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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 144

Introduction

1David blesses God for his mercy both to him and to man.
5He prays that God would powerfully deliver him from his enemies.
9He promises to praise God.
11He prays for the happy state of the kingdom.

Verse 1

Blessed be the LORD my strength, which teacheth my hands to war, and my fingers to fight:
(Title
&) A Psalm of David. Calmet and others think that this Psalm was composed by David after the death of Absalom; and from a collation of it with Ps 18, in which the same ideas and form of expression occur, there can be no doubt of both having proceeded from the same pen, and that David was the author.
my strength
Heb. my rock.
18:2,31; 71:3; 95:1; Deuteronomy 32:30,31; Isaiah 26:4; *marg:; Isaiah 45:24
teacheth
18:34; 44:3,4; 60:12; 2 Samuel 22:35; 2 Corinthians 10:4; Ephesians 6:10,11
to war
or, to the war, etc.
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:20 - blessed; Deuteronomy 8:18 - he that; Deuteronomy 20:4 - to fight; 2 Samuel 8:6 - the Lord; 2 Samuel 18:28 - Blessed; 2 Kings 13:16 - Elisha; 1 Chronicles 14:11 - God; 1 Chronicles 29:12 - give strength; Psalm 18:1 - I will; Psalm 18:29 - by thee; Psalm 33:20 - he is; Psalm 108:13 - Through; Psalm 138:7 - thou shalt stretch; Isaiah 28:26 - For his God; Jeremiah 16:19 - my strength; Ezekiel 30:24 - I will; Nahum 1:7 - strong hold; Zechariah 9:13 - made; Zechariah 12:5 - The inhabitants; Hebrews 11:33 - through

Verse 2

My goodness, and my fortress; my high tower, and my deliverer; my shield, and he in whom I trust; who subdueth my people under me.
My goodness
or, mercy. my fortress.
2 Samuel 22:2,3,40-48; Jeremiah 16:19
who subdueth
18:47; 110:3
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 20:4 - to fight; 1 Samuel 26:24 - let him deliver; 2 Samuel 8:6 - the Lord; 2 Samuel 18:28 - Blessed; 2 Samuel 22:48 - that bringeth; 1 Chronicles 29:12 - give strength; Psalm 18:1 - I will; Psalm 18:2 - fortress; Psalm 33:20 - he is; Psalm 71:3 - my rock; Psalm 138:7 - thou shalt stretch; Proverbs 2:7 - a buckler; Proverbs 18:10 - a strong; Proverbs 30:5 - pure; Nahum 1:7 - strong hold; Hebrews 11:33 - through

Verse 3

LORD, what is man, that thou takest knowledge of him! or the son of man, that thou makest account of him!
what is man
8:4; Job 7:17; 15:14; Hebrews 2:6
or the son
146:3,4
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:27 - dust; 1 Chronicles 16:25 - great; 1 Chronicles 17:16 - Who am I; Job 14:3 - And dost; Isaiah 2:22 - for wherein

Verse 4

Man is like to vanity: his days are as a shadow that passeth away.
Man
39:5,6; 62:9; 89:47; Job 4:19; 14:1-3; Ecclesiastes 1:2,14; 12:8
his days
102:11; 103:15,16; 109:23; 2 Samuel 14:14; 1 Chronicles 29:15; Job 8:9; Ecclesiastes 8:13
Reciprocal: Job 7:6 - swifter; Job 7:16 - my days; Job 14:2 - fleeth; Ecclesiastes 6:12 - the days of his vain life; Ecclesiastes 9:9 - all the days of the life; Song of Solomon 6:4 - terrible; Isaiah 2:22 - for wherein; Revelation 21:4 - the former

Verse 5

Bow thy heavens, O LORD, and come down: touch the mountains, and they shall smoke.
Bow
18:9; Isaiah 64:1,2
touch
104:32; Exodus 19:18; Nahum 1:3-6; Habakkuk 3:3-6; Hebrews 12:18
Reciprocal: Exodus 19:11 - the Lord; Deuteronomy 32:22 - foundations; 2 Samuel 22:10 - bowed; Psalm 18:8 - went; Psalm 29:7 - flames; Psalm 57:3 - send; Psalm 97:4 - His; Psalm 108:6 - save; Psalm 115:16 - heaven; Amos 9:5 - toucheth; Habakkuk 3:11 - at the light of thine arrows they went; Zechariah 9:14 - his; Acts 7:34 - and am

Verse 6

Cast forth lightning, and scatter them: shoot out thine arrows, and destroy them.
Cast forth
18:13,14; 77:17,18; 2 Samuel 22:12-15
shoot out
7:12; 21:12; 45:5; Deuteronomy 32:23,42
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:15 - arrows; Job 40:11 - Cast; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 7:13 - ordaineth; Psalm 18:8 - went; Psalm 29:7 - flames; Psalm 89:10 - scattered; Psalm 97:4 - His; Isaiah 64:1 - Oh that; Habakkuk 3:11 - at the light of thine arrows they went; Zechariah 9:14 - his

