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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 104

Introduction

1A meditation upon the mighty power,
7and wonderful providence of God.
31God's glory is eternal.
33The prophet vows perpetually to praise God.

Verse 1

Bless the LORD, O my soul. O LORD my God, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty.
Bless
This sublime poem on the works of God in creation and providence, is ascribed to David in the LXX., Vulgate, Ethiopic, Syriac, and Arabic; and as it opens and closes with the same words as the preceding psalm, it is probable that it was composed on the same occasion; and it is written as part of it in nine MSS.
35; 103:1,2,22
O Lord
7:1; Daniel 9:4; Habakkuk 1:12
art very great
145:3; Jeremiah 23:24; 32:17-19; Revelation 1:13-20
clothed
93:1; Isaiah 59:17; Daniel 7:9
honour
29:1-4; 96:6
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 29:11 - majesty; Job 37:22 - with; Job 39:19 - clothed; Job 40:10 - Deck; Psalm 45:3 - glory; Psalm 62:5 - soul; Psalm 96:2 - bless; Psalm 132:9 - thy priests; Psalm 145:5 - will speak; Psalm 146:1 - Praise the Lord; Daniel 4:30 - and for; Mark 9:3 - his raiment; Hebrews 8:1 - the Majesty

Verse 2

Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain:
with light
Daniel 7:9; Matthew 17:2; 1 Timothy 6:16; 1 John 1:5
stretchest
Isaiah 40:22; 45:12; Zechariah 12:1; Hebrews 1:10-12
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:3 - Let; Genesis 1:6 - Let there; Genesis 2:1 - Thus; Genesis 3:18 - herb; Exodus 20:21 - thick; Job 9:8 - Which; Job 26:7 - General; Job 37:16 - the balancings; Job 37:18 - spread; Job 38:14 - as a; Job 40:10 - Deck; Psalm 93:1 - he is; Psalm 136:6 - General; Psalm 145:5 - will speak; Proverbs 30:4 - who hath gathered; Isaiah 40:12 - measured; Isaiah 42:5 - he that created; Isaiah 44:24 - I am; Isaiah 51:13 - that hath; Jeremiah 10:12 - stretched; Jeremiah 51:15 - and hath; Daniel 2:22 - and the; Habakkuk 3:4 - brightness; Mark 9:3 - his raiment; Acts 9:3 - a light; 1 John 1:7 - as

Verse 3

Who layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters: who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind:
Who layeth
18:10,11; Amos 9:6
maketh
Isaiah 19:1; Matthew 26:64; Revelation 1:7
walketh
18:10; 139:9; 2 Samuel 22:11; Nahum 1:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:9 - General; Deuteronomy 33:26 - rideth; 2 Samuel 22:10 - darkness; 2 Kings 2:11 - General; 2 Kings 6:17 - full of horses; Job 9:8 - Which; Job 9:9 - General; Job 30:22 - to ride; Job 36:29 - the spreadings; Job 37:9 - south; Job 37:16 - the balancings; Psalm 29:3 - many waters; Psalm 65:11 - thy paths; Psalm 68:4 - rideth; Psalm 68:33 - rideth; Psalm 104:13 - his chambers; Psalm 136:6 - General; Psalm 148:4 - waters; Isaiah 40:12 - measured; Ezekiel 1:4 - a great; Daniel 7:9 - and his wheels; Habakkuk 3:8 - ride; Zechariah 6:5 - These; Matthew 14:25 - walking; Mark 6:48 - he cometh; Revelation 10:1 - clothed

Verse 4

Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:
Who maketh
Acts 23:8; Hebrews 1:7,14
ministers
2 Kings 2:11; 6:17; Ezekiel 1:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:24 - Cherubims; Exodus 37:7 - General; Job 4:15 - a spirit; Job 4:18 - he put; Job 38:7 - the sons; Psalm 103:21 - ministers; Isaiah 6:2 - seraphims; Ezekiel 1:4 - a great; Ezekiel 1:7 - the colour; Daniel 7:9 - and his wheels; Daniel 9:21 - to fly; Zechariah 6:5 - These; Matthew 28:3 - countenance; 2 Peter 2:11 - angels

