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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 35

Introduction

1David prays for his own safety, and his enemies confusion.
11He complains of their wrongful dealing.
22Thereby he incites God against them.

Verse 1

Plead my cause, O LORD, with them that strive with me: fight against them that fight against me.
A. M. 2942. B.C. 1062. Plead
43:1; 119:154; 1 Samuel 24:15; Proverbs 22:23; 23:11; Jeremiah 51:36; Lamentations 3:58; Micah 7:9
fight
Exodus 14:25; Joshua 10:42; Nehemiah 4:20; Acts 5:39; 23:9
Reciprocal: Joshua 23:10 - Lord; 1 Samuel 24:12 - Lord judge; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 7:1 - save; Psalm 7:6 - Arise; Psalm 108:6 - save; Psalm 138:7 - thou shalt stretch; Isaiah 51:22 - pleadeth; Jeremiah 50:34 - plead; Lamentations 3:59 - judge; Habakkuk 3:9 - bow

Verse 2

Take hold of shield and buckler, and stand up for mine help.
7:12,13; Exodus 15:3; Deuteronomy 32:41,42; Isaiah 13:5; 42:13
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:31 - a buckler; Psalm 18:37 - General; Jeremiah 11:20 - revealed

Verse 3

Draw out also the spear, and stop the way against them that persecute me: say unto my soul, I am thy salvation.
stop
27:2; 76:10; 1 Samuel 23:26,27; Job 1:10; Isaiah 8:9,10; 10:12; Acts 4:28
say
51:12; 62:7; 91:16; Genesis 49:18; Isaiah 12:2; Luke 2:30
Reciprocal: Exodus 17:12 - stayed up his hands; John 6:20 - It is

Verse 4

Let them be confounded and put to shame that seek after my soul: let them be turned back and brought to confusion that devise my hurt.
confounded
26; 31:17,18; 40:14,15; 70:2,3; 71:24
that
38:12; 1 Samuel 23:23; 1 Kings 19:10; Ezekiel 13:19; Matthew 27:1
turned
129:5; Isaiah 37:29; Jeremiah 46:5; John 18:6
Reciprocal: Psalm 17:9 - deadly enemies; Psalm 35:8 - Let destruction; Psalm 53:5 - thou hast; Psalm 63:9 - seek; Psalm 71:13 - Let them be; Psalm 83:17 - General; Psalm 143:3 - the enemy; Jeremiah 17:18 - confounded; Jeremiah 18:23 - forgive; Lamentations 1:13 - he hath turned

Verse 5

Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase them.
as chaff
1:4; 83:13-17; Job 21:18; Isaiah 17:13; 29:5; Hosea 13:3
and
Exodus 14:19; Isaiah 37:36; Acts 12:23; Hebrews 11:28
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:43 - as small; 2 Kings 19:35 - the angel; 2 Chronicles 20:22 - to sing and to; Psalm 18:37 - General; Matthew 3:12 - but; Luke 5:21 - Who can

Verse 6

Let their way be dark and slippery: and let the angel of the LORD persecute them.
their
73:18; Proverbs 4:19; Jeremiah 13:16; 23:12
dark and slippery
Heb. darkness and slipperiness.
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:21 - General; Exodus 10:21 - darkness; 2 Samuel 24:16 - the angel; 2 Kings 19:35 - the angel; 2 Chronicles 20:22 - to sing and to; Isaiah 37:36 - the angel; Lamentations 3:66 - Persecute; Zephaniah 3:20 - I turn; Luke 17:10 - General

