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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 36

Introduction

1The grievous estate of the wicked.
8The excellency of God's mercy.
10David prays for favour to God's children.

Verse 1

The transgression of the wicked saith within my heart, that there is no fear of God before his eyes.
A. M. cir. 3463. B.C. cir. 541. (Title.) A psalm. This Psalm is supposed by some to have been composed by David at the beginning of Saul's persecutions; but Calmet and others, on good grounds, are of opinion that it was written during the Babylonian captivity
servant
18:1; 90:1; *titles; 143:12; Deuteronomy 34:5; 2 Timothy 2:24; Titus 1:1; James 1:1; 2 Peter 1:1; Jude 1:1; Revelation 1:1
The transgression
Or, rather, "The speech of transgression to the wicked is within his heart: there is no fear of God before his eyes;" for instead of libbi, "my heart," four MSS., have libbo, "his heart," which is also the reading of the LXX., Vulgate, Syriac, Arabic, Ethiopic, and Anglo-Saxon.
1 Samuel 15:13,14; Proverbs 20:11; Matthew 7:16-20; 12:33,34; Titus 1:16
no
112:1; Genesis 20:11; Proverbs 8:13; 16:6; Ecclesiastes 12:13; Romans 3:18
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 25:18 - feared; 1 Samuel 18:22 - commanded; Job 1:8 - one; Job 6:14 - he forsaketh; Job 15:4 - castest off; Psalm 5:9 - For; Psalm 14:1 - They are; Psalm 19:9 - The fear; Psalm 54:3 - they have; Psalm 86:14 - and have; Jeremiah 2:19 - and that my; Jeremiah 36:24 - they; Hosea 5:4 - They will not frame their doings; Malachi 3:5 - fear; Luke 23:40 - Dost; Acts 8:21 - for; Revelation 14:7 - Fear

Verse 2

For he flattereth himself in his own eyes, until his iniquity be found to be hateful.
For he
10:3; 49:18; Deuteronomy 29:19; Jeremiah 2:23,34,35; 17:9; Hosea 12:7,8; Luke 10:29; Luke 16:14,15; Romans 7:9; 10:3
until, etc
Heb. to find his iniquity to hate.
1 Samuel 15:18-24; 1 Chronicles 10:13,14; Romans 3:9
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 15:14 - What meaneth; 2 Samuel 14:32 - if there; Proverbs 12:5 - counsels; Proverbs 16:2 - the ways; Proverbs 21:2 - right; Proverbs 30:12 - that are; Isaiah 5:18 - draw; Luke 6:41 - but; Titus 3:3 - hateful

Verse 3

The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he hath left off to be wise, and to do good.
The words
5:9; 12:2,3; 55:21; 58:3; 140:3; 1 Samuel 18:21; 19:6,7; 26:21; Matthew 22:15-18,35
he hath
125:5; 1 Samuel 11:6-13; 13:13,14; 15:26; 16:14; Zephaniah 1:6; Hebrews 10:39; 1 John 2:19
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:8 - talked; Joshua 23:12 - go back; Ruth 1:15 - gone back; 1 Samuel 15:11 - turned; 2 Samuel 22:22 - have not; 2 Chronicles 20:32 - departed not; Nehemiah 6:8 - thou feignest; Job 23:11 - his way; Psalm 10:7 - and deceit; Psalm 35:20 - but; Psalm 50:19 - tongue; Psalm 52:1 - mischief; Psalm 101:3 - them; Proverbs 2:13 - leave; Proverbs 6:12 - walketh; Jeremiah 34:11 - General; Ezekiel 3:20 - When; Ezekiel 18:24 - when; Hosea 4:10 - left; Hosea 8:3 - cast; Amos 5:7 - leave; Matthew 13:21 - dureth; Matthew 15:18 - General; Luke 11:25 - he findeth; Romans 3:13 - with their; 2 Peter 2:21 - to turn