Verse 5

Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed for ever.
Who laid the foundations of the earth
Heb. He hath founded the earth upon her bases.
24:2; 33:9; 136:6; Job 26:7; 38:4-7
that it
93:1; 96:10; Ecclesiastes 1:4; 2 Peter 3:10; Revelation 6:14; 20:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:9 - General; 1 Samuel 2:8 - the pillars; Job 36:30 - and; Job 38:6 - Whereupon; Psalm 18:15 - foundations; Psalm 66:6 - He turned; Psalm 78:69 - earth; Psalm 119:90 - thou hast; Micah 6:2 - foundations; Romans 1:20 - from the

Verse 6

Thou coveredst it with the deep as with a garment: the waters stood above the mountains.
Genesis 1:2-10; 7:19; 2 Peter 3:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 7:20 - and the mountains; Job 26:10 - compassed; Job 38:14 - as a; Psalm 24:2 - For; Psalm 29:10 - sitteth; Psalm 33:7 - He gathereth; Psalm 65:7 - noise; Ecclesiastes 1:7 - the rivers run; Jonah 2:6 - mountains; Matthew 8:26 - and rebuked; Luke 8:24 - he arose

Verse 7

At thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder they hasted away.
At thy
Genesis 8:1; Proverbs 8:28; Mark 4:39
they fled
114:3-7
Reciprocal: Job 12:15 - he sendeth; Job 36:29 - the noise; Job 37:2 - the noise; Psalm 18:13 - thundered; Psalm 76:6 - At thy; Jeremiah 51:16 - he uttereth; Nahum 1:4 - rebuketh

Verse 8

They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for them.
They go up, etc
or, The mountains ascend, the valleys descend.
Genesis 8:5
Reciprocal: Proverbs 3:20 - the depths; Jonah 2:6 - mountains

Verse 9

Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth.
hast set
33:7; Genesis 9:11-15; Job 26:10; 38:10,11; Isaiah 54:9; Jeremiah 5:22
Reciprocal: Job 14:5 - thou hast; Job 38:8 - who; Psalm 76:10 - remainder; Proverbs 3:20 - the depths; Proverbs 8:29 - he gave

Verse 10

He sendeth the springs into the valleys, which run among the hills.
He sendeth
Heb. Who sendeth.
107:35; The waters of the sea are not only prevented from destroying the earth, but, by the providence of God, are rendered the means of preserving every living thing; partly ascending from the great deep through the strata of the earth, partly exhaled in vapour from the surface of the ocean, and thence falling in rain, especially on the tops and sides of mountains, they break forth into fresh springs, and form streams and rivers.; Deuteronomy 8:7; Isaiah 35:7; 41:18
run
Heb. walk.
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:7 - above; Deuteronomy 11:11 - General; Job 38:26 - on the wilderness; Psalm 65:12 - drop

Verse 11

They give drink to every beast of the field: the wild asses quench their thirst.
They give
145:16
the wild
Job 39:5-8
quench
Heb. break.
Reciprocal: Joel 2:22 - afraid; Matthew 6:26 - the fowls; Hebrews 6:7 - the earth

Verse 12

By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, which sing among the branches.
the fowls
16,17; 50:11; 84:3; 148:10; Matthew 6:26
sing
Heb. give a voice.
147:9

Verse 13

He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works.
watereth
147:8; Deuteronomy 11:11; Job 38:25-28,37; Jeremiah 10:13; 14:22; Matthew 5:45; Acts 14:17
his chambers
3; Amos 9:6
the earth
65:9-13
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:4 - Then I; Job 9:9 - General; Job 36:31 - he giveth; Psalm 119:64 - earth; Isaiah 30:23 - shall he; Zechariah 10:1 - and give

