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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 138

Introduction

1David praises God for the truth of his word.
4He prophesies that the kings of the earth shall praise God.
7He professes his confidence in God.

Verse 1

I will praise thee with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing praise unto thee.
A. M. 3485. B.C. 519. (Title.) A Psalm of David. Five MSS. omit {ledawid;} and the LXX. and Arabic prefix also the names of Haggai and Zechariah; and it is probable that it was composed to be sung at the dedication of the second temple
I will praise
9:1; 86:12,13; 103:1,2; 111:1; 1 Corinthians 14:15; Ephesians 5:19
with my whole
The versions and several MSS. add Jehovah.
before
82:1,6; 119:46; Exodus 22:28; John 10:34-36; Acts 23:5; Hebrews 1:14
the gods
Or, God. Elohim.
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 29:10 - David blessed; 2 Chronicles 6:4 - who hath with; Psalm 57:9 - General; Psalm 108:1 - I will; Psalm 109:30 - I will praise; Colossians 2:18 - intruding; Colossians 3:16 - singing

Verse 2

I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.
toward
5:7; 28:2; 99:5,9; 1 Kings 8:29,30; Daniel 6:10
and praise
36:5,6; 85:10; 86:15; 89:1,2; 100:4,5; 115:1; Isaiah 63:7; Micah 7:18-20; Luke 1:68-72; John 1:17; Romans 15:8,9
for thou hast
56:4,10; Isaiah 42:21; Matthew 5:18; 24:35; John 10:35
Reciprocal: Exodus 34:6 - truth; 2 Samuel 7:21 - thy word's; 1 Kings 8:15 - hath; 2 Chronicles 6:4 - who hath with; Psalm 48:10 - According; Psalm 71:22 - even; Psalm 75:1 - for that; Psalm 91:4 - his truth; Psalm 119:58 - be merciful; Acts 13:48 - glorified; Romans 3:4 - let God; Colossians 2:18 - intruding; 1 Thessalonians 5:24 - Faithful; 2 Thessalonians 3:1 - be; 1 Timothy 1:11 - glorious

Verse 3

In the day when I cried thou answeredst me, and strengthenedst me with strength in my soul.
In the day
18:6; 34:4-6; 77:1,2; Isaiah 65:24
strengthenedst
27:14; 29:11; 63:8; Isaiah 12:2; 40:29-31; 41:10; Zechariah 10:12; 2 Corinthians 12:8-10; Ephesians 3:16; 6:10; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11; 1 Peter 5:10
Reciprocal: Exodus 2:24 - God heard; Deuteronomy 11:8 - that ye may; Deuteronomy 33:25 - and as thy; 1 Samuel 17:37 - The Lord; Nehemiah 6:9 - Now therefore; Job 23:6 - but he would; Psalm 3:4 - I cried; Psalm 6:9 - hath heard; Psalm 31:24 - shall; Psalm 38:15 - hear; Psalm 73:26 - but; Psalm 86:16 - give; Isaiah 40:31 - renew; Daniel 10:19 - thou hast; John 5:19 - and

Verse 4

All the kings of the earth shall praise thee, O LORD, when they hear the words of thy mouth.
All the kings
72:11; 102:15,22; Isaiah 49:23; 60:3-5,16; Revelation 11:15; 21:24
when they hear
22:22,27; 51:13; 69:30-32; 71:18
Reciprocal: Judges 5:3 - O ye kings; 2 Chronicles 6:33 - that all people; Psalm 18:49 - will I give thanks; Psalm 35:18 - praise; Psalm 57:9 - General; Psalm 67:4 - O let; Psalm 108:3 - praise; Psalm 109:30 - I will praise; Psalm 148:11 - Kings; Isaiah 62:2 - all kings; Jeremiah 31:7 - Sing; Zephaniah 2:11 - and men; Zechariah 8:20 - there; Romans 15:10 - General

