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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 9

Introduction

1David praises God for executing judgment.
11He incites others to praise him.
13He prays that he may have cause to praise him.

Verse 1

I will praise thee, O LORD, with my whole heart; I will shew forth all thy marvellous works.
A. M. 2941. B.C. 1063. (Title.) Muthlabben. Probably, "the death of the champion:" so the Chaldee has, "A Psalm of David, to be sung concerning the death of the man who went out between ({mibbeyney}) the camps;" evidently considering {labben,} of the same import as {bainayim,} "a middle-man or champion," as Goliath is termed, 1 Sa 17:4, concerning whose defeat this psalm is generally supposed to have been composed
praise
7:17; 34:1-4; 103:1,2; 145:1-3; 146:1,2; 1 Chronicles 29:10-13; Isaiah 12:1; Hebrews 13:15; Revelation 5:9-14
with my
86:12; 111:1; 138:1; Luke 10:27
shew
14; 51:15; 106:2; 1 Chronicles 16:12,24; Isaiah 43:21; 60:6; Revelation 15:3
Reciprocal: Psalm 56:12 - I will; Psalm 109:30 - greatly; Psalm 119:7 - I will; Hebrews 10:22 - a true

Verse 2

I will be glad and rejoice in thee: I will sing praise to thy name, O thou most High.
I will be
5:11; 27:6; 28:7; 43:4; 92:4; 97:12; Habakkuk 3:17,18; Philippians 4:4
O thou
7:17; 56:2,3; 83:18; 97:9; Daniel 5:18
Reciprocal: Job 22:29 - men; Psalm 21:7 - most; Daniel 4:34 - the most High

Verse 3

When mine enemies are turned back, they shall fall and perish at thy presence.
they shall
68:1,2; 76:7; 80:16; Isaiah 64:3; 2 Thessalonians 1:9; Revelation 6:12-17; 20:11
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 6:35 - cause; Job 22:29 - men; Psalm 18:37 - General; Psalm 21:12 - Therefore; Psalm 40:14 - driven; Psalm 142:7 - my soul

Verse 4

For thou hast maintained my right and my cause; thou satest in the throne judging right.
For
16:5; 140:12
maintained, etc
Heb. made my judgment. right. Heb. in righteousness.
45:6,7; 47:8; 89:14; 96:13; 98:9; Isaiah 11:4; 1 Peter 2:23
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:10 - give me; 2 Samuel 18:19 - avenged him; 1 Kings 8:45 - cause; 2 Chronicles 6:35 - cause; Psalm 119:43 - for I have; Lamentations 3:59 - judge; Romans 2:2 - judgment

Verse 5

Thou hast rebuked the heathen, thou hast destroyed the wicked, thou hast put out their name for ever and ever.
rebuked
2:1,8,9; 78:55; 79:10; 149:7; 1 Samuel 17:45-51; 2 Samuel 5:6-16; 8:1-15; 2 Samuel 10:6-9; 21:15-22; 22:44-46; Revelation 19:15
destroyed
5:6; 1 Samuel 25:32; 31:4; 2 Samuel 17:23; Malachi 4:3
put out
Deuteronomy 9:14; Proverbs 10:7; 13:9
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 7:24 - their name; Deuteronomy 25:6 - that his name; 1 Samuel 17:10 - give me; Psalm 7:9 - Oh; Psalm 10:16 - heathen; Psalm 94:10 - chastiseth; Isaiah 17:13 - but; Isaiah 48:19 - his name; Ezekiel 21:25 - whose

Verse 6

O thou enemy, destructions are come to a perpetual end: and thou hast destroyed cities; their memorial is perished with them.
O thou, etc
or, The destructions of the enemy are come to a perpetual end, and their cities hast thou destroyed, etc.
7:5; 8:2; Exodus 15:16; Micah 7:8,10
destructions
46:9; Exodus 14:13; Isaiah 10:24,25; 14:6-8; Nahum 1:9-13; 1 Corinthians 15:26,54-57; Revelation 20:2
thou hast
1 Samuel 30:1; 31:7; Isaiah 10:6,7,13,14; 14:17; 37:26; Jeremiah 51:25
memorial
2 Kings 19:25; Isaiah 14:22,23; Jeremiah 51:62-64
Reciprocal: Exodus 17:14 - the remembrance; Psalm 7:9 - Oh; Psalm 13:2 - enemy; Proverbs 10:7 - the name; Ecclesiastes 1:11 - There is; Isaiah 26:14 - and made; Isaiah 51:13 - where is; Jeremiah 49:1 - cities; Ezekiel 21:25 - whose

