 - Seeing; Romans 1:30 - boasters; 1 Corinthians 5:11 - or covetous; 1 Corinthians 13:6 - Rejoiceth not; Ephesians 5:3 - covetousness; 1 Thessalonians 1:5 - but; 1 Timothy 6:17 - that they; Hebrews 13:5 - conversation; James 3:5 - so

Verse 4

The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek after God: God is not in all his thoughts.
the pride
18:27; 101:5; Proverbs 6:17; 21:4; 30:13; Isaiah 2:11; 3:9
will not
14:2; 27:8; Exodus 5:2; Deuteronomy 8:14; Job 22:17; Proverbs 30:9; Jeremiah 2:31; Daniel 5:22,23; Zephaniah 2:3
God, etc
or, all his thoughts are, There is no God.
14:1; 53:1; Ephesians 2:12
thoughts
Genesis 6:5; Isaiah 59:7; 65:2; Jeremiah 4:14; Mark 7:21; Acts 8:22; Romans 1:21,28
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 29:19 - that he bless; Job 8:13 - that forget God; Job 21:14 - they say; Psalm 50:22 - forget; Psalm 53:2 - seek; Psalm 86:14 - and have; Psalm 119:155 - for they; Psalm 140:5 - The proud; Jeremiah 43:2 - all the; Hosea 7:10 - nor; Hosea 13:6 - therefore; Zephaniah 1:6 - and those; Zephaniah 3:2 - she drew; Malachi 3:16 - that thought; Matthew 7:7 - seek; Mark 7:22 - pride; Luke 15:13 - and took; 2 Corinthians 10:5 - and every; 1 Timothy 6:17 - that they

Verse 5

His ways are always grievous; thy judgments are far above out of his sight: as for all his enemies, he puffeth at them.
His
Genesis 6:12; Proverbs 1:19; 2:13,15; Isaiah 10:1; Hosea 9:9; Romans 3:16
thy judgments
92:5,6; Proverbs 15:24; 24:1; Isaiah 5:12; 26:11; 28:15; 42:25; Hosea 14:9
he puffeth
12:5; Judges 9:27,38; 2 Samuel 5:6; 1 Kings 20:10,11,13
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 18:26 - until I return; Psalm 19:9 - judgments; Psalm 28:5 - Because; Psalm 58:9 - as; Proverbs 19:28 - scorneth; Proverbs 24:7 - too; Isaiah 33:8 - he regardeth; Isaiah 47:8 - I shall not; Jeremiah 43:2 - all the; Daniel 11:6 - retain; 1 Corinthians 13:4 - vaunteth not itself

Verse 6

He hath said in his heart, I shall not be moved: for I shall never be in adversity.
said
11:1; 14:1; Matthew 24:48
not
15:5; 30:6; Ecclesiastes 8:11; Isaiah 47:7; 56:12; Nahum 1:10; Matthew 24:48; 1 Thessalonians 5:3
never
Heb. unto generation and generation.
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:7 - many generations; Psalm 10:11 - said; Psalm 53:1 - said; Ecclesiastes 2:1 - said; Isaiah 47:8 - I shall not; Jeremiah 5:12 - neither; Joel 2:2 - many generations; Matthew 12:34 - how

Verse 7

His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue is mischief and vanity.
full
59:12; 62:4; Romans 3:14
and deceit
Heb. deceits.
5:9; 7:14; 36:3; 52:4; 55:21; 58:3; 64:3; Isaiah 59:4; Jeremiah 9:3,6; Romans 3:13
under
Job 20:12
mischief
7:14; 140:9; Job 15:35; Matthew 12:34; James 3:6-8
vanity
or, iniquity.
12:2; 41:6; 144:8,11; Proverbs 21:6; 30:8
Reciprocal: Numbers 35:20 - by laying; Psalm 28:3 - mischief; Psalm 50:19 - tongue; Psalm 52:1 - mischief; Proverbs 6:12 - walketh; Proverbs 24:2 - General; Isaiah 32:7 - deviseth; Matthew 15:11 - but; James 3:9 - therewith curse

Verse 8

He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against the poor.
sitteth
1 Samuel 22:18; 23:23; 2 Kings 21:16; Proverbs 1:11,12; Habakkuk 3:14; Luke 8:1; 10:1
his eyes
17:11; Proverbs 6:12,13; Jeremiah 22:17
are privily set
Heb. hide themselves.
Reciprocal: Exodus 20:13 - General; 2 Kings 6:13 - spy where; Job 24:14 - murderer; Psalm 11:2 - that; Psalm 37:32 - watcheth; Psalm 56:6 - hide; Psalm 64:4 - shoot; Psalm 119:95 - wicked; Psalm 119:110 - wicked; Proverbs 24:15 - Lay; Proverbs 30:14 - to devour; Hosea 6:8 - polluted with blood; Hosea 7:6 - they; Micah 6:7 - pleased; Zephaniah 3:3 - princes; James 2:6 - Do