Verse 7

For without cause have they hid for me their net in a pit, which without cause they have digged for my soul.
without
7:3-5; 25:3; 64:4; John 15:25
hid
9:15; 119:85; 140:5; Job 18:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:24 - and cast; Numbers 35:20 - by laying; 1 Samuel 24:11 - neither evil; 1 Samuel 26:18 - Wherefore; Job 5:13 - taketh; Psalm 7:15 - made; Psalm 17:9 - deadly enemies; Psalm 31:4 - Pull; Psalm 57:6 - a net; Psalm 109:3 - fought; Psalm 109:4 - For my; Psalm 109:5 - they; Psalm 119:78 - without; Psalm 119:86 - they; Psalm 142:3 - In the way; Proverbs 1:11 - let us lurk; Proverbs 24:28 - not; Jeremiah 18:20 - digged; Lamentations 3:52 - without; Luke 17:10 - General

Verse 8

Let destruction come upon him at unawares; and let his net that he hath hid catch himself: into that very destruction let him fall.
Let destruction
All the verbs in these verses, (ver. 4-8,) in the original, are in the future tense, as a prediction, and should probably be so rendered; though as that tense is frequently used in Hebrew for the imperative, most translators, both ancient and modern, have considered them as an imprecation.
64:7; 73:18-20; Proverbs 29:1; Luke 21:34; 1 Thessalonians 5:3
at unawares
Heb. which he knoweth not of. net.
7:15,16; 57:6; 141:9,10; Proverbs 5:22
into
1 Samuel 18:17; 31:2-4; 2 Samuel 17:2-4,23; 18:14,15; Esther 7:10; Matthew 27:3-5
Reciprocal: Numbers 35:20 - by laying; Esther 7:9 - Behold; Job 5:13 - taketh; Job 18:8 - he is cast; Psalm 9:15 - General; Psalm 35:15 - I knew; Psalm 37:15 - sword; Psalm 142:3 - In the way

Verse 9

And my soul shall be joyful in the LORD: it shall rejoice in his salvation.
13:5; 21:1; 33:21; 48:11; 58:10,11; 68:1-3; 1 Samuel 2:1; Isaiah 61:10; Habakkuk 3:18; Luke 1:46,47; Galatians 5:22; Philippians 3:1-3
Reciprocal: Psalm 9:14 - I will; Psalm 20:5 - rejoice; Psalm 51:12 - joy; Jeremiah 20:13 - for

Verse 10

All my bones shall say, LORD, who is like unto thee, which deliverest the poor from him that is too strong for him, yea, the poor and the needy from him that spoileth him?
All
22:14; 32:3; 34:20; 38:3; 51:8; 102:3; Job 33:19-25
who
71:19; 86:8; 89:6-8; Exodus 15:11; Isaiah 40:18,25; Jeremiah 10:7
which
10:14; 22:24; 34:6; 69:33; 102:17-20; 109:31; 140:12; Job 5:15,16; Proverbs 22:22,23
too
18:17
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:24 - what God; 1 Kings 8:23 - no God; Psalm 10:9 - when; Psalm 89:8 - like; Isaiah 25:4 - thou hast; Jeremiah 10:6 - there; Micah 7:18 - a God; John 19:36 - that the; 1 Peter 1:6 - ye greatly

Verse 11

False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not.
False witnesses
Heb. Witnesses of wrong.
27:12; 1 Samuel 24:9; 25:10; Matthew 26:59,60; Acts 6:13; 24:5,6,12,13
laid, etc
Heb. asked me.
Reciprocal: Genesis 39:14 - he came; Exodus 23:1 - an unrighteous witness; Deuteronomy 19:16 - a false witness; 1 Samuel 17:28 - 1know; 1 Kings 21:13 - the men of Belial; Psalm 55:3 - for they; Psalm 64:6 - search; Psalm 119:69 - proud; Psalm 120:2 - from lying lips; Proverbs 6:19 - A false; Proverbs 24:28 - not; Jeremiah 37:14 - said; Matthew 5:11 - when; Mark 14:55 - sought; Luke 23:2 - forbidding; Acts 25:7 - and laid; Romans 8:33 - Who