Verse 4

He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way that is not good; he abhorreth not evil.
deviseth
38:12; 1 Samuel 19:11; Esther 5:14; 6:4; Proverbs 4:16; Hosea 7:6,7; Micah 2:1; Matthew 27:1; Acts 23:12
mischief
or, vanity. setteth.
Proverbs 24:23; Isaiah 65:2; Jeremiah 6:16; 8:6; 9:2-9; Micah 6:8
abhorreth
97:10; Job 15:16; Amos 5:15; Romans 1:32; 12:9; Revelation 2:2
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:22 - that they are; Judges 9:32 - by night; 1 Kings 20:7 - seeketh mischief; 2 Kings 8:15 - on the morrow; Psalm 1:1 - way; Psalm 7:16 - General; Psalm 12:2 - They; Psalm 26:10 - In; Psalm 28:3 - mischief; Psalm 35:20 - but; Psalm 50:19 - tongue; Psalm 119:104 - therefore; Psalm 140:2 - imagine; Proverbs 6:14 - he deviseth; Proverbs 6:18 - heart; Proverbs 21:10 - soul; Ezekiel 11:2 - General; Ezekiel 18:24 - when; Ezekiel 38:10 - think an evil thought; Zechariah 7:10 - imagine; Romans 7:15 - what I hate; 2 Peter 2:21 - to turn

Verse 5

Thy mercy, O LORD, is in the heavens; and thy faithfulness reacheth unto the clouds.
mercy
52:1; 57:10; 103:11; 108:4; Isaiah 55:7-9
faithfulness
89:2; 92:2; 100:5; Matthew 24:35; Hebrews 6:18-20
Reciprocal: Genesis 9:10 - General; 2 Chronicles 30:18 - The good; Job 37:23 - in judgment; Psalm 8:1 - thy; Psalm 33:4 - all his; Psalm 59:16 - sing aloud; Psalm 71:19 - Thy righteousness; Psalm 89:1 - thy faithfulness; Psalm 97:6 - The heavens; Psalm 138:2 - and praise; Psalm 145:7 - abundantly; Isaiah 55:9 - General; Jeremiah 9:24 - lovingkindness; Lamentations 3:23 - great; Daniel 4:22 - thy greatness; Acts 14:17 - in that; Romans 2:2 - judgment; 1 Corinthians 10:13 - but; 1 Thessalonians 5:24 - Faithful

Verse 6

Thy righteousness is like the great mountains; thy judgments are a great deep: O LORD, thou preservest man and beast.
righteousness
71:19; 97:2; 145:17; Genesis 18:25; Deuteronomy 32:4; Isaiah 45:19,21-24; Romans 3:25
great mountains
Heb. mountains of God.
Exodus 9:28; 1 Samuel 14:15; *margins
judgments
77:19; 92:5; Job 11:7-9; 37:23; Isaiah 40:28; Jeremiah 12:1; Matthew 11:25,26; Romans 11:33
thou
104:14-35; 145:9; 147:9; Job 7:20; Jonah 4:11; Matthew 10:29,30; 1 Timothy 4:10
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:19 - two; Genesis 8:1 - the cattle; Genesis 9:10 - General; Numbers 22:32 - Wherefore; 2 Chronicles 35:24 - died; Nehemiah 9:6 - preservest; Psalm 19:9 - judgments; Psalm 33:4 - all his; Psalm 73:16 - When; Psalm 97:6 - The heavens; Psalm 104:27 - General; Psalm 119:142 - an everlasting; Psalm 138:2 - and praise; Proverbs 8:18 - durable; Ecclesiastes 7:24 - General; Ezekiel 1:16 - a wheel; Ezekiel 10:10 - General; Joel 2:22 - afraid; Jonah 3:3 - So; Zechariah 6:1 - and the; Romans 2:2 - judgment

Verse 7

How excellent is thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings.
How
31:19; 86:5,15; 145:7,8; Exodus 34:6; John 3:16; 1 John 3:1; 4:9,10
excellent
Heb. precious.
139:17; 1 Peter 2:6,7; 2 Peter 1:4
put their
17:8; 57:1; 63:7; 91:4; Ruth 2:12; Luke 13:34
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:27 - refuge; 2 Samuel 7:19 - And is this; Psalm 13:5 - But; Psalm 23:6 - goodness; Psalm 30:5 - in his; Psalm 34:8 - Lord; Psalm 63:5 - my soul; Psalm 69:16 - for thy; Psalm 90:14 - satisfy; Psalm 91:1 - under; Psalm 109:21 - thy mercy; Psalm 145:9 - good; Psalm 145:19 - fulfil; Song of Solomon 1:2 - thy love; Isaiah 18:1 - shadowing; Zechariah 9:17 - how great is his goodness; Matthew 23:37 - even; Mark 10:18 - that is; Hebrews 2:13 - I will; 1 John 4:16 - we