Verse 14

He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth;
causeth
145:15,16; 147:8,9; Genesis 1:11,12,29; 2:5; 1 Kings 18:5; Jeremiah 14:5,6; Joel 2:22
herb
Genesis 1:29; 2:9; 3:18; 9:3
that he
136:25; Genesis 4:12; Job 28:5; 1 Corinthians 3:7
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:30 - General; Deuteronomy 11:15 - And I will; Ruth 1:6 - in giving; Job 6:5 - when he hath grass; Job 40:15 - he; Job 40:20 - where; Psalm 36:6 - thou; Psalm 50:10 - cattle; Psalm 65:9 - visitest; Proverbs 27:25 - hay; Ecclesiastes 5:9 - the profit; Isaiah 30:23 - shall he; Jonah 4:11 - and also; 1 Corinthians 15:38 - General

Verse 15

And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.
wine
23:5; Judges 9:13; Proverbs 31:6; Ecclesiastes 10:19; Jeremiah 31:12; Zechariah 9:15-17; Mark 14:23; Ephesians 5:18
oil to make his, etc
Heb. to make his face shine with oil, or, more than oil.
92:10; Deuteronomy 28:40; Judges 9:9; Ecclesiastes 8:1; 9:7; Song of Solomon 1:2-4; Hebrews 1:9; 1 John 2:20
bread
105:16; Leviticus 26:26; Deuteronomy 8:3; Isaiah 3:1; Ezekiel 4:16; 5:16; 14:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:29 - to you; Genesis 3:18 - herb; Genesis 9:3 - even; Genesis 18:5 - comfort; Genesis 27:28 - plenty; Judges 19:5 - Comfort; Judges 19:6 - let thine heart; Ruth 1:6 - in giving; Ruth 3:3 - anoint thee; Ruth 3:7 - his heart; 2 Samuel 13:28 - heart is merry; 2 Samuel 14:2 - mourning; Job 28:5 - out of it; Psalm 65:9 - thou preparest; Proverbs 27:9 - Ointment; Ecclesiastes 5:9 - the profit; Isaiah 61:3 - the oil; Zechariah 10:7 - and their; Matthew 26:29 - I will; Mark 14:25 - I will; Luke 7:46 - General; Luke 22:18 - the fruit; John 2:3 - they wanted; John 2:10 - but; 1 Timothy 5:23 - General

Verse 16

The trees of the LORD are full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon, which he hath planted;
29:5; 92:2; Numbers 24:6; Ezekiel 17:23
Reciprocal: Judges 9:15 - the cedars; Psalm 80:10 - goodly cedars; Psalm 92:12 - cedar; Psalm 104:12 - the fowls; Ezekiel 27:5 - cedars

Verse 17

Where the birds make their nests: as for the stork, the fir trees are her house.
the birds
12; Jeremiah 22:23; Ezekiel 31:6; Daniel 4:21; Obadiah 1:4; Matthew 13:32
as for
Leviticus 11:19; Jeremiah 8:7
the stork
The stork is a species of the ardea or heron genus, about the size of a goose in its body, but when erect, about three or four feet high; its general colour is white; extremity of the wings, and small part of the head, black; legs, very long, red, and naked a great way up; the toes four, long and connected, with flat nails like those of a man; beak long, jagged, red, and somewhat compressed; the upper and under chaps both of a length, with a furrow from the nostrils: it feeds on serpents, frogs, and insects, on which account it might be deemed unclean; lays four eggs, and sits thirty days; migrates about August, and returns in spring; and is remarkable for its love to its parents, whom it never forsakes, but feeds and cherishes when old; whence it had the name chaseedah, which denotes kindness or piety, and stork, from the Greek [storge] natural affection.
Reciprocal: Job 39:13 - wings and feathers unto the; Matthew 8:20 - and

Verse 18

The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the conies.
the wild goats
The yäâl, is the ibex, or rock goat, so called from âlah, to ascend, because it is famous for mounting to the tops of the highest rocks. Its general appearance is that of the tame goat, of a dusky brown colour; but the male is larger, with long horns, bending backwards.
1 Samuel 24:2; Job 39:1
the conies
Deuteronomy 14:7; Proverbs 30:26
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:24 - Let; Leviticus 11:5 - the coney

Verse 19

He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.
8:3; 136:7-9; Genesis 1:14-18; Deuteronomy 4:19; Job 31:26-28; 38:12; Jeremiah 31:35
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:14 - moon; Psalm 89:37 - ever; Ecclesiastes 1:5 - sun; Jeremiah 33:20 - General; Jeremiah 33:25 - and if