Verse 12

They rewarded me evil for good to the spoiling of my soul.
They
38:20; 109:3-5; 1 Samuel 19:4,5,15; 22:13,14; Proverbs 17:13; Jeremiah 18:20; John 10:32
spoiling
Heb. depriving.
1 Samuel 20:31-33; Luke 23:21-23
my soul
Or, "my life," as the word nephesh frequently denotes.
Reciprocal: Genesis 44:4 - Wherefore; 1 Samuel 25:21 - he hath requited; 1 Chronicles 19:4 - took David's; 2 Chronicles 20:11 - how they reward us; Psalm 17:9 - deadly enemies; Psalm 69:4 - being; Psalm 109:4 - For my; Matthew 26:59 - sought

Verse 13

But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom.
when
69:10,11; Job 30:25; Matthew 5:44; Romans 12:14,15
humbled
or, afflicted.
Leviticus 16:29,31; 1 Kings 21:27-29; Isaiah 58:3,5; Matthew 9:14,15
my prayer
Matthew 10:13; Luke 10:6
Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:27 - afflict; Leviticus 23:32 - afflict; Numbers 29:7 - afflict; Numbers 30:13 - to afflict; 2 Samuel 1:12 - General; 2 Kings 19:1 - covered; 1 Chronicles 21:16 - clothed; Job 31:29 - General; Psalm 73:2 - But; Psalm 109:24 - knees; Daniel 9:3 - with; Matthew 6:16 - when; John 11:35 - General; 2 Corinthians 7:11 - revenge; 1 Timothy 2:8 - without

Verse 14

I behaved myself as though he had been my friend or brother: I bowed down heavily, as one that mourneth for his mother.
I behaved, etc
Heb. I walked as a friend, as brother to me. I bowed.
2 Samuel 1:11,12,17-27; Luke 19:41,42
as one
Or, "as a mourning mother," käavel aim.
Genesis 24:67
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:41 - The days; 1 Chronicles 21:16 - clothed; Job 17:2 - mockers; Job 30:25 - Did not I; Job 31:29 - General; Psalm 38:6 - bowed; Psalm 42:5 - Why art thou cast down; Psalm 69:11 - I made; Psalm 109:24 - knees; Matthew 5:44 - General; Acts 16:28 - cried; Romans 12:15 - weep

Verse 15

But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: yea, the abjects gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased not:
in mine
25,26; 41:8; 71:10,11; Job 31:29; Proverbs 17:5; 24:17,18
adversity
Heb. halting.
38:17; Jeremiah 20:10; 1 Corinthians 13:6
the abjects
22:16; 69:12; Job 30:1-12; Matthew 27:27-30,39-44; Mark 14:65; Acts 17:5
I knew
8; *marg:
they
7:2; 57:4; Job 16:9
Reciprocal: Judges 16:23 - to rejoice; Judges 16:25 - sport; 2 Kings 2:23 - mocked; Nehemiah 4:1 - mocked; Job 16:10 - gathered; Job 30:9 - am I; Psalm 22:7 - laugh; Psalm 35:19 - Let; Psalm 109:25 - a reproach; Jeremiah 11:19 - and I; Jeremiah 20:7 - I am; Lamentations 1:21 - they are; Lamentations 3:14 - General; Ezekiel 36:3 - and are; Micah 7:8 - Rejoice; Matthew 27:29 - platted; Matthew 27:44 - General; Mark 15:19 - they smote; Mark 15:29 - they; Luke 16:14 - derided; Luke 22:63 - mocked; Luke 23:35 - derided