Verse 9

He lieth in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait to catch the poor: he doth catch the poor, when he draweth him into his net.
He lieth
17:12; 59:3; Micah 7:2; Acts 23:21
secretly
Heb. in the secret places.
Lamentations 3:10; Amos 3:4; Nahum 2:11,12; Zechariah 11:3
to catch
Jeremiah 5:26; Ezekiel 19:3-6; Habakkuk 1:15; John 10:12
poor, when
12:5; 35:10; 37:14; 109:31; Job 5:15,16; Proverbs 14:31; 22:16; 28:15; Isaiah 3:15; 32:7; Ezekiel 22:29; Amos 2:6,7; 5:11,12; Habakkuk 3:14
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:5 - took him; Psalm 7:2 - like; Psalm 11:2 - that; Psalm 38:12 - lay snares; Psalm 57:4 - among; Psalm 64:4 - shoot; Psalm 71:10 - and they; Psalm 83:3 - They; Proverbs 12:12 - desireth; Proverbs 30:14 - to devour; Ecclesiastes 4:1 - and considered; Ezekiel 38:11 - go up; Daniel 6:7 - he shall; Daniel 6:11 - assembled; Hosea 7:6 - they; Matthew 2:7 - General; Ephesians 4:14 - lie

Verse 10

He croucheth, and humbleth himself, that the poor may fall by his strong ones.
croucheth
Heb. breaketh himself.
1 Samuel 2:36
humbleth
1 Samuel 18:21-26; 23:21,22; 2 Samuel 15:5
by his strong ones
Heb. or, into his strong parts.
Reciprocal: Psalm 59:3 - they; Psalm 73:8 - speak wickedly; Ecclesiastes 4:1 - and considered; Jeremiah 5:26 - lay wait; Matthew 2:7 - General; James 2:6 - Do

Verse 11

He hath said in his heart, God hath forgotten: he hideth his face; he will never see it.
said
6; Mark 2:6; Luke 7:39
God
64:5; 73:11; 94:7; Job 22:13,14; Ecclesiastes 8:11; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:4 - Ye; Deuteronomy 29:19 - that he bless; 1 Kings 22:13 - Behold now; 2 Chronicles 18:12 - Behold; Job 11:11 - he seeth; Job 21:14 - they say; Job 24:15 - No eye; Psalm 13:4 - Lest; Psalm 44:24 - Wherefore; Psalm 53:1 - said; Psalm 59:7 - who; Psalm 73:8 - speak wickedly; Psalm 74:23 - Forget; Psalm 86:14 - and have; Psalm 90:8 - Thou; Psalm 139:11 - Surely; Proverbs 19:28 - scorneth; Isaiah 5:18 - draw; Isaiah 29:15 - seek; Isaiah 47:10 - thou hast said; Jeremiah 23:24 - hide; Ezekiel 7:22 - face; Amos 8:7 - I will; Amos 9:10 - The evil; Zephaniah 1:12 - The Lord; Malachi 2:17 - Where; Malachi 3:13 - Your; Romans 2:4 - despisest; 1 Thessalonians 5:3 - Peace

Verse 12

Arise, O LORD; O God, lift up thine hand: forget not the humble.
Arise
3:7; 7:6; 9:19
lift
94:2; Isaiah 26:11; 33:10; Micah 5:9
forget
9:12; 13:1; 77:9
humble
or, afflicted.
Reciprocal: Job 31:14 - What then; Psalm 12:5 - oppression; Psalm 17:7 - savest; Psalm 74:23 - Forget; Psalm 119:48 - hands

Verse 13

Wherefore doth the wicked contemn God? he hath said in his heart, Thou wilt not require it.
contemn
74:10,18; Numbers 11:20; 2 Samuel 12:9,10; Luke 10:16; 1 Thessalonians 4:8
Thou
Genesis 9:5; 42:22; 2 Chronicles 24:22; Luke 11:50,51
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:9 - I know; Joshua 22:23 - let the Lord; 2 Kings 19:28 - thy rage; 2 Chronicles 32:19 - spake; Job 24:23 - yet his eyes; Psalm 53:1 - said; Psalm 59:7 - who; Psalm 86:14 - and have