Verse 8

They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.
abundantly
16:11; 17:15; 63:5; 65:4; Song of Solomon 5:1; Isaiah 25:6; 55:1,2; Jeremiah 31:12-14; Zechariah 9:17; Matthew 5:6; John 7:37
satisfied
Heb. watered. Yirweyun, "they shall be saturated," as a thirsty field by showers from heaven.
Isaiah 58:11
and thou
16:11; 46:4; Job 20:17; Isaiah 43:20; 48:21; Revelation 22:1-17
thy pleasures
Or, adanacha, "thy pleasure," as four MSS., read; in which there is probably a reference to the garden of Eden, and the river that ran through, and watered it.
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:28 - the fatness; Deuteronomy 33:23 - O; Job 36:16 - full; Psalm 25:13 - dwell at ease; Psalm 37:11 - delight; Psalm 42:2 - thirsteth; Psalm 65:11 - fatness; Psalm 84:1 - How; Psalm 90:14 - satisfy; Psalm 132:15 - I will satisfy; Psalm 145:19 - fulfil; Song of Solomon 4:15 - a well; Isaiah 30:23 - it shall; Isaiah 48:18 - then had; Isaiah 58:14 - delight; Isaiah 66:11 - ye may suck; Jeremiah 17:13 - forsaken; Jeremiah 31:14 - my people; Mark 10:18 - that is; John 4:10 - living; Ephesians 3:20 - exceeding; Philippians 4:19 - according; Hebrews 2:13 - I will; Hebrews 6:17 - more; 2 Peter 1:11 - abundantly; Revelation 2:17 - to eat; Revelation 7:17 - feed

Verse 9

For with thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light.
For
Isaiah 12:3; Jeremiah 2:13; John 4:10,14; 7:37-39; Revelation 21:6; 22:17
in thy
27:1; Job 29:3; Proverbs 4:18; Isaiah 2:5; 60:1,2,19; Malachi 4:2; John 1:8,9; John 8:12; 2 Corinthians 4:6; James 1:17; 1 Peter 2:9; 1 John 1:7; Revelation 21:23
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 30:20 - thy life; Job 20:17 - the rivers; Psalm 17:15 - I shall; Psalm 42:2 - thirsteth; Psalm 46:4 - a river; Song of Solomon 4:15 - a well; Jeremiah 17:13 - forsaken; Daniel 2:22 - and the; John 3:36 - see; John 5:26 - hath life; John 5:39 - ye think; John 11:25 - the life; John 12:46 - am; Acts 17:28 - in him; Ephesians 3:20 - exceeding; Colossians 1:12 - in; 1 John 1:5 - that God; 1 John 2:8 - and the; Revelation 7:17 - shall lead; Revelation 22:5 - no night

Verse 10

O continue thy lovingkindness unto them that know thee; and thy righteousness to the upright in heart.
continue
Heb. draw out at length.
103:17; Jeremiah 31:3; John 15:9,10; 1 Peter 1:5
that
9:10; Jeremiah 22:16; 24:7; John 17:3; Hebrews 8:11
and thy
7:8-10; 18:24,25; 94:14,15; 97:10,11; 143:1,2; Isaiah 51:6-8; 2 Timothy 4:7,8
Reciprocal: Job 24:1 - they that know; Psalm 34:8 - Lord; Psalm 145:7 - sing; Micah 6:5 - know

Verse 11

Let not the foot of pride come against me, and let not the hand of the wicked remove me.
foot
10:2; 12:3-5; 119:51,69,85,122; 123:3,4; Job 40:11,12; Isaiah 51:23; Daniel 4:37
hand
16:8; 17:8-14; 21:7,8; 62:6; 125:1-3; Romans 8:35-39
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 6:14 - think thou; Psalm 31:20 - from; Psalm 86:14 - O God; Psalm 140:4 - Keep me; Psalm 140:5 - The proud; Ezekiel 3:26 - and shalt

Verse 12

There are the workers of iniquity fallen: they are cast down, and shall not be able to rise.
There
9:16; 55:23; 58:10,11; 64:7-9; Judges 5:31; 2 Thessalonians 1:8,9; Revelation 15:4; 19:1-6
shall
1:5; 18:38; Jeremiah 51:64 Reciprocal: Nehemiah 6:14 - think thou; Psalm 7:16 - General; Proverbs 10:29 - but; Ezekiel 3:26 - and shalt; Amos 8:14 - shall fall

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 36". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-36.html.