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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 143

Introduction

1David prays for favour in judgment.
3He complains of his griefs.
5He strengthens his faith by meditation and prayer.
7He prays for grace;
9for deliverance;
10for sanctification;
12for destruction of his enemies;

Verse 1

Hear my prayer, O LORD, give ear to my supplications: in thy faithfulness answer me, and in thy righteousness.
(Title
&) A Psalm. The LXX., Vulgate, Ethiopic, and Arabic state that this Psalm was composed by David on the rebellion of his son Absalom; and there are several passages in it which agree remarkably well with that period; for then he had most reason to fear lest God should deal with him according to his sins; which he deprecates with such a deep sense of his unworthiness, that it has hence been numbered among the penitential Psalms, of which it is the last. In it he prays to God for pardon, ver. 1; acknowledges the impossibility of being saved but by grace, ver. 2; deplores the lamentable effects of sin, ver. 3, 4; comforts himself with a retrospect of God's mercies of old, ver. 5; and prays, in a variety of expressions, for remission of sin, sanctification, and redemption, ver. 6-12.
thy faithfulness
31:1; 71:2; 2 Samuel 7:25; Daniel 9:16; 1 John 1:9
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 13:22 - spare me; Psalm 27:7 - General; Psalm 30:10 - Hear; Psalm 36:10 - and thy; Psalm 54:5 - cut; Psalm 64:1 - Hear; Psalm 143:11 - for thy righteousness'; Luke 22:62 - and wept

Verse 2

And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.
enter not
130:3; Job 14:3
in thy sight
Exodus 34:7; Job 4:17; 9:2,3; 15:14; 25:4; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:20; Galatians 2:16; 1 John 1:10
Reciprocal: Numbers 11:11 - wherefore have; 1 Kings 8:46 - there is no man; 2 Chronicles 6:36 - for there is no man; Ezra 9:15 - we cannot; Nehemiah 13:22 - spare me; Job 9:20 - justify; Job 9:32 - we should; Job 10:2 - Do not; Job 22:4 - will he enter; Job 31:14 - What then; Psalm 4:1 - have mercy upon me; Psalm 27:7 - General; Psalm 36:10 - and thy; Isaiah 3:14 - enter; Jeremiah 49:19 - appoint me the time; Luke 15:21 - against; Luke 18:14 - justified; Acts 13:39 - from which; Romans 2:13 - justified; 1 Corinthians 4:4 - yet; Galatians 3:11 - that; Galatians 3:22 - concluded; Philippians 3:9 - not; Titus 3:5 - by works; James 2:21 - justified; 1 John 1:8 - say

Verse 3

For the enemy hath persecuted my soul; he hath smitten my life down to the ground; he hath made me to dwell in darkness, as those that have been long dead.
the enemy
7:1,2; 17:9-13; 35:4; 54:3; 142:6
smitten
7:5; 2 Samuel 2:22; 18:11
made me
31:12,13; 88:4-6; Ezekiel 37:11
Reciprocal: Psalm 13:2 - exalted; Psalm 25:19 - Consider; Psalm 31:15 - deliver; Psalm 40:2 - brought; Psalm 42:5 - Why art thou cast down; Psalm 88:3 - soul; Psalm 88:6 - darkness; Psalm 88:12 - dark; Psalm 89:39 - profaned; Psalm 102:4 - heart; Psalm 141:8 - leave not my soul destitute; Lamentations 3:6 - in dark

Verse 4

Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; my heart within me is desolate.
is my spirit
55:5; 61:2; 77:3; 102:1; *title; 124:4; 142:3; Job 6:27
my heart
25:16; 102:3,4; 119:81-83; Luke 22:44
Reciprocal: Ezra 9:3 - sat; Psalm 6:6 - I am; Psalm 13:2 - exalted; Psalm 38:10 - heart; Psalm 42:5 - Why art thou cast down; Psalm 57:6 - my soul; Psalm 88:3 - soul; Psalm 88:8 - put; Psalm 141:8 - leave not my soul destitute; Romans 8:26 - with