Verse 7

Send thine hand from above; rid me, and deliver me out of great waters, from the hand of strange children;
Send
18:16; 2 Samuel 22:17; Matthew 27:43
hand
Heb. hands. deliver me.
69:1,2,14,15; 93:3,4; Revelation 12:15,16; 17:15
the hand
11; 54:3; Nehemiah 9:2; Malachi 2:11
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:15 - arrows; Psalm 5:10 - let; Hosea 5:7 - begotten

Verse 8

Whose mouth speaketh vanity, and their right hand is a right hand of falsehood.
mouth
10:7; 12:2; 41:6; 58:3; 62:4; 109:2,3; Isaiah 59:5-7
their right hand
Isaiah 44:20; Matthew 5:30; Revelation 13:16,17
Reciprocal: Psalm 144:11 - and deliver me; Isaiah 41:10 - the right

Verse 9

I will sing a new song unto thee, O God: upon a psaltery and an instrument of ten strings will I sing praises unto thee.
sing a new
33:2,3; 40:3; 98:1; 149:1; Revelation 5:9,10; 14:3
upon
81:1-3; 108:2,3; 150:3-5; 1 Chronicles 25:1-6
Reciprocal: Psalm 150:4 - stringed

Verse 10

It is he that giveth salvation unto kings: who delivereth David his servant from the hurtful sword.
that giveth
18:50; 33:16-18; 2 Samuel 5:19-25; 8:6-14; 2 Kings 5:1
salvation
or, victory.
Isaiah 45:1-6; Jeremiah 27:6-8
who delivereth
140:7; 1 Samuel 17:45,46; 2 Samuel 21:16,17
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:51 - the tower; 2 Samuel 23:10 - the Lord; 1 Chronicles 11:14 - deliverance; 1 Chronicles 14:11 - God; 1 Chronicles 18:13 - Thus the Lord; 2 Chronicles 32:22 - Lord; Esther 2:21 - and sought; Psalm 18:29 - by thee; Psalm 44:7 - But; Proverbs 21:31 - safety; Hebrews 11:33 - through; Hebrews 11:34 - escaped

Verse 11

Rid me, and deliver me from the hand of strange children, whose mouth speaketh vanity, and their right hand is a right hand of falsehood:
and deliver me
7,8; 2 Samuel 10:6-19; 16:5-14; 17:1-14
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 9:2 - strangers; Psalm 10:7 - vanity; Psalm 12:2 - They; Isaiah 41:10 - the right; Hosea 5:7 - begotten

Verse 12

That our sons may be as plants grown up in their youth; that our daughters may be as corner stones, polished after the similitude of a palace:
as plants
115:14,15; 127:4,5; 128:3; Isaiah 44:3-5; Lamentations 4:2
as corner stones
Job 42:15; Proverbs 31:10-27; Isaiah 3:16-24
polished
Heb. cut. the similitude.
Song of Solomon 8:8,9; 1 Peter 3:3-6
Reciprocal: Genesis 5:4 - and he; Genesis 11:11 - begat sons; Deuteronomy 7:13 - he will love; Deuteronomy 28:3 - in the city; Job 38:6 - fastened; Psalm 147:13 - blessed; Song of Solomon 7:4 - ivory; Isaiah 30:23 - thy cattle; Lamentations 4:7 - purer; Amos 8:13 - General; Zechariah 8:5 - playing

Verse 13

That our garners may be full, affording all manner of store: that our sheep may bring forth thousands and ten thousands in our streets:
our garners
107:37,38; Leviticus 26:5,10; Deuteronomy 28:8; Malachi 3:10; Luke 12:16-20
all manner of store
Heb. from kind to kind. our sheep.
Genesis 30:29-31; Deuteronomy 7:13,14; 8:3; 28:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:22 - General; Genesis 8:17 - breed; Genesis 12:16 - he had; Genesis 26:14 - had possession; Exodus 23:26 - shall nothing; Job 21:10 - their cow; Job 42:12 - he had

Verse 14

That our oxen may be strong to labour; that there be no breaking in, nor going out; that there be no complaining in our streets.
strong to labour
Heb. able to bear burdens, or loaden with flesh. no breaking in.
Deuteronomy 28:7,25; Judges 5:8; 6:3,6; 1 Samuel 13:17-23; 31:7; Jeremiah 13:17-19; 14:18; Lamentations 1:4-6; Zechariah 8:3-5
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:22 - General; Genesis 8:17 - breed; Genesis 12:16 - he had; Genesis 26:14 - had possession; Job 21:10 - their cow; Job 39:11 - leave; Psalm 107:38 - suffereth

Verse 15

Happy is that people, that is in such a case: yea, happy is that people, whose God is the LORD.
yea, happy
33:12; 65:4; 89:15; 146:5; Deuteronomy 33:29; Ephesians 1:3 Reciprocal: Genesis 9:26 - Blessed; Numbers 22:12 - for they; Psalm 1:1 - Blessed; Jeremiah 31:1 - will; Jeremiah 32:38 - General; Zechariah 13:9 - It is my people

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 144". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-144.html.