Verse 16

With hypocritical mockers in feasts, they gnashed upon me with their teeth.
hypocritical
1 Samuel 20:24-42; Isaiah 1:14,15; John 18:28; 1 Corinthians 5:8
gnashed
37:12; Job 16:9; Lamentations 2:16; Acts 7:54
Reciprocal: Judges 16:23 - to rejoice; Judges 16:25 - sport; 2 Chronicles 36:16 - mocked; Nehemiah 4:1 - mocked; Job 11:3 - mockest; Job 12:4 - one mocked; Job 30:1 - whose; Job 30:9 - am I; Psalm 22:7 - laugh; Psalm 69:12 - I was; Psalm 109:25 - a reproach; Jeremiah 20:7 - I am; Lamentations 3:14 - General; Ezekiel 36:3 - and are; Micah 7:8 - Rejoice; Matthew 20:19 - to mock; Matthew 27:29 - platted; Luke 16:14 - derided; Luke 22:63 - mocked

Verse 17

Lord, how long wilt thou look on? rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling from the lions.
how
6:3; 13:1,2; 74:9,10; 89:46; 94:3,4
look
10:14; Habakkuk 1:13
rescue
22:20,21; 57:4; 69:14,15; 142:6,7
darling
Heb. only one.
Reciprocal: Psalm 22:13 - as a; Daniel 6:27 - delivereth; Revelation 6:10 - How

Verse 18

I will give thee thanks in the great congregation: I will praise thee among much people.
give
22:22-25,31; 40:9,10; 69:30-34; 111:1; 116:14,18; Hebrews 2:12
praise
67:1-4; 117:1,2; 138:4,5; Romans 15:9
much
Heb. strong.
Isaiah 25:3
Reciprocal: Psalm 9:14 - in the gates; Psalm 22:25 - My praise; Psalm 109:30 - I will praise

Verse 19

Let not them that are mine enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: neither let them wink with the eye that hate me without a cause.
Let
15; 13:4; 25:2; 38:16; John 16:20-22; Revelation 11:7-10
wrongfully
Heb. falsely.
38:19
wink
Job 15:12; Proverbs 6:13; 10:10
that hate
69:4; 109:3; 119:161; 1 Samuel 24:11,12; Lamentations 3:52; John 15:25
Reciprocal: Psalm 30:1 - hast not; Psalm 35:24 - and let; Psalm 69:14 - let me; Psalm 119:86 - they; Proverbs 24:17 - General; Micah 7:8 - Rejoice; Matthew 5:22 - without; Luke 23:35 - derided; 1 Peter 2:19 - suffering; Revelation 11:10 - rejoice

Verse 20

For they speak not peace: but they devise deceitful matters against them that are quiet in the land.
For
120:5-7
but
31:13; 36:3,4; 38:12; 52:2; 64:4-6; 140:2-5; Jeremiah 11:19; Daniel 6:5; Matthew 26:4; Acts 23:15; 25:3
quiet
Matthew 12:19,24; 1 Peter 2:22,23
Reciprocal: Genesis 9:22 - told; Psalm 21:11 - imagined; Psalm 109:3 - fought; Psalm 120:7 - for peace; Proverbs 3:29 - Devise not evil

Verse 21

Yea, they opened their mouth wide against me, and said, Aha, aha, our eye hath seen it.
Yea
22:13; Isaiah 9:12; Luke 11:53,54
Aha
40:15; 54:7; 70:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 9:22 - told; Job 16:10 - gaped; Job 30:11 - let loose; Psalm 10:3 - boasteth; Psalm 38:21 - O my God; Psalm 39:8 - make; Isaiah 57:4 - make; Lamentations 2:16 - thine; Ezekiel 26:2 - Aha

Verse 22

This thou hast seen, O LORD: keep not silence: O Lord, be not far from me.
This
Exodus 3:7; Acts 7:34
keep
28:1; 39:12; 50:21; 83:1
be
10:1; 22:11,19; 38:21; 71:12; Isaiah 65:6
Reciprocal: Exodus 33:7 - afar off; Job 11:11 - he seeth; Psalm 10:14 - Thou hast; Psalm 109:1 - Hold; Ezekiel 7:22 - face; Habakkuk 1:13 - holdest

