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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 19

Introduction

Overview

Psalms 19:1, The creatures shew God’s glory; Psalms 19:7, The excellency of the divine law; Psalms 19:12, David prays for grace.

It is uncertain when this highly finished and beautiful ode was composed; though some think it was written by David in the wilderness when persecuted by Saul.

Verse 1

The heavens: Psalms 8:3, Psalms 33:6, Psalms 115:16, Psalms 148:3, Psalms 148:4, Isaiah 40:22-26, Jeremiah 10:11, Jeremiah 10:12, Romans 1:19, Romans 1:20

the firmament: Rakeea, from raka, to stretch out, the expanse, not only containing the celestial bodies, but also the air, light, rain, dews, etc., all of which display the infinite power and wisdom of their Almighty Creator. Psalms 150:1, Psalms 150:2, Genesis 1:6-8, Genesis 1:14, Genesis 1:15, Daniel 12:3

Reciprocal: Genesis 1:31 - very good 1 Chronicles 16:31 - Let the heavens Job 28:27 - he prepared it Job 36:24 - which Psalms 28:5 - operation Psalms 74:16 - prepared Psalms 89:5 - heavens Psalms 96:6 - Honour Psalms 97:6 - The heavens Psalms 111:3 - honourable Psalms 145:10 - All thy Isaiah 6:3 - the whole earth Isaiah 40:21 - General Isaiah 40:26 - Lift Jeremiah 31:35 - which giveth Acts 14:17 - he left Acts 17:27 - they Hebrews 1:10 - the works James 1:17 - from the

Verse 2

Day unto: Psalms 24:7-10, Psalms 78:3-6, Psalms 134:1-3, Psalms 148:12, Exodus 15:20, Exodus 15:21, Isaiah 38:19

night unto: Psalms 74:16, Psalms 136:8, Psalms 136:9, Genesis 1:17, Genesis 1:18, Genesis 8:22

Reciprocal: Genesis 1:5 - and Genesis 1:31 - very good Psalms 28:5 - operation

Verse 3

There: Or, "They have no speech, nor words, nor is their voice heard; yet into all the earth hath gone out their sound, and to the extremity of the world their words." The Hebrew, kav, rendered, line, like the Greek צטןדדןע, by which the LXX (who are followed by St. Paul), render it, no doubt signifies the sound as well as the cord which emits it. The Vulgate, Jerome, and Symmachus, render it to the same purpose. Deuteronomy 4:19

where: or, without these their voice is heard, Heb. without their voice heard

Verse 4

Their: Psalms 98:3, Isaiah 49:6, Romans 10:18, 2 Corinthians 10:13-16

line: or, rule, or, direction

In them: Genesis 1:14-18, Malachi 4:2

Reciprocal: Joshua 10:12 - Sun Joshua 10:13 - So the sun Judges 5:31 - the sun Job 25:3 - upon whom Job 38:5 - who hath stretched Job 38:13 - take Psalms 20:5 - rejoice Ecclesiastes 1:5 - sun Hosea 6:3 - his going Habakkuk 3:11 - habitation 1 Corinthians 15:41 - General

Verse 5

bridegroom: Isaiah 61:10, Isaiah 62:5, John 3:29

rejoiceth: Ecclesiastes 1:5, 1 Corinthians 9:24-26, Philippians 3:13, Philippians 3:14, Hebrews 12:1, Hebrews 12:2

Reciprocal: Judges 5:31 - the sun Job 39:21 - and Psalms 65:8 - outgoings Joel 2:7 - They shall run

Verse 6

His going: Psalms 139:9, Job 25:3, Ecclesiastes 1:5, Colossians 1:23

circuit: Job 22:14

Reciprocal: Genesis 1:16 - to rule Genesis 1:18 - General Proverbs 17:8 - gift

Verse 7

law: or, doctrine, Psalms 78:1-7, Psalms 119:72, Psalms 119:96-100, Psalms 119:105, Psalms 119:127, Psalms 119:128, Psalms 147:19, Psalms 147:20, Deuteronomy 6:6-9, Deuteronomy 17:18-20, Joshua 1:8, Job 23:12, Romans 3:2, Romans 15:4

perfect: Psalms 18:30, Psalms 111:7, Deuteronomy 32:4, Romans 12:2, James 1:17

converting: or, restoring, Psalms 23:3, Psalms 119:9, James 1:21-25

testimony: Psalms 93:5, Psalms 119:14, Psalms 119:24, Psalms 119:111, Psalms 119:152, Isaiah 8:16, Isaiah 8:20, John 3:32, John 3:33, John 5:39, Acts 10:43, 2 Timothy 1:8, 1 John 5:9-12, Revelation 19:10

sure: Psalms 111:7, 2 Samuel 23:5, 2 Timothy 2:19, Hebrews 6:18, Hebrews 6:19

making: Psalms 119:130, Proverbs 1:4, Proverbs 1:22, Proverbs 1:23, Colossians 3:16, 2 Timothy 3:15-17