Verse 20

Thou makest darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth.
makest
74:16; 139:10-12; Genesis 1:4,5; 8:22; Isaiah 45:7; Amos 1:13
of the forest do creep forth
Heb. thereof do trample on the forest.
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:14 - Let there; Genesis 1:26 - have dominion; Genesis 9:2 - General; Job 38:19 - darkness; Psalm 65:8 - outgoings; Jeremiah 5:6 - and a wolf; Amos 5:8 - maketh

Verse 21

The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat from God.
The young
34:10; Job 38:39; Isaiah 31:4; Ezekiel 19:2-14; Amos 3:4
seek
147:9; Job 38:41; Joel 1:18,20; 2:22
Reciprocal: Job 38:13 - the wicked; Psalm 145:15 - The eyes; Isaiah 43:20 - beast; 1 Peter 5:8 - as

Verse 22

The sun ariseth, they gather themselves together, and lay them down in their dens.
Job 24:13-17; Nahum 3:17; John 3:20
Reciprocal: Job 37:8 - General; Job 38:13 - the wicked

Verse 23

Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening.
Genesis 3:19; Judges 19:16; Ecclesiastes 5:12; Ephesians 4:28; 2 Thessalonians 3:8-12
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:24 - Let

Verse 24

O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.
how
8:3; 40:5; 107:31; Nehemiah 9:6; Job 5:9
in wisdom
136:5; Genesis 1:31; Proverbs 3:19,20; 8:22-36; Jeremiah 10:12; Romans 11:33; Ephesians 1:8; Ephesians 3:10
the earth
24:1; 50:10-12; 65:11; Genesis 1:11,12,24,25; 1 Timothy 6:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:20 - Let the waters; Genesis 1:21 - great; Job 9:4 - wise in heart; Job 36:24 - magnify; Job 37:12 - it; Job 37:16 - perfect; Job 40:19 - the chief; Psalm 8:9 - General; Psalm 28:5 - Because; Psalm 33:5 - earth; Psalm 50:12 - fulness; Psalm 65:13 - pastures; Psalm 92:5 - O Lord; Psalm 107:24 - his wonders; Psalm 111:2 - works; Psalm 139:14 - marvellous; Psalm 145:10 - All thy; Proverbs 8:12 - I wisdom; Ecclesiastes 3:11 - so; Ecclesiastes 8:17 - that a man; Ecclesiastes 11:5 - even; Jeremiah 51:15 - by his wisdom; Ezekiel 10:10 - General; Daniel 4:3 - great; Acts 14:17 - in that; Romans 2:4 - riches; Philippians 4:19 - according

Verse 25

So is this great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumerable, both small and great beasts.
this great
95:4,5; Genesis 1:20-22,28; Deuteronomy 33:14-16,19
beasts
Genesis 3:1; Acts 28:5
Reciprocal: Job 26:5 - Dead things; Psalm 50:10 - every; Psalm 74:14 - leviathan; Psalm 148:7 - ye dragons; Ezekiel 47:10 - the great sea; Jonah 1:17 - the Lord

Verse 26

There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein.
There go
107:23; Genesis 49:13
leviathan
74:14; Job 3:8; *marg:; Job 41:1-34; Isaiah 27:1
made
Heb. formed. to play.
Job 41:5,29
Reciprocal: Genesis 7:18 - ark; Job 26:5 - Dead things; Job 40:20 - where; Psalm 148:7 - ye dragons; Jonah 1:17 - the Lord

Verse 27

These wait all upon thee; that thou mayest give them their meat in due season.
36:6; 136:25; 145:15,16; 147:9; Job 38:41; Luke 12:24-28
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:29 - to you; Genesis 6:21 - General; Deuteronomy 8:3 - doth; Job 36:31 - he giveth; Job 39:8 - General; Psalm 145:9 - good; Joel 2:22 - afraid; Jonah 4:11 - and also; Matthew 6:26 - the fowls; Matthew 10:29 - and one; Acts 17:25 - seeing; 1 Corinthians 9:9 - Doth; Galatians 6:9 - for