Verse 14

Thou hast seen it; for thou beholdest mischief and spite, to requite it with thy hand: the poor committeth himself unto thee; thou art the helper of the fatherless.
Thou hast
35:22; Proverbs 15:3; Jeremiah 16:17; 23:24; Hebrews 4:13
for thou
Habakkuk 1:13
to requite
Judges 1:7; 2 Kings 9:26; 2 Chronicles 6:23; Jeremiah 51:56; Joel 3:4
the poor
55:22; 2 Timothy 1:12; 1 Peter 4:19; 5:7
committeth
Heb. leaveth.
Isaiah 10:3; Jeremiah 49:11
helper
68:5; 146:9; Deuteronomy 10:18; Hosea 14:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:9 - I know; Exodus 21:26 - General; Joshua 22:23 - let the Lord; 2 Samuel 18:19 - avenged him; 2 Kings 19:28 - thy rage; 2 Chronicles 24:22 - and require it; 2 Chronicles 24:25 - for the blood; 2 Chronicles 32:19 - spake; Job 5:15 - he saveth; Job 11:11 - he seeth; Job 24:23 - yet his eyes; Job 36:6 - giveth; Psalm 9:12 - he forgetteth; Psalm 10:18 - judge; Psalm 26:10 - In; Psalm 28:3 - mischief; Psalm 35:10 - which; Psalm 35:17 - look; Psalm 86:1 - for I am; Psalm 103:6 - executeth; Psalm 109:16 - persecuted; Psalm 109:31 - to save; Psalm 146:7 - executeth; Proverbs 10:3 - will; Ecclesiastes 9:1 - that the; Isaiah 37:17 - hear; Jeremiah 11:20 - revealed; Lamentations 3:60 - General; James 2:6 - Do; 1 Peter 2:23 - but

Verse 15

Break thou the arm of the wicked and the evil man: seek out his wickedness till thou find none.
Break
3:7; 37:17; Job 38:15; Ezekiel 30:21,22; Zechariah 11:17
seek
7:9; 2 Kings 21:12-15; Jeremiah 2:34; Ezekiel 23:48; Zephaniah 1:12
Reciprocal: Job 10:6 - General; Job 22:9 - arms; Job 35:9 - the arm; Job 36:6 - giveth; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 58:6 - Break their; Psalm 146:7 - executeth; Isaiah 37:17 - hear; Jeremiah 11:20 - revealed; Jeremiah 48:25 - and his; Habakkuk 1:13 - wherefore; Luke 18:7 - avenge

Verse 16

The LORD is King for ever and ever: the heathen are perished out of his land.
The Lord
29:10; 93:1; 145:13; 146:10; Isaiah 33:22; Jeremiah 10:10; Lamentations 5:19; Daniel 4:34; Daniel 6:26; 1 Timothy 1:17; 6:15,16
heathen
9:5,15; 18:43-45; 44:2,3; 78:55
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:18 - General; 1 Kings 20:29 - seven days; Psalm 5:2 - my King; Psalm 34:16 - to cut; Psalm 94:10 - chastiseth; Hosea 13:10 - I will be thy king; Matthew 6:13 - thine; Hebrews 1:11 - thou; Revelation 14:11 - for

Verse 17

LORD, thou hast heard the desire of the humble: thou wilt prepare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to hear:
Lord
9:12,18; 37:4; 145:19; Proverbs 10:24
humble
2 Chronicles 33:12,13; 34:27; Proverbs 15:8; Matthew 5:3; Luke 18:13,14; James 4:6,10; 1 Peter 5:5
thou wilt prepare
or, establish.
112:7,8; 1 Chronicles 29:18; 2 Chronicles 29:36; 30:12; Proverbs 16:1; Romans 8:26; Ephesians 2:18; Ephesians 3:12; James 1:16,17
cause
102:17; Isaiah 65:24; Acts 4:24-31; 12:5-19; 1 Peter 3:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:30 - General; Exodus 22:23 - I will surely; Numbers 21:3 - hearkened; 2 Samuel 7:27 - found; 1 Kings 3:12 - I have done; 1 Kings 9:3 - I have heard; 1 Chronicles 17:25 - found; 2 Chronicles 7:12 - I have heard; 2 Chronicles 30:19 - prepareth; Ezra 7:10 - prepared; Job 5:15 - he saveth; Psalm 34:6 - This; Psalm 69:33 - the Lord; Psalm 71:2 - incline; Psalm 72:12 - For; Psalm 91:15 - He shall; Psalm 140:12 - the Lord; Proverbs 11:23 - desire; Ecclesiastes 5:8 - regardeth; Jeremiah 29:12 - General; Ezekiel 36:37 - I will yet; Matthew 7:7 - and it; Matthew 8:8 - I am; Luke 1:17 - to make; Luke 11:1 - teach; John 4:10 - thou wouldest; James 5:16 - The effectual; 1 John 3:22 - whatsoever

Verse 18

To judge the fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth may no more oppress.
judge
14; 72:4; 82:3; 94:1-6; Isaiah 11:4; Luke 18:7,8
the man
17:14; Luke 16:25; 1 Corinthians 15:47,48; Philippians 3:18,19
oppress
or, terrify. Reciprocal: Exodus 21:26 - General; Exodus 22:23 - I will surely; Leviticus 25:14 - General; 2 Samuel 18:19 - avenged him; Job 20:19 - Because; Psalm 7:9 - Oh; Psalm 12:7 - this; Psalm 13:2 - enemy; Psalm 68:5 - A father; Psalm 71:2 - incline; Psalm 140:12 - the Lord; Psalm 146:7 - executeth; Ecclesiastes 5:8 - regardeth; James 5:16 - The effectual

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-10.html.