Verse 5

Yea, they shall sing in the ways of the LORD: for great is the glory of the LORD.
they shall
Isaiah 52:7-10; 65:14; 66:10-14; Jeremiah 31:11,12; Zephaniah 3:14,15; Matthew 21:5-9; Luke 19:37,38
for great
21:5; Exodus 15:11; 33:18,19; Isaiah 6:1-3; Malachi 1:11; John 13:31,32; 17:1; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 1:6,12; Revelation 4:11; 5:12-14; 7:12; 19:1
Reciprocal: Judges 5:3 - O ye kings; 2 Chronicles 6:33 - that all people; 2 Chronicles 17:6 - in the ways; Psalm 27:6 - I will; Psalm 35:18 - praise; Psalm 57:9 - General; Psalm 67:4 - O let; Psalm 72:11 - all kings; Psalm 108:3 - praise; Psalm 148:11 - Kings; Isaiah 62:2 - all kings; Jeremiah 31:7 - Sing; Zechariah 8:20 - there; Romans 15:10 - General

Verse 6

Though the LORD be high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly: but the proud he knoweth afar off.
Though
51:17; 113:5,6; 1 Samuel 2:7,8; Proverbs 3:34; Isaiah 57:15; 66:2; Luke 1:51-53; Luke 14:11; 18:14; James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5,6
but the proud
Exodus 18:11; Job 40:11,12; Isaiah 2:11,17; Ezekiel 28:2-9; Daniel 4:37; 5:20-24; Acts 12:22,23
afar off
139:2; Matthew 25:41; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:9 - for I:2 Samuel 22:28 - but thine; Job 22:29 - the humble person; Job 36:5 - despiseth; Psalm 7:7 - return; Psalm 101:5 - an high; Psalm 119:21 - rebuked; Proverbs 8:13 - pride; Proverbs 15:25 - destroy; Proverbs 15:29 - far; Proverbs 16:19 - to be; Jeremiah 48:29 - his loftiness; Ezekiel 16:49 - pride; Habakkuk 2:5 - a proud man; Matthew 23:12 - General; Luke 1:48 - regarded; Romans 11:20 - Be; Ephesians 4:2 - lowliness

Verse 7

Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me: thou shalt stretch forth thine hand against the wrath of mine enemies, and thy right hand shall save me.
Though I walk
23:3,4; 41:7,8; 66:10-12; Job 13:15; 19:25,26; Isaiah 57:16
thou wilt
71:20,21; 85:6; 119:49,50
thou shalt stretch
35:1-3; 56:1,2,9; 64:7,8; 77:10; 144:1,2; Isaiah 5:25; 9:12,17,21; Isaiah 10:4; Micah 7:8-10
and thy right
17:7; 18:35; 44:3,5-7; 60:5; Isaiah 41:10; Acts 2:33
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:9 - for I:1 Samuel 17:37 - The Lord; 1 Kings 1:29 - hath; Ezra 9:8 - reviving; Psalm 20:1 - hear; Psalm 25:10 - the paths; Psalm 25:19 - Consider; Psalm 27:5 - For in; Psalm 59:16 - day; Psalm 91:15 - I will be; Psalm 143:11 - Quicken; Jeremiah 14:8 - in time; Hosea 14:7 - revive; Habakkuk 3:2 - O Lord; Matthew 14:31 - stretched; 1 Peter 5:10 - strengthen

Verse 8

The LORD will perfect that which concerneth me: thy mercy, O LORD, endureth for ever: forsake not the works of thine own hands.
perfect
57:2; Isaiah 26:12; Jeremiah 32:39,40; John 15:2; Romans 5:10; 8:28-30; Philippians 1:6; 1 Thessalonians 5:24
thy mercy
100:5; 103:17
forsake
71:6-9,17,18; Job 10:3,8; 14:15; Isaiah 42:16; 43:21; 1 Peter 1:3-5; 1 Peter 4:19; Jude 1:1 Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:4 - his work; 1 Samuel 17:37 - The Lord; 2 Chronicles 7:6 - because his mercy; Psalm 68:28 - strengthen; Psalm 119:73 - Thy hands; Isaiah 19:25 - Blessed; Isaiah 40:28 - fainteth; Isaiah 64:8 - all are; Habakkuk 3:2 - O Lord; Ephesians 2:10 - we are; Philippians 3:12 - already perfect; 2 Thessalonians 1:11 - fulfil; Hebrews 12:2 - finisher; Hebrews 13:21 - Make

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 138". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-138.html.