Verse 7

But the LORD shall endure for ever: he hath prepared his throne for judgment.
But
90:2; 102:12,24-27; Hebrews 1:11,12; 13:8; 2 Peter 3:8
he hath
50:3-5; 103:19; Revelation 20:11
Reciprocal: Psalm 76:9 - When; Psalm 143:11 - for thy righteousness'; Isaiah 51:13 - where is; Lamentations 5:19 - remainest; Matthew 25:31 - then; John 5:22 - General; Romans 2:2 - judgment; Romans 2:16 - God; 2 Corinthians 5:10 - we; 2 Thessalonians 1:5 - righteous

Verse 8

And he shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness.
50:6; 94:15; 96:13; 98:9; 99:4; Genesis 18:25; Isaiah 11:4,5; Acts 17:31; Romans 2:5,6,16; Revelation 20:12,13
Reciprocal: Psalm 7:8 - The Lord; Psalm 67:4 - for thou; Psalm 96:10 - judge; Psalm 143:11 - for thy righteousness'; Luke 18:7 - avenge; John 5:22 - General; Romans 2:2 - judgment; Romans 3:6 - for then; Romans 9:28 - in righteousness; 2 Corinthians 5:10 - we; 2 Thessalonians 1:5 - righteous; Revelation 20:11 - I saw

Verse 9

The LORD also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble.
The Lord
18:2; 32:7; 37:39; 46:1; 48:3; 62:8; 91:1,2; 142:4; Deuteronomy 33:27; Proverbs 18:10; Isaiah 4:5,6; 8:14; 32:2; Nahum 1:7; Luke 13:34; Hebrews 6:18
be a refuge
Heb. be a high place.
20:1; 46:7; *marg:
in times
50:15; 77:1,2; 108:12
Reciprocal: Exodus 2:5 - when she; Numbers 35:6 - six cities for refuge; 2 Samuel 22:3 - my refuge; 2 Chronicles 16:8 - because; Psalm 14:6 - Lord; Psalm 34:22 - none; Psalm 59:9 - defence; Psalm 103:6 - executeth; Jeremiah 14:8 - in time

Verse 10

And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee: for thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them that seek thee.
know
91:14; Exodus 34:5-7; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Proverbs 18:10; John 17:3; 2 Corinthians 4:6; 2 Timothy 1:12; 1 John 2:3; 5:20
put
5:11; 57:1; 146:5,6; Isaiah 26:3,4
hast
105:3,4; Isaiah 45:19; 46:3,4; 55:6,7; Jeremiah 29:13; 2 Corinthians 1:9,10
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:21 - so shall; 1 Chronicles 5:20 - because; 2 Chronicles 16:8 - because; Job 24:1 - they that know; Psalm 11:1 - In the; Psalm 16:1 - for; Psalm 20:1 - name; Psalm 34:22 - none; Psalm 36:10 - that; Jeremiah 22:16 - was not; Daniel 11:32 - the people; Hosea 5:4 - and; Mark 6:54 - knew; John 7:28 - whom; 2 Corinthians 4:9 - but; Galatians 4:9 - ye have; 2 Thessalonians 1:8 - that know; 1 Peter 2:3 - General

Verse 11

Sing praises to the LORD, which dwelleth in Zion: declare among the people his doings.
Sing
33:1-3; 47:6,7; 96:1,2; 148:1-5,13,14
which
78:68; 132:13,14; Isaiah 12:6; 14:32; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 14:1
declare
66:2,5; 96:10; 105:1,2; 107:22; 118:17; Isaiah 12:4-6; John 17:26
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 12:14 - General; 2 Samuel 5:7 - Zion; 1 Kings 8:1 - out of the city; 1 Chronicles 11:5 - the castle; 1 Chronicles 23:25 - that they may dwell in Jerusalem; Ezra 7:15 - whose habitation; Psalm 11:4 - The Lord; Isaiah 8:18 - which; Joel 3:17 - shall ye

Verse 12

When he maketh inquisition for blood, he remembereth them: he forgetteth not the cry of the humble.
When
Genesis 9:5; 2 Kings 24:4; Isaiah 26:21; Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:50,51; Revelation 6:9,10; 16:6
he forgetteth
10:14,17; 22:24; 34:6; 102:17; Exodus 3:7,9; Luke 18:7,8
humble
or, afflicted.
Judges 10:16
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:9 - Where is; Genesis 4:10 - crieth; Genesis 18:30 - General; Genesis 42:22 - his blood; Exodus 21:26 - General; Deuteronomy 15:9 - he cry; Deuteronomy 21:1 - General; Judges 9:56 - God rendered; 2 Samuel 4:11 - require; 1 Kings 21:17 - General; Job 31:14 - What then; Job 36:6 - giveth; Psalm 9:18 - For the; Psalm 10:12 - forget; Jeremiah 51:35 - The violence; James 4:6 - giveth grace; James 5:4 - the cries