Verse 5

I remember the days of old; I meditate on all thy works; I muse on the work of thy hands.
remember
42:6; 77:5,6,10-12; 111:4; Deuteronomy 8:2,3; 1 Samuel 17:34-37,45-50; Isaiah 63:7-14; Micah 6:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:63 - to meditate; Nehemiah 4:14 - remember; Psalm 77:3 - spirit; Psalm 77:12 - meditate; Psalm 111:2 - sought; Psalm 119:52 - remembered; Isaiah 26:8 - desire; Isaiah 63:11 - he remembered; Amos 9:11 - as in; Jonah 2:7 - I remembered; Micah 7:14 - as; 1 Timothy 4:15 - Meditate

Verse 6

I stretch forth my hands unto thee: my soul thirsteth after thee, as a thirsty land. Selah.
stretch forth
44:20; 88:9; Job 11:13
my soul
42:1,2; 63:1; 84:2; Isaiah 26:8,9; 35:7; John 7:37
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:63 - to meditate; Exodus 9:29 - spread; Deuteronomy 4:4 - General; 1 Samuel 1:15 - poured; 1 Chronicles 11:17 - longed; 2 Chronicles 6:12 - spread forth; Ezra 9:5 - spread; Job 7:2 - earnestly desireth; Psalm 28:2 - when; Psalm 63:8 - followeth; Psalm 68:31 - stretch; Psalm 73:25 - none upon; Psalm 116:4 - O Lord; Isaiah 37:14 - and Hezekiah went; Isaiah 55:1 - every; Lamentations 3:41 - lift; Habakkuk 3:9 - Selah; Luke 6:21 - ye that hunger; Luke 22:44 - being; Revelation 7:16 - hunger

Verse 7

Hear me speedily, O LORD: my spirit faileth: hide not thy face from me, lest I be like unto them that go down into the pit.
Hear me
13:1-4; 40:13,17; 70:5; 71:12
my spirit
40:12; 69:3; Isaiah 57:16; Luke 21:26
hide not
22:24; 27:9; 69:17; Isaiah 8:17
lest I be like, etc
or, for I am become like, etc. unto them.
28:1; 88:4-6,10,11; Isaiah 38:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:14 - from thy; Numbers 16:33 - into the; 2 Chronicles 9:4 - there was; Job 6:4 - drinketh up; Job 17:16 - the bars of the pit; Job 34:29 - when he hideth; Psalm 30:7 - thou; Psalm 30:10 - Hear; Psalm 31:2 - deliver; Psalm 42:1 - so panteth; Psalm 54:2 - General; Psalm 55:1 - hide; Psalm 63:8 - followeth; Psalm 70:1 - O God; Psalm 101:2 - O when; Psalm 102:1 - Hear; Psalm 102:2 - Hide; Psalm 119:123 - General; Psalm 141:1 - make haste; Psalm 142:6 - for I am; Proverbs 1:12 - whole; Proverbs 13:12 - Hope; Isaiah 38:14 - I am; Lamentations 3:6 - in dark; Jonah 2:6 - corruption; Luke 18:8 - he will; Luke 22:44 - being