Reciprocal: Exodus 32:15 - the testimony Deuteronomy 4:6 - this is your Deuteronomy 4:8 - General Deuteronomy 31:12 - men 2 Samuel 16:23 - oracle of God 1 Kings 2:3 - testimonies 2 Kings 23:3 - his commandments Ezra 7:10 - the law Ezra 7:25 - the wisdom Nehemiah 9:13 - gavest Nehemiah 13:3 - when they Job 28:23 - General Job 33:27 - right Psalms 51:13 - converted Psalms 56:4 - In God I will Psalms 116:6 - preserveth Psalms 119:47 - which Psalms 119:138 - testimonies Proverbs 2:6 - out Proverbs 7:7 - the simple Proverbs 8:5 - General Proverbs 8:6 - for Proverbs 8:9 - General Proverbs 9:4 - General Isaiah 35:8 - the wayfaring Isaiah 45:19 - speak righteousness Jeremiah 8:9 - lo Ezekiel 18:9 - walked Ezekiel 20:19 - walk Hosea 14:9 - for Micah 2:7 - do not Matthew 24:35 - my Mark 13:31 - my John 6:63 - the words John 17:17 - Sanctify Acts 11:14 - words Romans 7:7 - I had Romans 7:12 - the law Romans 16:18 - the simple 2 Corinthians 3:7 - was 1 Timothy 1:8 - the law 1 Timothy 4:6 - good doctrine 2 Timothy 3:16 - and is James 1:25 - the perfect 1 Peter 2:2 - the sincere 2 Peter 1:19 - a more 1 John 5:3 - and

Verse 8

statutes: Psalms 105:45, Psalms 119:12, Psalms 119:16, Psalms 119:80, Psalms 119:171, Genesis 26:5, Exodus 18:16, Deuteronomy 4:5, Deuteronomy 4:6, Ezekiel 36:27

right: Psalms 119:128, Nehemiah 9:13

rejoicing: Psalms 40:8, Psalms 119:14, Psalms 119:24, Psalms 119:54, Psalms 119:92, Psalms 119:121, Psalms 119:143, Deuteronomy 12:11, Deuteronomy 12:12, Deuteronomy 16:11, Deuteronomy 16:14, Nehemiah 8:12, Isaiah 64:5, Jeremiah 15:16, Romans 7:22

is pure: Psalms 12:6, Psalms 119:40, Proverbs 30:5, Romans 7:12-14

enlightening: Psalms 13:3, Psalms 119:98-100, Psalms 119:105, Psalms 119:130, Proverbs 2:6, Proverbs 6:23, Romans 2:17-20, Romans 3:20, Romans 7:7, Galatians 2:19, Galatians 3:10-13, Galatians 3:21

Reciprocal: Leviticus 20:22 - statutes Leviticus 23:14 - it shall be 2 Samuel 22:23 - judgments 2 Kings 17:37 - the statutes Nehemiah 1:7 - the commandments Job 33:27 - right Psalms 18:30 - tried Psalms 33:4 - the word Psalms 56:4 - In God I will Psalms 93:5 - Thy Psalms 119:96 - but thy Psalms 119:111 - for they Psalms 119:140 - pure Proverbs 8:9 - General Isaiah 8:20 - it is Hosea 14:9 - for Romans 2:18 - being instructed 2 Corinthians 3:7 - was Ephesians 6:1 - for

Verse 9

The fear: Psalms 34:11-14, Psalms 36:1, Psalms 115:13, Genesis 22:12, Genesis 42:18, 1 Samuel 12:24, 1 Kings 18:3, 1 Kings 18:4, 1 Kings 18:12, Nehemiah 5:15, Proverbs 8:13, Acts 10:22, Romans 3:10-18

enduring: Psalms 111:10, Psalms 112:1-6

judgments: Psalms 10:5, Psalms 36:6, Psalms 72:1, Psalms 72:2, Psalms 119:7, Psalms 119:39, Psalms 119:62, Psalms 119:75, Psalms 119:106, Psalms 119:137, Psalms 119:138, Psalms 119:142, Psalms 119:160, Psalms 119:164, Psalms 147:19, Exodus 21:1, Deuteronomy 4:8, Isaiah 26:8, Romans 2:2, Romans 11:22, Revelation 15:3, Revelation 16:7, Revelation 19:2

true: Heb. truth

Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:17 - fear 2 Samuel 22:23 - judgments 1 Chronicles 16:12 - the judgments Nehemiah 1:7 - the commandments Job 23:12 - I have esteemed Psalms 111:8 - are done Psalms 119:86 - All thy Proverbs 19:23 - fear Acts 10:35 - feareth 2 Corinthians 7:1 - in