Verse 13

Have mercy upon me, O LORD; consider my trouble which I suffer of them that hate me, thou that liftest me up from the gates of death:
Have
51:1; 119:132
consider
13:3; 25:19; 119:153; 142:6; Nehemiah 9:32; Lamentations 1:9,11
thou
30:3; 56:13; 86:13; 107:18; 116:3,4; Isaiah 38:10; John 2:6
Reciprocal: Job 38:17 - the gates; Psalm 18:17 - them; Psalm 31:7 - for; Psalm 102:21 - General; Psalm 118:19 - I will go; Psalm 119:175 - Let my; Isaiah 38:20 - therefore; Matthew 16:18 - and the; John 5:14 - in the

Verse 14

That I may shew forth all thy praise in the gates of the daughter of Zion: I will rejoice in thy salvation.
That
51:15; 79:13; 106:2
in the gates
22:22,25; 35:18; 42:4; 109:30,31; 116:18,19; 118:19,20; 149:1,2
daughter
Isaiah 37:22; 62:11; Micah 4:13
I will
13:5; 20:5; 21:1; 35:9; 51:12; 1 Samuel 2:1; Isaiah 12:3; Habakkuk 3:18; Luke 1:47
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 19:21 - the daughter; Psalm 9:1 - show; Psalm 26:7 - That; Psalm 75:9 - But; Psalm 78:4 - praises; Psalm 102:21 - General; Psalm 119:175 - Let my; Psalm 137:3 - the songs of Zion; Psalm 142:7 - my soul; Song of Solomon 3:11 - O ye; Isaiah 1:8 - daughter; Isaiah 25:9 - we will; Isaiah 38:20 - therefore; Jeremiah 51:10 - let us; Matthew 21:5 - the daughter; 1 Peter 1:6 - ye greatly; Revelation 19:7 - be glad

Verse 15

The heathen are sunk down in the pit that they made: in the net which they hid is their own foot taken.
7:15,16; 35:8; 37:15; 57:6; 94:23; Proverbs 5:22; 22:8
Reciprocal: Exodus 21:33 - General; Numbers 16:33 - into the; Esther 5:14 - he caused; Esther 7:9 - Hang him thereon; Job 5:13 - taketh; Job 18:8 - he is cast; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 10:2 - let; Psalm 10:16 - heathen; Psalm 33:10 - The Lord; Psalm 35:7 - hid; Psalm 59:5 - the heathen; Psalm 94:13 - until the pit; Proverbs 11:5 - direct; Proverbs 11:27 - he that seeketh; Proverbs 12:2 - a man; Proverbs 12:12 - desireth; Proverbs 26:27 - diggeth; Proverbs 28:10 - he shall; Ecclesiastes 10:8 - that; John 8:9 - went out; Acts 5:37 - he also; 1 Corinthians 3:19 - He