Verse 29

Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.
hidest
30:7; Job 13:24; 34:29; Romans 8:20-22
thou takest
146:4; Job 34:14,15; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Acts 17:25
return
90:3; Genesis 3:19
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 31:17 - hide my face; 2 Samuel 12:15 - struck the child; 1 Kings 17:17 - that there was; Job 12:10 - the breath; Job 14:5 - thou hast; Psalm 22:15 - into the; Psalm 102:2 - Hide; Ecclesiastes 3:19 - as the; Ecclesiastes 3:20 - all are; Ezekiel 37:5 - I will; Daniel 5:23 - in whose; James 2:26 - as

Verse 30

Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.
sendest
33:6; Job 26:13; 33:4; Isaiah 32:14,15; Ezekiel 37:9; Ephesians 2:1,4,5; Titus 3:5
renewest
Isaiah 65:17; 66:22; Revelation 21:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:1 - God; Genesis 1:2 - Spirit; Ezekiel 37:5 - I will; Ezekiel 37:10 - the breath

Verse 31

The glory of the LORD shall endure for ever: the LORD shall rejoice in his works.
The glory
102:16; Romans 11:36; Galatians 1:5; Ephesians 3:21; 2 Timothy 4:18; Hebrews 13:21; 1 Peter 5:11; 2 Peter 3:18; Revelation 5:12,13
endure
Heb. be. rejoice.
Genesis 1:31; Exodus 31:17; Isaiah 62:5; 65:18,19; Jeremiah 32:41; Zephaniah 3:17; Luke 15:5,6,22-24
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:10 - God saw; Exodus 39:43 - did look; Psalm 92:4 - General; Romans 1:20 - from the

Verse 32

He looketh on the earth, and it trembleth: he toucheth the hills, and they smoke.
looketh
77:16; 97:4,5; 114:7; Isaiah 64:2; Jeremiah 4:23-26; 5:22; Amos 8:8; Nahum 1:5,6; Habakkuk 3:5,6,10; Revelation 20:11
he toucheth
50:3; 144:5; Exodus 19:18; Isaiah 64:1,2; Revelation 19:3
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:24 - looked unto; Psalm 18:8 - went; Psalm 60:2 - made; Jeremiah 10:10 - at

Verse 33

I will sing unto the LORD as long as I live: I will sing praise to my God while I have my being.
63:4; 145:1,2; 146:2
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 12:1 - all the days; Psalm 35:28 - General; Psalm 71:23 - My lips; Psalm 75:9 - But; Psalm 86:12 - praise; Psalm 108:1 - I will; Malachi 3:16 - that thought

Verse 34

My meditation of him shall be sweet: I will be glad in the LORD.
meditation
1:2; 63:5,6; 77:12; 119:15,16,111,127,128,167; 139:17,18; Proverbs 24:14
I will be
32:11; Habakkuk 3:17,18; Luke 1:47; Philippians 4:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:63 - to meditate; 2 Chronicles 30:25 - rejoiced; Psalm 35:28 - General; Psalm 37:4 - Delight; Psalm 48:9 - thought; Psalm 49:3 - meditation; Psalm 73:25 - none upon; Psalm 92:4 - General; Psalm 111:2 - sought; Proverbs 2:10 - General; Isaiah 19:1 - rideth; Joel 2:23 - rejoice; Luke 24:32 - Did; Romans 5:11 - but we; 1 Timothy 4:15 - Meditate; Revelation 10:10 - sweet

Verse 35

Let the sinners be consumed out of the earth, and let the wicked be no more. Bless thou the LORD, O my soul. Praise ye the LORD.
sinners
1:4; 37:38; 59:13; 68:1,2; 73:27; 101:8; Judges 5:31; Proverbs 2:22; Revelation 19:1,2
Bless
1; 103:1,2,22 Reciprocal: Judges 4:16 - pursued; Job 38:13 - the wicked; Psalm 62:5 - soul; Psalm 146:1 - Praise the Lord; Isaiah 1:28 - the destruction; Isaiah 13:9 - he shall

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 104". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-104.html.