Verse 23

Stir up thyself, and awake to my judgment, even unto my cause, my God and my Lord.
Stir
7:6; 44:23; 80:2; Isaiah 51:9
my God
89:26; 142:5; John 20:28
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:5 - the Lord; Psalm 3:7 - Arise; Psalm 59:4 - awake; Psalm 109:1 - Hold; Isaiah 10:26 - stir up; Lamentations 3:59 - judge

Verse 24

Judge me, O LORD my God, according to thy righteousness; and let them not rejoice over me.
Judge
7:8; 18:20-24; 26:1; 43:1; 2 Thessalonians 1:6; 1 Peter 2:22
and let
19; Job 20:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 30:6 - God; Psalm 30:1 - hast not; Psalm 38:16 - For I said; Micah 7:8 - Rejoice; Revelation 11:10 - rejoice

Verse 25

Let them not say in their hearts, Ah, so would we have it: let them not say, We have swallowed him up.
say
27:12; 28:3; 70:3; 74:8; Job 1:5; Mark 2:6,8
Ah
Heb. Ah, Ah, our soul. so.
140:8; Exodus 15:9; Matthew 27:43
We have
56:1,2; 57:3; 124:3; 2 Samuel 20:19; Lamentations 2:16; 1 Corinthians 15:54
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 17:16 - be swallowed; Job 30:24 - they cry; Job 31:29 - General; Job 31:31 - Oh; Psalm 13:4 - Lest; Psalm 30:1 - hast not; Psalm 35:15 - in mine; Psalm 40:15 - say; Psalm 41:11 - because; Proverbs 1:12 - swallow; Ezekiel 36:3 - swallowed; Luke 22:63 - mocked

Verse 26

Let them be ashamed and brought to confusion together that rejoice at mine hurt: let them be clothed with shame and dishonour that magnify themselves against me.
ashamed
4; 40:14,15; 71:13; 129:5; 132:18; Isaiah 41:11; 65:13-15
clothed
109:28,29; 132:18; Job 8:22; 1 Peter 5:5
magnify
38:16; 55:12; Job 19:5; Jeremiah 48:26; Daniel 11:36
Reciprocal: Job 31:29 - General; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 6:10 - Let all; Psalm 25:3 - let; Psalm 31:17 - wicked; Psalm 35:15 - in mine; Psalm 53:5 - thou hast; Psalm 63:9 - seek; Psalm 69:6 - Let not; Psalm 70:2 - Let; Psalm 83:17 - General; Psalm 109:19 - as the garment; Psalm 119:78 - the proud; Psalm 132:9 - let thy saints; Jeremiah 17:18 - confounded; Jeremiah 20:11 - everlasting; Ezekiel 7:18 - and horror; Ezekiel 26:16 - clothe; Micah 7:10 - shame; Zechariah 12:7 - do; Malachi 1:5 - The Lord; Matthew 27:41 - General

Verse 27

Let them shout for joy, and be glad, that favour my righteous cause: yea, let them say continually, Let the LORD be magnified, which hath pleasure in the prosperity of his servant.
shout
40:16; 68:3; 132:9,16; 142:7; Isaiah 66:10,11; John 16:22; Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 12:26
righteous cause
Heb. righteousness.
Proverbs 8:18
say
70:4
which
149:4; Jeremiah 32:40,41; Zephaniah 3:14,17
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 30:26 - to his friends; Nehemiah 2:20 - The God; Esther 6:6 - whom the king; Psalm 5:11 - But; Psalm 34:3 - magnify; Psalm 40:3 - many; Psalm 147:11 - taketh; Jeremiah 17:18 - confounded; Malachi 1:5 - The Lord; John 14:21 - that loveth

Verse 28

And my tongue shall speak of thy righteousness and of thy praise all the day long.
34:1; 50:15; 51:14,15; 71:24; 104:33,34; 145:1,2,5,21 Reciprocal: Psalm 7:17 - according; Psalm 71:8 - General; Psalm 71:15 - all the day; James 3:9 - Therewith

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 35". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-35.html.