Verse 10

than gold: Psalms 119:72, Psalms 119:127, Job 28:15-17, Proverbs 3:13-15, Proverbs 8:10, Proverbs 8:11, Proverbs 8:19, Proverbs 16:16

sweeter: Psalms 63:5, Psalms 119:103, Job 23:12, Proverbs 24:13

honeycomb: Heb. the dropping of honey-combs, 1 Samuel 14:26-29

Reciprocal: Job 28:13 - knoweth Psalms 119:14 - rejoiced Proverbs 2:4 - thou Proverbs 2:10 - General Proverbs 3:17 - ways of Proverbs 16:24 - an Proverbs 22:18 - it is Proverbs 24:14 - shall the Ecclesiastes 2:14 - one Song of Solomon 5:16 - mouth Jeremiah 15:16 - thy word Ezekiel 3:3 - it was 1 Corinthians 3:12 - gold Revelation 10:10 - sweet

Verse 11

Moreover: Psalms 119:11, 2 Chronicles 19:10, Proverbs 6:22, Proverbs 6:23, Ezekiel 3:17-21, Ezekiel 33:3-9, Matthew 3:7, Acts 20:31, 1 Corinthians 4:14, 1 Thessalonians 5:14, Hebrews 11:7

keeping: Proverbs 3:16-18, Proverbs 11:18, Proverbs 29:18, Isaiah 3:10, Isaiah 3:11, Matthew 6:4, Matthew 6:6, Matthew 6:18, Hebrews 11:6, Hebrews 11:26, James 1:25, 2 John 1:8, Revelation 14:13

Reciprocal: Exodus 39:43 - blessed them Deuteronomy 5:29 - that it might Deuteronomy 6:18 - shalt do Deuteronomy 11:27 - General Deuteronomy 15:5 - General Deuteronomy 17:20 - right hand Ruth 2:12 - recompense 2 Samuel 22:21 - rewarded 2 Chronicles 15:7 - your work Psalms 119:24 - my counsellors Proverbs 3:17 - ways of Proverbs 13:13 - rewarded Proverbs 19:8 - he that keepeth Proverbs 24:14 - shall the Ezekiel 3:21 - he shall Ezekiel 18:22 - in his Matthew 5:12 - for great John 13:17 - happy 1 Corinthians 15:58 - ye know Hebrews 10:35 - great

Verse 12

can: Psalms 40:12, Job 6:24, Isaiah 64:6, 1 Corinthians 4:4, Hebrews 9:7

cleanse: Psalms 51:5-10, Psalms 65:3, 1 John 1:7

secret: Psalms 90:8, Psalms 139:2, Psalms 139:23, Psalms 139:24, Leviticus 4:2-35, Jeremiah 17:9

Reciprocal: Leviticus 5:2 - hidden Leviticus 5:17 - though Leviticus 13:6 - wash Numbers 15:22 - General Deuteronomy 21:6 - wash their hands Deuteronomy 21:8 - lay not 1 Kings 8:46 - there is no man Job 9:3 - he cannot Job 22:5 - thine Job 31:37 - declare Job 34:32 - which Psalms 51:2 - cleanse Psalms 69:5 - and my sins Ezekiel 45:20 - every one Romans 7:15 - what Romans 7:21 - evil Galatians 3:11 - that Galatians 5:17 - the flesh Philippians 3:9 - not Hebrews 10:26 - if 1 John 1:9 - and to

Verse 13

Keep: Genesis 20:6, 1 Samuel 25:32-34, 1 Samuel 25:39

presumptuous: Exodus 21:14, Numbers 15:30, Numbers 15:31, Deuteronomy 17:12, Deuteronomy 17:13, 2 Peter 2:10

let: Psalms 119:133, Romans 6:12-14, Romans 6:16-22

upright: Psalms 7:10, Psalms 11:7, Psalms 84:11, Acts 24:16

I shall: Psalms 18:23, 1 Chronicles 10:13, 1 Chronicles 10:14

great: Heb. much.

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 11:14 - wrote a letter Psalms 51:12 - uphold Psalms 119:11 - that I Luke 22:40 - Pray John 8:36 - General Romans 7:21 - a law Galatians 5:17 - the flesh 2 Thessalonians 3:3 - and Hebrews 10:26 - if

Verse 14

Let: Psalms 5:1, Psalms 5:2, Psalms 51:15, Psalms 66:18-20, Psalms 119:108, Genesis 4:4, Genesis 4:5, Proverbs 15:8, Romans 15:16, Hebrews 11:4, Hebrews 13:15, 1 Peter 2:5

strength: Heb. rock, Psalms 18:1, Psalms 18:2

redeemer: Job 19:25, Isaiah 43:14, Isaiah 44:6, Isaiah 47:4, Isaiah 54:5, 1 Thessalonians 1:10, Titus 2:14, 1 Peter 1:18, 1 Peter 1:19, Revelation 5:9

Reciprocal: Joshua 1:8 - thou shalt Psalms 9:16 - Higgaion Psalms 27:1 - strength Psalms 28:7 - strength Psalms 31:4 - my strength Psalms 49:3 - meditation Psalms 139:4 - there is not Proverbs 15:26 - but Isaiah 41:14 - saith Jeremiah 16:19 - my strength Luke 11:1 - teach Romans 12:1 - acceptable Ephesians 5:10 - acceptable 1 Timothy 4:15 - Meditate Hebrews 12:28 - we may

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 19". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-19.html.