Verse 16

The LORD is known by the judgment which he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah.
known
48:11; 58:10,11; 83:17,18; Exodus 7:5; 14:4,10,31; Deuteronomy 29:22-28; Joshua 2:10,11; Judges 1:7; 1 Samuel 6:19,20; 17:46; 2 Kings 19:19,34,35
wicked
11:6; 140:9; Proverbs 6:2; 12:13; Isaiah 8:15; 28:13
Higgaion, that is, Meditation
5:1; 19:14; 92:3; *marg:
Reciprocal: Exodus 7:17 - thou shalt; Exodus 8:10 - there is none; Exodus 9:27 - the Lord; Exodus 34:7 - that will by no means clear the guilty; Numbers 31:8 - Balaam; Deuteronomy 32:4 - all his; Joshua 3:10 - Hereby ye; Joshua 8:16 - drawn away; 2 Samuel 17:11 - in thine; 2 Samuel 18:19 - avenged him; 2 Samuel 20:12 - General; 1 Kings 16:19 - in doing; 1 Kings 21:19 - In the place; 2 Chronicles 22:7 - was of God; 2 Chronicles 33:13 - knew; Esther 7:9 - Hang him thereon; Job 5:13 - taketh; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 7:15 - and is; Psalm 10:2 - let; Psalm 36:12 - There; Psalm 50:6 - Selah; Psalm 57:6 - a net; Psalm 79:6 - not known; Psalm 79:10 - let him; Psalm 94:15 - But; Psalm 94:23 - And he; Psalm 119:43 - for I have; Psalm 140:11 - evil; Psalm 146:7 - executeth; Proverbs 1:18 - General; Proverbs 11:5 - direct; Proverbs 11:27 - he that seeketh; Proverbs 21:7 - robbery; Ecclesiastes 10:8 - that; Isaiah 5:16 - the Lord; Isaiah 49:26 - and all; Jeremiah 16:21 - I will this; Ezekiel 7:27 - and they; Ezekiel 11:10 - and ye; Ezekiel 12:15 - General; Ezekiel 15:7 - and ye shall; Ezekiel 20:38 - and ye; Ezekiel 22:16 - thou shalt know; Ezekiel 23:49 - and ye shall know; Ezekiel 25:11 - I will; Ezekiel 25:17 - they shall; Ezekiel 28:22 - I will; Ezekiel 30:19 - General; Ezekiel 30:25 - they shall know; Ezekiel 32:15 - then; Ezekiel 33:29 - shall; Ezekiel 35:11 - and I; Ezekiel 38:23 - and I; Ezekiel 39:22 - know; Daniel 4:17 - that the living; Hosea 7:2 - their own; Micah 6:9 - the man of wisdom shall see thy name; Habakkuk 3:3 - Selah; John 8:9 - went out; Acts 5:37 - he also; 1 Corinthians 3:19 - He

Verse 17

The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.
The wicked
Proverbs 14:32; Isaiah 3:11; 5:14; Matthew 25:41-46; Romans 2:8,9; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-9; Revelation 20:15; 21:8
forget
44:17,20; 50:22; 106:13; Job 8:13; Jeremiah 2:32; 3:21; 13:25; 18:15; Hosea 2:13
Reciprocal: Exodus 34:7 - that will by no means clear the guilty; Deuteronomy 32:18 - forgotten; Joshua 10:40 - utterly; Job 10:15 - If I be wicked; Psalm 16:10 - my; Psalm 37:38 - General; Psalm 55:15 - hell; Psalm 63:9 - go; Psalm 79:6 - not known; Psalm 94:23 - And he; Psalm 139:19 - Surely; Psalm 145:20 - all the wicked; Proverbs 24:20 - there; Ecclesiastes 8:8 - neither; Isaiah 17:10 - thou hast; Ezekiel 31:17 - went; Ezekiel 32:21 - gone; Luke 12:5 - power; Luke 16:23 - in hell; James 1:15 - when

Verse 18

For the needy shall not alway be forgotten: the expectation of the poor shall not perish for ever.
For the
12; 12:5; 72:4,12-14; 102:17,20; 109:31; Luke 1:53; 6:20; James 2:5
expectation
Proverbs 23:18; 24:14
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 2:9 - hold him; Job 5:16 - the poor; Psalm 10:17 - Lord; Psalm 18:27 - save; Psalm 74:21 - O let not; Isaiah 29:19 - the poor

Verse 19

Arise, O LORD; let not man prevail: let the heathen be judged in thy sight.
Arise
3:7; 7:6; 10:12; 44:23,26; 68:1,2; 74:22,23; 76:8,9; 80:2; Isaiah 42:13,14; 51:9; Zephaniah 3:8
let not
Genesis 32:28; 1 Samuel 2:9; 2 Chronicles 14:11; Isaiah 42:13
let the
2:1-3; 79:6; 149:7; Jeremiah 10:25; Joel 3:12; Micah 5:15; Zechariah 14:18; Revelation 19:15
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 20:12 - wilt; Job 31:14 - What then; Psalm 13:4 - I have; Psalm 83:16 - General; Psalm 119:126 - time

Verse 20

Put them in fear, O LORD: that the nations may know themselves to be but men. Selah.
Put
76:12; Exodus 15:16; 23:27; Deuteronomy 2:25; Jeremiah 32:40; Ezekiel 30:13
may
82:6,7; Isaiah 31:3; Ezekiel 28:2,9; Acts 12:22,23 Reciprocal: Numbers 22:31 - bowed down; Psalm 74:22 - Arise; Psalm 83:16 - General; Isaiah 64:2 - that the nations; Daniel 7:4 - and a; Micah 7:17 - they shall be; Habakkuk 3:3 - Selah

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-9.html.