Verse 8

Cause me to hear thy lovingkindness in the morning; for in thee do I trust: cause me to know the way wherein I should walk; for I lift up my soul unto thee.
to hear
30:5; 42:8; 46:5; *marg:; 59:16; Genesis 32:24-29; Hosea 6:3
cause me
10; 5:8; 25:4,5; 27:11; 32:8; 119:34,73; Proverbs 3:5,6; Isaiah 30:21; 48:17
for I lift
25:1; 86:4; Lamentations 3:41
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:20 - the way; 2 Samuel 2:1 - inquired; 1 Kings 8:36 - thou teach; Ezra 8:21 - to seek; Nehemiah 9:12 - in the way; Job 22:26 - lift up; Job 34:32 - which; Psalm 23:3 - leadeth; Psalm 24:4 - lifted; Psalm 40:17 - make; Psalm 73:24 - Thou; Psalm 86:11 - Teach; Psalm 101:2 - O when; Psalm 119:10 - O let me; Psalm 119:26 - teach; Psalm 139:24 - and lead; Proverbs 2:9 - General; Proverbs 14:8 - wisdom; Isaiah 33:2 - be thou; Jeremiah 42:3 - General; Matthew 1:20 - while; Acts 22:10 - What; Galatians 5:18 - if; 2 Timothy 2:7 - and

Verse 9

Deliver me, O LORD, from mine enemies: I flee unto thee to hide me.
flee unto thee
Heb. hide me with thee.
34:2-4; 56:9; 61:3,4; 142:5; Proverbs 18:10; Hebrews 6:18
Reciprocal: Psalm 32:7 - my; Psalm 64:2 - Hide; Psalm 69:17 - hide; Psalm 119:86 - help; Psalm 139:10 - General; Isaiah 26:20 - hide; Isaiah 32:2 - an hiding; 2 Timothy 2:7 - and

Verse 10

Teach me to do thy will; for thou art my God: thy spirit is good; lead me into the land of uprightness.
Teach
25:4,5,8,9,12; 119:5-7,12,35; 139:24; Micah 4:2; Matthew 28:20; Colossians 1:9,10; 1 Thessalonians 4:1,2; Hebrews 13:21; 1 John 2:27
for thou art
22:1; 31:14; 63:1; 118:28; 140:6
thy spirit
Nehemiah 9:20; Isaiah 63:14; John 14:26; 16:13-15; Romans 5:5; 8:2,14-16,26; Romans 15:13,30; Galatians 5:22,23; Ephesians 4:30; 5:9; 2 Timothy 1:7
the land
Isaiah 29:10
Reciprocal: Exodus 4:12 - General; Numbers 9:22 - abode; Psalm 31:3 - lead; Psalm 43:3 - lead; Psalm 119:7 - when; Psalm 119:124 - teach; Psalm 139:10 - General; Psalm 143:8 - cause me; Isaiah 26:10 - in the; John 9:31 - and doeth; 1 Corinthians 12:8 - is given; 1 Thessalonians 4:3 - this; Hebrews 10:29 - the Spirit; 1 Peter 4:2 - the will; 1 John 2:17 - but

Verse 11

Quicken me, O LORD, for thy name's sake: for thy righteousness' sake bring my soul out of trouble.
Quicken
85:6; 119:25,37,40,88,107; 138:7; Habakkuk 3:2; Ephesians 2:4,5
for thy righteousness
1; 9:7,8; 31:1; 71:2
bring
25:17; 34:19; 37:39,40; 91:15,16; Revelation 7:14-17
Reciprocal: Job 3:26 - yet trouble came; Psalm 25:11 - thy; Psalm 31:3 - lead; Psalm 106:8 - he saved; Psalm 109:21 - But do; Psalm 142:7 - my soul; Isaiah 48:9 - my name's; Micah 6:5 - know

Verse 12

And of thy mercy cut off mine enemies, and destroy all them that afflict my soul: for I am thy servant.
of thy mercy
54:5; 55:23; 136:15-20; 1 Samuel 24:12-15; 25:29; 26:10
for I am thy
116:16; 119:94 Reciprocal: Judges 16:28 - that I may; Psalm 31:1 - deliver; Psalm 31:15 - deliver; Psalm 36:1 - servant; Psalm 55:19 - hear; Psalm 56:1 - Be; Psalm 59:1 - Deliver; Psalm 86:2 - save; Psalm 109:21 - But do; Isaiah 14:1 - the Lord; Acts 27:23 - and; Romans 6:22 - become

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 143". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-143.html.